Events in History in 1943 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 540

  • May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • May 1 SS General Hanns Albin Rauter announces that all Jews will be 'removed' from the occupied Netherlands
  • May 2 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia

Historic Event

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • May 3 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
  • May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • May 7 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps

Historic Event

May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched

  • May 7 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • May 7 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • May 8 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • May 9 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia
  • May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens

Victory in Battle

May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

  • May 11 US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Historic Event

May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

  • May 12 German troops in Tunisia, North Africa, surrender
  • May 13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • May 13 German occupiers attempt to confiscate all radios in the Netherlands
  • May 14 Australian Hospital Ship Centaur sinks off the coast of Queensland after being struck by torpedo fired by Japanese submarine; 268 of 332 medical personnel and civilian crew aboard die
  • May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463

Historic Event

May 15 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International) to avoid upsetting his Western allies with claims he was trying to foment revolution globally

Historic Event

May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs

Historic Event

May 16 SS General Jürgen Stroop orders the burning of the Warsaw Ghetto, ending a month of Jewish resistance. 13,000 Jews have died, about half burnt alive or suffocated, German casualties less than 300

Historic Event

May 17 Millionaire Howard Hughes crashes into Lake Mead, while test flying his Sikorsky S-43, killing CAA inspector Ceco Cline and Richard Felt

  • May 17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • May 17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams
  • May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria, an Italian island 100 km southwest of Sicily
  • May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • May 19 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan
  • May 20 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
  • May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • May 23 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Historic Event

May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Historic Event

May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

  • May 24 Final entry in the Stroop Report, detailing the destruction of the Jewish Warsaw Ghetto, compiled by Nazi officers, later used as evidence in the Nuremberg trials
  • May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • May 25 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • May 25 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
  • May 26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • May 26 Prime Minister Winston Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • May 27 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • May 29 Meat and cheese rationed in US

Historic Event

May 30 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

  • May 30 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • May 31 42 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month
  • May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • Jun 2 99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
  • Jun 2 German assault on Sebastopol, Crimea, begins

Zoot Suit Riots

Jun 3 A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots

  • Jun 3 United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms

Historic Event

Jun 4 Argentina taken over by General Rawson & Colonel Juan Perón

  • Jun 4 St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter
  • Jun 5 German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor
  • Jun 5 Philippine President José P. Laurel survives assassination attempt after being shot 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong
  • Jun 9 "Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized

Historic Event

Jun 10 FDR becomes 1st US President to visit a foreign country during wartime

  • Jun 10 FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

Historic Event

Jun 10 Heinrich Himmler ordered the final liquidation of Lodz ghetto in occupied Poland

  • Jun 11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • Jun 15 Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • Jun 15 Race riot in Beaumont, Texas erupts killing 2
  • Jun 18 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence 12 resistance fighters to death for the fire-bombing at the census records bureau in March
  • Jun 20 Chubb Crater (now called Pingualuit Crater) discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km diameter)
  • Jun 20 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chicago
  • Jun 20 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • Jun 20 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • Jun 21 Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit; 30 dead
  • Jun 22 617 Squadron (Dambusters) attends investiture at Buckingham Palace, Commanding Officer Guy Gibson awarded the Victoria Cross

Historic Event

Jun 22 W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

  • Jun 23 British ambassador to Portugal Ronald Hugh Campbell invokes the almost 600 year old Anglo-Portuguese alliance between the two countries to request the use of military facilities on the Azores [1]
  • Jun 23 Dutch artsens protest against Nazis

Historic Event

Jun 23 RAF discovers Wernher von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

  • Jun 25 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians
  • Jun 25 Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished
  • Jun 25 Racial unrest in Detroit
  • Jun 27 Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m)
  • Jun 27 Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5)
  • Jun 29 Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe

Catholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ)

  • Jun 29 US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea

Historic Event

Jun 30 General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

  • Jul 1 "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • Jul 2 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • Jul 2 Lieutenant Charles Hall becomes 1st African American pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • Jul 3 British Liberator bomber sinks German U-628 in Bay of Biscay
  • Jul 5 Battle of Gulf of Kula
  • Jul 5 Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Nazi German Panzer Division assault begins what becomes the largest tank in history
  • Jul 5 Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye
  • Jul 5 US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily
  • Jul 6 2nd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: 25,000 Germans killed
  • Jul 6 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched

Historic Event

Jul 7 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

  • Jul 7 3rd day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel: Germans occupy Dubrova Luftwaffe fighter ace shoots down 7 Russian aircraft
  • Jul 7 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • Jul 7 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • Jul 8 4th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Nazi General Model uses last tank reserve
  • Jul 8 British air raid sinks U-232
  • Jul 8 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
  • Jul 8 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta, Tunisia
  • Jul 9 5th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel - Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • Jul 9 British air raid sinks U-435
  • Jul 10 6th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues
  • Jul 10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • Jul 11 7th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Citadel continues
  • Jul 11 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily
  • Jul 11 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • Jul 11 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • Jul 11 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • Jul 12 8th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Operation Kutuzov (Soviet counter-offensive begins
  • Jul 12 Battle of Kolombangara (Second Battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • Jul 12 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
  • Jul 12 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • Jul 12 Soviet offensive at Orel
  • Jul 12 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • Jul 17 RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde
  • Jul 18 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • Jul 19 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II

Historic Event

Jul 20 US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Chester Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

Historic Event

Jul 22 US forces led by General George S. Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily

  • Jul 23 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini (Sicily)
  • Jul 24 Operation Gomorrah: RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating a firestorm and killing 42,600 people
  • Jul 25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Fall of Benito Mussolini

Jul 25 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

  • Jul 25 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • Jul 25 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • Jul 26 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • Jul 26 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • Jul 27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg

Historic Event

Jul 28 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

  • Jul 28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • Jul 28 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US
  • Jul 29 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • Jul 29 Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
  • Jul 31 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • Aug 1 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
  • Aug 1 Race riot in Harlem, NYC
  • Aug 1 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383
  • Aug 2 Armed revolt by 800 prisoners at Treblinka Extermination Camp: crematorium destroyed; 200 escape the compound, but only 100 survive

Historic Event

Aug 2 Lt John F. Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands

  • Aug 2 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-706 and U-106
  • Aug 3 General George S. Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice
  • Aug 3 Nazi occupiers attack city of Orel, leave it on fire
  • Aug 4 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • Aug 4 Soviet units reach suburbs of Orel
  • Aug 4 USAAF bombs Germans in Troina
  • Aug 5 Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarters
  • Aug 5 Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
  • Aug 5 World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky
  • Aug 6 US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • Aug 7 Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
  • Aug 8 Common Chiefs of staff meet in Quebec
  • Aug 8 US amphibians land at St Agata on North coast of Sicily
  • Aug 8 Vegetables & fruit rationed in Holland

Theater Premiere

Aug 9 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich

Historic Event

Aug 10 Adolf Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots

  • Aug 10 Dutch submarine attacks Hertenbeest Island, NW Bali
  • Aug 10 US General George S. Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly"
  • Aug 11 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
  • Aug 11 US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily
  • Aug 12 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • Aug 13 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia
  • Aug 14 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • Aug 14 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • Aug 14 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina
  • Aug 15 Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • Aug 16 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)
  • Aug 16 Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 17 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde (development base for the V weapons)
  • Aug 17 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during attack on Schweinfurt and Regensburg
  • Aug 17 US General George S. Patton enters Messina, completing the Allied conquest of Sicily

Historic Event

Aug 18 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz

  • Aug 18 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia
  • Aug 19 Belgian church excommunicates Nazi collaborator Léon Degrelle
  • Aug 19 US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
  • Aug 21 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • Aug 21 Japan leaves Aleutian Islands
  • Aug 22 Soviet troops free Karkov
  • Aug 23 50th day of Battle of Kursk, USSR: Largest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany; over 10,000 tanks take part, nearly 250,000 combatants killed
  • Aug 23 Red army recaptures Charkow
  • Aug 24 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game

Appointment of Interest

Aug 25 Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia

  • Aug 25 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week
  • Aug 25 Red Army under Gen Vatutin recaptures Achtyrka
  • Aug 25 US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II
  • Aug 28 Benito Mussolini transferred from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso
  • Aug 28 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 29 Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • Aug 31 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • Aug 31 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo

Historic Event

Sep 1 Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China