On This Day

Events in History in 1943 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 548 of 548

  • Aug 28 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 28 Benito Mussolini transferred from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Aug 29 Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • Aug 31 1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • Aug 31 Japanese occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Sep 3 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • Sep 3 General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily
  • Sep 4 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • Sep 5 US airland at Nadzab, New Guinea
  • Sep 6 "Congressional Limited" train derails near Frankfort, Philadelphia, kills 79
  • Sep 7 987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • Sep 7 Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston, Texas)
  • Sep 8 Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 8 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers from Sicily

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • Sep 9 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome

  • Sep 9 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley flies from Algiers to Marrakech/Prestwick
  • Sep 9 Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
  • Sep 9 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
  • Sep 10 British 8th army occupies Tarente
  • Sep 10 German troops occupy Rome and take took over the protection of Vatican City
  • Sep 10 Italian fleet anchors at Malta
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London
  • Sep 11 Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy
  • Sep 11 Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
  • Sep 11 Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island
  • Sep 11 US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
  • Sep 12 Free French lands on Corsica
  • Sep 12 Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso
  • Sep 13 German counter attack at Salerno
  • Sep 13 The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe.
  • Sep 15 Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens
  • Sep 15 Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens
  • Sep 16 Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
  • Sep 16 Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny

  • Sep 17 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • Sep 17 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
  • Sep 18 Cardinals clinch NL pennant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 Adolf Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 19 Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
  • Sep 19 Liberator bombers sinks U-341
  • Sep 20 Liberator bomber sinks U-338
  • Sep 21 Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • Sep 21 Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
  • Sep 21 Soviet 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
  • Sep 21 Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
  • Sep 22 British dwarf submarines attack Tirpitz
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed and sinks
  • Sep 22 Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229
  • Sep 24 Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk
  • Sep 25 Soviet troops liberate Smolensk
  • Sep 27 Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • Sep 27 Dutch opposition newspaper "The Slogan" publishes KZ-Lower letter
  • Sep 29 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 29 US General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Sep 29 German riots at Amsterdam Jews
  • Sep 29 Zjadovs 5th Gardeleger/Managarovs 53rd Army reconquer Kremenchug
  • Sep 30 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit
  • Oct 1 Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
  • Oct 1 Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow
  • Oct 1 Germans attack Jews in Denmark
  • Oct 1 1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples
  • Oct 2 Japanese troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • Oct 3 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • Oct 3 Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland
  • Oct 4 Corsica freed by Free French
  • Oct 4 German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence)
  • Oct 5 US air raid on Wake, Japanese execute 98 US prisoners in retaliation
  • Oct 6 Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution"

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 8 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • Oct 10 US bombers accidentally strike Enschede, Netherlands, causing 151 deaths
  • Oct 12 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • Oct 13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • Oct 14 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Japan declares the Philippines independent under President José P. Laurel

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Oct 14 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt
  • Oct 16 Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • Oct 16 Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
  • Oct 16 Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • Oct 16 US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
  • Oct 17 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631

TrainDeath Railway Completed

Oct 17 Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army

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'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
'Bridge over the River Kwai' drawn by Leo Rawlings in 1943 depicting construction by POWs of the Burma Railway
Learn More
  • Oct 18 US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • Oct 19 Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • Oct 19 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University
  • Oct 23 First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • Oct 24 Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
  • Oct 25 Burma railroad completed & opens
  • Oct 26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".

  • Oct 28 German submarine U-220 sunk by US aircraft in the Atlantic
  • Oct 29 Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Oct 30 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukrainian Front
  • Oct 31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.
  • Nov 1 Dim-out ban lifted in San Francisco Bay area
  • Nov 1 US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
  • Nov 2 Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • Nov 3 P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North Holland
  • Nov 5 Vatican in Rome bombed by unknown source
  • Nov 6 Soviet troops land on Kertsj peninsula
  • Nov 6 Soviet forces reconquer Kiev
  • Nov 8 France arrests government of Lebanon after they abolish the French mandate
  • Nov 11 US air raid on Rabaul, Papua New Guinea
  • Nov 12 Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
  • Nov 14 J Postma, C Schalker, D Goulooze arrested for leading illegal CPN
  • Nov 16 World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • Nov 18 First US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated
  • Nov 18 444 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Nov 18 U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 19 U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 20 U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 20 US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
  • Nov 21 7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 FDR, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Nov 22 France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprisoned Lebanese government
  • Nov 22 RAF begins air bombing of Berlin
  • Nov 22 US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island
  • Nov 23 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
  • Nov 23 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operations

  • Nov 23 US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese
  • Nov 25 U-600 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 28 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin meet at the Tehran Conference in Iran to map out strategy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 29 Partisan Tito forms temporary government in Jajce, Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Nov 29 U-86 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • Nov 29 US aircraft carrier Hornet launched

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 1 At the end of the Tehran Conference, the Big Three (Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt) agree that the invasion of Normandy should take place in May 1944

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Dec 2 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
  • Dec 3 Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
  • Dec 4 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü
  • Dec 4 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar
  • Dec 8 John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 10 British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
  • Dec 13 150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol
  • Dec 16 "Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200
  • Dec 17 Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Dec 19 Military coup in Bolivia

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Dec 23 Gen Bernard Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Dec 24 US President FDR appoints General Eisenhower Supreme Commander of the Allied forces
  • Dec 24 Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines" premieres in London
  • Dec 26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • Dec 26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter
  • Dec 27 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government
  • Dec 27 German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea
  • Dec 27 Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower & Bedell Smith
  • Dec 28 All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.
  • Dec 30 Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair