On This Day

Events in History in 1944

Events 1 - 200 of 737

  • Jan 1 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • Jan 1 General Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • Jan 2 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • Jan 3 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st African American official in US State Department

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Jan 4 Operation Carpetbagger begins (aerial dropping of supplies and weapons to resistance fighters in Europe)
  • Jan 5 The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • Jan 7 US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59
  • Jan 10 1st mobile electric power plant delivered in Philadelphia
  • Jan 10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • Jan 11 Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
  • Jan 12 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • Jan 12 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam
  • Jan 14 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • Jan 15 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Jan 15 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • Jan 16 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • Jan 17 British corvette HMS Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • Jan 18 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts
  • Jan 20 RAF drops 2,300 ton of bombs on Berlin
  • Jan 21 447 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • Jan 22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • Jan 24 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy

Soviet UnionSiege of Leningrad

Jan 27 Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed
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Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
Two young girls help assemble Soviet submachine guns during the Siege of Leningrad
  • Jan 28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Jan 28 Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah" premieres in Pittsburgh
  • Jan 28 U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 29 285 German bombers attack London
  • Jan 29 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched
  • Jan 29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • Jan 29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland
  • Jan 30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • Jan 30 The Battle of Cisterna begins in central Italy

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jan 31 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
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"Into the Jaws of Death" by Robert F. Sargent
  • Jan 31 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • Jan 31 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • Feb 1 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • Feb 1 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • Feb 2 4th US marine division conquers Roi, Marshall Islands

  • Feb 2 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • Feb 2 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 3 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • Feb 4 Jean Anouilh's play "Antigone" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 4 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein, in the Pacific
  • Feb 5 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin
  • Feb 7 Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy
  • Feb 8 1st African American reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • Feb 8 U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 9 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 10 Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • Feb 10 U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
  • Feb 11 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • Feb 11 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • Feb 12 Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
  • Feb 14 Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
  • Feb 15 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • Feb 15 Allies begin attack on Axis held Monte Cassino monastery, Italy

Battle of InterestBattle of Eniwetok

Feb 17 Battle of Eniwetok begins with US forces landing on Canna and Camelia islets
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US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
US landing craft pass supporting warships on their way to Eniwetok Atoll
  • Feb 17 US begins night bombing of Truk
  • Feb 18 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • Feb 19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Feb 19 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • Feb 20 Battle of Eniwetok: US forces take Enewetak Atoll at the cost of 37 Americans killed or missing and 94 wounded, Japanese losses were 800 dead and 23 prisoners
  • Feb 20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • Feb 22 US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
  • Feb 23 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • Feb 23 Battle of Eniwetok ends as US forces complete the capture of Parry Island from the Japanese 1st Amphibious Brigade

BattleCoup d'état

Feb 24 Minister of War Juan Perón leads a coup in Argentina

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Feb 25 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • Feb 26 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • Feb 28 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • Feb 29 5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
  • Feb 29 US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II, is run down and injured by a Nazi truck in Krakow

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Mar 1 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • Mar 1 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • Mar 2 Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocate 521 in Italy
  • Mar 4 1st US bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 4 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • Mar 6 USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin
  • Mar 7 Japans begins offensive in Burma
  • Mar 8 US resumes bombing Berlin
  • Mar 10 U-575 sinks British corvette HMS Asphodel in the Atlantic Ocean killing 92 of the 97 men aboard
  • Mar 11 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • Mar 13 USSR recognizes Italian government of Pietro Badoglio
  • Mar 15 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • Mar 16 French Vichy Internal minister Pierre Pucheu sentenced to death for treason
  • Mar 18 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • Mar 19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • Mar 20 2,500 women trample guards and floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois department store
  • Mar 20 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • Mar 20 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts
  • Mar 21 General Eisenhower postpones invasion of the south of France until after Normandy
  • Mar 22 600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 23 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • Mar 24 Royal Air Force gunner Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500m (18,000 ft) out of a Lancaster bomber without a parachute over Nazi Germany and lives
  • Mar 24 76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape)
  • Mar 24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • Mar 24 In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians
  • Mar 25 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • Mar 25 RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall broken by pine trees and soft snow, he suffers only a sprained leg
  • Mar 26 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • Mar 27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Mar 27 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • Mar 27 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • Mar 27 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • Mar 28 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing "Pippi Longstocking"
  • Mar 30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • Mar 31 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars

  • Apr 1 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • Apr 2 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union
  • Apr 2 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • Apr 3 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • Apr 3 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • Apr 4 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • Apr 4 De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists
  • Apr 4 Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000
  • Apr 5 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • Apr 6 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • Apr 7 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings
  • Apr 9 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • Apr 10 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • Apr 10 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • Apr 11 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague
  • Apr 12 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 13 South Carolina rejects black suffrage
  • Apr 13 Transport #71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Apr 13 Diplomatic relations are established between New Zealand and the Soviet Union
  • Apr 14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • Apr 14 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • Apr 14 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • Apr 14 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • Apr 19 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • Apr 20 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • Apr 22 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 24 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • Apr 25 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • Apr 26 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • Apr 26 Papandreou government in Greece forms

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 28 Stalin meets Polish US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Apr 28 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • Apr 29 Raid by Dutch Resistance on the National Printing Office in The Hague to procure 10,000 Dutch identity cards.
  • Apr 30 NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs
  • Apr 30 NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time
  • May 1 Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
  • May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"

  • May 1 Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
  • May 3 Meat rationing ends in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Mahatma Gandhi freed from prison

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • May 5 Soviet offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea
  • May 6 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • May 8 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • May 9 1st eye bank opens in New York
  • May 9 Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested
  • May 9 Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness
  • May 9 Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol
  • May 10 Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan
  • May 10 Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal
  • May 11 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • May 11 Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison
  • May 12 900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux
  • May 12 Crimea purged of Nazi troops
  • May 12 German police arrest Dutch resistance member Gerrit van der Veen and later execute him
  • May 14 91 German bombers harass Bristol
  • May 14 British troops occupy Kohima

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 14 General Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz
  • May 15 Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan
  • May 15 Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne
  • May 16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • May 17 -18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • May 17 Chinese and US armed forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
  • May 17 General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
  • May 17 Operation Straightline: Allies land in Dutch New Guinea
  • May 18 Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino, Italy
  • May 18 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
  • May 19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
  • May 19 German defense line in Italy collapses
  • May 20 US Communist Party dissolves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • May 23 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • May 23 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • May 23 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
  • May 24 Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists
  • May 24 Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark
  • May 25 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
  • May 27 Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
  • May 27 Japanese advance in Hangkhou China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris

  • May 29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy
  • May 30 Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • May 31 Allied breakthrough in Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, George S. Patton, Omar Bradley, Miles Dempsey and Harry Crerar meet in Portsmouth, England just prior to D-Day

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey