On This Day

Events in History in 1944 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 728

  • Jun 3 Nazis pull out of Rome
  • Jun 4 U505 becomes the first German submarine captured and boarded on high seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 5th Army enters and liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jun 4 French general De Gaulle arrives in London

Battle of InterestD-Day

Jun 4 General Eisenhower cancels planned D-Day invasion on June 5th after receiving unfavorable weather reports

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • Jun 5 1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
  • Jun 5 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion
  • Jun 5 Allies march into Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 After receiving favorable weather reports, General Eisenhower decides to proceed with the D-Day invasion on June 6

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 6 Operation Overlord: As part of the D-Day landings, the 82nd Airborne Division arrives at the French town of Sainte-Mère-Église

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Operation Overlord: D-Day begins as the 156,000-strong Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France, during World War II

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • Jun 6 German submarines U-955, U-970, U-629 and U-373 sink in Bay of Biscay
  • Jun 6 Alaska Airlines commences operations
  • Jun 7 Canadian 50th Division occupies Bayeux during the Normandy invasion
  • Jun 7 British forces attack Bréville in France during the Normandy invasion while other British forces attempt to encircle Caen

  • Jun 8 1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy
  • Jun 8 Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy
  • Jun 8 Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested
  • Jun 8 General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 9 Soviet offensive in Carelia, Finland
  • Jun 10 Nazi forces carry out a massacre of 642 civilians in the French village Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Jun 10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • Jun 11 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • Jun 11 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • Jun 12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • Jun 12 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • Jun 12 Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully
  • Jun 12 US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy
  • Jun 13 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • Jun 13 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • Jun 14 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 15 US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific

ExecutionGeorge Stinney is Executed

Jun 16 George Stinney, a 14-year-old African-American boy, is wrongfully executed for the murder of two white girls, becoming the youngest person ever executed in 20th-century America

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The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
The mug shot of 14-year-old African American boy George Stinney who was the youngest American to be executed
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  • Jun 16 Iceland adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Jun 16 US bombs Kyushu Japan
  • Jun 17 -19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jun 17 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 17 Iceland dissolves its union with Denmark and declares itself a Republic
  • Jun 17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • Jun 18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • Jun 19 French troops free Elba
  • Jun 19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • Jun 19 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
  • Jun 19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • Jun 19 Five of the "The Magnificent Eleven" photos taken by Robert Capa during the D-Day landings at Omaha Beach, Normandy first published in "Life Magazine"
  • Jun 20 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jun 20 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • Jun 20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • Jun 20 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • Jun 20 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • Jun 21 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • Jun 22 US troops occupy Biak during Battle of Biak, New Guinea
  • Jun 22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jun 22 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • Jun 22 Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre
  • Jun 23 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
  • Jun 23 Soviet offensive in central front sector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • Jun 26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • Jun 27 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • Jun 29 German counter attack at Caen
  • Jun 29 Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead
  • Jun 29 Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden
  • Jun 29 Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk
  • Jun 29 US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg
  • Jun 30 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • Jun 30 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • Jun 30 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • Jun 30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces
  • Jul 1 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 1 Bretton Woods Conference starts, dominated by Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes and leads to establishment of the IMF and the World Bank

  • Jul 1 Graf (Count) Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
  • Jul 1 General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
  • Jul 1 US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
  • Jul 1 Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Sign peace, idiots!"
  • Jul 2 German Field Marshal Günther von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • Jul 3 US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • Jul 4 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy

Victory in BattleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Jul 4 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, US fleet near Iwo Jima

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United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
United States Marines raise the U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima
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  • Jul 4 Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
  • Jul 4 Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
  • Jul 5 Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight
  • Jul 6 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 US General Patton lands in France

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Jul 6 World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey 2nd performance, 168 die (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • Jul 7 RAF Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France

  • Jul 7 Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
  • Jul 8 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • Jul 8 Japanese kamikaze attacks on US lines at Saipan
  • Jul 9 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan falls
  • Jul 9 U-740 sunk by depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft
  • Jul 10 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 "Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • Jul 11 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • Jul 12 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • Jul 12 US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
  • Jul 13 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
  • Jul 14 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • Jul 14 US assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • Jul 15 Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb
  • Jul 17 2 ammunition ships explode at Port Chicago, California, killing 322
  • Jul 17 Soviet troops cross Bug River and march into Poland
  • Jul 18 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • Jul 18 Allies air raid railways at Vaires, Paris
  • Jul 18 Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
  • Jul 18 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne and Berlin
  • Jul 18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • Jul 18 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • Jul 18 Polish troops under General Anders occupy Ancona Italy
  • Jul 18 US troop march into St Lo
  • Jul 19 1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • Jul 19 500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
  • Jul 19 Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen
  • Jul 19 Danish resistance fails in assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen
  • Jul 19 Democratic convention opens in Chicago, goes on to nominate President Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jul 19 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 US general Omar Bradley flies to England

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • Jul 19 Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho and Shokaku sink in Marianas
  • Jul 19 NY archbishop Spellman flies to Europe

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jul 19 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Adolf Eichmann

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • Jul 20 British and Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
  • Jul 20 Canadian Cameron Highlanders conquer St Andre
  • Jul 20 Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
  • Jul 20 Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
  • Jul 20 Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau
  • Jul 20 General Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy
  • Jul 20 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
  • Jul 20 Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sunk by US air attack
  • Jul 20 Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach
  • Jul 20 US President FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Democratic convention
  • Jul 20 US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
  • Jul 20 US 9th Air Force bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
  • Jul 20 US invades Japanese-occupied Guam
  • Jul 20 Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy)
  • Jul 20 Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City
  • Jul 20 Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by German army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Jul 21 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jul 21 General Koiso becomes Premier of Japan
  • Jul 21 US forces land on Guam during its recapture from the Japanese (Operation Forager)
  • Jul 21 Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy
  • Jul 22 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • Jul 23 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
  • Jul 23 Soviet Army marches into Lublin, Poland
  • Jul 23 US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
  • Jul 23 US troops occupy Pisa, Italy
  • Jul 24 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions

  • Jul 24 Soviet forces liberate concentration camp Majdanek
  • Jul 24 US troops land on Tinian
  • Jul 25 Japanese banzai-attack on Guam
  • Jul 25 1st jet fighter used in combat (Messerschmitt 262)
  • Jul 25 Operation Cobra: US forces begin major offensive in Normandy with air bombardment
  • Jul 25 World War II: Operation Spring - one of Canada's bloodiest days, 18,444 casualties and 5,021 killed
  • Jul 26 Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
  • Jul 26 Soviet troops arrive in Weichsel
  • Jul 26 US offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St Gilles
  • Jul 26 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").
  • Jul 27 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
  • Jul 27 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • Jul 27 US troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy
  • Jul 28 Adolf Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy
  • Jul 28 US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
  • Jul 29 Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
  • Jul 29 Frank McCormick (Reds) HR off Ace Adams (Giants) in both games of DH
  • Jul 29 US 4th Armour division occupiers Avranches
  • Jul 30 Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire & Villebaudon Normandy
  • Jul 30 US 30th division reaches suburbs of St-Lo Normandy
  • Jul 31 Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
  • Jul 31 Transport #77 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • Jul 31 US troops occupy Sansapor, New Guinea
  • Aug 1 Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st African-American congressman from New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Aug 1 General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army
  • Aug 1 US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt
  • Aug 1 US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
  • Aug 1 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • Aug 2 Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker

  • Aug 2 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany
  • Aug 3 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies
  • Aug 3 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
  • Aug 3 Allied troops under Lieutenant-General Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • Aug 4 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified
  • Aug 4 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • Aug 5 US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne
  • Aug 5 US troops occupy Vannes, Brittany
  • Aug 5 German forces begin the mass killing of between 40,000 and 50,000 Polish civilians in the Wola district of Warsaw during the uprising
  • Aug 6 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • Aug 6 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 6 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • Aug 6 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes
  • Aug 7 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • Aug 7 Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation
  • Aug 7 German counter attack at Avranches fails
  • Aug 7 July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins
  • Aug 7 US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany
  • Aug 7 IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I)