On This Day

Events in History in 1944 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 728

  • Aug 8 Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan
  • Aug 8 US 15th Army corps occupies Le Mans
  • Aug 9 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • Aug 9 Smokey Bear debuts as spokesman for fire prevention
  • Aug 9 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans
  • Aug 10 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
  • Aug 10 Battle for Guam ends, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese
  • Aug 10 US/French offensive at Alencon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Aug 11 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées
  • Aug 11 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
  • Aug 11 US air raid on Palembang

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Aug 12 Winston Churchill and Tito meet in Naples

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Aug 12 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • Aug 12 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
  • Aug 13 British 8th Army occupies Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey and Omar Bradley discuss a future breakthrough in the European theatre during World War II

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Aug 14 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • Aug 14 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • Aug 14 Soviet offensive at Weichsel
  • Aug 15 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • Aug 15 German field marshal Günther von Kluge vanishes for one day; he killed himself on the 19th in the aftermath of the attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 15 Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast
  • Aug 15 Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence
  • Aug 15 US 12 Army corps enters Le Mans through Orleans
  • Aug 15 US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres
  • Aug 16 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • Aug 16 US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
  • Aug 16 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • Aug 17 4th Canadian Armoured division occupiers Trun, Normandy
  • Aug 17 Canadian 2nd division conquers Falaise, Normandy
  • Aug 17 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • Aug 17 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • Aug 17 US 12 Army Corps occupies Orleans
  • Aug 17 US 320th regiment infantry occupies Châteaudun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Aug 18 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • Aug 18 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
  • Aug 19 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 US general Omar Bradley visits British general Bernard Montgomery

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • Aug 19 Last Japanese troops driven out of India
  • Aug 19 Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance
  • Aug 19 Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
  • Aug 19 Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
  • Aug 19 US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
  • Aug 19 US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy
  • Aug 20 Gen de Gaulle returns to France
  • Aug 20 Soviet offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev
  • Aug 20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • Aug 21 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • Aug 21 Raid on Jewish children's house in Secrétan/St-Mandé
  • Aug 21 US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 Adolf Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 22 Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • Aug 23 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
  • Aug 23 Allied troops capture Marseille, France
  • Aug 23 General George Leclerc's troops advance towards Paris
  • Aug 23 British general Bernard Montgomery consults with US Generals Omar Bradley and Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 23 Romanian Royal coup: King Michael orders forces to cease fire against Allies and dismisses pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
  • Aug 23 Sammellager Drancy freed
  • Aug 23 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
  • Aug 23 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
  • Aug 24 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris
  • Aug 25 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 25 General Charles de Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Aug 25 US Army XII Corps reaches Troyes, France
  • Aug 26 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed
  • Aug 26 Charles de Gaulle marches along the Champs-Elysees, despite coming under fire.
  • Aug 26 US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
  • Aug 27 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • Aug 28 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • Aug 28 US air raid on Ambon Island, Dutch East Indies
  • Aug 29 15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees
  • Aug 29 Anti-German rebellion in Slovakia
  • Aug 30 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 30 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
  • Aug 31 Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy
  • Aug 31 French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris
  • Aug 31 French troops liberate Bordeaux
  • Aug 31 Soviet & Romanian troops march into Bucharest
  • Sep 1 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • Sep 2 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • Sep 2 Future US President George H. W. Bush bails from a burning plane during a mission in the Pacific

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Sep 2 US leaders meet in Belgium
  • Sep 3 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • Sep 3 Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
  • Sep 3 French troops liberate Lyon
  • Sep 3 Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force

  • Sep 3 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • Sep 4 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • Sep 4 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • Sep 4 Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany
  • Sep 4 US 1st Army frees Namen
  • Sep 5 "Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • Sep 5 5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen
  • Sep 5 Allies liberate Brussels
  • Sep 5 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign customs Unity treaty
  • Sep 5 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland
  • Sep 5 Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard
  • Sep 6 Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand
  • Sep 7 SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium
  • Sep 7 Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12)
  • Sep 8 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • Sep 8 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • Sep 9 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
  • Sep 9 Red Army supports coup in Bulgaria, instituting new Communist government (1946-1990) during the "National Uprising"
  • Sep 9 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
  • Sep 9 US 113th cavalry passes Belgian-Dutch borders
  • Sep 10 Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far"
  • Sep 11 A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armored Division "Victory Division" is 1st allied force to enter Nazi-Germany

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Sep 12 Second Quebec Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and the Combined Chiefs of Staff meet in Quebec City, Canada to discuss Allied occupation zones, the Morgenthau Plan, U.S. Lend-Lease aid to Britain and the role of the Royal Navy

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Sep 12 Noorbeek becomes the first liberated community in the Netherlands during World War II
  • Sep 12 US Army troops enter Germany for 1st time
  • Sep 13 Great Atlantic hurricane reaches peak intensity as a Category 4 storm, goes on to kill 300-400 along the US East Coast
  • Sep 13 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • Sep 13 Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen
  • Sep 13 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 13 Amon Göth removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth

  • Sep 14 6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • Sep 14 Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed
  • Sep 14 Great Atlantic hurricane hits New England, 300-400 die along the US East Coast
  • Sep 14 US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid
  • Sep 14 US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall
  • Sep 15 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • Sep 15 Soviet troops free Sofia, Bulgaria
  • Sep 15 US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall
  • Sep 15 US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid
  • Sep 15 US troops land on Palau & Morotai
  • Sep 17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • Sep 17 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • Sep 17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • Sep 18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • Sep 18 Eindhoven freed by American and British trrops (Lightly Day)
  • Sep 18 US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne
  • Sep 19 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • Sep 19 Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War)
  • Sep 20 Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
  • Sep 20 Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • Sep 21 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel after a delay due to bad weather and a shortage of planes
  • Sep 22 Boulogne reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 22 US troops land on Ulithi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 President Jose P. Laurel declared the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Sep 23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • Sep 25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • Sep 26 Soviet forces occupy Estonia
  • Sep 26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • Sep 27 Helmond & Oss Neth liberated

Battle of InterestD-Day

Sep 28 Theodore Roosevelt Jr., son of President Theodore Roosevelt, is posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for directing troops at Utah Beach during the D-Day landings

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • Sep 28 Nazi forces begin killing civilians in the Italian village of Marzabotto
  • Sep 29 Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia
  • Sep 30 -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth
  • Sep 30 Calais reoccupied by Allies
  • Sep 30 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • Oct 1 Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala
  • Oct 2 Polish resistance fighters capitulate in the Warsaw Uprising, with some 250,000 people killed
  • Oct 2 US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren
  • Oct 3 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • Oct 3 RAF bombs West Kapelse
  • Oct 4 British troops land on Greek continent
  • Oct 5 Kerkrade (Neth) liberated
  • Oct 5 Suffrage is extended to women in France
  • Oct 6 Allied aircraft accidentally bomb Fishing, Overijssel
  • Oct 6 Canadians free Austria
  • Oct 6 Royal Dutch Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks German submarine U168 in the Java Sea
  • Oct 6 Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia
  • Oct 7 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 7 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • Oct 7 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 9 Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
  • Oct 9 German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam
  • Oct 10 Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die
  • Oct 11 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • Oct 11 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
  • Oct 12 German army retreats from Athens
  • Oct 13 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed

  • Oct 13 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII
  • Oct 14 Allied troops land in Corfu
  • Oct 14 British troops march into Athens
  • Oct 15 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.
  • Oct 16 Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Allied generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley and Bernard Montgomery confer in Brussels, Belgium

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Oct 18 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
  • Oct 19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • Oct 19 Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
  • Oct 19 John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 19 US Navy says black women can join WAVES
  • Oct 19 US forces land in Philippines
  • Oct 20 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio, explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • Oct 20 Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
  • Oct 20 Soviet and Yugoslav troops free Belgrade
  • Oct 20 US 1st army wins battle of Aachen

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

Oct 20 US forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines with the landing of the US 6th army on Leyte

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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
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  • Oct 21 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • Oct 21 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall