On This Day

Events in History in 1944 (Part 4)

Events 601 - 728 of 728

  • Oct 21 Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
  • Oct 23 First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • Oct 23 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
  • Oct 23 Soviet army invades Hungary
  • Oct 23 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita's flagship the heavy cruiser Atago sinks during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Oct 24 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • Oct 24 US air raid on Japanese battleships and cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
  • Oct 24 US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
  • Oct 24 US Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
  • Oct 25 Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink
  • Oct 25 Battle at Samar-island
  • Oct 25 Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed
  • Oct 25 Gas output stopped in Amsterdam
  • Oct 27 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27 Tito reaches free Belgrade

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito

  • Oct 28 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Oct 29 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands
  • Oct 29 Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Oct 30 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • Oct 30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • Oct 30 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • Oct 30 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII
  • Oct 31 Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission
  • Nov 1 Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 1 Zeeuws & Flanders liberated
  • Nov 1 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • Nov 2 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
  • Nov 2 Canadian troops occupy Knokke
  • Nov 2 US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 3 Allied commandos land at Westkapelle, on the Dutch island of Walcheren
  • Nov 3 German troops in Vlissingen surrender
  • Nov 3 Pro-German government of Hungary flees
  • Nov 3 US 28th Infantry division occupies Schmidt Hurtgenwald
  • Nov 4 German troops reconquer Schmidt Hurtgenwald

  • Nov 4 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • Nov 5 Allied troops reach Zoutelande, Walcheren
  • Nov 5 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • Nov 5 German troops blow-up Heusden North Brabant city hall, 134 die

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Franklin D. Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States for a record fourth term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • Nov 7 Train crashes in tunnel of Aguadilla Spain; about 500 die
  • Nov 8 25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to Nazis for forced labor
  • Nov 8 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • Nov 9 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • Nov 9 Walcheren purged of Nazi troops
  • Nov 10 German riots in Rotterdam/Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • Nov 10 US 9th Army takes Margraten cemetery
  • Nov 10 Ammunition ship USS Mount Hood (AE-11) exploded at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands
  • Nov 12 RAF sinks German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord, Norway
  • Nov 15 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • Nov 16 US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • Nov 17 -Nov 19] Nazi raids in Dutch NE Polder
  • Nov 19 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • Nov 20 1st Japanese suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • Nov 20 Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
  • Nov 20 Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
  • Nov 21 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • Nov 22 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 23 US 7th army under General Alexander Patch conquers Straatsburg

US WWII General Alexander Patch
US WWII General
Alexander Patch
  • Nov 24 US bombers based on Saipan begin 1st attack on Tokyo
  • Nov 25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • Nov 26 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Nov 27 4,000 shells detonate in RAF arms depot at Fauld, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; village of Hanbury destroyed, at least 70 people killed
  • Nov 27 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen
  • Nov 28 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • Nov 28 400 Rotterdammers attack coal warehouse
  • Nov 28 Hal Newhouser is named AL MVP
  • Nov 28 In reprisal 40 Dutch men are executed by Nazis
  • Nov 28 US 121st Infantry regiment occupies Hurtgen
  • Nov 29 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • Nov 29 John Hopkins hospital performs 1st open heart surgery
  • Nov 29 The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome is performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas.
  • Nov 30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • Dec 1 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • Dec 2 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • Dec 2 German troops seize Betuwse dikes
  • Dec 2 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar
  • Dec 3 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • Dec 3 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • Dec 3 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • Dec 3 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • Dec 3 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • Dec 3 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • Dec 4 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • Dec 5 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • Dec 6 US 95th Infantry division reaches Westwall
  • Dec 7 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago
  • Dec 7 General Radescu forms Romanian government
  • Dec 10 9 Dutch citizens hanged by nazis

  • Dec 10 German counter attack at Dillingen bridgehead on the Saar
  • Dec 11 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • Dec 13 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • Dec 13 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 14 Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • Dec 14 Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • Dec 14 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • Dec 15 Hizbu'allah (Arm forces for Allah) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 15 US Congress gives General Eisenhower his 5th star

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Dec 15 US troops land on Mindoro
  • Dec 16 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the 'Battle of the Bulge'
  • Dec 16 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • Dec 16 US 2nd Infantry division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid
  • Dec 17 San Francisco M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service & is extended to Market St
  • Dec 17 US Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast, detainees released
  • Dec 17 US destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
  • Dec 18 US Destroyers Hull, Spence & Monaghan sink in typhoon (Philippines)
  • Dec 18 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
  • Dec 20 Archbishop De Young & bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • Dec 20 Battle of Bastogne: Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
  • Dec 20 Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions
  • Dec 20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London
  • Dec 21 Cards' Marty Marion wins NL MVP
  • Dec 22 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • Dec 22 Sub Swordfish departs Pearl Harbor for Japan
  • Dec 23 Beginning of harsh winter

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Dec 26 Battle of Bastogne: US General Patton's 3rd Army repulses Germans

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Dec 26 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Dec 26 Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie" premieres in Chicago

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Dec 27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • Dec 28 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium
  • Dec 29 Belgian Nazi Leon Degrelle sentenced to death
  • Dec 29 General Eisenhower's train returns to Versailles
  • Dec 30 King George II of Greece, abdicates his throne, appointing Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens as Regent in 1945
  • Dec 31 48 people die in a train accident in Ogden, Utah
  • Dec 31 Japanese army evacuates harbor city Akyab
  • Dec 31 World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.