On This Day

Events in History in September 1945

Victory in BattleSurrender of Japan

Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan signed aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (US date, 3rd September in Japan)

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Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender to formally end World War II
Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender to formally end World War II
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France (National Day)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)
  • Sep 3 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • Sep 4 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
  • Sep 7 Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender
  • Sep 7 Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park HR, only HR hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 8 US invades Japanese-held Korea
  • Sep 9 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • Sep 9 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Brown, 1-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 9 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay & taped into the log

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • Sep 10 KLS-AM in Oakland Ca changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling

World RecordMiracle Mike!

Sep 10 Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months before choking to death.

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Mike the headless chicken
Mike the headless chicken
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Sep 11 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • Sep 15 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond
  • Sep 16 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • Sep 18 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 Kim Il-sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea

North Korean Founder and Dictator Kim Il-sung
North Korean Founder and Dictator
Kim Il-sung

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • Sep 20 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • Sep 26 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid

Meeting of InterestMacArthur Meets Hirohito

Sep 27 US General and head of the Allied occupation of Japan, Douglas MacArthur, meets Emperor Hirohito in Tokyo for the first time

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General Douglas MacArthur meets Japanese Emperor Hirohito on September 27, 1945
General Douglas MacArthur meets Japanese Emperor Hirohito on September 27, 1945
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  • Sep 28 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
  • Sep 28 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
  • Sep 30 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43