On This Day

Events in History in 1946

  • Jan 1 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert

Historic Event

Jan 1 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god

  • Jan 1 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic

Historic Event

Jan 3 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 6 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum

  • Jan 6 Vietnam holds its first ever general election
  • Jan 7 Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union
  • Jan 10 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London
  • Jan 10 US Army bounces 1st radar signal off the Moon from Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey

Historic Event

Jan 11 Enver Hoxha declares People's Republic of Albania with himself dictator

  • Jan 12 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • Jan 14 2 jetties collapse in Ganges, crushing 160 Hindu pilgrims
  • Jan 17 United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
  • Jan 20 F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
  • Jan 23 Rear Admiral Sidney W. Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor
  • Jan 30 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
  • Jan 31 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
  • Feb 1 Republic of Hungary proclaims Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • Feb 1 Norwegian politician Trygve Lie becomes 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • Feb 2 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic made
  • Feb 4 Garson Kanin's "Born Yesterday" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 5 The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea
  • Feb 7 Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee) bill

Historic Event

Feb 8 Portuguese Dictator António de Oliveira Salazar forbids opposition parties

  • Feb 9 Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms
  • Feb 10 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is deported to Italy, and never returns to the United States
  • Feb 11 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • Feb 16 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Feb 17 Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
  • Feb 21 Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt

Election of Interest

Feb 24 General Juan Perón first elected President of Argentina

  • Feb 26 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia, Tennessee
  • Feb 27 4th "Road" film "Road to Utopia" premieres (NYC)
  • Mar 1 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • Mar 1 Panama accepts its new constitution
  • Mar 2 Dutch troops land on East Bali

Election of Interest

Mar 2 Ho Chi Minh elected President of North Vietnam

  • Mar 2 Kingman Douglass becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Mar 3 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 3 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Historic Event

Mar 5 Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe

  • Mar 5 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • Mar 6 France recognizes Vietnam statehood within Indo-Chinese federation
  • Mar 7 Max Frisch' play "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zurich

Bikini Atoll is Evacuated

Mar 7 Bikini Atoll islanders are evacuated by the US government to make way for a nuclear testing site

  • Mar 8 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use (NYC)
  • Mar 9 Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang
  • Mar 10 Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju, northeast Brazil
  • Mar 13 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)

Agreement of Interest

Mar 15 British Prime Minister Clement Attlee agrees with India's right to independence

  • Mar 19 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
  • Mar 19 Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
  • Mar 21 UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)
  • Mar 22 1st US rocket to leave the Earth's atmosphere (50 miles up)
  • Mar 22 Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan
  • Mar 28 Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  • Mar 31 Belgian government of Spaak resigns - shortest ever Belgian government
  • Mar 31 Belgian government of Acker forms
  • Mar 31 First election is held in Greece after World War II
  • Apr 1 400,000 US mine workers strike
  • Apr 1 Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
  • Apr 1 Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
  • Apr 1 The Malayan Union is formed as a federation of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca
  • Apr 3 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • Apr 7 Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
  • Apr 7 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
  • Apr 8 League of Nations assembles for the last time
  • Apr 10 1st election for Japanese Parliament
  • Apr 12 Syria gains independence from France
  • Apr 13 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • Apr 16 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, New Mexicao; reaches altitude of 8 km
  • Apr 16 Dutch Special Court of Justice sentences Frederik Müller, Socialist mayor of Rotterdam, to 10 years in jail for his wartime support of Germany
  • Apr 17 Syria declares independence from French administration
  • Apr 18 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

Historic Event

Apr 18 US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government

  • Apr 18 International Court of Justice opens at The Hague Netherlands
  • Apr 21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • Apr 22 SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms
  • Apr 25 "Exposition Flyer" rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48
  • Apr 25 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
  • Apr 27 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship
  • Apr 29 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals

Appointment of Interest

May 1 Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

  • May 1 Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named "American Mother of Year"
  • May 1 Start of 3 year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians.
  • May 1 The Paris Peace Conference concludes that the islands of the Dodecanese should be returned to Greece by Italy
  • May 2 The "Battle of Alcatraz" takes place, killing two guards and three inmates
  • May 3 International military tribunal in Tokyo begins
  • May 4 5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco bay
  • May 4 Wash's Cecil Travis gets 6 straight hits before being stopped
  • May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to Arthur M Schlesinger (Age of Jackson)"
  • May 7 William H Hastie inaugurated as 1st black governor of Virgin Islands
  • May 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees
  • May 8 Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn

Historic Event

May 9 King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and is succeeded by his son Umberto II who reigns for only 34 days before the monarchy is abolished

  • May 11 United Malays National Organisation is created.
  • May 13 Sarwate & Banerjee add 249 for 10th wkt for Indians v Surrey
  • May 13 US sentences 58 camp guards of Mauthausen concentration camp to death
  • May 13 Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam
  • May 17 KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections
  • May 17 US President Harry Truman seizes control of nation's railroads to delay a strike
  • May 19 Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam
  • May 21 Physicist Louis Slotin is exposed to a lethal dose of radiation while preparing a plutonium core experiment at the Los Alamos lab, he dies 9 days later and the accident ends all hands-on nuclear assembly work at Los Alamos
  • May 22 First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
  • May 25 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • May 26 Communist Party Leader Klement Gottwald becomes Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
  • May 28 US Patent filed for a hydrogen bomb

Historic Event

May 28 Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines

  • May 29 KVP wins Provincial National election in Netherlands
  • May 30 United flight 521 crashes on takeoff at LaGuardia Airport (NY) 42 die
  • Jun 2 Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
  • Jun 3 1st bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris)
  • Jun 3 International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals
  • Jun 4 Largest solar prominence (300,000 mi/500,000 km) observed
  • Jun 5 Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 5 Eric de Noorman, a Dutch comic strip by Hans G. Kresse, is launched
  • Jun 6 Henry Morgan is 1st to take off shirt on TV
  • Jun 7 Pirates players vote 20-16 to walkout rather than play the Giants
  • Jun 7 US Supreme Court bans discrimination in interstate travel

Historic Event

Jun 8 Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia

  • Jun 9 19 guests at Canfield Hotel die in fire (Dubuque, Iowa)

Historic Event

Jun 9 Bhumibol Adulyadej becomes King of Thailand after the death of his brother King Ananda Mahidol

  • Jun 10 Italian Republic established
  • Jun 10 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, ends term as 1st director of CIA. Lieutenant General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, becomes 2nd director of CIA
  • Jun 13 1st transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland
  • Jun 13 King Umberto II of Italy abdicates
  • Jun 14 Canadian Library Association established
  • Jun 17 SW Bell inaugurates mobile telephone commercial service, St Louis
  • Jun 18 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
  • Jun 20 NYC transit begins using PA system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line
  • Jun 21 10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas, Texas
  • Jun 21 Federal judge in Seattle rules that club doesn't have to play returning serviceman

Historic Event

Jun 22 Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites

  • Jun 23 In South Africa, a group of white men attack and assault Indian Passive Resisters
  • Jun 24 11.72" (29.77 cm) of rainfall at Mellen, Wisconsin (state 24-hr record)
  • Jun 24 Georges Bidault elected premier of France
  • Jun 26 Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
  • Jun 28 Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st President of Italy
  • Jun 29 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • Jun 29 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv

Historic Event

Jul 1 The last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke cedes Sarawak to the British Crown

  • Jul 1 US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
  • Jul 2 Dutch Beel government forms
  • Jul 2 Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam and Amsterdam
  • Jul 3 1st Dutch government of Louis Beel forms
  • Jul 3 The Cape Passive Resistance Council is formed at a mass meeting in Cape Town, attended by 1,500 people
  • Jul 4 Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
  • Jul 4 Philippines gains independence from US
  • Jul 4 President Manuel Roxas inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand, Manila
  • Jul 5 Louis Reard's design for a bikini swimsuit debuts at the Paris fashion show
  • Jul 7 Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint
  • Jul 10 Belgian government of Acker resigns
  • Jul 11 Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA

Historic Publication

Jul 14 Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published

  • Jul 14 Kielce pogrom: Mob of civilians, police and soldiers investigating false kidnapping allegation attack Jewish Holocaust survivors in Kielce, Poland; 42 killed, 40+ injured [1]
  • Jul 15 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown
  • Jul 16 Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in San Francisco history)
  • Jul 16 US court martial sentences 46 members of the SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
  • Jul 21 Jesus T Pinerol becomes 1st native born Puerto Rican governor
  • Jul 22 Militant Zionist organization Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities injuring 46

Historic Event

Jul 23 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

  • Jul 24 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • Jul 25 US detonates an underwater atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands (5th atomic explosion)
  • Jul 26 Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport
  • Jul 30 1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico

Historic Event

Aug 1 US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

  • Aug 3 Belgian government of Huysmans forms
  • Aug 4 An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
  • Aug 6 US officially submits to jurisdiction of World Court

Historic Event

Aug 7 1st US commemorative coin of an African American, Booker T. Washington (half dollar)

  • Aug 8 India agrees to give Bhutan 32 sq miles
  • Aug 8 First flight of the Convair B-36.
  • Aug 13 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus
  • Aug 15 Dumont TV Network (WABD NY) is launched in the US
  • Aug 16 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless

Historic Publication

Aug 17 George Orwell publishes "Animal Farm" in the United Kingdom

  • Aug 23 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • Sep 1 Greece votes for monarchy

Historic Event

Sep 2 Jawaharlal Nehru forms government in India

Historic Event

Sep 5 Amon Göth, former head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp, found guilty of imprisonment, torture, and extermination of individuals and groups of people, the first conviction of homicide at a war crimes court

Historic Event

Sep 6 Terence Rattigan's "The Winslow Boy" premieres in London

  • Sep 8 Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456
  • Sep 8 Bulgaria ends its monarchy
  • Sep 11 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
  • Sep 12 Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • Sep 20 Churchill argues for a 'United States of Europe'
  • Sep 21 Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
  • Sep 22 Canadian woman Evelyn Dick charged with butchering her husband in Hamilton, Ontario

Historic Publication

Sep 26 1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes until June 1993

  • Sep 27 King George II of Greece returns from exile to Athens
  • Sep 29 Al Couture knockouts Ralph Walton in Lewiston Maine in 10 secs
  • Sep 29 NPS, Nationale Party Suriname, forms

Nuremberg Trials

Sep 30 Twenty-two Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

  • Oct 1 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • Oct 5 Newcastle United equals English Football League record for biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James' Park; Len Shackleton scores 6, Charlie Wayman 4 for the Toon
  • Oct 6 90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
  • Oct 6 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • Oct 8 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • Oct 9 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50