On This Day

Events in History in 1946 (Part 2)

  • Oct 5 Newcastle United equals English Football League record for biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James' Park; Len Shackleton scores 6, Charlie Wayman 4 for the Toon
  • Oct 6 90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
  • Oct 6 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • Oct 7 Charles Ives' 2nd string quartet premieres
  • Oct 8 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • Oct 9 First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50
  • Oct 9 Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 10 Max Frisch' "Die Chinesische Mauer" premieres in Zurich
  • Oct 14 Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

Oct 16 10 Nazi leaders are hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg war trials, including Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Alfred Jodl

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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  • Oct 22 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • Oct 23 UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows)
  • Oct 24 Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire
  • Oct 24 A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket, launched from Whites Sands US, takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
  • Oct 27 Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)
  • Oct 28 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR

  • Nov 1 Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black president of Fisk University
  • Nov 1 West German state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) created
  • Nov 1 Karol Wojtyla is ordained to Catholic priesthood

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 Emperor Hirohito proclaims a new Japanese constitution

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • Nov 4 United Nations Educational, Scientific, & Cultural Organization (UNESCO) formed

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 John F. Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts) elected to US House of Representatives

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 6 Karol Wojtyla (future Pope John Paul II) holds his first Mass as newly ordained Catholic priest in Wawel Cathedral's crypt

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 Jean-Paul Sartre's "La Putain Respecteuse" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 US President Harry Truman ends wage/price freeze

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Nov 10 Communists win many seats at French parliamentary election
  • Nov 12 A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows.
  • Nov 13 First artificial snow produced from a natural cloud, Mt Greylock, Massachusetts
  • Nov 14 Dutch Dakota flight to Schiphol crashes, kills 11
  • Nov 15 House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) interrogates astronomer Harlow Shapley
  • Nov 20 Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 21 Georgi Dimitrov elected premier of Bulgaria
  • Nov 21 Harry Truman becomes 1st US President to travel in a submerged sub
  • Nov 23 French Navy fire in Haiphong Vietnam, kills 6,000
  • Nov 23 The Workers Party of South Korea is founded

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 27 Peter Fraser's Labour government wins a second term in New Zealand's general elections

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser

  • Nov 28 French Fourth Republic government led by Georges Bidault resigns
  • Nov 28 Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert sentenced to death
  • Nov 29 Minister Drees begins emergency rule of old age facilities

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 US government asks UN to order dictator Francisco Franco out of Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Dec 5 US President Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808
  • Dec 7 Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119
  • Dec 8 US Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 German/Swiss novelist Hermann Hesse wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • Dec 11 Spain suspended from UN
  • Dec 11 UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) established (Nobel 1965)
  • Dec 12 Ice plant collapses, shearing a tenement building & burying 38
  • Dec 12 'Tide' detergent introduced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 12 UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller Jr

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • Dec 13 Léon Blum elected French premier
  • Dec 14 Togo made a trusteeship territory of UN
  • Dec 14 UN General Assembly votes to establish UN HQs in New York City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 16 French fashion designer Christian Dior and his backer Marcel Boussac found fashion house Christian Dior

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • Dec 16 Thailand joins the United Nations
  • Dec 17 US V-2 rocket reaches 183 km, White Sands Proving Grounds, New Mexico
  • Dec 18 TV's 1st network dramatic serial "Faraway Hill" ends 2 month run in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • Dec 21 Earthquake in South Japan, kills 1,086
  • Dec 21 Morton Gould's "Minstrel Show" premieres in Indianapolis
  • Dec 23 Belgian Council of State forms
  • Dec 23 Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers)
  • Dec 23 University of Tennessee refuses to play Duquesne University as they suggested they may use a black player in their basketball game
  • Dec 24 US General MacNarney gives 800,000 "minor nazis" amnesty
  • Dec 24 French Fourth Republic is founded
  • Dec 25 Constitution accepted in Taiwan
  • Dec 26 Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas opens (start of an era)
  • Dec 31 French troops leave Lebanon
  • Dec 31 US President Harry Truman officially proclaims end of WW II