Events in History in 1947

  • Jan 1 Benelux agrees to work related issues
  • Jan 1 Britain nationalizes its coal industry

Historic Event

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East Bengal

Historic Event

Jan 4 Emilio G. Segrè and Carlo Perrier announce technetium, a previously unknown element and the first artificially synthesized chemical element

  • Jan 6 Pan American Airlines offers a round-the-world-ticket, the first commercial airline to do so
  • Jan 6 Ray Lindwall smashes 100 v England in MCG Test

Historic Event

Jan 8 General George Marshall becomes US Secretary of State

Historic Event

Jan 9 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive.

  • Jan 10 British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel
  • Jan 10 Greek steamer "Himara" strikes a wartime mine in Saronic Gulf south of Athens with loss of 392 of 637 aboard
  • Jan 15 The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short ("The Black Dahlia") found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California
  • Jan 16 Vincent Aurial elected President of France
  • Jan 17 Ammunition factory explodes in Muiden, Netherlands, 16 die
  • Jan 18 Small river steamer sinks on Yangtze River, kills 400
  • Jan 19 SS Himera runs aground at Athens, kills 392
  • Jan 20 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Jan 26 KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die
  • Jan 28 "Bay Psalm" book auctioned for a record $151,000

Theater Premiere

Jan 29 Arthur Miller's play "All My Sons" premieres in NYC

  • Feb 1 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists
  • Feb 1 NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established
  • Feb 3 -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
  • Feb 3 1st black reporter in US Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
  • Feb 5 Bolewet Beirut becomes President of Poland

Historic Event

Feb 6 Magnum Photos founded in Paris by Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Rodger and David Seymour

  • Feb 7 The UK announces its intention to end the Mandate for Palestine
  • Feb 8 Jan van der Hoorn wins 8th Dutch 11-cities skating race (10:51)

Historic Event

Feb 9 Bank robber Willie Sutton escapes jail in Philadelphia

  • Feb 10 Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia
  • Feb 10 Netherlands Radio Union forms
  • Feb 10 Province of Petsamo returned to Soviet Union by Finland
  • Feb 10 WW II peace treaties signed
  • Feb 12 Daytime fireball & meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia

Historic Event

Feb 12 French fashion designer Christian Dior presents his first influential collection, named the "New Look"

  • Feb 12 Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught by C. W. Stewart, near the Galapagos Islands
  • Feb 17 Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
  • Feb 17 Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
  • Feb 18 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 20 Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in LA

Appointment of Interest

Feb 20 Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence

  • Feb 20 State of Prussia ceases to exist.

Historic Event

Feb 21 1st instant developing camera demonstrated by Edwin Land at the Optical Society of America in NYC

Historic Event

Feb 23 US General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews

  • Feb 27 French explorer Paul-Emile Victor founds French Polar Expeditions to oversee French scientific missions

February 28 Massacre

Feb 28 February 28 Massacre: Anti-government uprising in Taiwan is violently put down by Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang-led Republic of China government with the loss of 18,000-28,000 lives. Marks the beginning of the White Terror.

  • Mar 1 International Monetary Fund begins operation
  • Mar 6 XB-45, 1st US 4-engine jet bomber, makes 1st test flight, Muroc, CA
  • Mar 7 The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • Mar 9 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 9 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Mar 12 Belgian government of Huysmans resigns

Historic Event

Mar 12 US President Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

  • Mar 15 John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy
  • Mar 16 Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested

Historic Event

Mar 17 Arnold J. Toynbee appears on the front cover of Time magazine

  • Mar 19 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms

Victory in Battle

Mar 19 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

  • Mar 20 180 tonne blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic

Catholic Encyclical

Mar 21 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur

  • Mar 21 U.S. President Harry Truman signs executive order 9835 requiring "complete and unswerving loyalty to the United States" of Federal employees
  • Mar 21 US President Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States
  • Mar 24 Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency

Historic Event

Mar 24 John D. Rockefeller Jr. donates NYC East River site to the UN

  • Mar 25 Agreement of Linggadjati ratified in Batavia
  • Mar 25 Coal mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois kills 111
  • Apr 1 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
  • Apr 2 Carlo Terron's "Il diamente del profeta" premieres in Rome
  • Apr 4 Convention on International Civil Aviation goes into effect
  • Apr 4 Largest group of sunspots on record
  • Apr 4 UN's International Civil Aviation Organization forms
  • Apr 6 1st Tony Awards: Arthur Miller, David Wayne & Patricia Neal win for theatrical achievements
  • Apr 8 Largest recorded sunspot ever observed at 40 times the diameter of Earth
  • Apr 9 Atomic Energy Commission confirmed
  • Apr 9 Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
  • Apr 10 King Frederik IX of Denmark crowned
  • Apr 15 Operations begin at Radio Netherlands World radio
  • Apr 16 -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
  • Apr 16 Fire aboard French-flagged cargo ship SS Grandchamp, docked at Port of Texas City, Texas and loaded with 2,300 tons of ammonium nitrate causes massive explosion and spreads to nearby ships and oil facilities; deadliest industrial accident in US history kills 581, including all but one member of the city's fire departments
  • Apr 16 Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
  • Apr 19 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds
  • Apr 20 Frederik IX becomes King of Denmark
  • Apr 25 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins

Historic Event

Apr 28 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

  • Apr 30 Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
  • May 1 Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA
  • May 1 Radar for commercial & private planes 1st demonstrated
  • May 1 Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA

Historic Event

May 3 Japan's post-war constitution goes into effect, granting universal suffrage, stripping Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power and outlawing Japan's right to make war

  • May 5 Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 & causes $850M in damage
  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren for his novel "All the King's Men"

Historic Event

May 7 General MacArthur approves Japanese constitution

  • May 7 Paraguayian government unleashes contra revolt

Historic Event

May 8 Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki, who had volunteered to be imprisoned in Auschwitz to gain information about the Holocaust, is arrested by Polish communist police

  • May 11 BF Goodrich announced the development of tubeless tire (Akron Ohio)
  • May 11 Laos accepts constitution for parliamentary democracy
  • May 13 US Senate approves the Taft-Hartley Act limiting the power of unions
  • May 22 "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece
  • May 22 1st US ballistic missile fired
  • May 23 PC Hooft prize forms for literature
  • May 25 Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co's Mine #5 killing 111 in Illinois
  • May 31 Communists seize power in Hungary
  • May 31 Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft Deposit & Perryville, Maryland, kills 53
  • May 31 Italian government of Gasperi forms
  • Jun 1 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • Jun 1 The development of photosensitive glass, which had occurred ten years previously, is announced publicly
  • Jun 2 Hungarian premier Ferenc Nagy resigns
  • Jun 3 British Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten visits Pakistan
  • Jun 4 US House of Representatives approves Taft-Hartley act
  • Jun 5 US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the "Marshall Plan" to rebuild Western Europe
  • Jun 6 Treaty drawn up for establishment of International Patent Institute
  • Jun 10 Saab produces its first automobile
  • Jun 11 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • Jun 16 1st network news-Dumont's "News from Washington"
  • Jun 16 Pravda denounces Marshall Plan
  • Jun 17 Earnest Reuter becomes mayor of Berlin
  • Jun 17 Pan Am Airways' 1st round-the-world civil air service leaves NYC
  • Jun 19 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California
  • Jun 20 US President Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act
  • Jun 22 12" rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)
  • Jun 22 Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)
  • Jun 23 Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v South Africa
  • Jun 23 US President Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress
  • Jun 24 Flying saucers sighted over Mount Rainier by pilot Ken Arnold

Historic Publication

Jun 25 1st version of Anne Frank's diary "Het Achterhuis" published in The Netherlands

  • Jun 27 98°F (36.8°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
  • Jul 1 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
  • Jul 1 British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
  • Jul 2 Military coup discovered in France
  • Jul 3 252,288 people (record) pass through Grand Central Station, NYC
  • Jul 3 Soviet Union doesn't participate in Marshall Plan

Historic Event

Jul 6 The Ak-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union

  • Jul 7 Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident
  • Jul 8 Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
  • Jul 8 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico

Engagement of Interest

Jul 9 Engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten

Historic Event

Jul 9 Spain votes for Franco monarchy

  • Jul 10 200 die when train derails and falls into a river in Canton, China
  • Jul 10 Cleveland Indian Don Black no-hits Philadelphia A's, 3-0

Historic Event

Jul 10 Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee

  • Jul 18 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine

Historic Event

Jul 18 King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

  • Jul 18 US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
  • Jul 18 US President Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act

Assassination

Jul 19 Prime Minister of shadow Burma government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members assassinated by armed paramilitaries

  • Jul 20 1st political action of Netherlands Army on Java and Sumatra
  • Jul 21 Indonesia begins 1st political election
  • Jul 22 -8°F (-13°C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)
  • Jul 23 1st (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, Rhode Island
  • Jul 26 President Truman signs National Security Act (1947), establishing Department of Defense, CIA, National Security Council and Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Jul 26 US President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act which establishes the Central Intelligence Agency
  • Jul 28 Iuliu Maniu's Farmers' Party is banned in Romania
  • Jul 29 Gas leak explodes in a beauty parlor, 10 women die in Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Aug 4 The Supreme Court of Japan is established
  • Aug 5 Netherlands ceases political action in Indonesia, due to UN pressure
  • Aug 7 The Bombay Municipal Corporation formally takes over the Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST)
  • Aug 7 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the Kon-Tiki crash into a reef in the Tuamotu Islands, French Polynesia after 101 days crossing the Pacific Ocean
  • Aug 8 Pakistan's National Flag is approved.
  • Aug 14 Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain
  • Aug 15 GLEEP (Graphite Low Energy Experimental Pile), the first experimental nuclear reactor in Western Europe begins operation in Oxford, England
  • Aug 15 India becomes a sovereign and democratic nation, independent from the United Kingdom
  • Aug 15 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950
  • Aug 17 The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed
  • Aug 18 Naval torpedo & mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain killing 300
  • Aug 19 J Arens & D van Dorpen synthetise vitamin A
  • Aug 20 Turner Caldwell in D-558-I sets aircraft speed record, 1131 kph
  • Aug 25 Marion Carl in D-558-I sets world aircraft speed record of 1,047 kph

Appointment of Interest

Aug 29 B.R. Ambedkar is appointed chairman of the drafting committee for the Indian constitution

  • Aug 29 Constantine Tsaldaris succeeds Maximos as Greek premier
  • Aug 31 Hungarian communist party wins election
  • Sep 1 With a victory by Armed in the Washington Park Handicap, Calumet Farm becomes the first stable to surpass $1 million in annual earnings; leads all owners with total earnings of $1,402,436
  • Sep 7 Battles between Hindus & Muslims in New Delhi, India
  • Sep 15 First four-engined jet-propelled fighter plane tested, Columbus, Ohio
  • Sep 15 RCA releases the 12AX7 miniature dual triode vacuum tube; it is still in production
  • Sep 15 Typhoon Kathleen hit Tone River, Saitama and Tokyo area, killing at least 1,930 and injuring 1,750
  • Sep 16 John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 394.2 MPH
  • Sep 16 Typhoon Kathleen hits Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River area, killing at least 1,930
  • Sep 17 James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US Secretary of Defense
  • Sep 18 The Central Intelligence Agency officially comes into existence after being established by President Truman in July
  • Sep 18 US Air Force created as a separate military service by passing of the National Security Act
  • Sep 18 US Department of Defense 1st day of operation
  • Oct 1 1st helicopter air mail & express service, LA, Ca
  • Oct 1 The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
  • Oct 1 US control of Haitian customs & governmental revenue ends
  • Oct 1 William Wister Haines' "Command Decision" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 2 Revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • Oct 3 1st telescope lens 200" (508 cm) in diameter completed
  • Oct 9 First telephone conversation between occupants of a moving car and an airplane
  • Oct 11 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • Oct 13 "Kukla, Fran & Ollie" premieres
  • Oct 14 Chuck Yeager in Bell XS-1 makes 1st supersonic flight (Mach 1.015)
  • Oct 14 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina gives golden award to general Eisenhower
  • Oct 19 De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections

Historic Event

Oct 20 Robinson Jeffers' play "Medea" adapted from Euripides premieres in NYC

  • Oct 21 Dutch Dakota explodes near Coopenhagen, 16 die
  • Oct 23 Husband & wife Carl Cori & Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes for Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen" (alongside Bernardo Alberto Houssay)
  • Oct 23 NAACP petition on racism "An Appeal to the World" presented to UN
  • Oct 24 Series of forest fires burn over $30 million of timber across the New England States
  • Oct 25 Sam Breadon sells Cards to Robert Hannegan & Fred Saigh for $4M
  • Oct 26 Maharajah of Jammu & Kashmir accedes to India
  • Oct 26 The British military occupation ends in Iraq