Events in History in 1948

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force
  • Jan 1 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK
  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO

Historic Event

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan to assist in rebuilding Europe after WWII [1]

Historic Event

Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason

  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold
  • Jan 28 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"

Historic Event

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

Historic Event

Jan 31 J. D. Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the New Yorker

  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

Historic Publication

Feb 1 Important South African anti-apartheid novel "Cry the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton is published in the US

Historic Event

Feb 1 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

  • Feb 1 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • Feb 2 President Harry Truman urges congress to adopt a civil rights program
  • Feb 4 Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) declares independence from UK
  • Feb 6 1st radio-controlled airplane flown

Historic Event

Feb 7 Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as US Army Chief of Staff

  • Feb 10 Greek Gen Markos' guerrilla army bombs Saloniki
  • Feb 11 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • Feb 12 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st African American in army nursing corps
  • Feb 13 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
  • Feb 13 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
  • Feb 13 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England
  • Feb 16 Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
  • Feb 20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • Feb 22 Arabs bomb attack in Jerusalem, 50 die
  • Feb 25 Communists seize control of Czechoslovakian government and Klement Gottwald becomes premier
  • Feb 29 Stern-group bomb on Cairo-Haifa train kills 27 British soldiers
  • Mar 5 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height
  • Mar 7 The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending Italian rule
  • Mar 8 US Supreme Court rules in McCollum v. Board of Education that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional
  • Mar 9 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
  • Mar 10 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound - Herb H Hoover, Edwards Air Force Base, California
  • Mar 11 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
  • Mar 12 -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • Mar 14 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
  • Mar 18 France & Great Britain & Benelux sign Treaty of Brussels

Historic Event

Mar 18 Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split

  • Mar 19 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 23 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • Mar 27 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened
  • Mar 31 US Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
  • Apr 1 Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark
  • Apr 3 1st US figure skating championships held
  • Apr 3 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Apr 3 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Apr 3 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)
  • Apr 7 A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead
  • Apr 7 World Health Organization formed by the United Nations
  • Apr 8 Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in San Francisco
  • Apr 9 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • Apr 10 Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek
  • Apr 13 Hadassah Convoy Massacre: Vehicles bringing Jewish staff and medical supplies to Hadassah Hospital and University on Mount Scopus, Jerusalem attacked by Arab forces; 79 killed by bombs, grenades, and sniper fire
  • Apr 14 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • Apr 14 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Apr 15 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated
  • Apr 15 Indian territory of Himachal Pradesh created
  • Apr 16 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

Historic Event

Apr 17 Elpidio Quirino assumes the Presidency of the Philippines, taking his oath of office two days after the death of President Manuel Roxas

Election of Interest

Apr 19 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

  • Apr 20 NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 20 Walter P. Reuther UAW President shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • Apr 27 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • Apr 30 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • Apr 30 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 1 Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham, Alabama, for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes"
  • May 1 North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Catholic Encyclical

May 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam

Historic Event

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams

  • May 4 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)
  • May 5 1st squadron of jet aircraft aboard a carrier
  • May 7 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentenced to death
  • May 10 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

Historic Event

May 14 Golda Meir (Meyerson) is one of the signatories of Israel’s independence declaration

  • May 14 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • May 14 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • May 14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • May 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • May 15 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • May 15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel

Election of Interest

May 16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st President of Israel

  • May 16 Egyptians enter Gaza
  • May 16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • May 17 Soviet Union recognizes Israel
  • May 18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war
  • May 18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • May 18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking
  • May 23 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel

Execution

May 25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

  • May 25 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast
  • May 26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • May 26 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • May 27 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
  • May 28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • May 28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • May 30 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • Jun 1 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • Jun 3 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • Jun 3 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • Jun 7 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • Jun 7 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 8 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines
  • Jun 14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Jun 18 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • Jun 18 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • Jun 19 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • Jun 20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • Jun 20 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • Jun 20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • Jun 21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • Jun 21 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London

Historic Event

Jun 21 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

  • Jun 21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens

Presidential Convention

Jun 24 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

The Berlin Candy Bombers

Jun 24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

  • Jun 25 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)
  • Jun 26 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • Jun 28 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • Jun 30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • Jun 30 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)
  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution doesn't happen until 1960
  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)

Assassination Attempt

Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt

  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for his 1st full term at Democratic Convention (Philadelphia Convention Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea
  • Jul 17 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'
  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns

Election of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected the 1st President of South Korea

  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • Aug 1 The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • Aug 3 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • Aug 4 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax
  • Aug 6 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • Aug 7 1st Dutch government of Beel resigns
  • Aug 12 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • Aug 15 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • Aug 16 Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem
  • Aug 16 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • Aug 17 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • Aug 17 Tom Henrich hits his then record tying 4th grand slam of season
  • Aug 20 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
  • Aug 23 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
  • Aug 23 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
  • Aug 27 102°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
  • Aug 31 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates her golden jubilee
  • Sep 1 Communist form North China People's Republic
  • Sep 3 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • Sep 4 Queen Wilhelmina abdicates the Dutch throne in favour of her daughter Juliana because of illness, after 58 years, longest of any Dutch monarch
  • Sep 5 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • Sep 6 Juliana crowned Queen of The Netherlands
  • Sep 7 1st use of synthetic rubber in asphaltic concrete, Akron Oh
  • Sep 8 British De Havilland DH108-fighter flies faster than sound
  • Sep 10 Bijz Criminal division sentences war criminal Jacob Folks to life

Historic Event

Sep 12 Indian Army Invades the State of Hyderabad a day after Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah passes away

  • Sep 13 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (R-Me) elected senator, 1st woman to serve in both houses of US Congress

Historic Event

Sep 14 Gerald Ford upsets Representative Bartel J Jonkman in Michigan 5th Dist Republican primary

  • Sep 14 Groundbreaking ceremony for UN world headquarters in New York