Events in History in 1948

Events 1 - 200 of 294

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)
  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Italy adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US president Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO
  • Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 21 West Indies v England, Test debut of Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 26 Executive Order 9981 ending racial segregation in US Armed Forces signed
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
  • Jan 31 J D Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the "New Yorker"
  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Feb 1 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • Feb 2 President Harry Truman urges congress to adopt a civil rights program
  • Feb 3 Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
  • Feb 4 Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) declares independence from UK
  • Feb 6 1st radio-controlled airplane flown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as Army Chief of Staff

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Feb 10 Greek Gen Markos' guerrilla army bombs Saloniki
  • Feb 11 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • Feb 12 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st African American in army nursing corps
  • Feb 13 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
  • Feb 13 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
  • Feb 13 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Feb 16 Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
  • Feb 20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • Feb 22 Arabs bomb attack in Jerusalem, 50 die
  • Feb 24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • Feb 25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia and C Gottwald becomes premier
  • Feb 29 Stern-group bomb Cairo-Haifa train, 27 British soldiers died
  • Mar 5 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height
  • Mar 7 The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending Italian rule.

  • Mar 8 US Supreme Court rules in McCollum v. Board of Education that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional
  • Mar 9 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
  • Mar 10 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca
  • Mar 11 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
  • Mar 12 -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • Mar 14 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
  • Mar 18 France & Great Britain & Benelux sign Treaty of Brussels
  • Mar 18 Philips begin experimental TV broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Soviet consultants have left Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Mar 19 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 23 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • Mar 27 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened
  • Mar 28 2nd Tony Awards: Mister Roberts win
  • Mar 31 Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
  • Apr 1 H H H Johnson's debut as a bowler for West Indies to win v England 10-96
  • Apr 1 Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark.
  • Apr 3 1st US figure skating championships held
  • Apr 3 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)
  • Apr 3 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Apr 3 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Apr 7 World Health Organization formed by the United Nations
  • Apr 7 A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
  • Apr 8 Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in SF
  • Apr 9 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • Apr 10 Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek
  • Apr 13 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus
  • Apr 14 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • Apr 14 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Apr 15 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated
  • Apr 15 Indian territory of Himachal Pradesh created
  • Apr 16 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Elpidio Quirino assumes the Presidency of the Philippines, taking his oath of office two days after the death of President Manuel Roxas

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
  • Apr 18 International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Apr 20 NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 20 Walter P. Reuther UAW President shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • Apr 27 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • Apr 30 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • Apr 30 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 1 North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • May 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam
  • May 1 Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham, Alabama, for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • May 4 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)
  • May 5 1st squadron of jet aircraft aboard a carrier
  • May 7 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentence to death
  • May 10 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 Winston Churchill visits The Hague

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 11 Haganah takes control of Safed & port of Haifa
  • May 11 Luigi Einaudi elected president of Italy
  • May 12 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates
  • May 14 Israel declares independence from under British administration
  • May 14 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • May 14 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • May 14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • May 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • May 15 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • May 15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • May 16 Mikhail Botvinnik wins 5-player tournament to determine world chess champion
  • May 16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st president of Israel
  • May 16 Egyptians enter the Gaza
  • May 16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • May 17 Soviet Union recognized Israel
  • May 18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war.
  • May 18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel
  • May 18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
  • May 23 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • May 25 SF receives its 1st telecast

BattleExecution

May 25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • May 26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • May 26 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • May 27 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
  • May 28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • May 28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • May 30 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • May 31 Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
  • Jun 1 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • Jun 3 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • Jun 3 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore
  • Jun 5 "(Ghost) Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend" single released by Stan Jones
  • Jun 7 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • Jun 7 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 8 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines
  • Jun 12 "William Tell Overture" by Spike Jones peaks at #6
  • Jun 14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Jun 17 Joe Cronin pinch hit HRs in both ends of a doubleheader
  • Jun 18 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • Jun 18 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • Jun 18 UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights
  • Jun 19 Panama & Costa Rica recognize Israel
  • Jun 20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • Jun 20 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • Jun 20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • Jun 21 1st stored computer program run, on Manchester Mark I
  • Jun 21 33 1/3 RPM LP record introduced and 78's planned to be phased out (Dr Peter Goldmark-Columbia Records)
  • Jun 21 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)
  • Jun 21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 24 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • Jun 24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water
  • Jun 25 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)
  • Jun 26 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • Jun 28 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • Jun 30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • Jun 30 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)
  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; the execution didn't happen until 1960
  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 9 Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless inn for Cleve
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for another term (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea
  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns
  • Jul 20 Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected President of South Korea

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • Aug 1 The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • Aug 3 Cleveland's Satchel Paige make his 1st start & goes 7 innings
  • Aug 3 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • Aug 4 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax
  • Aug 6 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • Aug 7 1st Dutch government of Beel resigns
  • Aug 12 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • Aug 15 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)
  • Aug 16 Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem
  • Aug 16 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • Aug 17 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • Aug 17 Tom Henrich hits his then record tying 4th grand slam of season
  • Aug 20 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
  • Aug 23 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
  • Aug 23 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries