Events in History in 1949

Events 1 - 200 of 225

  • Jan 1 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand
  • Jan 2 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico
  • Jan 3 The central bank of the Philippines, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, is founded
  • Jan 5 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jan 7 1st photo of genes taken at University of Southern California by Pease & Baker
  • Jan 10 RCA introduces 45 RPM record
  • Jan 11 Snowfall 1st recorded in Los Angeles
  • Jan 12 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
  • Jan 14 Black and Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • Jan 15 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
  • Jan 18 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)
  • Jan 19 Cuba recognises Israel.
  • Jan 20 US President Harry Truman announces his four point program
  • Jan 21 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)
  • Jan 22 Chinatown telephone exchange closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • Jan 27 Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
  • Jan 28 UN Security council convicts Dutch aggression in Indonesia
  • Jan 29 Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand & Switzerland recognize Israel
  • Feb 1 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]
  • Feb 4 Failed assassination attempt on Shah of Persia
  • Feb 8 Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty sentenced to life in prison
  • Feb 12 Panic in Quito, Ecuador, after "War of the Worlds" played on radio
  • Feb 12 Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey
  • Feb 12 Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem
  • Feb 14 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
  • Feb 14 Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses
  • Feb 15 Dmitri Shostakovitch' "Song of the Woods" premieres in Leningrad
  • Feb 17 Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
  • Feb 17 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy/Ede Kiraly of HUN
  • Feb 17 Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
  • Feb 17 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button USA
  • Feb 17 Richard Button retains world figure skating championship in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • Feb 19 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • Feb 20 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
  • Feb 24 Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement
  • Feb 24 V-2/WAC-Corporal rocket 1st object to reach 5x the speed of sound at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico
  • Feb 25 WAC Corporal rocket achieves height of 400k (record)
  • Feb 26 USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight
  • Feb 27 Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st President of Israel
  • Mar 1 Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
  • Mar 2 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)
  • Mar 2 Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), completes 1st nonstop round- the-world flight at Fort Worth, Texas, covering 23,452-mis in 94 hrs

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Mar 4 Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Mar 4 Piet Van de Pol (Neth) becomes world champion billiard player
  • Mar 4 Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
  • Mar 5 The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
  • Mar 8 WBAP-FM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA

  • Mar 9 England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes
  • Mar 13 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • Mar 13 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Mar 18 NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Org) ratified
  • Mar 19 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • Mar 23 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 24 Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win
  • Mar 24 SS police chief in the Netherlands Hanns Albin Rauter's request for a pardon denied, executed by firing squad
  • Mar 29 Turkey recognizes Israel
  • Mar 30 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO
  • Mar 31 Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
  • Apr 4 Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement
  • Apr 4 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington DC
  • Apr 5 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • Apr 9 UN Intl Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel & awards Britain damages
  • Apr 13 Philip S. Hench at Mayo Clinc announces discovery of cortisone to treat rheumatoid arthritis
  • Apr 14 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • Apr 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Redemptoris nostri
  • Apr 18 Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • Apr 23 Chinese Red army conquers Nanjing
  • Apr 23 Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in SF
  • Apr 23 Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen
  • Apr 24 3rd Tony Awards: Death of a Salesman & Kiss Me Kate win
  • Apr 25 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Romulus der Grosse" premieres in Basel
  • Apr 26 Transjordan is officially renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Apr 28 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.
  • May 1 A's Elmer Valo is 1st AL'er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game
  • May 1 Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • May 2 Bolivian state of siege proclaimed
  • May 2 Don Newcombe, 1st start, shuts out Cincinnati on 5 hits to win 3-0
  • May 3 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km
  • May 5 Council of Europe forms
  • May 5 Statute of Council of Europe drawn up
  • May 8 West German constitution approved
  • May 9 Britain's 1st launderette opens in Queensway, London
  • May 9 Prince Rainier III becomes monarch of Monaco
  • May 11 By a vote of 37-12, Israel becomes 59th member of UN
  • May 11 Siam renames itself Thailand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 1st foreign woman ambassador received in USA (Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit of India)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • May 13 1st British-produced jet bomber, the Canberra, makes its 1st test flight
  • May 14 US President Harry Truman signs bill establishing a rocket test range at Cape Canaveral
  • May 17 British government recognises Republic of Ireland (previously Irish Free State)
  • May 18 Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America incorporates
  • May 23 Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
  • May 23 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
  • May 25 Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai
  • May 27 Indians start 12-17, owner Bill Veeck arranges a "Second Opening Day"
  • May 30 East German constitution approved
  • May 30 NPS/VHP win 1st general election in Suriname
  • May 31 Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60' pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don't, & stays 117 days)
  • Jun 1 British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
  • Jun 3 1st negro to graduate from US Naval Academy (Wesley Anthony Brown)
  • Jun 3 Dragnet is 1st broadcast on radio (KFI in Los Angeles)
  • Jun 3 GN Clark becomes 1st female US treasurer
  • Jun 4 "Cavalcade of Stars" debuts (DuMont); Jackie Gleason made host in 1950
  • Jun 6 Orapin Chaiyakan becomes the first Thai woman to be elected to the Parliament of Thailand
  • Jun 8 Siam changes name to Thailand
  • Jun 9 Mrs Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of US
  • Jun 10 Istvan Dobi becomes Hungarian premier
  • Jun 11 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:28.2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 14 French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed during the First Indochina War, Bảo Đại installed as Emperor

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • Jun 15 Phils Eddie Waitkus, shot by Ruth Steinhagen, 19, at Eddgewater Hotel
  • Jun 16 Gas turbine-electric locomotive demonstrated at Erie, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 20 Central Intelligence Agency Act passes
  • Jun 23 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • Jun 23 Dutch Constellation aircraft plunges into the sea near Bari, 33 die
  • Jun 24 A M de Jong's murderer, Ton van Gog, arrested in Scheveningen, Netherlands
  • Jun 24 Cargo airlines 1st licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board
  • Jun 25 Presidential election in Syria (some women allowed to vote)
  • Jun 26 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
  • Jun 27 "Captain Video & His Video Rangers" debut on DUMONT-TV
  • Jun 29 South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages
  • Jun 29 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • Jun 30 Dutch troops evacuate Jakarta
  • Jul 2 The State of Vietnam is internationally recognised, governing the southern half of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as chief of state
  • Jul 6 Freak heat wave sent central coast of Portugal to 158°F for 2 minutes
  • Jul 8 The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other race groups is passed in South Africa
  • Jul 10 1st practical rectangular TV tube announced-Toledo, Ohio
  • Jul 12 Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
  • Jul 13 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics
  • Jul 19 Laos becomes associated state within French Union
  • Jul 20 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
  • Jul 20 Vasil Kolarov elected premier of Bulgaria
  • Jul 21 Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)
  • Jul 27 1st jet-propelled airline (De Havilland Comet) flies
  • Jul 29 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin
  • Jul 29 BBC radio begins broadcasting
  • Jul 30 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • Aug 3 Republic Indonesia proclaims cease fire
  • Aug 5 6.75 Earthquake hits Quito; about 6,000 die
  • Aug 8 Bhutan, land of Dragon, becomes an independent monarchy
  • Aug 10 US National Military Establishment renamed Depertment of Defense
  • Aug 11 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
  • Aug 11 Gaston Eyskens forms Belgian government
  • Aug 14 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi
  • Aug 18 Hungary adopts constitution
  • Aug 20 Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution
  • Aug 21 Philadelphia fans cause A's to forfeit game when they riot over a trapped line drive by Rich Ashburn, Giants leading 4-2 in 9th declared winners
  • Aug 24 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect
  • Aug 28 Riot prevents Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill, New York
  • Aug 29 USSR performs its first nuclear test at Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR
  • Aug 30 Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
  • Sep 1 1st network detective series-Private Eyes-premieres
  • Sep 1 Viljo Heino runs world record 10k (29:27.2)
  • Sep 2 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
  • Sep 3 Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
  • Sep 4 Marie Robie sinks 393 yd hole-in-one (1st hole in Furnace Brook)
  • Sep 6 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes in Camden, New Jersey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Sep 14 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.
  • Sep 17 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
  • Sep 17 North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
  • Sep 20 Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
  • Sep 21 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim People's Republic of China
  • Sep 23 Indian owner Bill Veeck holds funeral services to bury 1948 pennant
  • Sep 23 US President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation
  • Sep 30 Pirates Ralph Kiner hits his 54th HR & NL record 16th in September
  • Sep 30 American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Compnay announces an improved method for producing cortisone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 1 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • Oct 2 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China
  • Oct 3 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
  • Oct 4 American Contract Bridge League votes 58½% to keep blacks out
  • Oct 4 United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated
  • Oct 6 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years & $10,000 fine
  • Oct 6 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)
  • Oct 7 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
  • Oct 14 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • Oct 14 Chinese Red army occupies Canton
  • Oct 15 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 Billy Graham begins his ministry

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham
  • Oct 15 Tripura accedes to Indian union
  • Oct 19 Yanks trade Joe Gordon to Cleveland for Allie Reynolds
  • Oct 20 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Author of 'Brave New World' Aldous Huxley writes to congratulate George Orwell on his new novel '1984'

  • Oct 22 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
  • Oct 22 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:21.2)
  • Oct 24 Contruction begins on the United Nations headquaters in New York
  • Oct 26 US President Harry Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents
  • Oct 28 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • Oct 31 Dutch Nazi Henri 'Hakkie' Holdert, director of Amsterdam paper De Telegraaf and member of the SS, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment
  • Nov 2 Netherland recognizes Indonesia as a sovereign state
  • Nov 2 NL scheme for national distribution of textiles, meat and cheese disbands
  • Nov 4 "One Man's Family" premieres on TV
  • Nov 6 Greek civil war ends after 3 years with defeat of communist factions
  • Nov 7 King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament
  • Nov 9 Costa Rica adopts Constitution
  • Nov 18 The U.S. Air Force grounds B-29s after two crashes and 23 deaths in three days