Events in History in 1951

Events 1 - 200 of 252

  • Jan 1 Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines
  • Jan 2 Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 3 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
  • Jan 4 Korean War: Chinese forces recapture Seoul
  • Jan 6 Ganghwa massacre: Hundreds of South Korean communist sympathisers are slaughtered
  • Jan 8 Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow (the Bermuda petrel) is rediscovered in Bermuda
  • Jan 9 "Life After Tomorrow", 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
  • Jan 10 1st jet passenger trip made
  • Jan 10 UN headquarters opens in Manhattan NY
  • Jan 13 German general Christian Hansen freed early from Dutch prison
  • Jan 15 "Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000
  • Jan 15 Supreme Court rule "clear & present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest
  • Jan 15 Ilse Koch, also known as "The Bitch of Buchenwald", is sentenced to life imprisonment by a West German court
  • Jan 16 Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi
  • Jan 16 World's largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Texas, to 134th St, New York City)
  • Jan 17 China refuses ceases-fire in Korea
  • Jan 18 1st use of lie detector in Netherlands
  • Jan 18 Hermann Flake sentenced to death due to "hate campaign against GDR"
  • Jan 18 Mount Lamington in Papua New Guinea erupts, killing 2,942 people
  • Jan 22 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom
  • Jan 22 Fidel Castro is ejected from a Winter League baseball game after hitting a batter
  • Jan 24 Dutch government Drees-van Schaik resigns
  • Jan 27 US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site
  • Jan 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jan 29 Baseball signs 6 year All-Star pact for TV-radio rights for $6 million
  • Jan 30 Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio
  • Feb 1 -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)
  • Feb 1 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated
  • Feb 1 1st telecast of an atomic explosion
  • Feb 1 Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed
  • Feb 1 UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
  • Feb 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 2 -35°F (-37°C), Greensburg, Indiana (state record until 1994)
  • Feb 2 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 3 Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 3 Tennessee Williams' "Rose Tattoo" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Feb 4 US female Figure Skating championship won by Sonya Klopfer
  • Feb 4 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Feb 6 "Broker Special" train crashes in Woodbridge NJ, killing 84

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6 Radio commentator Paul Harvey arrested for trying to sneak into Argonne National Laboratory, a nuclear test site located 20 miles (32 km) west of Chicago

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • Feb 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site Argonne Atomic Lab (Ill), to demonstrate lax in security
  • Feb 10 "John & Marsha" by Stan Freberg peaks at #21

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Feb 11 Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election in the Gold Coast (Ghana)

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • Feb 16 NYC passes bill prohibiting racism in city-assisted housing
  • Feb 16 San Francisco City Hall dome fire
  • Feb 18 Nepal becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • Feb 18 Netherlands Radio School forms
  • Feb 21 SC House urges "Shoeless Joe" Jackson be reinstated
  • Feb 24 Ice Pairs Championship at Milan won by Ria Baran & Paul Falk of GER
  • Feb 24 Ladies' Figure Skating Champion in Milan won by Jeanette Altwegg of Great Britain
  • Feb 24 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Milan won by Richard Button of USA

  • Feb 25 1st Pan American Games opens (Buenos Aires Argentina)
  • Feb 26 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia begins
  • Feb 27 22nd amendment ratified, limiting US Presidents to 2 terms
  • Feb 28 French government of Pleven dissolves
  • Feb 28 Senate committee reports of at least 2 major US crime syndicates
  • Mar 6 Belgium extends conscription to 24 months

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 The trial of Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel Rosenberg begins

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • Mar 7 Lillian Hellman's "Autumn Garden" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam submit a classified paper at the Los Alamos lab, in which they proposed their revolutionary new design, staged implosion, for a practical megaton-range hydrogen bomb

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 FBI director J. Edgar Hoover declines post of baseball commissioner

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Mar 12 Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
  • Mar 12 Communist troops driven out of Seoul
  • Mar 13 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
  • Mar 13 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
  • Mar 14 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
  • Mar 15 UN forces recapture Seoul, the fourth and final time the city changes hands in the Korean War
  • Mar 15 Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
  • Mar 17 Government of Drees takes power
  • Mar 19 Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny" published
  • Mar 20 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • Mar 20 Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded
  • Mar 21 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea
  • Mar 23 Wages in France increase 11%
  • Mar 25 E Purcell & EM Ewen detect 21-cm radiation at Harvard physics lab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 United States Air Force flag officially adopted by President Harry S. Truman

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 American citizens Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted and sentenced to death for conspiracy to commit espionage for the Soviet Union

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • Mar 31 US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea
  • Apr 3 Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4 Dutch Prince Bernhard visits Argentine President Juan & Eva Perón in Buenos Aires

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
  • Apr 5 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death
  • Apr 7 American Bowling Congress begins 1st masters tournament
  • Apr 7 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Apr 11 US President Harry Truman relieves General Douglas McArthur of command in Korea
  • Apr 12 Israeli Knesset officially designated April 13 as Holocaust Day
  • Apr 15 Michael Gorsira is 1st person in charge of Curacao
  • Apr 16 British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
  • Apr 18 Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
  • Apr 18 France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19 General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Apr 20 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Apr 20 Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
  • Apr 22 Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC
  • Apr 26 Queen Juliana opens Brielsche Mausoleum

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 28 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • Apr 29 China seizes the assets of the Asiatic Petroleum Company, a joint venture between the Shell and Royal Dutch oil companies in retaliation for the Hong Kong Government's requisitioning of the tanker Yung Hao
  • May 1 600,000 march for peace & freedom in Germany
  • May 1 Dutch Reformed Church introduces new church choir
  • May 3 Royal Festival Hall opens in London
  • May 3 The Festival of Britain opens
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Conrad Richter (The Town)
  • May 8 Dacron men's suits introduced
  • May 8 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 9 Air raid on Chinese positions at Yalu River
  • May 10 Z Alexander Looby elected to Nashville City Council
  • May 11 American engineer Jay Forrester applys for patent for computer core memory
  • May 12 1st H Bomb test, on Enewetak Atoll
  • May 15 AT&T becomes the 1st US corporation to have a million stockholders after young car salesman Brady Denton purchases 7 shares worth $1,078
  • May 15 Polish cultural attache in Paris, Czesław Miłosz, asks the French government for political asylum
  • May 16 The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between Idlewild Airport (New York International Airport) and Heathrow Airport (London), operated by El Al Israel Airlines
  • May 18 US General Collins predicts use of atom bomb in Korea
  • May 21 The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition - a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.
  • May 23 Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London
  • May 23 Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet signed in Beijing, formally establishes Chinese sovereignty over Tibet
  • May 24 Racial segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants ruled illegal
  • May 24 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • May 26 Vaughan Williams' "Pilgrim's Progress" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • May 27 Maritime Museum at Aquatic Park, San Francisco opens
  • May 28 Bernardus J Alfrink appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Utrecht and Titular Archbishop of Tyana
  • May 29 1st North Pole flight in single engine plane-CF Blair
  • May 31 Netherlands & South Africa sign cultural accord
  • Jun 1 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)
  • Jun 1 International Cheese treaty signed
  • Jun 2 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Evangelii praecones
  • Jun 6 1st Berlin International Film Festival opens
  • Jun 11 Mozambique becomes an oversea province of Portugal
  • Jun 11 NY Times reports the NYC subway will auction off things found
  • Jun 13 UN arm forces reach Pyongyang Korea
  • Jun 14 1st commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jun 18 Charles de Gaulle wins French parliamentary election

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 18 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • Jun 23 Treacherous British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to USSR
  • Jun 23 Most expensive US hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage & $14M property-Kansas)
  • Jun 24 Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations
  • Jun 30 NAACP begins attack on school segregation & discrimination
  • Jul 2 Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt
  • Jul 2 Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland
  • Jul 2 Island advisor of Curacao installed
  • Jul 2 Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system

InventionHistoric Invention

Jul 5 Dr William Shockley invents the junction transistor (Murray Hill, NJ)

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
  • Jul 8 Yankee Joe DiMaggio and manager Casey Stengel feud
  • Jul 9 US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany
  • Jul 10 Armistice talks to end Korean conflict began at Kaesong
  • Jul 12 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero, Illinois
  • Jul 14 Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
  • Jul 14 George Washington Carver monument unveiled
  • Jul 16 King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates
  • Jul 16 Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Surrey at The Oval
  • Jul 17 Leopold III, King of the Belgians, abdicates in favour of his son Boudouin I
  • Jul 17 Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts, is chartered
  • Jul 18 Uruguay accepts its constitution
  • Jul 20 King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem
  • Jul 21 Dalai Lama returns to Tibet
  • Jul 22 General Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
  • Jul 26 Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
  • Jul 31 Japan Airlines is established

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Aug 1 David Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • Aug 3 William H Jackson ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Aug 5 Armed uprising in Ambonezen Camp Middelburg
  • Aug 6 Typhoon floods kill 4,800 in Manchuria
  • Aug 7 Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket reaches 1,992 kph
  • Aug 7 US Viking rocket reaches 210 km height (record)
  • Aug 9 Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • Aug 11 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi River in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Illinois
  • Aug 13 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • Aug 17 Hurricane winds drive 6 ships ashore, Kingston, Jamaica
  • Aug 24 Bill Veeck's "Fans Managers' Night", Browns defeat A's 5-3; Browns coaches hold up placards for fans to vote on
  • Aug 26 Jongbloed in Paris demonstrates artificial heart
  • Aug 30 US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact
  • Aug 31 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
  • Sep 1 PM Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad
  • Sep 1 US, Australia and New Zealand sign the ANZUS mutual defense treaty
  • Sep 2 Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
  • Sep 4 1st transcontinental TV broadcast, by US President Harry Truman
  • Sep 4 US President Harry Truman addresses opening of Japanese Peace Treaty Conference
  • Sep 8 Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries in San Francisco
  • Sep 8 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex
  • Sep 10 British begin economic boycott of Iran

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes

  • Sep 14 Giant's Bob Niemans homers on his 1st 2 at bats
  • Sep 15 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20k (1:01:15.8)
  • Sep 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ingruentium Malorum
  • Sep 17 Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
  • Sep 19 Italian civil servants strike for pay increase
  • Sep 20 1st North Pole jet crossing
  • Sep 20 NL President Ford Frick elected 3rd commissioner of baseball
  • Sep 20 Swiss males votes against female suffrage
  • Sep 21 Emil Zatopek runs 15,000m in record 44 min, 54.6 sec
  • Sep 24 Industrial estate opens at Harlow New Town, England
  • Sep 24 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Sep 26 Prof Youngblood demonstrates artificial heart in Paris
  • Sep 27 Persian troops occupy oil refinery at Abadan
  • Sep 28 Allie Reynolds' 2nd no-hitter of 1951; Yanks clinch pennant #18
  • Sep 29 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20,000 m & 10 mile
  • Sep 29 S B Nicholson discovers 12th satellite of Jupiter
  • Oct 1 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson (US ambassador to Denmark)
  • Oct 1 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black US military unit, deactivated
  • Oct 2 1st Netherland TV broadcast (Toverspiegel)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin