Events in History in 1952

  • Jan 1 Norman McLaren's anti-war film "Neighbours" is released (Academy Award Best Documentary Short Subject) [1]

Historic Event

Jan 5 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes an official visit to the US

  • Jan 5 Flying Enterprise sinks
  • Jan 8 Jordan adopts constitution
  • Jan 9 Belgian Pholien government resigns

Historic Event

Jan 10 Jean Anouilh's "La valse des toréadors" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 11 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore
  • Jan 12 University of Tennessee admits its 1st black student, Gene Mitchell Gray, as a graduate student in chemistry
  • Jan 14 Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
  • Jan 14 Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
  • Jan 16 New Dutch bible translation finished
  • Jan 20 British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone

Election of Interest

Jan 21 Jawaharlal Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India

  • Jan 21 William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of "The New Yorker"
  • Jan 24 Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base
  • Jan 26 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • Jan 30 Korean War truce talks deadlock
  • Jan 30 Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
  • Jan 31 Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries
  • Feb 1 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • Feb 1 SN Behrman's "Jane" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Feb 2 Hubert de Givenchy presents his first collection in Paris with Bettina Graziani opening the show

  • Feb 4 Tetsuwan Atom by Osamu Tezuka first published in Weekly Shonen Magazine in Japan

Historic Event

Feb 6 Queen Elizabeth II succeeds King George VI to the British throne and proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms including Canada, Australia and New Zealand

Historic Event

Feb 15 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

  • Feb 19 French offensive at Hanoi
  • Feb 21 Bangladesh Martyrs Day (martyrs of Bengali Language Movement)
  • Feb 26 Netherlands-Indonesian Unity conference
  • Feb 26 PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb

Historic Event

Feb 28 Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada

  • Feb 29 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Ria Falk & Paul Falk of West Germany
  • Feb 29 Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of France
  • Feb 29 The island of Heligoland is restored to German authority.
  • Mar 1 Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasha resigns
  • Mar 1 Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
  • Mar 3 Puerto Rico approves its 1st self-written constitution

Historic Event

Mar 5 Terence Rattigan's stage drama "Deep Blue Sea" premieres in London

  • Mar 8 Antoine Pinay forms French government

Coup d'état

Mar 10 Military coup led by General Fulgencio Batista in Cuba

  • Mar 15 Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean
  • Mar 16 1870 mm rain in Cilaos, Island of Reunion (world record)
  • Mar 18 1st plastic lens for cataract patients fitted (Philadelphia)
  • Mar 20 Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan by US Senate
  • Mar 21 -22] Tornadoes in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and Kentucky cause 343 deaths
  • Mar 22 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, killing 44
  • Mar 24 Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa
  • Mar 26 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich

Assassination Attempt

Mar 27 Failed assassination attempt of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

  • Mar 27 Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records
  • Mar 28 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Mar 30 6th Tony Awards: "The Fourposter" and "The King & I" win
  • Apr 1 Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & George Gamow
  • Apr 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 3 Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
  • Apr 5 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
  • Apr 8 US President Harry Truman seizes steel mills to avert a strike
  • Apr 9 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • Apr 11 The Battle of Nanri island takes place.
  • Apr 12 Salaheddine Baccouche forms Tunisian government
  • Apr 15 Franklin National Bank issues 1st bank credit card
  • Apr 15 The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress prototype
  • Apr 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 21 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • Apr 21 Secretaries' Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated
  • Apr 22 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada
  • Apr 22 Eugene Ionesco's "Les Chaises" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 23 Crude oil pipeline from Kirkuk, Iraq to Banias, Syria completed
  • Apr 25 American Bowling Congress approves use of an automatic pinsetter
  • Apr 25 German state of Bathe-Wurttemberg forms
  • Apr 26 US minesweeper Hobson rams aircraft carrier Wasp, kills 176

Historic Event

Apr 28 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO

  • Apr 28 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect
  • May 1 Mr Potato Head introduced
  • May 1 TWA introduces tourist class
  • May 1 US Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada
  • May 2 1st scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) Comet from London to Johannesburg carrying 36 passengers [1]
  • May 3 1st landing by an airplane at geographic North Pole
  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk for this novel "The Caine Mutiny"
  • May 7 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer
  • May 12 Charlton Playground named in Bronx
  • May 12 Gaj Singh is crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • May 13 Jawaharlal Nehru becomes premier of India
  • May 13 The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting
  • May 21 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Amsterdam-Rhine Canal
  • May 27 European Defense Community forms
  • May 28 Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park's Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.
  • May 28 The women of Greece are given the right to vote.
  • May 29 2nd Round Conference between Dutch Antilles & Suriname ends

Historic Event

Jun 1 Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index

  • Jun 2 650,000 metal workers go on strike in US
  • Jun 2 Maurice Olley of General Motors begins designing the Corvette
  • Jun 3 Romanian communist leader Petru Groza chosen as President of the Presidium of the Great National Assembly
  • Jun 10 US President Harry Truman expresses a desire to nationalize the steel industry
  • Jun 12 USSR declares peace treaty with Japan invalid
  • Jun 13 Soviet fighters shoot Swedish Dakota down over East Sea, kills 8
  • Jun 14 General strike in Tunisia
  • Jun 14 Keel laid for 1st nuclear powered sub USS Nautilus (4th to be named Nautilus)
  • Jun 16 Soviet Fighters shoot Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight down
  • Jun 17 2 mine cave-ins at Charleroi, Belgium
  • Jun 21 Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines
  • Jun 23 US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea
  • Jun 25 "Wish You Were Here" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 597 performances
  • Jun 25 Dutch social democratic party wins 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 26 Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)

Historic Event

Jun 26 Nelson Mandela & 51 others infringe South Africa curfew

  • Jun 29 USS Oriskany becomes 1st aircraft carrier to sail around Cape Horn
  • Jun 30 Hussein Sirri Pasha forms Egyptian government
  • Jul 2 Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
  • Jul 3 Puerto Rico's constitution approved by US Congress
  • Jul 4 Canadian Currency, Mint and Exchange Fund Act allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted
  • Jul 6 Last tram ride in London
  • Jul 7 SS United States cross Atlantic in record 82:40
  • Jul 11 General Eisenhower nominated as Republican US presidential candidate
  • Jul 12 East German SED decides to form German DR army
  • Jul 14 SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
  • Jul 15 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins

Appointment of Interest

Jul 17 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi names Ghavam Sultaneh premier

  • Jul 19 Freddie Trueman takes 8-31, India all out 58 at Old Trafford
  • Jul 19 India all out 82 in 2nd innings after making 52 earlier in the day
  • Jul 21 7.8 earthquake shakes Kern County California, 14 killed
  • Jul 21 Premier Ghavam es-Sultaneh of Persia, resigns
  • Jul 22 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • Jul 23 General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
  • Jul 24 112°F (44°C), Louisville, Georgia (state record)
  • Jul 24 US President Harry Truman settles 53-day steel strike
  • Jul 25 Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing US commonwealth (Constitution Day)
  • Jul 26 King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates [Black Saturday]
  • Jul 29 1st nonstop transpacific flight by a jet
  • Jul 30 Ford Frick sets waiver rule to bar inter-league deals until all clubs in same league get right to bid

Murder of Interest

Aug 4 Gambling boss Theodore Roe is murdered by the crew of Sam Giancana

  • Aug 8 Syngman Ree re-elected president of South Korea
  • Aug 9 General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • Aug 11 Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
  • Aug 12 Hussein ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan

Historic Publication

Aug 14 Alan Turing's ground-breaking paper on mathematical biology “The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis” is published [1]

  • Aug 14 Mátyás Rákosi appointed premier of Hungary
  • Aug 15 9 inches of rain fall creates a 20 ft wave in Lynmouth, England, killing 34
  • Aug 17 "Fallout" 1st used (NY Times)
  • Aug 22 The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.
  • Aug 23 Arab League security pact goes into effect
  • Aug 23 Giants Bob Elliott is ejected for arguing a strike, Bobby Hoffman completes his bat, he strikes out & is also ejected for arguing
  • Aug 25 Puerto Rico becomes a US commonwealth
  • Aug 26 Fluoridation of San Francisco water begins
  • Aug 28 German & Israeli reach accord about recovery payments
  • Aug 28 Yakov Malik succeeds Valerian Zorin as Soviet Foreign minister
  • Sep 1 Sutro Baths, San Francisco purchased by George Whitney
  • Sep 1 Willem Drees forms new Dutch government
  • Sep 2 Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
  • Sep 5 General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
  • Sep 6 Canadian TV begins in Montreal
  • Sep 7 General Naguib forms Egyptian government and becomes Premier

Historic Publication

Sep 8 Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man & the Sea" published

  • Sep 11 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signs a reparation pact for the Jewish people
  • Sep 13 Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez elected president of Mexico
  • Sep 15 European Parliament forms in Strasbourg
  • Sep 15 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • Sep 17 "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"

Historic Event

Sep 23 US vice-presidential candidate Richard Nixon makes his "Checker's" speech, defending the gift of a cocker spaniel to his daughters

Historic Event

Sep 24 American fast food restaurant chain "KFC" [Kentucky Fried Chicken] opens its first franchise in Salt Lake City, Utah

  • Sep 24 Dutch Minister of Justice Donker decides war criminal Willy Lages will not be executed but sentenced to life
  • Sep 24 Underwater volcano explodes under research vessel Kaiyo-maru-5
  • Sep 25 Hal Newhouser of Tigers wins his 200th game
  • Oct 1 Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • Oct 1 Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
  • Oct 3 1st British nuclear test during Operation Hurricane at Monte Bello Island, Australia, UK becomes the world's third nuclear nation
  • Oct 5 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow

Theater Premiere

Oct 6 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

  • Oct 8 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash at Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London
  • Oct 8 Chinese offensive in Korea

Historic Event

Oct 14 One of the most influential of all Modernist buildings the Unité d’Habitation, designed by Le Corbusier is officially inaugurated in Marseille, France

  • Oct 14 UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York

Historic Publication

Oct 15 "Charlotte's Web" by E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams is published by Harper & Brothers

  • Oct 15 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC

Photography

Oct 15 Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson's influential photography book "The Decisive Moment" is first published in the US and France

  • Oct 16 Pakistan's 1st Test starts, v India at Delhi
  • Oct 16 Woolworth's at Powell & Market (San Francisco) opens
  • Oct 18 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
  • Oct 18 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
  • Oct 19 Alain Bombard departs from the Canary Islands on his solitary journey across the Atlantic ocean with almost no provisions and only a sextant for navigation to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive
  • Oct 20 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • Oct 21 Dutch government refuses New Guinea (West-Irian)
  • Oct 24 Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria
  • Oct 25 First Dutch edition of children's magazine "Donald Duck"
  • Oct 25 French president inaugurates Donzère-Mondragonstuw Dam

Historic Event

Oct 30 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas

  • Oct 31 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated at Marshall Islands

Historic Event

Nov 1 "Ivy Mike", the first thermonuclear weapon to utilize the H-bomb design of Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam, is detonated in the Marshall Islands, Pacific Ocean

  • Nov 3 Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas
  • Nov 3 Egypt protests German retribution payments to Israel
  • Nov 4 Earthquake & flood strike Kamshatka-South America
  • Nov 4 Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

Historic Event

Nov 10 Trygve Lie resigns as 1st Secretary General of the United Nations

  • Nov 13 False fingernails 1st sold
  • Nov 14 Greek General Alexander Papagos wins elections
  • Nov 16 Papagos' Greek Concentratie wins Greeks parliamentary election
  • Nov 19 North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH
  • Nov 19 Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe