Events in History in 1953

Events 1 - 200 of 285

  • Jan 1 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • Jan 1 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • Jan 3 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • Jan 5 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Jan 6 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jan 8 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • Jan 8 René Mayer forms French government
  • Jan 9 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish
  • Jan 12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • Jan 13 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
  • Jan 13 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
  • Jan 14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • Jan 14 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • Jan 15 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • Jan 15 GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage"
  • Jan 15 East Germany purges senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • Jan 16 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • Jan 20 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada from Buffalo, New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22 Arthur Miller's "Crucible" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • Jan 23 Bobby Simpson makes 1st-class debut for NSW 16 yrs 357 days
  • Jan 25 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • Jan 27 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • Jan 28 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • Jan 31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • Jan 31 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
  • Jan 31 New York, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
  • Feb 1 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • Feb 1 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • Feb 5 "Peter Pan" by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC
  • Feb 5 Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • Feb 6 US controls on wages & some consumer goods lifted
  • Feb 9 General Walter Bedell Smith, USA, ends term as 4th director of CIA Allen Dulles, becomes acting director of CIA
  • Feb 10 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Jennifer & John Nicks of GRB
  • Feb 10 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Tenley Albright USA
  • Feb 10 Men's Figure Skating Champion in Davos won by Hayes Alan Jenkins USA
  • Feb 11 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • Feb 11 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • Feb 12 USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • Feb 13 A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
  • Feb 18 Premiere of 1st 3-D feature film,"Bwana Devil" (NYC)
  • Feb 19 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • Feb 19 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 Francis Crick and James Watson discover structure of DNA-molecule

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson
  • Feb 26 Allen Dulles promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Feb 28 Stalin meets with Beria, Bulganin, Khrushchev & Malenkov

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Mar 1 Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
  • Mar 3 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • Mar 6 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR
  • Mar 7 Jackie McGlew scores 255* v NZ at Wellington
  • Mar 8 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years
  • Mar 9 Josef Stalin buried in Moscow
  • Mar 11 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 16 AL rejects Bill Veeck's request to move St Louis Browns to Baltimore
  • Mar 17 Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 18 Earthquake strikes West Turkey, 250 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Mar 22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Mar 27 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28 7th Tony Awards: Crucible & Wonderful Town win
  • Mar 28 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 28 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 31 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
  • Mar 31 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General
  • Apr 1 J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
  • Apr 1 Walcott Worrell & Weekes all make centuries in innings v India
  • Apr 2 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • Apr 7 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
  • Apr 7 UN General Assembly begins session that will elect Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden as Secretary-General

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Apr 9 "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue
  • Apr 10 Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • Apr 11 Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
  • Apr 11 US Department of Health, Education and Welfare created
  • Apr 12 Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston
  • Apr 14 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • Apr 15 Malans National Party wins South African elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 23 General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Apr 25 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine
  • Apr 27 1st general elections in British Guyana, won by Jagans PPP
  • Apr 29 Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds' center field bleachers
  • Apr 30 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
  • May 2 Feisal II installed as king of Iraq
  • May 2 Hussein I installed as king of Jordan
  • May 3 Westchester conference of American Library Association proclaims "Freedom to Read"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 4 Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for "The Old Man & The Sea"

  • May 7 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • May 11 Tornado kills 114 in Waco Texas ($39M damage)
  • May 11 Winston Churchill criticizes US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' domino theory
  • May 15 Osip Zadkine's monument to "The destroyed city" unveiled in Rotterdam
  • May 17 Yanks & Browns use record 41 players in a game
  • May 18 1st woman to break sound barrier (Jacqueline Cochran, USA)
  • May 19 Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St George, Utah)
  • May 21 French government of Mayer resigns
  • May 22 US President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill
  • May 22 Yankee Irv Noren hits into a triple-play, Yanks beat Wash 12-4
  • May 24 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Doctor Mellifluus
  • May 25 1st atomic cannon electronically fired, Frenchman Flat, Nevada
  • May 26 Dutch Convair crashes at Schipholweg, 2 die
  • May 27 Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections

1stTenzing Norgay on the Summit of Mount Everest

May 29 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition

  • May 29 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire (to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II)
  • May 31 Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
  • Jun 2 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey
  • Jun 3 Congress cites research of NYC librarian Robert Henderson in proving
  • Jun 5 Denmark adopts a new constitution
  • Jun 5 US Senate rejects China People's Republic membership to UN
  • Jun 7 1st color network telecast in compatible color (Boston Mass)
  • Jun 7 Mary Terrell wins struggle to end segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants
  • Jun 8 Cluster of 6 tornadoes touches down in Flint Michigan killing 113
  • Jun 8 Segregated lunch counters in DC forbidden by Supreme Court
  • Jun 9 South African premier D. F. Malan visits Netherlands
  • Jun 9 Worcester County tornado (94 killed, 1310 injured, 10,000 homeless)
  • Jun 13 Alec Bedser takes 14-99 (7-55 & 7-44) v Australia
  • Jun 14 Eisenhower condemns McCarthy's book burning proposal
  • Jun 14 Military coup by general Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia
  • Jun 14 Yanks sweep Indians 6-2, 3-0 before 74,708 win streak at 18 straight
  • Jun 15 Browns end Yankees win streak at 18 & Browns 14-game losing streak
  • Jun 15 Johnny Mize is 93rd player to get 2,000 hits
  • Jun 15 NYC Transit Authority forms
  • Jun 16 Despite Johnny Mize 2,000th hit, Yanks lose ending 18 game win streak & also ending St Louis Brown 14 game losing streak
  • Jun 17 Riots in East Germany for reunification

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas stays executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day their 14th anniversary

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • Jun 18 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • Jun 18 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • Jun 18 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • Jun 19 Albert W Dent elected president of US National Health Council
  • Jun 25 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours
  • Jun 25 86°F in Anchorage Alaska
  • Jun 26 Russian vice-premier/interior minister Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria arrested
  • Jun 27 Joseph Laniel appointed French premier
  • Jun 30 1st Chevrolet Corvette manufactured
  • Jul 4 Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • Jul 8 US stops aid to Persia
  • Jul 9 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
  • Jul 10 Pravda reports arrest of Beria [affiliate of imperialist]
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war
  • Jul 14 1st US National monument dedicated to a Negro-George Washington Carver
  • Jul 15 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • Jul 20 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
  • Jul 20 The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency.
  • Jul 25 NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens
  • Jul 26 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Fidel Castro leads a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, intended to spark a revolution in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Jul 26 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid.
  • Jul 27 North Korea & UN sign armistice
  • Jul 27 Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
  • Jul 27 Dizzy Dean, Al Simmons Chief Bender, Bobby Wallace, Harry Wright, Ed Barrow, & Bill Klem & Tom Connolly are inducted into Hall of Fame
  • Jul 29 US bomber shot down by Soviet Air Defence Forces in the Sea of Japan, north of Vladivostok
  • Aug 1 California introduces sales tax (for education)
  • Aug 1 Fidel Castro arrested in Cuba
  • Aug 1 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • Aug 3 Frank Blair becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • Aug 4 Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
  • Aug 5 Operation "Big Switch"; Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom
  • Aug 7 Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet
  • Aug 8 Russia's Georgi Malenkov reports possession of hydrogen bomb
  • Aug 8 US & South Korea initial a mutual security pact
  • Aug 9 Premier Mohammed Abdullah of Kashmir fired
  • Aug 12 Ann Davison arrives in Miami in her 23 foot boat Felicity Ann, becoming the 1st woman to sail solo across the Atlantic
  • Aug 12 Heavy earthquake strikes the Ionian islands, 435 killed
  • Aug 12 Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
  • Aug 13 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations
  • Aug 13 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee
  • Aug 13 General Omar Bradley becomes US chief of staff
  • Aug 16 Shah of Persia & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome
  • Aug 17 Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous in Southern California.

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 19 The democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • Aug 20 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in a CIA supported coup d'état
  • Aug 20 Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation
  • Aug 21 Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reaches record 25,370 m
  • Aug 21 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco deposed
  • Aug 22 John Norman Lewis contends players have no desire to form a union
  • Aug 22 Shah of Iran returns to Tehran
  • Aug 23 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
  • Aug 23 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 29 USSR explodes its first hydrogen bomb
  • Sep 1 101°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
  • Sep 1 Fokker begins building F-27 Fokker Friendship
  • Sep 3 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 3 French minister Francois Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • Sep 4 Yanks become 1st team to win 5 consecutive championship
  • Sep 5 1st privately operated atomic reactor-Raleigh, NC
  • Sep 5 US give Persian premier Zahedi $45 million aid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins elections in German Federal Republic

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Sep 8 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona