Events in History in 1953

  • Jan 1 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres
  • Jan 1 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • Jan 3 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • Jan 5 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Historic Event

Jan 5 Samuel Beckett's "En Attendant Godot" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 6 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma

Historic Event

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb

  • Jan 8 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • Jan 8 René Mayer forms French government
  • Jan 9 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • Jan 10 "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances

Historic Event

Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish

  • Jan 12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • Jan 13 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14

Historic Event

Jan 13 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia

  • Jan 14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • Jan 14 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • Jan 15 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • Jan 15 East Germany's first Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage", beginning a purge of senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • Jan 16 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties

Historic Event

Jan 20 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

  • Jan 20 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada from Buffalo, New York

Appointment of Interest

Jan 21 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

Theater Premiere

Jan 22 Arthur Miller's play "Crucible" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 25 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • Jan 27 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • Jan 28 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • Jan 31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • Jan 31 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
  • Feb 1 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • Feb 1 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • Feb 5 Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • Feb 6 US controls on wages & some consumer goods lifted

Historic Event

Feb 9 General Walter Bedell Smith ends term as 4th Director of Central Intelligence Agency; Allen Dulles becomes Acting Director

  • Feb 10 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Jennifer & John Nicks of GRB
  • Feb 10 Men's Figure Skating Champion in Davos won by Hayes Alan Jenkins USA
  • Feb 11 J Styne and Bob Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
  • Feb 11 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • Feb 11 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • Feb 12 USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • Feb 13 A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
  • Feb 14 "Trionfo di Afrodite (Triumph of Aphrodite)", the final work of Carl Orff's Trionfi trilogy premieres at La Scala in Milan, Italy
  • Feb 18 "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Feb 19 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • Feb 19 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 August A Busch buys the St Louis Cards for $3.75 million
  • Feb 21 "Maggie" closes at National Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • Feb 26 Allen Dulles officially promoted from deputy director to become the 5th Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

Historic Event

Feb 28 Francis Crick and James Watson discover the chemical structure of DNA-molecule (double-helix polymer) using studies of x-ray diffraction developed by Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins

  • Mar 3 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed

Historic Event

Mar 6 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR

  • Mar 8 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years

Historic Event

Mar 9 Joseph Stalin's funeral is held in Moscow after four days of national mourning

  • Mar 11 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 18 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Yenice–Gönen in western Turkey, 1070 die

Historic Event

Mar 19 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 27 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins

Historic Event

Mar 30 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Historic Event

Mar 31 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General

  • Mar 31 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
  • Apr 1 J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
  • Apr 2 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • Apr 7 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
  • Apr 7 UN General Assembly begins session that will elect Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden as Secretary-General

Historic Event

Apr 8 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

  • Apr 10 Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • Apr 11 Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
  • Apr 11 US Department of Health, Education and Welfare created
  • Apr 12 Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston
  • Apr 14 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • Apr 15 Malans National Party wins South African elections

Historic Event

Apr 16 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

  • Apr 23 General Charles P. Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Apr 25 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine
  • Apr 27 1st general elections in British Guiana, won by the People's Progressive Party with Cheddi Jagan first person of Indian descent to be elected head of government outside South Asia
  • Apr 30 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League
  • May 2 Feisal II installed as King of Iraq
  • May 2 Hussein I installed as King of Jordan
  • May 3 Westchester conference of American Library Association proclaims "Freedom to Read"

Historic Event

May 4 Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for "The Old Man & The Sea"

  • May 7 "Can Can" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 892 performances
  • May 7 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • May 11 Tornado kills 114 in Waco Texas ($39M damage)
  • May 11 Winston Churchill criticizes US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' domino theory
  • May 15 Osip Zadkine's monument to "The destroyed city" unveiled in Rotterdam
  • May 15 The Urey-Miller experiment using primordial soup to show how life of earth might have originated, written by Stanley Miller, is published in the journal "Science" [1]
  • May 18 American Jacqueline Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier
  • May 19 Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St George, Utah)
  • May 21 French government of René Mayer resigns
  • May 22 US President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill

Catholic Encyclical

May 24 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Doctor Mellifluus

  • May 25 1st atomic cannon electronically fired at Frenchman Flat, Nevada
  • May 26 Dutch Convair crashes at Schipholweg, 2 die
  • May 27 Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections

Historic Event

May 29 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire (to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II)

Tenzing Norgay on the Summit of Mount Everest

May 29 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition

  • May 31 Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
  • Jun 2 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London, England
  • Jun 5 Denmark adopts a new constitution
  • Jun 5 US Senate rejects China People's Republic membership to UN
  • Jun 7 1st color network telecast in compatible color (Boston Massachusetts)
  • Jun 7 Mary Terrell wins struggle to end segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants
  • Jun 8 Cluster of 6 tornadoes touches down in Flint, Michigan killing 113
  • Jun 8 Segregated lunch counters in DC forbidden by Supreme Court
  • Jun 9 South African premier D. F. Malan visits the Netherlands
  • Jun 9 Worcester County tornado kills 94 injures 1310 and leaves 10,000 homeless

Sports History

Jun 13 Alec Bedser takes 14-99 (7-55 & 7-44) v Australia

  • Jun 14 Eisenhower condemns McCarthy's book burning proposal
  • Jun 14 Military coup by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia
  • Jun 15 NYC Transit Authority forms
  • Jun 17 Riots in East Germany for reunification

Historic Event

Jun 17 US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas stays executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day their 14th anniversary

  • Jun 18 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • Jun 18 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • Jun 19 Albert W Dent elected president of US National Health Council
  • Jun 25 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours
  • Jun 25 86°F in Anchorage, Alaska

Historic Event

Jun 26 Lavrentiy Beria, one of the trio of Russian leaders after Stalin's death and the former secret police chief, is ousted from power and arrested

  • Jun 27 Joseph Laniel appointed French premier
  • Jun 30 1st Chevrolet Corvette manufactured
  • Jul 4 Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary

Historic Event

Jul 7 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

  • Jul 8 US stops aid to Persia
  • Jul 9 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war

Historic Event

Jul 14 First US national monument dedicated to a black American, to preserve the boyhood home of agricultural scientist and inventor George Washington Carver in Newton County, Missouri [1]

  • Jul 15 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • Jul 20 The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency
  • Jul 20 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
  • Jul 25 NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens
  • Jul 26 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid
  • Jul 26 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Historic Event

Jul 26 Fidel Castro leads a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, intended to spark a revolution in Cuba

Korean War Ends

Jul 27 North Korea and the United Nations sign armistice to stop fighting and divide Korea at the 38th parallel

  • Jul 27 Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
  • Jul 29 US bomber shot down by Soviet Air Defence Forces in the Sea of Japan, north of Vladivostok
  • Aug 1 California introduces sales tax (for education)
  • Aug 1 Fidel Castro arrested in Cuba
  • Aug 1 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • Aug 3 Frank Blair becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • Aug 4 Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
  • Aug 5 Operation "Big Switch"; Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom
  • Aug 7 Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet
  • Aug 8 Soviet leader Georgi Malenkov reports possession of hydrogen bomb
  • Aug 8 US & South Korea initial a mutual security pact
  • Aug 9 1st elected Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Sheikh Abdullah dismissed by the Indian government and later arrested
  • Aug 12 Heavy earthquake strikes the Ionian islands, 435 killed
  • Aug 12 Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
  • Aug 13 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations
  • Aug 13 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee

Historic Event

Aug 15 General Omar Bradley leaves office as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after four years and retires from active military service

Historic Event

Aug 16 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome

  • Aug 17 Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous in Southern California.

Coup d'état

Aug 19 Democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project)

  • Aug 20 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in a CIA supported coup d'état
  • Aug 20 Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation
  • Aug 21 Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reaches record 25,370 m
  • Aug 21 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco deposed
  • Aug 22 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi returns to Tehran
  • Aug 23 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
  • Aug 23 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 28 "Me & Juliet" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 358 performances
  • Aug 29 USSR explodes its first hydrogen bomb
  • Sep 1 101°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
  • Sep 1 Fokker begins building F-27 Fokker Friendship
  • Sep 3 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect

Historic Event

Sep 3 French minister François Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

  • Sep 5 1st privately operated atomic reactor-Raleigh, NC
  • Sep 5 US give Persian premier Zahedi $45 million aid

Election of Interest

Sep 6 Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins elections in German Federal Republic

  • Sep 8 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona
  • Sep 10 Swanson sells its 1st "TV dinner"

Appointment of Interest

Sep 14 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

  • Sep 22 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia
  • Sep 26 Polish government fires/imprisons Cardinal Wyszynski
  • Sep 26 US & Spain sign defense treaty (4 US bases in Spain)
  • Sep 27 Baltimore Colt Bert Rechichar kicks a 56-yard field goal
  • Sep 27 Typhoon destroys one third of Nagoya, Japan
  • Sep 28 Dutch government proclaims 5% general pay increase on Jan 1, 1954
  • Sep 29 1st department store to sell insurance is Carson Pirie Scott in Chicago, Illinois
  • Sep 29 Baltimore, Maryland Mayor D'Alesandro buys Veeck's interest in Browns for $2,475,000
  • Sep 29 US government gives France $385 million for combat in Indo-China
  • Sep 30 Auguste/Jacques Piccard dives with bathosphere to 3150 m (record)

Appointment of Interest

Sep 30 Earl Warren appointed Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court

  • Sep 30 Robert Anderson's "Tea & Sympathy" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 1 Indian state of Andhra Pradesh partitioned from Madras
  • Oct 5 Earl Warren sworn in as 14th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court
  • Oct 5 The first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous is held.
  • Oct 9 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution
  • Oct 9 Konrad Adenauer elected Chancellor of West Germany
  • Oct 12 US & Greece sign peace treaty (US bases)
  • Oct 13 Burglar alarm-ultrasonic or radio waves patented by Samuel Bagno
  • Oct 14 1st 3 Dutch female police officers go into service