On This Day

Events in History in August 1953

  • Aug 1 California introduces sales tax (for education)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Fidel Castro arrested in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Aug 1 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • Aug 3 Frank Blair becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • Aug 4 Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
  • Aug 5 Operation "Big Switch"; Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom
  • Aug 7 Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Soviet leader Georgi Malenkov reports possession of hydrogen bomb

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • Aug 8 US & South Korea initial a mutual security pact
  • Aug 9 Premier Mohammed Abdullah of Kashmir fired
  • Aug 12 Heavy earthquake strikes the Ionian islands, 435 killed
  • Aug 12 Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
  • Aug 13 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 General Omar Bradley leaves office as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after four years and retires from active military service

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • Aug 17 Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous in Southern California.

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 19 The democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • Aug 20 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in a CIA supported coup d'état
  • Aug 20 Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation
  • Aug 21 Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reaches record 25,370 m
  • Aug 21 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco deposed
  • Aug 22 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi returns to Tehran
  • Aug 23 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
  • Aug 23 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 28 "Me & Juliet" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 358 performances
  • Aug 29 USSR explodes its first hydrogen bomb