Events in History in 1954

Events 1 - 200 of 314

  • Jan 1 Yugoslav parliament chairman/VP Milovan Djilas criticize communism
  • Jan 2 Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 7 Georgetown-IBM experiment, 1st public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held at IBM's head office in New York
  • Jan 9 -87°F (-66°C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
  • Jan 9 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan & Leonie Adams
  • Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W H Auden
  • Jan 10 A Comet jet airliner crashes in the Mediterranea; 35 people are missing
  • Jan 11 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
  • Jan 12 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Queen Elizabeth II opens New Zealand parliament

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Jan 13 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
  • Jan 14 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
  • Jan 18 Amintore Fanfani forms Italian government
  • Jan 20 -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)
  • Jan 20 Dmitri Shostakovitch's' "Concertino opus 94" premieres
  • Jan 20 The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • Jan 21 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)
  • Jan 21 USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, launched on the Thames River in Connecticut
  • Jan 23 Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
  • Jan 24 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Don Carter
  • Jan 26 Groundbreaking begins on Disneyland
  • Jan 30 Belgium ends trade agreement with USSR
  • Jan 30 Fanfani government of Italy resigns
  • Feb 1 Scapino Ballet Studio in Amsterdam destroyed by fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 President Eisenhower reports detonation of 1st H-bomb (done in 1952)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Feb 2 Snow falls on Gibraltar
  • Feb 3 Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
  • Feb 9 Mario Scelba forms new government in Italy
  • Feb 10 Eisenhower warns against US intervention in Vietnam
  • Feb 10 Ice Pairs Championship at Oslo won by Frances Dafoe and Norris Bowden of Canada
  • Feb 10 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Oslo won by Gundi Busch GER
  • Feb 10 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Oslo won by Hayes Alan Jenkins US
  • Feb 12 The UK government establishes an organisation to control atomic energy in the country under The Atomic Energy Authority Bill
  • Feb 13 Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 14 Senator John F. Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press"

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Feb 15 1st Bevatron particle accelerator in operation at Berkeley, California
  • Feb 18 The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 20 General Zahedi wins election in Persia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23 1st mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Feb 23 Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
  • Feb 25 Abdul Nasser appointed Egyptian premier
  • Feb 26 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Mass
  • Feb 26 Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock & roll) records
  • Feb 28 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Mar 1 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members
  • Mar 1 Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
  • Mar 1 US explodes Castle Bravo, 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll - most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US
  • Mar 4 James E. Wilkins appointed 1st black US sub-cabinet member
  • Mar 4 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • Mar 8 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy

  • Mar 11 US Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics
  • Mar 13 Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
  • Mar 19 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 19 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • Mar 19 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 19 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 19 Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings for the West Indies v England
  • Mar 20 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
  • Mar 22 1st shopping mall opens in Southfield, Michigan
  • Mar 22 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens.
  • Mar 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)
  • Mar 25 RCA manufactures 1st color TV set (12½" screen at $1,000)
  • Mar 26 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Mar 28 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon & Kismet win
  • Mar 31 USSR offers to join NATO
  • Apr 1 US Air Force Academy established
  • Apr 1 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
  • Apr 1 1st US Army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
  • Apr 1 Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
  • Apr 2 Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced [see Jan 26]
  • Apr 3 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
  • Apr 6 TV Dinner was 1st put on sale by Swanson & Sons
  • Apr 6 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Apr 7 German government refuses to recognize DDR
  • Apr 7 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower in news conference is first to voice fear of a "domino-effect" of communism in Indo-China
  • Apr 12 Belgian Van Houtte government resigns
  • Apr 12 Bill Haley & Comets record "Rock Around Clock"
  • Apr 12 Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle & Roll"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • Apr 14 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
  • Apr 15 Yankees dedicate a plaque to Edward Barrow
  • Apr 18 Colonel Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power & becomes Prime Minister of Egypt
  • Apr 21 Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR
  • Apr 21 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • Apr 22 Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
  • Apr 22 US Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings begin
  • Apr 22 USSR joins UNESCO
  • Apr 24 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
  • Apr 24 Australia & USSR break diplomatic relations

1stFirst Solar Battery

Apr 25 Bell labs announces the 1st solar battery made from silicon. It has about 6% efficiency.

  • Apr 25 British raid Nairobi, Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
  • Apr 25 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island atmospher
  • Apr 26 Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva
  • Apr 26 Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins
  • Apr 30 Darius Milhauds 4th Concert for piano/orch premieres in Haifa
  • May 1 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • May 1 HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick

  • May 4 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • May 5 Military coup in Paraguay led by general Alfredo Stroessner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 Roger Bannister of the UK becomes the 1st person to run a 4 minute mile, recording 3:59:4 at Iffley Road, Oxford

Middle-Distance Runner Roger Bannister
Middle-Distance Runner
Roger Bannister
  • May 7 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • May 7 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • May 10 Bolshoi Ballet does not appear in Paris
  • May 13 Labour Party wins British municipal elections
  • May 13 Robin Roberts gives up a HR then retires next 27 men in a row
  • May 13 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 13 Chinese Middle School students in Singapore take part in anti-National Service riots.
  • May 14 Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months
  • May 17 US Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown v Topeka Board of Education reversed 1896 "separate but equal" Plessy v Ferguson decision
  • May 19 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • May 21 Amendment to give 18-year-olds right to vote is defeated
  • May 22 Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
  • May 24 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, NM
  • May 24 Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st black to head an AMA unit
  • May 24 German airline Lufthansa forms
  • May 24 IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour
  • May 29 Pope Pius XII issues holy declaration
  • May 29 First of the annual Bilderberg conferences.
  • May 30 Emile Zatopek runs world record 5K (13:57.2)
  • May 30 Hector Villa-Lobos' "Odisseia de Uma Raca" premieres
  • Jun 1 Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)
  • Jun 2 John Costello (Cons) becomes premier of Ireland
  • Jun 4 Arthur Murray flies X-1A rocket plane to record 27,000 m
  • Jun 4 France grants Vietnam independence inside French Union
  • Jun 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ecclesiae fastos
  • Jun 7 1st microbiology laboratory dedicated (New Brunswick NJ)
  • Jun 9 Joseph Welch asks US Senator Joseph McCarthy "Have you no sense of decency, sir?" during Senate-Army hearings
  • Jun 10 PBS reaches SF: KQED (Channel 9) starts broadcasting
  • Jun 12 Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock" is originally released
  • Jun 13 Cornerstone of Albert Einstein College of Medicine laid in Bronx
  • Jun 14 President Eisenhower signs order adding words "under God" to the Pledge
  • Jun 15 Great Britain's 2 biggest steel factories nationalized
  • Jun 15 UEFA (Union des Associations Européennes de Football) is formed in Basle, Switzerland
  • Jun 16 Dutch military conscription shortened from 20 to 18 months

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Ngô Đình Diệm elected Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam)

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 CIA exile army lands in Guatemala. Organised by John Foster Dulles and United Fruit Co.

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • Jun 17 Televised Senate Army McCarthy hearings ends
  • Jun 18 Pierre Mendès forms French government
  • Jun 18 4th Berlin International Film Festival: "Hobson's Choice" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • Jun 19 Tasmanian Devil debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
  • Jun 21 John Landy runs world record mile (3:58.0)
  • Jun 22 Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands
  • Jun 23 122°F (50°C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)
  • Jun 27 1st atomic power station opens - Obninsk, near Moscow in Russia
  • Jun 27 CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala
  • Jun 28 111°F (44°C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record)
  • Jun 29 US Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr Robert Oppenheimer
  • Jun 30 Largest check: Internal US Treasury check at $4,176,969,623.57
  • Jul 1 Cards' Joe Cunningham hits 2 HRs for record 3 HRs in his 1st 2 days
  • Jul 2 Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes v Pakistan
  • Jul 3 Food rationing ends in Britain
  • Jul 4 Dr Sam Sheppard's wife Marilyn is murdered (he is accused of crime)
  • Jul 4 Meat and all other food rationing officially ends in Britain, nine years after the end of World War II
  • Jul 5 B-52A bomber made its maiden flight
  • Jul 6 Tunisian government of M'zali, resigns
  • Jul 7 Formation of the TANU party (Tanganyika African National Union ) in Tanzania
  • Jul 8 Military junta selects colonel Armas President of Guatemala
  • Jul 11 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Miss
  • Jul 12 President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system
  • Jul 12 ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal
  • Jul 13 Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
  • Jul 14 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • Jul 14 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • Jul 15 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
  • Jul 15 1st commercial jet transport plane built in US tested (Boeing 707)
  • Jul 17 Construction of Disneyland commences
  • Jul 17 Theodor Heuss re-elected president of West Germany
  • Jul 20 Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North & South
  • Jul 20 West German secret service head Otto John defects to German DR
  • Jul 21 At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North & South Vietnam
  • Jul 22 US Virgin Islands adopt constitution (Revised Organic Act)
  • Jul 27 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
  • Jul 28 Ernest Bloch's 4th string quartet premieres
  • Jul 30 5th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Vancouver, Canada
  • Jul 31 First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
  • Aug 1 South African Natives Resettlement Act comes into being, empowers the Government to remove Africans from any area within and next to the magisterial district of Johannesburg
  • Aug 2 Tahar Ben Ammar appointed premier of Tunisia
  • Aug 3 1st VTOL (Vertical Take-off & Land) flown
  • Aug 4 Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lightning
  • Aug 4 The Government of Pakistan approves the National Anthem, written by Hafeez Jullundhry and composed by Ahmed G. Chagla.
  • Aug 7 Charles Mahoney becomes 1st US black to serve as a full UN delegate
  • Aug 7 5th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Vancouver, Canada
  • Aug 10 Dutch Indonesian Union breaks up
  • Aug 10 At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.
  • Aug 11 Formal peace treaty ends over 7 yrs of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh
  • Aug 12 Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row
  • Aug 15 Alfredo Stroessner names himself president of Paraguay
  • Aug 16 200 pilgrims drown in Farahzad Iran rain storm flood
  • Aug 18 James E. Wilkins is 1st black to attend a US cabinet meeting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 American Ralph Bunche named undersecretary of the UN

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 23 President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Aug 23 First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft.
  • Aug 24 US President Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party, at height of McCarthyism
  • Aug 24 International Amateur Athletic Federation recognizes Red China
  • Aug 24 William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante" premieres in London
  • Aug 29 San Francisco International Airport (SFO) opens
  • Aug 30 Hurricane Carol kills 68 on the US East Coast