On This Day

Events in History in March 1954

  • Mar 1 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members
  • Mar 1 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die

USACastle Bravo Nuclear Test

Mar 1 US explodes Castle Bravo, a 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, which accidentally became the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US

Learn More
The explosion from Castle Bravo over Bikini Atoll in 1954
The explosion from Castle Bravo over Bikini Atoll in 1954
Learn More
  • Mar 4 James E. Wilkins appointed 1st black US sub-cabinet member
  • Mar 4 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • Mar 8 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Viet Minh General Võ Nguyên Giáp opens the assault on French forces at Dien Bien Phu, northwest Vietnam

North Vietnamese General Võ Nguyên Giáp
North Vietnamese General
Võ Nguyên Giáp
  • Mar 19 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 19 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • Mar 19 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 19 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 20 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
  • Mar 22 Northland Center, the world's largest shopping mall of the time, opens in Oakpark, Michigan
  • Mar 22 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Mar 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Mar 26 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Mar 28 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon & Kismet win
  • Mar 31 USSR offers to join NATO