Events in History in 1955

Events 1 - 200 of 296

  • Jan 1 Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps
  • Jan 2 Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • Jan 3 Jose Ramon Guizado becomes president of Panama
  • Jan 15 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
  • Jan 15 Dmitri Shostakovitch's "From Jewish Folk Poetry" premieres in Leningrad
  • Jan 15 USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
  • Jan 17 US Submarine Nautilus begins 1st nuclear-powered test voyage
  • Jan 18 Battle of Yijiangshan Islands between Chinese National Revolutionary Army and the People's Liberation Army
  • Jan 19 "Scrabble" debuts on board game market

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Jan 19 1st presidential news conference filmed for TV (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 22 Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms
  • Jan 23 Express train travelling from York to Bristol derails, killing 14 and injuring many other passengers
  • Jan 25 Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race
  • Jan 25 Russia ends state of war with Germany
  • Jan 25 US & Panama sign canal treaty
  • Jan 25 Columbia University scientists develope an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years
  • Jan 29 John Williams Cox buys Yankee Stadium, sells grounds to Knights of Columbus, later leaves structure to Rice University (1962)
  • Feb 1 HC Hansen appointed premier of Denmark
  • Feb 8 Malenkov resigns as USSR premier, Bulganin replaces him
  • Feb 8 The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
  • Feb 9 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts crematory law
  • Feb 9 US federations of trade unions merge into AFL/CIO
  • Feb 10 The US Navy evacuate 1000s from Tachen Islands in the Pacific
  • Feb 12 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam
  • Feb 12 Soviets decides space center built in Baikonur, Kazakhstan
  • Feb 13 Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls
  • Feb 15 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
  • Feb 17 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe and Norris Bowden of Canada
  • Feb 17 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Vienna won by Tenley Albright US
  • Feb 18 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • Feb 19 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • Feb 22 British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sets sail
  • Feb 23 Edgar Faure forms French government
  • Feb 24 Pact of Baghdad signed between Iraq & Turkey
  • Feb 26 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith
  • Mar 1 Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
  • Mar 2 King Norodom Sihanukh of Cambodia succeeded by his father
  • Mar 2 William Inge's "Bus Stop" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 4 1st radio facsimile transmission sent across the continent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Dutch premiere of Samuel Beckett's "Waiting for Godot"

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Mar 13 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
  • Mar 14 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
  • Mar 15 Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
  • Mar 15 US Air Force unveils self-guided missile
  • Mar 16 Josephine Kroesen appointed as 1st Dutch female judge
  • Mar 16 President Eisenhower upholds the use of atomic weapons in case of war
  • Mar 18 Ichirō Hatojama recognized as premier of Japan
  • Mar 21 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus to join Greece
  • Mar 21 Brooklyn Bulletin ask Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums"
  • Mar 24 1st seagoing oil drill rig placed in service
  • Mar 24 British Army patrols withdraw from Belfast after 20 years

  • Mar 25 E Germany granted full sovereignty by occupying power, USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 25 United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem "Howl" as obscene.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Mar 26 "Ballad of Davy Crockett" becomes the #1 record in US
  • Mar 27 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours & Pajama Game win
  • Mar 31 US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington closes Chase National (3rd largest bank) & Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merge to form Chase Manhattan
  • Apr 1 Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • Apr 1 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • Apr 2 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Apr 2 US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Apr 3 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • Apr 3 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300
  • Apr 3 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.
  • Apr 4 British government signs military treaty with Iraq

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Apr 6 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 6 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • Apr 9 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 10 Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely

MurderAssassination Attempt

Apr 11 Chartered Air India plane the "Kashmir Princess" is bombed and crashes into the South China Sea in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by a Kuomintang secret agent

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Polio vaccine tested by Dr Jonas Salk announced to be 'safe and effective'

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • Apr 13 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • Apr 14 Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Ray Kroc opens first McDonald's Inc. fast food restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois

McDonald's Entrepreneur Ray Kroc
McDonald's Entrepreneur
Ray Kroc
  • Apr 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 18 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • Apr 18 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • Apr 19 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • Apr 21 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 21 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • Apr 24 Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
  • Apr 24 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • Apr 29 Giovanni Gronchi elected third president of Italy
  • Apr 30 Element atomic number 101, Mendelevium, announced
  • Apr 30 Imperial Bank of India nationalized
  • Apr 30 West German unions protest for 40-hour work week & higher wages
  • May 1 Bob Feller's 15th 1 or less hitter (12 1-hitters, 3 no-hitters)
  • May 2 India proposal to discrimination against Dalits or "Untouchables" punishable

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • May 5 Indian parliament accepts Hindu divorce
  • May 5 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
  • May 5 West Germany is granted full sovereignty by its three occupying powers
  • May 6 West Germany joins NATO
  • May 7 USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great Britain
  • May 7 West European Union established
  • May 9 German Federal Republic (West Germany) joins NATO
  • May 11 Israel attacks Gaza
  • May 12 Chicago Cub Sam Jones is 1st black to pitch no-hitter (Pirates, 4-0)
  • May 14 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • May 14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • May 15 Building of space travel center at Baikonur Kazakhstan begins
  • May 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 15 Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence
  • May 15 The first ascent of Makalu, the world's fifth highest mountain.
  • May 16 King Baudouin of Belgium visits Congo
  • May 17 Dutch government of Drees resigns
  • May 18 28.7 cm rain falls at Lake Maloya New Mexico (state record)
  • May 18 Atkinson & Depeiaza take WI from 6-187 to 6-494 in day v Aust
  • May 18 Queen Juliana opens E55 fair in Amsterdam
  • May 19 Atkinson & Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt WI v Australia
  • May 20 Argentine parliament accepts separation of church & state
  • May 21 1st transcontinental round-trip solo flight-sunrise to sunset
  • May 22 Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th
  • May 25 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas & most of Blackwell Okla
  • May 26 Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win British parliamentary election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • May 28 Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria.
  • May 29 Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns
  • May 30 Said el-Mufti forms Jordan government
  • May 30 Tunisia begins domestic self governing
  • May 31 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
  • May 31 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to rail strike
  • May 31 US Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"
  • Jun 1 Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
  • Jun 2 The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.
  • Jun 6 Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" hits #1
  • Jun 7 1st President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 India Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visit USSR

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Jun 9 100°F - Hottest day in Seattle, Washington
  • Jun 10 1st separation of virus into component parts reported
  • Jun 11 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • Jun 14 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Jun 15 Australia score 8-758 v West Indies at Kingston, their best ever
  • Jun 15 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual "Operation Alert" (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA's preparations for a nuclear attack.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Pope Pius XII ex-communicates Argentine President Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Jun 22 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy
  • Jun 22 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Walt Disney's "Lady & the Tramp" released

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jun 24 Harmon Killebrew hits his 1st HR (off Billy Hoeff)
  • Jun 24 5th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Rats" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Notre Dame du Haut chapel designed by Le Corbusier is consecrated in Ronchamp, France

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • Jun 26 Freedom Charter signed in South Africa
  • Jun 27 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
  • Jun 29 Argentine state of siege ends
  • Jul 5 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • Jul 9 First black executive on White House staff (E Frederic Morrow)
  • Jul 9 Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops billboards chart
  • Jul 9 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London.

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 11 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • Jul 11 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • Jul 12 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • Jul 13 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London.
  • Jul 14 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • Jul 15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • Jul 17 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • Jul 17 Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California.
  • Jul 18 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • Jul 18 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • Jul 19 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • Jul 19 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • Jul 21 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 24 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia
  • Jul 26 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • Jul 27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • Jul 27 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • Jul 28 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • Jul 29 Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
  • Jul 29 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • Aug 1 1st microgravity research begins
  • Aug 1 Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • Aug 2 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 3 Automobile Association of America ends support of auto racing
  • Aug 3 Hurricane Connie begins pounding US for 11 days
  • Aug 3 Roger Moens runs world record 800 m (1:45.7)
  • Aug 4 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters
  • Aug 5 After playing 274 straight games at 2nd base, Nellie Fox is given a day off he comes back next 798 consecutive games
  • Aug 7 Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel
  • Aug 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Fidel Castro forms the "26th of July Movement", a Cuban vanguard revolutionary organization

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Aug 8 Geneva conference held to discuss peaceful uses of atomic energy
  • Aug 11 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • Aug 12 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour
  • Aug 13 Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield
  • Aug 15 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • Aug 16 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor
  • Aug 17 Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 & doing $1.8 billion damage
  • Aug 18 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • Aug 18 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • Aug 18 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • Aug 19 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
  • Aug 19 Hurricane Diane kills 200 & 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
  • Aug 20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 21 Emmett Till arrives in Money, Mississippi, a week before he is murdered

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • Aug 25 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • Aug 27 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published
  • Aug 27 Sandy Koufax fans 14 Reds, both teams combine for record 23 strikeouts
  • Aug 31 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Sep 1 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel