On This Day

Events in History in July 1955

  • Jul 5 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • Jul 9 E. Frederic Morrow is the first African American executive on US White House staff
  • Jul 9 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 11 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • Jul 11 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • Jul 12 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • Jul 13 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 13 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • Jul 14 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • Jul 15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • Jul 17 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • Jul 18 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • Jul 18 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • Jul 19 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • Jul 19 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • Jul 21 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 23 English speed ace Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to new water speed record at Ullswater in English Lakes District; first boat past 200 mph: 202.32 mph (325.60 km/h)
  • Jul 24 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia
  • Jul 26 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • Jul 27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • Jul 27 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • Jul 28 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • Jul 29 Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
  • Jul 29 USSR performs nuclear Test