On This Day

Events in History in 1956

Events 1 - 200 of 308

  • Jan 1 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK
  • Jan 1 A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people
  • Jan 2 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • Jan 3 A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • Jan 6 Federal court bars former Little League Commissioner Carl Stotz from forming a rival group
  • Jan 7 Indian batsman Vinoo Mankad scores 231 v NZ, 413 opening stand with Roy
  • Jan 8 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken
  • Jan 8 Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
  • Jan 9 Abigail Van Buren's [Pauline Phillips] "Dear Abby" advice column 1st appears in newspapers
  • Jan 9 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
  • Jan 12 FBi arrests 6 members of the Great Brink's robbery gang, 6 days before statute of limitations runs out
  • Jan 14 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad

Historic Event

Jan 16 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine

  • Jan 18 German Democratic Republic (East Germany) forms own army (National People's Army)
  • Jan 22 30 people die in a train crash in Los Angeles
  • Jan 22 Canadian Football Council forms
  • Jan 24 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • Jan 24 An inquiry considers building homes in a war devastated area in London
  • Jan 25 96.5 cm (38.0") of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • Jan 26 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
  • Jan 29 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Der Besuch der Alten Dame" premieres in Zurich

Historic Event

Jan 30 Home of Martin Luther King Jr. is bombed

  • Jan 31 French government of Guy Mollet forms
  • Jan 31 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
  • Feb 1 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking
  • Feb 2 The Coasters sign with Atlantic Records
  • Feb 3 Autherine Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
  • Feb 4 AL plans to test automatic intentional walk during spring training
  • Feb 6 Chicago's Daily Defender, begins publishing
  • Feb 6 French Prime Minister Guy Mollet pelted with tomatoes in Algiers
  • Feb 6 University of Alabama suspends African-American student Autherine Lucy claiming that it can no longer provide for her safety
  • Feb 8 Mine disaster in Quaregnon Belgium, 8 die
  • Feb 9 -5°F (-20.6°C) in Sicily
  • Feb 9 R Lacoste follows Catroux as premier of Algeria
  • Feb 11 British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean deny working as spies for Soviet Russia after reappearing in the Soviet Union after going missing 5 years earlier
  • Feb 13 KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland
  • Feb 14 20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • Feb 14 Indonesia withdraws from Netherlands Indonesian Union
  • Feb 14 Verhoeven, Nauta and De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate
  • Feb 15 Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
  • Feb 15 Pirates & KC As cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
  • Feb 17 Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT
  • Feb 17 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
  • Feb 17 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
  • Feb 23 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow

Conference of Interest

Feb 25 Nikita Khrushchev denounces Joseph Stalin at the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Historic Event

Feb 26 Writers and poets Sylvia Plath & Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge

  • Feb 27 Female suffrage granted in Egypt
  • Feb 28 13 die in a train crash in Swampscott, Massachusetts
  • Feb 28 American engineer Wright Forrester issued a patent for computer core memory
  • Feb 29 Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan

Historic Event

Feb 29 US President Eisenhower announces he will seek a 2nd term

  • Mar 1 The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • Mar 2 Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declaring independence from France
  • Mar 3 Indonesian government of Harahap resigns
  • Mar 3 Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
  • Mar 3 Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
  • Mar 9 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrested & exiled to Seychelles
  • Mar 9 Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England
  • Mar 10 General strike in Cyprus protesting exile of archbishop Makarios
  • Mar 10 Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)
  • Mar 12 Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
  • Mar 16 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 20 Edward Ochab succeeds Bolesław Bierut as 1st secretary of the Polish Communist Party
  • Mar 20 Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (USSR) erupts
  • Mar 20 Tunisia gains independence from France when the Protocol agreement signed between the two countries
  • Mar 20 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Mar 20 Union workers ended a 156-day strike at Westinghouse Electric Corp
  • Mar 23 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
  • Mar 23 Sudan becomes independent
  • Mar 26 Medic Alert Foundation forms
  • Mar 26 Red Buttons stars as an angel on TV anthology series "Studio One" episode "Tale of St. Emergency"
  • Mar 27 French commandos land in Algeria
  • Mar 30 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Apr 1 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank & Damn Yankees win
  • Apr 1 Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
  • Apr 2 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet" premieres in Manchester
  • Apr 3 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated (executed 1949)
  • Apr 3 German war criminals Hinrichsen, Ruhl, Siebens and Viebahn freed
  • Apr 3 Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado
  • Apr 4 Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden" premieres in London
  • Apr 5 Ceylon's Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP), led by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike wins the general elections in a landslide
  • Apr 6 Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
  • Apr 7 Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco
  • Apr 8 6 US Marine Corps recruits drown during a night "marsh march" in Ribbon Creek at Parris Island, South Carolina; drill instructor Staff Sergeant Matthew McKeon is court-martialed
  • Apr 11 French government decides to send 200,000 reservists to Algeria
  • Apr 12 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike's government takes office in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)
  • Apr 16 1st solar powered radios go on sale
  • Apr 17 Bulgaria premier Valko Chervenkov resigns
  • Apr 17 Premium Savings Bonds introduced in Great Britain
  • Apr 17 USSR's Cominform (Parliament) dissolves
  • Apr 17 Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament
  • Apr 18 Egypt & Israel agree to a cease fire
  • Apr 26 First modern container ship, the Ideal X, leaves Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas
  • Apr 27 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
  • Apr 28 Last French troops leave Vietnam
  • May 1 A doctor in Japan reports an "epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system", marking the official discovery of Minamata disease
  • May 2 US Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus
  • May 2 US Methodist church disallows racial separation
  • May 3 A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000')
  • May 4 Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam
  • May 4 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 5 Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif
  • May 6 Gus Bell (Reds) homers off Bob Miller in both ends of a double header
  • May 7 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • May 7 NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat

Historic Event

May 7 Pulitzer Prize for Drama awarded to Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett for their play "The Diary of Anne Frank"

  • May 8 John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" premieres in London
  • May 9 First ascent of Manaslu, the world's eighth-highest mountain in the Nepalese Himalayas by Japanese climbers Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu

Historic Event

May 9 War Reparations and Peace Settlement between Philippines and Japan was finally signed at Malacañang Palace under Magsaysay administration

  • May 10 French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria
  • May 12 East Pakistan struck by cyclone and tidal waves
  • May 13 Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • May 16 Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
  • May 16 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Monte Bello Is Australia
  • May 16 Kraft Theater presents an act from "Profiles in Courage"
  • May 18 Hungarian party leader Matyas Rákosi enforces his own policy
  • May 18 Queen Juliana opens Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • May 19 Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning HR, 1st HR in 8 straight games
  • May 20 Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane at Bikini Atoll
  • May 20 Jordan government of Samir resigns
  • May 21 Jordan government of Said el-Mufti forms
  • May 21 US explodes 1st airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll
  • May 23 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco
  • May 24 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna

Catholic Encyclical

May 25 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas

  • May 26 A fire on board the aircraft carrier USS Bennington in Narragansett Bay, off Rhode Island, kills 103 crew
  • May 27 French raid in Algiers
  • May 27 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • May 28 Dale Long becomes 1st to hit HRs in 8 straight games
  • May 28 Eisenhower signs farm bill allows government to store agricultural surplus
  • May 30 Bus boycott begins in Tallahassee Florida
  • May 30 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)

Historic Event

Jun 2 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow

  • Jun 3 3rd class travel on British Railways ends
  • Jun 4 'Secret speech' by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev criticising Joseph Stalin is made public
  • Jun 5 US Federal court rules racial segregation on Montgomery buses anti-Constitutional
  • Jun 6 David Marshall, Singapore's first Chief Minister, resigns.
  • Jun 7 Singapore government of Marshall resigns
  • Jun 8 Lim Yem Hock forms Singapore government
  • Jun 8 Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr. killed by another USAF airman in Vietnam, becoming the first American killed in the Vietnam War
  • Jun 9 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
  • Jun 13 The last British troops leave the Suez Canal Zone in Egypt
  • Jun 13 Parliamentary election: Dutch Democrats 50/KVP 49

Historic Event

Jun 17 Golda Meir begins her term as Israel's foreign minister

  • Jun 20 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed
  • Jun 21 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
  • Jun 21 German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners
  • Jun 21 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters
  • Jun 23 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected President of Egypt
  • Jun 28 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates (Chicago Illinois)
  • Jun 28 Riots break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die
  • Jun 29 US Federal interstate highway system act signed
  • Jun 29 Dutch PM Drees refuses resignation of queen Juliana (Greet Hofmans)

Historic Publication

Jun 30 Vladimir Lenin's politics testament (1923) published in Moscow

  • Jun 30 United DC-7 & TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128
  • Jul 1 Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
  • Jul 2 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • Jul 4 Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
  • Jul 4 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
  • Jul 5 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • Jul 7 Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
  • Jul 8 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Jul 10 650,000 US steel workers go on strike
  • Jul 10 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Jul 10 Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu, Mamelodi, east of Pretoria, South Africa, a soldier of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC
  • Jul 15 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Jul 16 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • Jul 16 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • Jul 16 Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent
  • Jul 18 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
  • Jul 19 US refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • Jul 20 France recognizes Tunisian independence
  • Jul 20 Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • Jul 20 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • Jul 20 Confirmation of the first detection of the neutrino by Clyde Cowan, Frederick Reines, F. B. Harrison, H. W. Kruse, and A. D. McGuire published in "Science" (Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment)
  • Jul 21 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak
  • Jul 23 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
  • Jul 23 The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs

Historic Event

Jul 24 Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow" premieres in London

  • Jul 25 46 die in collision of the SS Andrea Doria and the MS Stockholm off the coast of Nantucket
  • Jul 25 Jordan attacks UN Palestine force
  • Jul 26 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announces plan to nationalize Suez Canal, initiating the "Suez Crisis"

Historic Event

Jul 29 Jacques Cousteau's Calypso anchors in 7,500 m of water (record)

  • Jul 30 US motto "In God We Trust" authorized
  • Aug 4 German Wilhelm Herz becomes first to ride motorcycle at 200mph (210mph/338kph) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • Aug 4 Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
  • Aug 7 British government sends 3 aircraft carriers to Egypt
  • Aug 7 Dynamite transport explodes in Colombia; about 1200 die
  • Aug 8 Fire & explosion kill 263 miners at Marcinelle, Belgium
  • Aug 9 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • Aug 9 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • Aug 10 23rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 26, All-Stars 0 (75,000)
  • Aug 11 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
  • Aug 16 Adlai E Stevenson nominated as US Democratic presidential candidate
  • Aug 16 Indians' Rocky Colavito hits his 1st grand slam, Cleveland 5, Tigers 4
  • Aug 17 Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
  • Aug 17 One of the largest demonstrations in South Africa's history, 20,000 women marched to Pretoria's Union Buildings to present petition against carrying of passes by women to the Prime Minister
  • Aug 20 Republicans convene at Cow Palace
  • Aug 22 US President Eisenhower and VP Richard Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco