On This Day

Events in History in 1956 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 313 of 313

  • Aug 17 Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
  • Aug 17 One of the largest demonstrations in South Africa's history, 20,000 women marched to Pretoria's Union Buildings to present petition against carrying of passes by women to the Prime Minister
  • Aug 20 Republicans convene at Cow Palace

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Aug 22 US President Eisenhower and VP Richard Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Aug 24 1st non-stop transcontinental helicopter flight arrived Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 27 Curt Robert of Columbus (Intl League) hits 4 HRs in 7 inning game
  • Aug 29 French government routes troops to Cyprus near Suez crisis
  • Aug 30 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
  • Aug 30 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield High School, Texas
  • Aug 30 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens in Louisiana, longest continuous bridge in the world
  • Sep 1 Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory
  • Sep 2 Collapse of a rail bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
  • Sep 2 San Francisco Washington-Jackson cable line replaced by bus service
  • Sep 3 Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee
  • Sep 5 20 die in a train crash in Springer NM
  • Sep 7 Bell X-2 sets Unofficial manned aircraft altitude record 126,000'+

  • Sep 9 African Party for Liberation of Guinea-Bissau & Cape Verde forms
  • Sep 10 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • Sep 10 Louisville Ky public schools integrates
  • Sep 11 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Sep 12 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • Sep 13 Dike around Dutch polder Eastern Flevoland closes
  • Sep 13 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice

Historic InventionIBM 305 RAMAC

Sep 14 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton

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IBM 305 RAMAC at the U.S. Army Red River Arsenal; foreground: two 350 disk drives; background: 380 console and 305 processing unit
IBM 305 RAMAC at the U.S. Army Red River Arsenal; foreground: two 350 disk drives; background: 380 console and 305 processing unit
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  • Sep 17 Black students enter Clay Ky elementary school
  • Sep 19 1st international conference of black writers & artists meets (Sorbonne)
  • Sep 25 Transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation from Newfoundland to Oban
  • Oct 1 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • Oct 2 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
  • Oct 4 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Oct 6 Scientist Albert Sabin announces that his oral polio vaccine is ready for testing; it would soon supplant Jonas Salk's vaccine in many parts of the world

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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  • Oct 10 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match v Australia in Karachi
  • Oct 11 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
  • Oct 11 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • Oct 11 AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
  • Oct 12 Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister

  • Oct 14 Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Indian social reformer B.R. Ambedkar and 500,000 supporters convert to Buddhism in Nagpur

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar
  • Oct 15 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Oct 15 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court
  • Oct 15 First plane to land safely on water - Pan Am Flight 6 San Francisco to Honolulu, all 24 passengers and 7 crew survive
  • Oct 17 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • Oct 17 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
  • Oct 20 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
  • Oct 20 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • Oct 22 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
  • Oct 22 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 22 A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Oct 23 Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • Oct 24 AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
  • Oct 24 Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary
  • Oct 24 Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)
  • Oct 26 UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
  • Oct 26 Vietnam promulgates its constitution
  • Oct 28 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus
  • Oct 29 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
  • Oct 29 Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, to be followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain
  • Oct 30 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad
  • Oct 31 Rear Adm GJ Dufek becomes 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole
  • Oct 31 Britain and France join Israeli forces in Egypt and begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal
  • Oct 31 Brooklyn, NY ends streetcar service
  • Nov 1 Karnataka (then known as Mysore State) is formed from the merge of Kannada-speaking regions in India
  • Nov 1 Delhi becomes a union territory of India
  • Nov 1 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is formed
  • Nov 1 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and most of the East Punjab States Union merge as the Punjab State
  • Nov 1 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Nov 1 Nobel for physics awarded to William Shockley, Walter H. Brattain and John Bardeen

Physicist Walter Houser Brattain
Physicist
Walter Houser Brattain
Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum
  • Nov 1 Kerala state is formed in India
  • Nov 2 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • Nov 3 Suez Crisis: After several days of fighting, Israeli forces capture the Gaza Strip
  • Nov 4 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • Nov 5 Britain and France land airborne forces at Port Said in Egypt, escalating the Suez Crisis
  • Nov 5 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • Nov 5 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba
  • Nov 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime
  • Nov 6 Dwight D. Eisenhower is re-elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson
  • Nov 6 Suez Crisis: British Royal Marines storm Port Said in Egypt amid growing domestic and international opposition to the Anglo-French-Israeli military operation

United <b>Nations</b>United Nations

Nov 7 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • Nov 8 UN demands USSR leave Hungary
  • Nov 9 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Billy Watson in St Louis, to become NWA wrestling champion
  • Nov 12 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
  • Nov 13 US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional
  • Nov 14 Hungarian revolt put down by Soviet invasion
  • Nov 17 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Nov 18 Morocco gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Nov 21 Don Newcombe wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award
  • Nov 27 F Goodrich and A Hackett's "Diary of Anne Frank" premieres in Netherlands
  • Nov 28 Photography begins on "... & God Created Women"
  • Nov 30 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

  • Dec 1 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
  • Dec 1 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Dec 3 Britain and France pull troops out of Egypt
  • Dec 5 Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 6 Nelson Mandela & 156 others arrested for political activities in South Africa

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Dec 7 Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel
  • Dec 8 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0
  • Dec 10 Establishment of MPLA in Angola
  • Dec 11 Anti-Russian demonstrations in Stettin & Wroclaw, Poland
  • Dec 12 Commencement of the Irish Republican Army's Border Campaign.
  • Dec 14 Paul-Henri Spaak appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • Dec 15 Emergency crisis in North Ireland proclaimed after IRA strikes
  • Dec 18 Israeli flag hoisted on Mount Sinai
  • Dec 18 Japan admitted to UN
  • Dec 20 Military coup under colonel Simbolon in Sumatra
  • Dec 20 Montgomery, Alabama removes race-based seat assignments on its buses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 Martin Luther King Jr. and others sit in the new integrated bus

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Dec 22 Last British & French troops leave Egypt
  • Dec 22 Colo is born, the first gorilla to be bred in captivity at Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, Columbus, Ohio
  • Dec 24 "I Love Lucy" Christmas show airs, never put in syndication
  • Dec 24 Ferdinand de Lesseps statue blown up in Port Said Egypt