Events in History in July 1960

  • Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel
  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London
  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled
  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • Jul 10 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • Jul 11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • Jul 11 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • Jul 11 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 11 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • Jul 12 Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 Sirima Bandaranaike becomes 1st female premier of Ceylon
  • Jul 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa
  • Jul 21 Sirima Bandaranaike is the first woman in modern times to become head of state, as Prime Minister in Sri Lanka (then Ceylon)
  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad