On This Day

Events in History in May 1960

  • May 1 India's Bombay state split into Gujarat & Maharashtra states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane over Sverdlovsk

Pilot and Spy Francis Gary Powers
Pilot and Spy
Francis Gary Powers
  • May 2 Harry Belafonte 2nd Carnegie Hall performance
  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice & Consent)
  • May 2 House investigating committee, looking into payola questions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • May 4 1st great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 6 Students attack Dutch embassy in Jakarta
  • May 6 Trotsky's murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader) freed in Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of USSR

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • May 7 USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confesses to being a CIA spy
  • May 8 USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations
  • May 9 Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth
  • May 9 US becomes the first country to legalize the birth control pill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 John F. Kennedy wins presidential primary in West Virginia

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • May 10 US atomic submarine USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • May 11 French liner "France" launched

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

May 11 Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • May 13 1st launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed
  • May 14 USSR launch 1st (unmanned) space capsule
  • May 14 Virgil Thomson's "Missa Pro Defunctis" premieres in Potsdam, NY
  • May 15 Chic Cub Don Cardwell no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0
  • May 15 Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed
  • May 15 Taxes took 25% of earnings in US
  • May 16 Big 4 summit in Paris collapses as USSR levels spy charges against US
  • May 16 Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California
  • May 17 1st atomic reactor system patented by J W Flora of Canoga Park, California
  • May 18 Eillen Fulton begins playing Lisa on As the World Turns (for almost 30 yrs)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

May 18 Jean Genet's play "Le Balcon" (The Balcony) premieres in Paris

Novelist and Playwright Jean Genet
Novelist and Playwright
Jean Genet
  • May 19 Alan Freed & eight other DJs accused of taking radio payola
  • May 19 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed
  • May 19 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Leontyne Price becomes the first African American to sing the lead at Teatro alla Scala in Milan in "Aida"

Opera Soprano Leontyne Price
Opera Soprano
Leontyne Price
  • May 22 Tsunami generated by a magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake in Chile strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM, severely damaging virtually all coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels
  • May 22 A magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake strikes near the city of Valdivia in Chile, the strongest ever recorded, causing multiple tsunamis and killing 1,000-7,000 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • May 23 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • May 24 1 millionth Dutch telephone installed
  • May 25 George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit HR
  • May 27 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey