On This Day

Events in History in 1960 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 369 of 369

  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 21 Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the world's 1st female elected head of government, as Prime Minister of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing

  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • Aug 1 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
  • Aug 1 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • Aug 3 Niger gains independence from France
  • Aug 3 Lee Petty and his sons, Richard & Maurice race against each other for the first and only time at Dixie Speedway in Birmingham, Alabama; Richard 2nd, Lee 3rd
  • Aug 4 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • Aug 5 Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France
  • Aug 6 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo
  • Aug 7 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France
  • Aug 7 Students stage kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches
  • Aug 8 Ivory Coast declares independence
  • Aug 8 South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • Aug 8 Charges against 53 of the 76 Africans detained after the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa are dropped
  • Aug 9 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Aug 10 Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned 1st object from space

  • Aug 10 Nicolaas Jouwe forms PANA in New Guinea
  • Aug 11 Chad declares Independence from France
  • Aug 12 Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched by NASA
  • Aug 12 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 41,600 m
  • Aug 13 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • Aug 13 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • Aug 14 UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
  • Aug 15 Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France
  • Aug 15 UFO is sighted by 3 California patrolmen
  • Aug 16 Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus
  • Aug 16 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from balloon at 31,330 m (84,700')
  • Aug 16 Republic of Congo (Zaire, Dem Rep of Congo) forms
  • Aug 17 Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow
  • Aug 17 Gabon gains independence from France (National Day)
  • Aug 17 Indonesia drops diplomatic relations with Netherlands
  • Aug 18 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Richardson, Texas
  • Aug 19 Francis Gary Powers convicted of spying by USSR (U-2 incident)
  • Aug 19 Soviet Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 2 rats, 40 mice, 1 rabbit and fruit flies into orbit, - 1st animals to return alive from obit
  • Aug 19 The first commercial atomic energy reactor, owned by the Yankee Atomic Electric Company, achieves a self-sustaining nuclear reaction in Rowe, Deerfield River, Massachusetts
  • Aug 20 Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence
  • Aug 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs, 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Aug 23 World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
  • Aug 24 -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • Aug 24 60 people die when a bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
  • Aug 25 Demonstrations against Congolese prime minister Patrice Lumumba
  • Aug 29 Jordan premier Hazza-el-Madjali deadly injured at bomb attack
  • Aug 30 East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
  • Aug 31 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms
  • Sep 2 The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as the Democracy Day.
  • Sep 4 -12] Hurricane Donna, kills 148 in Caribbean & US
  • Sep 5 President Kasavubu fires premier Patrice Lumumba of Congo
  • Sep 5 The poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the first President of Senegal.
  • Sep 8 German Democratic Republic limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners
  • Sep 11 The Young Americans for Freedom, meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr., promulgate the Sharon Statement.
  • Sep 12 John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.
  • Sep 14 Coup under Colonel Joseph-Desire Mobutu in Congo
  • Sep 14 Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia and Venezuela form the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • Sep 16 Amos Alonzo Stagg retires as a football coach at 98
  • Sep 17 Cuba nationalizes US banks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 "LIFE" magazine celebrates artist Grandma Moses's 100th birthday by putting her on their cover

Primitive Painter Grandma Moses
Primitive Painter
Grandma Moses
  • Sep 20 UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)
  • Sep 22 Mali (formerly French Sudan) declares independence from France
  • Sep 24 International Development Association (UN agency) comes into existence
  • Sep 24 USS Enterprise, 1st nuclear power aircraft carrier, launched
  • Sep 25 For 1st time since 1927, Pirates clinch NL pennant
  • Sep 26 1st of 4 TV debates Nixon & Kennedy took place (Chicago)

United Nations <b>Speech</b>United Nations Speech

Sep 26 Cuban leader Fidel Castro delivers a 4 hour and 29 minute long speech at the United Nations

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Sep 27 Europe's 1st "moving pavement" (travelator), opens at Bank station on the London Underground
  • Sep 28 "Sunrise at Campobello" premieres at Palace theater
  • Sep 30 On Howdy Doody's last show Clarabelle finally talks "Goodbye Kids"
  • Sep 30 West Germany signs trade agreement with East Germany
  • Oct 1 Nigeria becomes the 99th member of the United Nations
  • Oct 1 Nigeria gains independence from Great Britain (National Day)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 1 Wole Soyinka's play "A Dance of the Forests" is first performed as part of Nigerian Independence celebrations

Playwright Wole Soyinka
Playwright
Wole Soyinka
  • Oct 3 Janio Quadros elected president of Brazil

  • Oct 3 San Francisco's White House department store is the 1st to accept BankAmericard
  • Oct 4 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
  • Oct 5 British Labour party demands unilateral nuclear disarmament
  • Oct 5 Eastern AL Electra turbo-prop crashed in Boston Harbor (61 die)
  • Oct 7 2nd JFK & Richard Nixon debate
  • Oct 9 Cowboy QB Eddie LeBaron throws shortest touchdown pass (2")
  • Oct 10 16 California Poly football team members die in plane crash in Toledo
  • Oct 10 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 4000 die
  • Oct 11 Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)
  • Oct 12 JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Oct 13 Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba
  • Oct 14 Belgian senator Victor Leemans reveals huge gas field in Groningen
  • Oct 14 Peace Corps 1st suggested by John F. Kennedy in a speech at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor
  • Oct 16 NL votes to admit Houston & NY to league
  • Oct 17 US & Britain sign accord for nuclear submarine bases
  • Oct 18 In Britain, News Chronicle & Daily Mail merge and London Evening Star merges with Evening News
  • Oct 19 France grants Mauritania independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Oct 19 US imposes embargo on exports to Cuba
  • Oct 20 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI
  • Oct 21 1st British nuclear sub HMS Dreadnought launched
  • Oct 21 JFK & Nixon clashed in 4th & final presidential debate (NYC)
  • Oct 24 Disaster on USSR's Baikonoer launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin & team (165 die-unconfirmed); USSR claims killed in plane crash
  • Oct 25 1st electronic wrist watch placed on sale, NYC
  • Oct 25 Cuba nationalizes all remaining US businesses
  • Oct 27 AL admits LA & Washington to the league
  • Oct 29 Chartered C46 carrying Cal State's football team crashes, kills 16
  • Oct 30 Guatemala's "La Hora" reports plan for invasion on Cuba
  • Oct 30 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.

  • Oct 31 Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 10,000 die
  • Nov 1 Benelux treaty goes into effect

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Nov 2 Penguin Books cleared of obscenity for publishing DH Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley's Lover"

  • Nov 3 Ivory Coast adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 4 Mary Leakey and Louis Leakey discover first Homo habilis jaw fragments (OH 7) at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • Nov 8 John F. Kennedy is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Richard Nixon who was the incumbent Vice President

How Britain Fell in Love with Lady ChatterleyHow Britain Fell in Love with Lady Chatterley

Nov 10 Uncensored version of D. H. Lawrence's "Lady Chatterley’s Lover" finally goes on sale in the UK after a jury finds publisher Penguin Books not guilty in an obscenity trial

Read Article
Copies of the un-banned Lady Chatterley were much-prized and sold out within minutes. Photo: Keystone/Getty Images
Copies of the un-banned Lady Chatterley were much-prized and sold out within minutes. Photo: Keystone/Getty Images
Read Article

BattleCoup d'état

Nov 12 Coup against South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm fails

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • Nov 12 Mercury-Redstone 1 test launch fails at 10 cm altitude
  • Nov 14 2 passenger trains collided at high-speed killing 110 (Czech)
  • Nov 14 Belgium threatens to leave UN due to criticism on its policy on Congo
  • Nov 14 Riot due to school integration in New Orleans
  • Nov 15 USS G Washington, 1st sub with nuclear ballistic missiles, launched
  • Nov 16 NL batting champion Dick Groat wins MVP
  • Nov 18 Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration
  • Nov 19 Mickey Vernon is hired as 1st manager of new Washington team
  • Nov 21 Bob Scheffing signs to manage Tigers after Casey Stengel turns it down
  • Nov 22 French National Meeting decide to build own nuclear weapons
  • Nov 23 Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched
  • Nov 25 First atomic reactor for research & development, Richland, Wa
  • Nov 25 Three of the four Mirabal sisters, opponents of the dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic, are assassinated
  • Nov 27 Dr Felix Houphouet-Boigny becomes president of Ivory Coast
  • Nov 27 Patrice Lumumba flees Leopoldville Congo
  • Nov 28 Mauritania gains independence from France (National Day)
  • Nov 30 French Senate condemns building own nuclear weapons
  • Nov 30 Tad Mosels "All the Way Home" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 1 Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo

InventionScientific Discovery

Dec 2 Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey discovers 1.4 million year old Homo erectus (Olduvai Hominid 9) in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • Dec 3 Frederick Loewe nd Alan Jay Lerner's "Camelot" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 5 Ghana drops diplomatic relations with Belgium

  • Dec 7 Ivory Coast claims independence from France

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Willard Libby wins the Nobel prize in Chemistry for his work developing carbon-14 dating (radiocarbon dating).

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby
  • Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine awarded to Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet and Peter Medawar for work on tissue grafting
  • Dec 11 Black Sunday - Riot in Algiers, 114 die
  • Dec 11 Cleveland's Bernie Parrish sets club record for longest interception return with a 92 yard run
  • Dec 13 Laos General Fumi Nosavang occupies Vientiane
  • Dec 14 Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) forms
  • Dec 16 TWA 266 & United 826 collide over Staten Island, kills 134
  • Dec 17 Pablo Casals' oratorio "El Pesebrio" premieres
  • Dec 18 General Meeting of UN condemns apartheid
  • Dec 19 Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Brooklyn (50 die)
  • Dec 19 Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight
  • Dec 20 Auschwitz commandant Richard Bar arrested in German FR
  • Dec 20 The National Liberation Front, better known as the Viet Cong, is officially formed in South Vietnam
  • Dec 23 De Quay's Dutch government falls
  • Dec 23 King Saud of Saudi Arabia takes power
  • Dec 24 Dutch bishops question papacy values
  • Dec 27 France performs nuclear test