On This Day

Events in History in 1961 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 387 of 387

  • Jul 14 Finland's Miettunen government forms
  • Jul 15 Spain accepts equal rights for men and women
  • Jul 17 John Chancellor becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • Jul 18 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
  • Jul 20 French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte
  • Jul 21 Launch of Mercury 4 (Liberty Bell) with Grissom
  • Jul 24 Beginning of a trend, a US commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba
  • Jul 24 Edwin Newman becomes news anchor of Today Show

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jul 29 Wallis and Futuna Islands become a French overseas territory
  • Jul 31 Israel welcomes its one millionth immigrant
  • Aug 1 German DR limits traffic to West Berlin
  • Aug 1 New San Francisco Hall of Justice opens
  • Aug 1 Whitney Young Jr named executive director of National Urban League
  • Aug 2 Cyrille Adula becomes premier of Congo
  • Aug 4 Spokane, Washington reaches August record 108°F

  • Aug 5 118°F (48°C), Ice Harbor Dam, Washington (state record)
  • Aug 6 Gherman S. Titov is the 2nd Russian in space aboard Vostok 2 (17 orbits)
  • Aug 6 1st case of motion sickness in space reported
  • Aug 7 Cosmonaut Gherman Titov circles Earth for a full day in Vostok 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 Soviet premier Khrushchev predicts USSR economy will surpass US

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Aug 8 Verne Gagne beats Gene Kiniski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • Aug 9 James Benton Parsons is 1st African American to be nominated to a US Federal District Court
  • Aug 10 UK applies for membership of the European Common Market
  • Aug 13 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
  • Aug 15 Keiyo Road is specified as the first driveway in Japan.
  • Aug 16 250,000 West Berliners demonstrate against East Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16 Martin Luther King Jr.protests for black voting rights in Miami, Florida

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Aug 17 Kennedy administration establishes Alliance for Progress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 US vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Aug 20 East Germany begins erecting 5' high wall along the border with the west to replace the barbed wire put up Aug 13

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 21 Kenyan political activist Jomo Kenyatta released from jail after 9 years. Imprisoned during 1952 Mau Mau rebellion with other nationalist leaders by British authorities

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Aug 22 Maris hits his 50th of 61 homers
  • Aug 23 Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi
  • Aug 23 East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West & East Berlin
  • Aug 23 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back

  • Aug 24 Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
  • Aug 24 Former South African nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice
  • Aug 25 Brazilian president Janio Quadros, resigns
  • Aug 26 Official International Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
  • Aug 27 Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
  • Aug 30 James Benton Parsons is confirmed as 1st African American judge of a US District Court
  • Aug 30 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • Aug 30 USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
  • Aug 31 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
  • Sep 1 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
  • Sep 1 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 1 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
  • Sep 4 US authorizes Agency for International Development
  • Sep 5 JFK begins underground nuclear testing
  • Sep 5 US President JFK signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
  • Sep 5 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Kapustin Yar USSR
  • Sep 10 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 11 Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 mph
  • Sep 11 Foundation of the World Wildlife Fund.
  • Sep 12 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
  • Sep 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 13 Battles between UN & Katanga troops in Congo
  • Sep 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 13 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit
  • Sep 14 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 16 CDU loses West German election
  • Sep 16 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 17 "Car 54, Where are You?" premieres on US TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Sep 17 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 18 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 19 Betty and Barney Hill claim that they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.
  • Sep 20 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
  • Sep 20 African-American student James Meredith is refused enrolment to the segregated University of Mississippi
  • Sep 20 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 21 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
  • Sep 21 Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • Sep 22 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
  • Sep 22 Jim Gentile's ties record of 5 grand slams in a year
  • Sep 27 Sandy Koufax sets NL strikeout season record at 269
  • Sep 27 Sierre Leone becomes 100th member of UN
  • Sep 28 Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
  • Sep 28 USN Comdr Forrest S Petersen takes X-15 to 30,720 m
  • Sep 29 Mamum Kuzbari becomes premier of Syria
  • Sep 30 Bill for Boston Tea Party is paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon who wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost
  • Oct 1 A volcanco believed to be extinct erupts in Tristan da Cunha
  • Oct 1 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
  • Oct 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 2 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 4 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 5 China & Nepal sign treaty
  • Oct 6 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters
  • Oct 6 USSR performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar & Novaya Zemlya USSR

  • Oct 8 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • Oct 9 Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • Oct 9 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • Oct 9 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • Oct 10 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • Oct 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 11 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
  • Oct 11 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 17 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • Oct 17 Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
  • Oct 17 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Oct 18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack
  • Oct 21 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 22 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights & Flemish language in Belgium
  • Oct 23 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 26 First test flight of Saturn launch vehicle
  • Oct 27 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • Oct 27 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of UN
  • Oct 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 29 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 30 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square as part of de-Stalinization efforts

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 31 Hurricane Hattie kills 400 in British Honduras
  • Oct 31 Federal judge rules that laws in Birmingham, Alabama, against integrated playing fields are illegal
  • Nov 2 Max Frisch's "Andorra" premieres in Zurich
  • Nov 3 UN General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant as acting Secretary-General after the death of Dag Hammarskjöld in a plane crash
  • Nov 4 Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes premier of Greece

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru arrives in NY

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Nov 5 St Louis Cards Bill Stacy, returns 2 interceptions for TDs vs Dallas
  • Nov 7 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • Nov 8 Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8, a Lockheed Constellation aircraft, crashes near Richmond, Virginia, 77 die
  • Nov 9 Paddy Chayefsky's "Gideon" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 The X-15 rocket plane under USAF Major Robert M White achieved a world record speed of 4,093 mph (Mach 6.04) and reached 101,600 feet (30,970 m or over 19 miles) altitude
  • Nov 11 Adulterous couple ride a dung cart through Staphorst, Netherlands
  • Nov 11 Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian UN pilots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 11 Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj expelled from USSR's communist party

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • Nov 11 Stalingrad renamed Volgograd
  • Nov 11 "Catch-22" by Joseph Heller is published by Simon and Schuster in New York
  • Nov 13 Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB.
  • Nov 15 Comet C/1961 T1 (Seki) approaches within 0.1019 AUs of Earth
  • Nov 15 UN bans nuclear arms
  • Nov 16 United Kingdom limits immigration from Commonwealth countries
  • Nov 16 US President JFK decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing US combat troops
  • Nov 18 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
  • Nov 18 US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
  • Nov 19 Houston George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Titans (49-13)
  • Nov 26 For 2nd time in his career, St Louis' Jerry Norton has 4 interceptions
  • Nov 28 General Meeting of UN debates New Guinea
  • Nov 28 Martin Walser's "Der Abstecher" premieres in Munich
  • Nov 29 Freedom Riders attacked by white mob at bus station in Miss
  • Nov 29 John A McCone replaces Allen W Dulles as 6th director of CIA
  • Nov 29 Mercury-Atlas 5 carries a chimp (Enos) to orbit
  • Nov 29 Following the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion CIA Director Allen Dulles resigns and is replaced by John McCone
  • Nov 30 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership
  • Dec 1 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Dec 2 Wind Bell, journal of San Francisco Zen Center, begins publishing

  • Dec 3 George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
  • Dec 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Dec 4 Museum of Modern Art hangs Matisse's Le Bateau upside down for 47 days
  • Dec 4 Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 The female contraceptive 'pill' becomes available on the National Health Service in Britain

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • Dec 8 Antwerp Belgium diocese forms
  • Dec 8 South Africa v NZ, Durban debuts for Eddie Barlow & Peter Pollock
  • Dec 9 Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania
  • Dec 10 Houston Oiler Billy Cannon gains record 373 yards against Titans
  • Dec 10 US performs nuclear test at Carlsbad New Mexico (underground)
  • Dec 10 USSR & Albania break diplomatic relations

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Robert Hofstadter and Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer win the Nobel Prize in Physics for their pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleon

  • Dec 11 "Please, Mr. Postman" by Marvelettes released
  • Dec 11 JFK provides US military helicopters & crews to South Vietnam

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

Dec 12 Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • Dec 12 Amateur radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36
  • Dec 12 Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators are arrested in Albany, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 13 Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • Dec 14 Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John" is 1st country song to get a gold record
  • Dec 15 Adolf Eichmann is sentenced to death for war crimes in Israel
  • Dec 15 JFK visits Puerto Rico
  • Dec 15 L J Suenens appointed archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels
  • Dec 17 India seizes Goa & 2 other Portuguese colonies
  • Dec 17 Niteroi Circus in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil catches fire; 323 die after disgruntled employee sets fire to the tent
  • Dec 18 India annexes Portuguese colonies of Goa, Damao & Diu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Dec 21 US President John F. Kennedy and British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan meet in Bermuda

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 Gangster Joe Gallo is sentenced to 7 to 14 years in state prison for extortion

Gangster Joe Gallo
Gangster
Joe Gallo
  • Dec 22 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Dec 23 Train accident in Italy, 70 die
  • Dec 23 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies
  • Dec 27 Belgium & Congo resume diplomatic relations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • Dec 31 The Beach Boys play their debut gig under that name
  • Dec 31 Failed coup by Syrian group in Lebanon
  • Dec 31 Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than $12 billion