On This Day

Events in History in 1963

Events 1 - 200 of 314

  • Jan 1 G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank
  • Jan 4 Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon
  • Jan 7 1st class postage raised from 4 cents to 5 cents
  • Jan 8 "Mona Lisa", on loan, unveiled in America's National Gallery of Art

Historic Event

Jan 9 Mao Zedong writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"

  • Jan 12 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia v England

Historic Event

Jan 14 George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"

Historic Publication

Jan 14 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Plath is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later

Historic Event

Jan 16 Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb

Historic Event

Jan 16 Tennessee Williams' "Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore" premieres

  • Jan 17 Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km
  • Jan 18 Reinier Paping wins Dutch 11-Cities Skating Race (10:59)

Treaty of Interest

Jan 22 Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer

  • Jan 27 Yevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec
  • Jan 28 -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)

Historic Event

Jan 30 Ivan Sutherland submits a thesis containing his Sketchpad program, a forerunner to modern-day graphic user interfaces and computer-aided design programs

  • Feb 1 Nyasaland (now Malawi) becomes self-governing under Hastings Banda
  • Feb 5 Maarten Schmidt discovers enormous red shifts in quasars
  • Feb 5 Soviet lunar probe failure
  • Feb 8 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
  • Feb 8 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 9 1st flight of Boeing 727 jet
  • Feb 9 7th largest snowfall in NYC history (42.4 cm, 16.7")
  • Feb 10 US female Figure Skating championship won by Lorraine Hanlon
  • Feb 10 US male Figure Skating championship won by Thomas Litz
  • Feb 11 CIA Domestic Operations Division created
  • Feb 11 American chef Julia Child's show "The French Chef" premieres

Historic Event

Feb 12 Argentina requests the extradition of ex-president Juan Perón

  • Feb 14 US launches communications satellite Syncom 1
  • Feb 15 Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
  • Feb 16 1st round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US)
  • Feb 16 C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down

'The Banality of Evil'

Feb 16 Philosopher Hannah Arendt's controversial account of the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann is first published in "The New Yorker"

Historic Event

Feb 19 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Historic Event

Feb 19 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

Historic Publication

Feb 19 "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan, widely credited as the start of second-wave feminism, is published

  • Feb 21 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 1 200,000 French mine workers strike
  • Mar 3 Senegal adopts a new constitution
  • Mar 8 Syrian Arab Rep Revolution Day - Military coup in Syria
  • Mar 11 Somalia drops diplomatic relations with Great Britain

Historic Event

Mar 11 US Defense Secretary Robert MacNamara orders the adoption by the US military of the M16 assault rifle, originally designed as the AR-15 by Eugene Stoner

  • Mar 13 Two Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
  • Mar 13 Indonesia & Netherlands reinstate diplomatic relations

Beatification

Mar 17 Elizabeth Ann Seton of NY beatified (canonized in 1975)

  • Mar 17 Eruptions of Mount Agung on Bali, kills 1,900 Balinese
  • Mar 18 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria
  • Mar 20 1st "Pop Art" exhibition (NYC)
  • Mar 22 British Minister of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler
  • Mar 23 Rolf Hochhuth's play "Der Stellvertreter" (The Representative) premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 27 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
  • Mar 30 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • Mar 31 LA ends streetcar service after 90 years
  • Apr 1 NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
  • Apr 2 Explorer 17 attains Earth orbit (254/914 km)
  • Apr 2 USSR launches Luna 4; missed Moon by 8,500 km
  • Apr 5 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • Apr 7 Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
  • Apr 10 USS Thresher, a nuclear powered submarine, sinks 220 miles east of Boston killing 129 men, including 17 civilians
  • Apr 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Catholic Encyclical

Apr 11 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical "Pacem in terris", that peace between all peoples must be based on truth, justice, love and freedom

  • Apr 11 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 12 Police in Birmingham, Alabama, use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators
  • Apr 13 Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game
  • Apr 18 Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
  • Apr 20 -30] All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda
  • Apr 21 The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time

Historic Event

Apr 22 Lester B. Pearson is sworn in as the 14th Prime Minister of Canada

  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 27 "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname

Historic Event

Apr 27 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow

  • Apr 28 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
  • Apr 29 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KPAT
  • May 1 1st American (James Whittaker) conquers Mount Everest
  • May 1 Indonesia takes control of Irian Jaya (west New Guinea) from Neth

Historic Publication

May 1 Gloria Steinem's exposé , "A Bunny's Tale", on the working conditions for waitresses (bunnies) at New York City’s famed Playboy Club, published in "Show" magazine

Historic Event

May 2 Children's crusade begins in Birmingham, Alabama. More than 600 African American school children arrested for marching against segregation, organised by James Bevel and the SCLC

  • May 3 Leslie Narum is only Baltimore Oriole to homer on his 1st at bat
  • May 3 Birmingham officials turn high pressure hoses and dogs on children's crusade protest against segregation prompting widespread condemnation
  • May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to Barbara Tuchman (Guns of August)
  • May 7 SETC Telstar 2 launched (apogee 6,700 miles (10,800 km))
  • May 8 U.S. President John F. Kennedy offers Israel assistance against aggression from its neighbors
  • May 9 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 11 Racial bomb attacks in Birmingham Alabama
  • May 12 Race riot in Birmingham, Alabama
  • May 14 Kuwait is 111th member of the United Nations
  • May 15 Last Project Mercury flight, L Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched
  • May 15 Peter, Paul & Mary win their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer)
  • May 16 Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits in Faith 7, ends US Proj Mercury
  • May 17 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Appointment of Interest

May 20 Sukarno appointed president of Indonesia

  • May 22 Greek parliament leader Lambrakis injured
  • May 24 1st Lockheed A-12 to crash, CIA pilot Ken Collins ejects safely
  • May 25 Organization for African Unity formed by Chad, Mauritania and Zambia
  • May 26 Organization of African Unity forms
  • May 26 Wes Stock becomes only Baltimore Oriole to win a doubleheader

Election of Interest

May 27 Jomo Kenyatta elected 1st Prime Minister of Kenya

  • May 28 Cyclone hits Chittagong, Bangladesh; about 1 million houses destroyed
  • May 28 Estimated 22,000 die in a cyclone in the Bay of Bengal (India)
  • Jun 3 A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia, killing 101
  • Jun 5 British Minister of War John Profumo resigns due to Christine Keeler scandal
  • Jun 5 Dutch Princess Marijke changes her name to Christina

Historic Siege

Jun 5 State of siege proclaimed in Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini arrested

  • Jun 6 Gasunie, Dutch gas and transportation company established
  • Jun 8 American Heart Association is 1st agency to campaign against cigarettes
  • Jun 10 US Equal Pay Act signed into law by President John F. Kennedy
  • Jun 11 Gov Wallace tries to prevent blacks registering at University of Alabama
  • Jun 11 Greek government of Karamanlis resigns
  • Jun 11 US President JFK says segregation is morally wrong and that it is "time to act"

Vietnamese Monk Burns Himself Alive

Jun 11 Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức immolates himself at a Saigon intersection, creating one of the Vietnam War's most iconic images

  • Jun 12 American civil rights activist Medgar Evers is assassinated by white supremacist Byron De La Beckwith in Jackson, Mississippi
  • Jun 14 Valery Bykovsky in Vostok 5 orbits earth 81 times in 5 days

Historic Event

Jun 15 Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns

Historic Event

Jun 16 Soviet space mission Vostok 6 is launched with Valentina Tereshkova onboard, who becomes the 1st woman in space

  • Jun 16 Levi Eshkol replaces David Ben-Gurion as Israeli Prime Minister
  • Jun 17 British House of Commons debates Profumo-Christine Keeler affair
  • Jun 17 Supreme Court rules against Bible reading/prayer in public schools
  • Jun 18 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school to protest de facto segregation
  • Jun 19 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
  • Jun 19 Charter members of Canadian Football Hall of Fame chosen
  • Jun 19 Greek government of Pipinolis forms
  • Jun 19 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth
  • Jun 20 US & USSR agree to set up "Hot Line"

Papal Inauguration

Jun 21 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of Roman Catholic Church, succeeding John XXIII

  • Jun 23 US President John F. Kennedy tours Western Europe
  • Jun 23 The Detroit March to Freedom occurs with 125,000 people participating, the largest civil rights demonstration in America up to that point
  • Jun 24 Levi Eshkol forms 11th Israeli government
  • Jun 24 Zanzibar granted internal self-government by Britain
  • Jun 25 JFK speaks at Pauls Church in Frankfurt
  • Jun 25 Curnick Ndlovu, South African worker's union leader and African National Congress Leader, is arrested for acts of sabotage
  • Jun 26 Alfons Gorbach forms Austrian government
  • Jun 26 Dutch 2nd Chamber condemns commercial TV
  • Jun 26 US President John F. Kennedy gives his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" (intended to mean "I am a Berliner", but may actually mean "I am a doughnut") speech in West Berlin
  • Jun 27 Bill J Kramer & Dakotas record Lennon & McCartney "I Call Your Name"
  • Jun 27 US President John F. Kennedy spend his 1st full day in Ireland
  • Jun 27 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth in X-15 reaches 86,900 m
  • Jun 28 Belaunde Terry inaugurated as President of Peru
  • Jun 28 Nikita Khrushchev visits East Berlin
  • Jun 29 SVB, Students Unions, established under Barrel Regtien
  • Jun 30 Ciaculli massacre: A car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo
  • Jun 30 International Labour Organisation excludes South Africa from its two-day meeting because of its apartheid policies
  • Jul 1 US President JFK arrives in Rome
  • Jul 1 ZIP (Zone Improvement Plan) Codes are introduced for United States mail
  • Jul 3 In New Zealand, a National Airways Corporation Dakota DC-3 crashes in the Kaimai Ranges; all 23 passengers and crew are killed in New Zealand’s worst internal civil aviation accident
  • Jul 6 South African workers' union leader Billy Nair arrested
  • Jul 8 Reports of Charlie Finley's intention to move KC A's to Oakland
  • Jul 8 US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba
  • Jul 9 Crusher Lisowski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • Jul 11 South-African ANC Walter Sisulu/Andrew Mlangeni/Govan Mbeki arrested
  • Jul 13 Indian government announces it will cut last remaining links with South Africa by refusing landing facilities to South African aircraft
  • Jul 16 Amazon river carries 190,000 m3/sec of water (record)
  • Jul 18 Failed military coup in Syria
  • Jul 18 The United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid releases its second interim report pressing for international sanctions against South Africa, particularly the supply of arms, ammunition and petroleum
  • Jul 19 NASA civilian Test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 reaches 105 km
  • Jul 20 17 African states & Madagascar sign peace treaty with EC
  • Jul 20 Verne Gagne beats Crusher Lisowski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • Jul 20 Riots break out at Mt Eden Prison, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Jul 22 Sarawak achieves independence from British colonial rule
  • Jul 24 124 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • Jul 24 Dutch government of Marijnen forms
  • Jul 25 Belgian Senate accept Law on language regulations
  • Jul 25 US, Russia & Britain sign nuclear Test ban treaty
  • Jul 26 Skopje, Yugoslavia, destroyed by earthquake, kills 1,000+
  • Jul 26 US Syncom 2, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
  • Jul 26 The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development votes to admit Japan.
  • Jul 27 Fritz Von Erich beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • Jul 27 General Amin al-Hafez becomes President of Syria

Historic Event

Jul 30 British spy Kim Philby found in Moscow

  • Jul 31 Arturo Illia elected President of Argentina
  • Aug 1 Germany FR annexes Elten village
  • Aug 2 30th Chicago College All-Star Game: All-Stars 20, Green Bay 17, 65,000 at Soldier Field
  • Aug 3 Allan Sherman releases "Hello Muddah, Hello Fadduh"
  • Aug 5 Britain, USA and USSR sign nuclear test ban treaty
  • Aug 5 Craig Breedlove sets world land speed record of 407.477 mph in Spirit of America at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah

Historic Event

Aug 7 Jacqueline Kennedy becomes 1st US First Lady to give birth (Patrick Kennedy) since Mrs Cleveland

  • Aug 8 Great Train Robbery in England, £2.6 million ($7.3 million)
  • Aug 8 Verne Gagne beats Fritz Von Erich in Amarillo, to become NWA champ
  • Aug 11 Kingston Trio are mystery guest on "What's My Line?"
  • Aug 11 Four ANC political detainees escape from Pretoria Central prison in South Africa
  • Aug 12 Portuguese dictator Salazar firm on African colonization
  • Aug 13 US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas
  • Aug 15 Fulbert Youlou resigns as President of Congo-Brazzaville
  • Aug 16 Independence is restored to Dominican Republic
  • Aug 17 Oriole's Dick Hall retires his 28th consecutive player in relief

Historic Event

Aug 18 James Meredith becomes the 1st black graduate from University of Mississippi

  • Aug 19 NAACP Youth Council begins sit-ins at lunch counters, Oklahoma City
  • Aug 21 Jerry Lynch's record 15th pinch-hit HR gives Pirates a 7-6 win
  • Aug 21 Martial law declared in South Vietnam, following raids on Buddhist pagodas
  • Aug 22 NASA civilian test pilot Joe Walker in the X-15 rocket plane achieves a world record altitude of 354,200 feet (107,960 m, 67 miles)
  • Aug 23 Ringo admits he wrote a song "Don't Pass Me By"
  • Aug 23 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 24 1st 200 meter freestyle swum under 2 minutes (Don Schollander 1:58)
  • Aug 28 Evergreen Point Floating Bridge connecting Seattle & Bellevue opens

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

Aug 28 Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I have a dream" speech addressing the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom civil rights march at Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C.

  • Aug 30 Hotline communication link between the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the Kremlin in Moscow installed. Often known as the "red telephone" no phones were ever used, relying instead on Teletype equipment, fax machines and most recently secure email.
  • Sep 1 Language laws in Belgium goes into effect causing a riot
  • Sep 2 Alabama Governor George Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee High School
  • Sep 4 Swissair Flight 306 crashes near Dürrenäsch, Switzerland, killing all 80 people on board