Events in History in 1970

Events 1 - 200 of 417

  • Jan 1 "The Epoch" (Time 0 for UNIX systems, Midnight GMT)
  • Jan 1 Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established
  • Jan 1 Revised calendar for Western (RC) Church goes into effect
  • Jan 1 The Netherland Christian Workers Union (NCW) forms
  • Jan 1 The Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), an infantry regiment of the British Army, comes into existence
  • Jan 1 The University College of Zululand, formerly affiliated to the University of South Africa, attains full academic autonomy as the University of Zululand.
  • Jan 1 US Federal oil depletion allowance reduced from 27.5 to 22.0 percent
  • Jan 2 US population is 293,200,000; African American population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)
  • Jan 3 Marxist government takes over in Congo
  • Jan 4 More than 15,000 people are killed in Tonghai County, China after a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • Jan 4 NYC transit fare rises from 20 cents to 30 cents, new larger tokens used

Historic Event

Jan 4 Walter Cronkite ends hosting weekly documentary

  • Jan 5 23,000 Belgian mine workers strike
  • Jan 9 Constitution of Singapore enacted
  • Jan 11 Irish republican political party Sinn Féin party splits between those in favor of abstentionism (of not taking any seats won in the parliaments) and those where against
  • Jan 13 Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu flees Biafra into exile, leaving his deputy Philip Effiong to surrender to the Nigerian army, unofficially ending the Nigerian Civil War
  • Jan 13 Riots begin in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast
  • Jan 14 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers patrol the Falls Road area of Belfast for the first time since 1969

Historic Event

Jan 15 Muammar Gaddafi is proclaimed premier of Libya

  • Jan 15 Nigerian civil war officially ends after 2 1/2 years of fighting when the Republic of Biafra disbands and joins Nigeria
  • Jan 15 Riots break out in the Ardoyne area of Belfast
  • Jan 16 4 months after leading a coup against monarchy, Muammar Gaddafi takes over rule of Libya
  • Jan 16 AAU player Steve Myers makes a basketball field goal of 92'3½" from out of bounds, Tacoma-it shouldn't have counted, but was allowed
  • Jan 16 Buckminster Fuller receives the Gold Medal award from the American Institute of Architects
  • Jan 17 John M Burgess installed as bishop of Protestant Episcopals (Mass)
  • Jan 18 Hasse Borjes skates world record 500m in 38.9 sec
  • Jan 19 Eight Bishops of the Roman Catholic Church in the Netherlands say there should be room in the church for both married priests and celibate priests
  • Jan 19 US President Richard Nixon nominates G Harold Carswell to Supreme Court, approval rejected by US Senate
  • Jan 20 Super Fight, computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano; Marciano won.
  • Jan 22 1st commercial Boeing 747 flight, Pan American World Airways flies from New York City to London in 6½ hours
  • Jan 22 Test debut of Barry Richards, South Africa v Australia, Cape Town
  • Jan 23 Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)
  • Jan 23 Member of Dutch feminist group Dolle Mina burn their bras in Amsterdam
  • Jan 23 US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1
  • Jan 23 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jan 24 3rd ABA All-Star Game: West 128 beats East 98 at Indiana
  • Jan 24 Valeri Muratov skates world record 500m (38.99 sec)
  • Jan 26 "Bridge over Troubled Water" 5th and final studio album by Simon & Garfunkel is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year, Best Engineered Non-Classical Album 1971)
  • Jan 26 Pendleton, Ford & Cryer's "Last Sweet Days of Isaac," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 28 Lubomír Strougal succeeds Cernik as premier of Czechoslovakia
  • Jan 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Meeting of Interest

Feb 1 Northern Ireland PM Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary James Callaghan to discuss the economy of Northern Ireland

  • Feb 1 Stalled commuter train rammed by express in Argentina, 139 die
  • Feb 1 West-Germany & USSR sign gas contract
  • Feb 4 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 5 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 7 LSU's "Pistol" Pete Marovich scores 69 pts in losing cause
  • Feb 7 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • Feb 10 26.4 cm precipitation falls on Mount Washington NH (state record)
  • Feb 10 Dry powder avalanche moving at 120 mph smashes into youth hostel at Val d'Isere, France, killing 40 Belgian, French, & German youths
  • Feb 11 26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mt Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec)
  • Feb 11 Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit
  • Feb 12 Anthony Shaffer's "Sleuth" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 13 Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
  • Feb 13 NL offices begins move from Cincinnati to San Francisco (completed Feb 23)
  • Feb 15 Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102
  • Feb 15 Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo
  • Feb 17 Robert Marasco's "Child's Play" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 17 US army officer Jeffrey MacDonald murders his pregnant wife and two small daughters
  • Feb 18 Chicago 7 defendants found innocent of inciting to riot

Historic Event

Feb 18 US President Richard Nixon launches the "Nixon doctrine"

  • Feb 19 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
  • Feb 21 Jackson 5 make TV debut on "American Bandstand"
  • Feb 21 Pathet Lao conquers Xieng Khuang & Muong Suy
  • Feb 23 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
  • Feb 23 Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service
  • Feb 24 29 Swiss Army officers die in avalanche (Reckingen, Switzerland)
  • Feb 24 Heintje Simons (14) wins 7 gold records
  • Feb 27 NY Times (falsely) reports US army has ended domestic surveillance

Album Release

Mar 1 Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released

  • Mar 1 End of US commercial whale hunting
  • Mar 1 Kreisky's Social Democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
  • Mar 2 American Airlines' 1st flight of a Boeing 747
  • Mar 2 Supreme Court ruled draft evaders can not be penalized after 5 years
  • Mar 2 White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic
  • Mar 4 French submarine "Eurydice" explodes off Cape Camarat in the Mediterranean, all 57 crew lost
  • Mar 5 Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
  • Mar 5 Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St NYC
  • Mar 5 Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
  • Mar 5 SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC
  • Mar 6 A Catholic man is shot dead by British soldiers in Belfast, North Ireland
  • Mar 7 Ice Pairs Championship at Ljubljana won by Rodnina & Ulanov (URS)
  • Mar 7 Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Ljubljana won by Gabriele Seyfert (GDR)
  • Mar 10 Members of the Stormont Parliament of Northern Ireland given police protection
  • Mar 11 Iraqi Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation
  • Mar 12 US lowers voting age from 21 to 18
  • Mar 13 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam
  • Mar 13 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
  • Mar 13 San Francisco city employees begin 4-day strike
  • Mar 15 Expo '70 opens in Osaka, Japan
  • Mar 16 Oxford University Press and Cambridge University press co-publish The Old Testament of the New English Bible, and Complete New English Bible, incorporating the New Testament first published in 1961
  • Mar 17 US casts their 1st UN Security Council veto (Support England)
  • Mar 18 Cambodia military coup under General Lon Nol, Prince Sihanuk flees
  • Mar 18 Five Unionist Members of Parliament (MPs), including William Craig and Harry West, are expelled from the Unionist Parliamentary Party, Northern Ireland
  • Mar 18 Two-week US postal strike begins; it is against the government and is the largest wildcat strike in US history
  • Mar 19 W German chancellor & E German premier meet
  • Mar 22 "Blood Red Roses" opens & closes at John Golden Theater NYC
  • Mar 23 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 24 Dutch cartoonist Frans Piet ends "Sjors & Sjimmie" strip
  • Mar 25 Concorde makes its 1st supersonic flight (700 MPH/1,127 KPH)
  • Mar 26 500th nuclear explosion announced by the US since 1945
  • Mar 26 Golden Gate Park Conservatory made San Francisco city landmark
  • Mar 26 The Police (Northern Ireland) Act becomes law; the act provides for the disarmament of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) and the establishment of an RUC reserve force
  • Mar 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Mar 28 1,086 die when 7.4 quake destroys 254 villages in Gediz Turkey
  • Mar 30 USSR wins its 8th straight world hockey championship
  • Mar 31 Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit
  • Mar 31 Federal bankruptcy court allows Seattle Pilots to be sold to Milwaukee
  • Mar 31 Following an Orange Order parade, intense riots erupt on the Springfield Road in Belfast; violence lasts for three days, and the British Army use CS gas for the first time in large quantities
  • Apr 1 Serious riots continue in the Ballymurphy estate in Belfast between Catholic residents and the British Army
  • Apr 1 US President Richard Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements from 1st Jan 1971
  • Apr 2 2 men begin ascent of south face of Annapurna I, highest final stage in a wall climb in world
  • Apr 2 Meghalaya becomes autonomous state within India's Assam state
  • Apr 3 As part of a new 'get tough' policy in Northern Ireland, Ian Freeland of the British Army, warned that those throwing petrol bombs could be shot dead
  • Apr 3 Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th attempt
  • Apr 4 Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Don Johnson
  • Apr 8 Senate rejects Nixon's nomination of Judge G. Harrold Carswell to US Supreme Court
  • Apr 11 Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days
  • Apr 11 San Francisco beats Cincinnati 2-1, only day Reds aren't in 1st place in 1970
  • Apr 13 Apollo 13 announces "Okay, Houston, we've had a problem here", as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
  • Apr 13 Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener: Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation
  • Apr 15 Libyan leader Gadaffi launches "Green Revolution"
  • Apr 16 70 die in a snow crush (France)

Historic Event

Apr 16 Protestant Unionist Ian Paisley wins seat formerly held by Terence O'Neill in the Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)

  • Apr 17 Apollo 13 limps back safely, Beech-built oxygen tank no help
  • Apr 19 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win
  • Apr 20 Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
  • Apr 21 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is formed; it attempts to appeal to Catholics and Protestant to unite in support of moderate policies
  • Apr 21 The Principality of Hutt River (previously Hutt River Province) secedes from Australia - it remains unrecognised by Australia or other nations
  • Apr 22 First Earth Day celebrated, founded by Gaylord Nelson
  • Apr 24 Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth
  • Apr 24 People's Republic of China launches its 1st satellite transmitting song "East is Red"
  • Apr 25 Freda Payne releases "Band of Gold"
  • Apr 25 Melanie (Safka) releases "Lay Down"
  • Apr 29 US and South Vietnamese forces launch an incursion into Cambodia, expanding the Vietnam War
  • Apr 30 US troops invade Cambodia
  • May 3 Trans-Arabian Pipeline delivery from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterranean interrupted in Syria, driving oil tanker rates to all time highs
  • May 4 National Guard kills 4 student anti-war protesters at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio
  • May 4 Premier Kosygin affirms existence Russian military advisors in Egypt
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Erik H Erikson (Gandhi's Truth)
  • May 5 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site

Historic Event

May 6 Irish Prime Minister Jack Lynch sacks two ministers in the Irish government over allegations of illegal arms importation

  • May 6 Yuchiro Miura of Japan skis down Mt Everest
  • May 8 Construction workers break up an anti-war rally in NYC's Wall Street
  • May 8 Thousands of students protest against the Vietnam War following the Kent State University shootings in Ohio
  • May 11 Henry Marrow is murdered in a violent racially-motivated crime in Oxford, North Carolina.
  • May 12 Harry Blackmun is confirmed as a justice on Supreme Court
  • May 12 Race riots in Augusta Georgia; 6 blacks killed (5 by cops)
  • May 12 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 14 Harry Blackmun (61), nominated by Richard Nixon, earns seat on US Supreme Court after confirmation by US Senate, 94-0; serves until 1994

Historic Event

May 14 Militant leftist Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader freed from prison after serving 2 years in West Berlin

  • May 14 NYC local newspaper "Our Town" begins publishing
  • May 15 Elizabeth Hoisington and Anna Mae Mays named 1st female US generals
  • May 15 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • May 15 Mississippi Highway Patrol kill 2 students during racial disturbance at Jackson State University in Mississippi
  • May 20 100,000 march in NY supporting US policies in Vietnam
  • May 20 2 die and 70 injured when 2 NYC subway trains crash in Queens
  • May 21 National Guard mobilizes to quell disturbances at Ohio State University
  • May 21 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • May 22 Arab terrorists kill 9 children & 3 adults on a school bus
  • May 22 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • May 23 A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage
  • May 23 USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
  • May 24 The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union
  • May 26 The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2
  • May 27 British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal, 10th highest mountain
  • May 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • May 28 Arms Trial Begins: several men are charged in a Dublin court with conspiracy to illegally import arms for use by the Irish Republican Army (IRA)
  • May 28 The formerly united Free University of Brussels officially splits into two separate entities, the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles and the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
  • May 29 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • May 31 7.75 Ancash earthquake off coast of Peru kills 66-70,000 and sets off world's deadliest avalanche

Historic Event

May 31 Cathedral of Brasília, designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer is dedicated in the Brazilian capital Brasília

  • Jun 1 Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days
  • Jun 3 1st artificial gene synthesized
  • Jun 4 43rd National Spelling Bee: Libby Childress wins spelling croissant
  • Jun 4 Tonga (formerly Friendly Islands) declares independence from UK
  • Jun 5 Chile becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • Jun 5 The Falls Road curfew in North Ireland, imposed by the British Army while searching for IRA weapons, is lifted after a march by women breaches the British Army cordon
  • Jun 8 MLB players union and management end labor dispute, raising minimum salary to $12,000
  • Jun 9 Argentine military junta under Juan Carlos Lanusse ousts President Juan Carlos Onganía
  • Jun 9 Harry Blackmun sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice
  • Jun 11 US leaves Wheelus AFB Libya
  • Jun 16 Kenneth A. Gibson elected 1st black mayor of Newark, New Jersey
  • Jun 16 Race riots in Miami, Florida

Election of Interest

Jun 18 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party

  • Jun 19 A Nikolayev & V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9
  • Jun 19 Conservatives led by Edward Heath win British parliamentary election
  • Jun 19 The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed
  • Jun 20 British government of Edward Heath forms (with Margaret Thatcher in the Cabinet)
  • Jun 21 Detroit's Cesar Gutierrez goes 7-for-7 to tie a record set in 1892
  • Jun 22 Irish socialist, republican and Member of Parliament, Bernadette Devlin, loses her appeal against a 6-month prison sentence imposed for taking part in riots in Derry
  • Jun 22 President Richard Nixon signs extension of the 1965 Voting Rights Act that requires voting age at 18 in all federal, state, and local elections
  • Jun 22 Supreme Court ruled juries of less than 12 are constitutional

Historic Event

Jun 23 Charles Rangel defeats Adam Clayton Powell Jr. in Democratic primary in New York

  • Jun 24 Bobby Murcer ties record of 4 consecutive HRs
  • Jun 24 Reds play final game at Cincinnati's Crosley Field, beat Giants 5-4
  • Jun 24 US Senate votes overwhelmingly to repeal Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • Jun 26 Two young girls die in a premature explosion in Derry after their father, a member of the Irish Republican Army, was making an incendiary device, presumably for use against the British Army
  • Jun 27 Following the arrest of Bernadette Devlin, intense riots erupt in Derry and Belfast leading to a prolonged gun battle between Irish republicans and loyalists
  • Jun 28 Around 500 Catholic workers at the Harland and Wolff shipyard are forced to leave their work by Protestant employees as serious rioting continues in Belfast