On This Day

Events in History in August 1971

  • Aug 4 US launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
  • Aug 5 The British Parliament debate the security situation in Northern Ireland
  • Aug 7 Apollo 15 returns to Earth
  • Aug 7 A Catholic man is shot dead by a British soldier in Belfast
  • Aug 8 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Aug 8 A British soldier is shot dead by the Irish Republican Army in Belfast
  • Aug 9 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • Aug 10 During the internment round-up operation in west Belfast, the Parachute Regiment kill 11 unarmed civilians in what became known as the Ballymurphy massacre
  • Aug 11 Construction begins on Louisiana Superdome
  • Aug 11 4 people are shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast; three of them by the British Army, as violence continues following the introduction of Internment and Operation Demetrius

Historic Event

Aug 12 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan

  • Aug 14 Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule
  • Aug 14 British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland
  • Aug 14 Cards Bob Gibson, 35, no-hits Pirates, 11-0
  • Aug 14 France performs nuclear test
  • Aug 15 Bahrain gains independence from Britain
  • Aug 15 KVRL (now KRIV) TV ch 26 in Houston, Texas (Fox) begins

Historic Event

Aug 15 US President Richard Nixon announces 90-day freeze on wages, prices & rents

  • Aug 15 The Social Democratic and Labour Party announce a campaign of civil disobedience in response to the introduction of Internment in Northern Ireland
  • Aug 16 Over 8,000 workers go on strike in Derry, Northern Ireland, in protest at the introduction of Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)

Historic Event

Aug 18 New Zealand Prime Minister Keith Holyoake announces in Parliament that New Zealand’s combat force would be withdrawn from Vietnam before the end of the year, coinciding with a similar announcement by the Australian government

  • Aug 20 FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr
  • Aug 22 Bolivian military coup under col Hugo Banzer, pres Torres driven out

Historic Event

Aug 22 J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the "Camden 28".

  • Aug 22 Approximately 130 non-Unionist councillors announce their withdrawal from participation on district councils across Northern Ireland in protest against Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • Aug 24 India beat England by 4 wickets, their win against the Poms
  • Aug 25 Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party Gerry Fitt presents a number of allegations of brutality by the security forces in Northern Ireland to representatives of the United Nations
  • Aug 26 Dutch Queen Juliana & Prince Bernhard visit Indonesia
  • Aug 26 NY Giant football team announces they're leaving Bronx for New Jersey in 1975
  • Aug 28 The US dollar is allowed to float against the Japanese yen for the first time.
  • Aug 31 An inquiry into allegations of brutality by the security forces against those interned without trial in Northern Ireland is announced