On This Day

Events in History in October 1973

  • Oct 1 USSR-West Germany gas tunnel opens
  • Oct 3 Willi Stoph succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader
  • Oct 4 Hans of Manens ballet "Adagio Hammerklavier" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 5 Signature of the European Patent Convention.
  • Oct 6 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel
  • Oct 7 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • Oct 8 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • Oct 8 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • Oct 9 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • Oct 9 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • Oct 9 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 10 US Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to allegations of tax fraud

Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
  • Oct 11 Oakland beats Baltimore 3 games to 2 to win AL pennant
  • Oct 11 Héctor José Cámpora is elected President of Argentina
  • Oct 12 Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 US President Richard Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as Vice President

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

  • Oct 13 Jordan enters Yom Kippur war
  • Oct 14 Egyptian tanks move further into Israel
  • Oct 15 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • Oct 16 Israeli tanks under Gen Sharon move through Suez Canal

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Oct 16 Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho controversially awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam that later failed

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger
  • Oct 16 Maynard Jackson elected 1st black mayor of Atlanta
  • Oct 16 Monks Heng Yo & Heng Ju, start 1000 mile SF to Seattle pilgrimage
  • Oct 16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • Oct 17 OPEC oil ministers use oil as an economic weapon in the Arab-Israeli War, mandating a cut in exports and recommending an embargo against unfriendly states
  • Oct 18 Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin
  • Oct 18 Nobel prize for Economic Sciences awarded to American Wassily Leontief
  • Oct 19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States
  • Oct 20 OPEC oil embargo begins
  • Oct 20 US President Nixon accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus as they refuse orders to discharge Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, in what has become known as "The Saturday Night Massacre"
  • Oct 20 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass
  • Oct 22 Israeli troops reconquer mountain Hermon
  • Oct 22 Security Council Resolution 338-cease fire to Yom Kippur War

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Oct 23 Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge John Sirica

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Oct 23 UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • Oct 23 Arab oil embargo extended to the Netherlands
  • Oct 24 Heavy fog causes 65 car collision killing 9 on New Jersey Turnpike
  • Oct 24 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus
  • Oct 25 Chris Wills wins 1st National hang-gliding championship
  • Oct 26 Israeli forces reach Suez, trapping Egyptian army
  • Oct 26 President Nixon releases first White House tapes on Watergate scandal
  • Oct 26 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 27 Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6
  • Oct 30 Tom Seaver becomes 1st non-20-game winner to win Cy Young award

TurkeyOpening of the Bosphorus Bridge

Oct 30 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time

Learn More
The Bosphorus Bridge, Istanbul that connects the continents of Europe and Asia
The Bosphorus Bridge, Istanbul that connects the continents of Europe and Asia
Learn More
  • Oct 31 Tom Seaver wins NL Cy Young Award
  • Oct 31 Three Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers escape from Mountjoy Prison in Dublin using a hijacked helicopter