Events in History in 1974

Events 1 - 200 of 373

  • Jan 1 With effect from this date the New Zealand government terminates all tariff preferences previously granted to South Africa
  • Jan 1 World Population Year begins

Historic Event

Jan 2 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon

  • Jan 2 Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres
  • Jan 3 Arias Navarro succeeds Carrero Blanco as Premier of Spain
  • Jan 3 Burma accepts its constitution
  • Jan 3 Gold hits record $121.25 an ounce in London
  • Jan 3 Miguel Pinero's "Short Eyes," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 4 Nixon refuses to hand over tapes subpoenaed by Watergate Committee
  • Jan 5 An earthquake in Lima, Peru, kills six people, and damages hundreds of houses
  • Jan 6 In response to the 1973 energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly four months early in the United States.
  • Jan 6 United Kingdom begins three-day work week during energy crisis
  • Jan 7 Gasoline rationed in Netherlands
  • Jan 8 Gold hits record $126.50 an ounce in London
  • Jan 8 Silver hits record $3.40 an ounce in New York
  • Jan 12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
  • Jan 13 Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.
  • Jan 14 World Football League founded
  • Jan 15 Expert panel reports 18½ minute gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures

Historic Publication

Jan 16 "Jaws" by Peter Benchley is published by Doubleday

  • Jan 16 L A Landslide kills 9 in Canyonville, Oregon
  • Jan 18 Israel & Egypt sign weapons accord
  • Jan 19 Belgium government of Leburton falls
  • Jan 19 China and South Vietnam clash over the Paracel Islands, resulting in a Chinese victory
  • Jan 20 7th ABA All-Star Game: East 128 beats West 112 at Virginia
  • Jan 21 Gold hits record $161.31, silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London
  • Jan 23 1st edition of women's magazine "Story"
  • Jan 24 10th British Commonwealth Games open in Christchurch, New Zealand

Historic Event

Jan 25 Dr. Christiaan Barnard transplants 1st heterotopic heart transplant (adding donor heart without removal of old)

Election of Interest

Jan 26 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 1st time

  • Jan 29 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession
  • Jan 30 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Feb 1 Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory.
  • Feb 2 Playmobil toys debut at the Nuremberg Toy Fair, designed by Hans Beck and produced by the Brandstätter Group

Catholic Encyclical

Feb 2 Pope Paul VI encyclical "To Honor Mary"

  • Feb 2 The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time.
  • Feb 4 Chimpanzee Nim Chimsky signs his 1st word, at 2½ months
  • Feb 4 Petroleum rationing ends in Netherlands
  • Feb 4 Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes on a bus in West Yorkshire, England, carrying British Army soldiers and some of their family members
  • Feb 4 Randolph Hearst’s 19-year-old daughter, Patty Hearst, is kidnapped from her apartment in California by the Symbionese Liberation Army
  • Feb 5 British miners begin their strike in reaction to the three-day week
  • Feb 5 John Murtha becomes the first Vietnam War veteran elected to the United States Congress
  • Feb 5 Maximum speed on Autobahn reduced to 100 kph
  • Feb 5 US Mariner 10 returns 1st close-up photos of Venus' cloud structure
  • Feb 6 Dutch speed limit set at 100km due to oil crisis
  • Feb 6 US House of Reps begins determining grounds for impeachment of President Richard Nixon
  • Feb 7 Grenada gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • Feb 7 The Symbionese Liberation Army claim responsibility for the kidnapping of Patty Hearst, daughter of Randolph Hearst

Election of Interest

Feb 7 UK Prime Minister Edward Heath calls for a 'snap' general election in the midst of a protracted miners' strike

  • Feb 8 3 US astronauts return to Earth after a 85 days in the US space station, Skylab
  • Feb 9 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • Feb 10 Iran / Iraqi border fight breaks out
  • Feb 10 Silver futures hit record $4.81½ an ounce in London

Historic Event

Feb 11 Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent

  • Feb 11 Libya nationalizes three US oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September
  • Feb 11 Titan-Centaur rocket test launch fails
  • Feb 12 Heads of state of Algeria, Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia discuss oil strategy in view of the progress in Arab-Israeli disengagement

Historic Event

Feb 13 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

  • Feb 17 Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter.
  • Feb 18 NASA launches Italian satellite San Marcos C-2 (235/843 km)
  • Feb 18 US ambassador to India Daniel Moynihan present $2,046,700,000 check
  • Feb 21 Israeli forces leave western Suez
  • Feb 21 Silver hits record $5.96½ an ounce in London
  • Feb 21 Yugoslavia adopts constitution
  • Feb 22 Ethiopian police shoot at demonstrators
  • Feb 24 Pakistan officially recognizes Bangladesh
  • Feb 26 Gold hits record $188 an ounce in Paris
  • Feb 27 "People" magazine begins sales
  • Feb 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 28 Ethiopian government of Makonnen forms
  • Feb 28 Taiwan police shoots into crowd
  • Feb 28 UK general election results in a hung parliament
  • Feb 28 US & Egypt re-form diplomatic relations after 7 years
  • Mar 1 Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
  • Mar 2 1st class postage raised to 10 cents from 8 cents
  • Mar 2 Grand jury concludes US President Richard Nixon is involved in Watergate cover-up
  • Mar 3 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes in the Ermenonville Forest outside Paris, killing all 346 people onboard
  • Mar 4 David Hares' "Knuckle" premieres in London
  • Mar 4 Educational series "The Letter People" debuts on KETC-TV (PBS) in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Mar 5 First performance in 3,000 years of world's oldest known song "Hymn to Nikkal" a 3,400 year old Hurrian hymn to moon god Nikkal from Ugarit in Syria, played at Berkeley University by Anne Kilmer and Richard Crocker [1]
  • Mar 5 Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot
  • Mar 6 An unnamed Italian industrialist loses a record $1,920,000 at roulette over 5 hours in Monte Carlo Casino
  • Mar 7 "USS Monitor", Union Ship sunk in 1862 during US Civil War, restored at Cape Hatteras
  • Mar 7 1st general strike in Ethiopia
  • Mar 8 Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France
  • Mar 9 Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in the Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
  • Mar 10 Christian Democrats win Belgium parliamentary election
  • Mar 10 Lawrence Rowe completes 302 v Eng Bridgetown, 36 fours 1 six
  • Mar 11 Mount Etna in Sicily erupted
  • Mar 11 Rhino Store gives people 5 cents to take home Danny Bonaduce's Album

Historic Event

Mar 12 Ted Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears from Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington (body never found)

  • Mar 15 Brazilian president Garastazu Médici resigns
  • Mar 18 Most Arab oil producing nations end embargo against US
  • Mar 19 Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
  • Mar 20 "The Super Cops" directed by Gordon Parks premieres in NYC, New York
  • Mar 21 Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall
  • Mar 23 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Immaculata beat Mississippi College 68-53 in Manhattan, Kansas
  • Mar 26 Romanian communist party names party leader Ceausescu president

Terracotta Army Discovered

Mar 29 Chinese farmers discover the Terracotta Army near Xi'an, 8,000 clay warrior statues buried to guard the tomb of China's 1st emperor, Qin Shi Huang

  • Mar 29 Mariner 10's, 1st fly-by of Mercury, returns photos

Historic Event

Apr 1 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

  • Apr 1 In England, "Local Government Act 1972" redraws the administrative map and creates six new Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties; Newport and Monmouthshire transferred from England to Wales
  • Apr 1 Yourdon Inc consulting formed by Edward Yourdon
  • Apr 2 Arganat Comm publishes report concerning Yom Kippur War
  • Apr 3 Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris
  • Apr 3 The Super Outbreak: 2nd largest tornado outbreak over 24hr period with 148 confirmed tornadoes in 13 US states, killing approximately 315 people and injuring nearly 5,500
  • Apr 6 Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony 11/16
  • Apr 7 Herb Gardner's "Thieves" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 10 American Boccaccio Association forms

Historic Event

Apr 10 Golda Meir resigns as Israel's Prime Minister

  • Apr 11 WW II war criminal JP Philippa arrested
  • Apr 15 Military coup in Niger, president Diori Hamani deposed
  • Apr 16 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Apr 17 Bundy victim Susan Rancourt disappears from CWU, Ellensburg, Washington
  • Apr 17 Muslim fundamentalists assault military academy in Heliopolis, Egypt
  • Apr 18 Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi
  • Apr 20 'The Troubles', the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries, British security forces, and civil rights groups, claims its 1000th victim
  • Apr 21 28th Tony Awards: River Niger & Raisin win
  • Apr 23 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Apr 24 Dutch women hockey team becomes world champion

Historic Event

Apr 25 Günter Guillaume, an aide to West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, is exposed as a Stasi spy (East German secret service)

  • Apr 25 Leo Tindemans forms Belgium government
  • Apr 25 Portuguese Prime Minister Marcello Caetano is overthrown in the Carnation revolution, bringing Portugal's authoritarian Estado Novo (New State) government to an end
  • Apr 26 Landslide in Huancavelica Province Peru creates a natural dam
  • Apr 26 Malta adopts constitution
  • Apr 27 Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
  • Apr 29 US President Richard Nixon said he will release edited tapes made in the White House
  • Apr 30 US President Richard Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings

Historic Event

May 2 Former US Vice President Spiro Agnew disbarred

  • May 2 Six Catholic civilians killed and eighteen wounded when the UVF explode a bomb at Rose & Crown Bar on Ormeau Road, Belfast
  • May 6 Bundy victim Roberta Parks disappears from OSU, Corvallis, Ore
  • May 6 Smallest attendance at Philadelphia's Veterans Stadium (4,149)
  • May 6 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns amidst controversy over his aide Günter Guillaume's ties with the Stasi (East German secret service)
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Lowell (Dolphin)
  • May 8 50 MPH speed limit in Britain lifted

Historic Event

May 8 Canadian government of Pierre Trudeau falls

  • May 9 US House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins formal hearings on Nixon impeachment
  • May 14 Underground America Day is 1st observed to honor the 6,000 Americans that make their homes in the Earth
  • May 15 Beginning of the Ulster Workers' Council strike called by Ulster loyalists and unionists who were against the Sunningdale Agreement, which proposed the sharing of political power with Irish nationalists
  • May 15 Ma'alot massacre: Palestinian terrorist take school hostage, 25 mostly children killed and 68 injured
  • May 15 Walter Scheel succeeds Gustav Heinemann as West German President
  • May 16 Helmut Schmidt becomes West German Chancellor
  • May 16 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • May 17 Symbionese Liberation Army shoot-out with Los Angeles police kills six SLA members in the gunfire and resulting fire. One of the largest police shootouts in US history, with more than 9,000 rounds fired.
  • May 17 Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) explode four bombs in Republic of Ireland, killing 33 civilians, wounding 300 (highest number of casualties in a single incident during "The Troubles")
  • May 18 India becomes the sixth nation to explode an atomic bomb
  • May 18 Nigeria announces 55 percent government participation in all oil concessions
  • May 19 Valeri Giscard d'Estaing wins French presidential election
  • May 20 Soyuz 14 returns to Earth
  • May 22 Ruffian begins her racing career as a filly and dies 14 months later
  • May 22 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 23 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 23 Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed
  • May 28 Italian fascists bomb demonstrators in Brescia, 6 killed
  • May 29 Northern Ireland is brought under direct rule from Westminster
  • May 31 Israel and Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights
  • May 31 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jun 1 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia
  • Jun 1 Bundy victim Brenda Ball disappears from Burien, Washington
  • Jun 1 Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincolnshire killing 28 in UK
  • Jun 1 The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine
  • Jun 2 Mali adopts constitution
  • Jun 2 Malta's constitution goes into effect

Historic Event

Jun 3 Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir, and forms a new government

  • Jun 4 Never repeated 10 cent Beer Night at Cleveland, unruly fans stumble onto field and cause Indians to forfeit the game to Rangers with score tied 5-5 in 9th
  • Jun 4 Saudi Arabia announces that it will increase its participation in Aramco to 60 percent
  • Jun 6 47th National Spelling Bee: Julie Ann Junkin wins spelling hydrophyte
  • Jun 6 A new Instrument of Government is promulgated making Sweden a parliamentary monarchy
  • Jun 8 US and Saudi Arabia sign military-economic contract
  • Jun 10 Rumor's government in Italy resigns
  • Jun 11 Bundy victim Georgann Hawkins disappears from UW, Seattle, Washington
  • Jun 13 Henry Aaron addresses House of Representatives
  • Jun 13 IMF establishes its "oil facility", a special fund for loans to nations whose balance of payments have been severely affected by high oil prices

Historic Publication

Jun 15 "All the President's Men" by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward detailing their Watergate investigation is published by Simon and Schuster in the US

  • Jun 17 The Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs the Houses of Parliament in London, injuring 11 people and causing extensive damage
  • Jun 18 Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
  • Jun 19 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) suspends constitution
  • Jun 23 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space
  • Jun 26 The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio
  • Jun 27 US President Nixon visits USSR
  • Jun 28 Fall of earth and rocks kill 200 (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia)
  • Jun 29 Military coup in Ethiopia
  • Jun 30 Petty thief Peter Leonard sets fire to hide his burglary at a bowling alley, fires spreads next door to "Gulliver's" nightclub killing 24 (Port Chester, New York)
  • Jun 30 Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects to the West
  • Jul 1 1st Laura Ashley store in the US opens (San Francisco)

Historic Event

Jul 1 General Augusto Pinochet becomes president and dictator of Chile

  • Jul 1 Isabel Peron succeeds husband Juan as President of Argentina
  • Jul 1 Monmouthshire renamed Gwent and becomes part of Wales
  • Jul 2 Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81)
  • Jul 3 Soyuz 14 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
  • Jul 8 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Jul 9 Pierre Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canadian parliamentary election
  • Jul 10 OPEC ends oil boycott against Netherlands
  • Jul 10 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 11 House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
  • Jul 11 World Football League plays 1st games
  • Jul 12 John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights
  • Jul 13 India's 1st one-day international (v England, Headingley)
  • Jul 14 Bundy victims Janice Ott and Denise Naslund disappear, Lake Sammamish, Washington