On This Day

Events in History in 1977 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 393 of 393

  • Jul 3 The Senegalese Republican Movement (MRS) is founded
  • Jul 3 Triple Crown champion Seattle Slew's 9-race win streak ends in the Swaps Stakes at Hollywood Park, finishes 4th
  • Jul 5 Pakistani army, led by Gen Mohammad Zia ul-Haq, seizes power
  • Jul 6 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Jul 7 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City
  • Jul 8 Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 US Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Jul 12 John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey v Derbyshire at The Oval
  • Jul 13 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
  • Jul 14 North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
  • Jul 14 US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • Jul 18 Hugh Leonard's "Da" premieres in London
  • Jul 18 Vietnam becomes a member of the UN
  • Jul 19 Floods in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kill 76
  • Jul 20 Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kills 80 and causes $350 million damage
  • Jul 20 The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments

  • Jul 21 Libyan-Egyptian border fights

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 21 Sri Lankan Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike loses general election

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • Jul 21 Sanjiva Reddy is elected sixth President of India unopposed
  • Jul 23 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • Jul 24 Seattle's John Montague pitches 6 2/3 innings of perfect relief tying 2 game record of retiring 33 consecutive batsmen
  • Jul 26 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • Jul 26 The 'Committee of 10' formed by prominent Soweto residents, issues a programme for the election of a new community board to have total autonomy in Soweto, South Africa
  • Jul 28 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
  • Jul 28 Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin Hooks
  • Jul 31 E. Henry Knoche, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Jul 31 John F. Blake promoted from acting to deputy director of CIA
  • Aug 1 Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was flying in Los Angeles
  • Aug 3 Radio Shack introduces the TRS-80 personal computer, within weeks thousands were ordered
  • Aug 3 United States Senate Hearing on MKULTRA.
  • Aug 4 US President Carter establishes Department of Energy
  • Aug 4 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 8 Maurine Stuart, ordained as Zen priest by Eido Tai Shimano Roshi
  • Aug 9 Chris Old completes a century in 37 mins, Yorks v Warwicks
  • Aug 9 Military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces the return to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 to democratically elect a President and Congress
  • Aug 10 US & Panama sign Panama Canal Zone accord

  • Aug 10 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • Aug 10 Postal employee David Berkowitz arrested in Yonkers NY, accused of being "Son of Sam" 44 caliber killer
  • Aug 10 About 100 white sympathisers joined evicted black squatters in a protest against the demolition of shanty dwellings outside Cape Town, South Africa
  • Aug 11 Geoff Boycott scores his 100th FC hundred, v Aust at Headingley
  • Aug 12 For 2nd straight day, Oakland's Manny Sanguillen foils a no-hit bid
  • Aug 12 High Energy Astronomy Observatory {HEAO] 1 launched into Earth's orbit by NASA
  • Aug 12 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st atmospheric test flight
  • Aug 13 1st test glide of space shuttle
  • Aug 13 Randy Bachman quits BTO, they disband
  • Aug 14 77,691 see NY Cosmos beat Fort Lauderdale Strikers 8-3 at Giants Stadium
  • Aug 15 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome
  • Aug 15 "Wow" possible alien radio signal from deep space received at "The Big Ear", Ohio State's radio telescope in Delaware
  • Aug 16 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 17 Russian nuclear sub "Artika" is 1st to North Pole
  • Aug 17 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Aug 17 Thomas Wessinghage, Harald Hudak, Michael Lederer and Karl Fleschen walk world record 4x1500m (14:38.8)
  • Aug 18 2 girls are killed by a runaway car outside of Graceland
  • Aug 18 South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is arrested at a roadblock (dies of police beating 12 September)
  • Aug 19 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR

USAVoyager 2 Spacecraft

Aug 20 NASA launches Voyager 2 towards Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune

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NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft launched atop its Titan/Centaur-7 launch vehicle
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  • Aug 23 1st man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)
  • Aug 23 Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR
  • Aug 26 Frank Martinus Arion forms Surinamese Writers group 77
  • Aug 27 Army shoots on market vendor women in Conakry, Guinea
  • Aug 31 Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft alt rec of 38.26 km (125,524')
  • Aug 31 Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus
  • Aug 31 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • Sep 1 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 5 Red Army Faction kidnaps and subsequently murders West German business executive Hanns Martin Schleyer
  • Sep 5 Voyager 1 (US) launched toward fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn
  • Sep 7 Ethiopia drops diplomatic relations with Somalia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 US President Jimmy Carter and Panama's General Omar Torrijos sign the Panama Canal treaties, guaranteeing Panama control of the Panama Canal after 1999

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • Sep 7 Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy is released from prison after serving 4 years and 4 1/2 months
  • Sep 8 Jimmy McCulloch quits Wings
  • Sep 9 Tiger rookies Lou Whitaker & Allan Trammell debut together & will play together for 19 years
  • Sep 10 Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by Guillotine in France

Historic InventionThe Atari 2600

Sep 11 The Atari 2600, originally known as the Atari Video Computer System (Atari VCS) is released in North America, revolutionizing the video game industry

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An Atari 2600 video game console
An Atari 2600 video game console
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  • Sep 12 Anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody from his injuries after being beaten and tortured by police
  • Sep 13 1st TV viewer discretion warning-Soap
  • Sep 13 2nd Test flight of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • Sep 13 General Motors introduces 1st US diesel auto (Oldsmobile 88)
  • Sep 14 Christmas Tinto sentenced to 7 years in Robben Island, South Africa
  • Sep 15 US President Jimmy Carter meets with 15 record company executives
  • Sep 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Sep 16 90 minute pilot of "Logan's Run" premieres on TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 16 Ringo Starr releases "Drowning in Sea of Love"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • Sep 16 Seattle beats Royals, 4-1, to end KC's winning streak at 16 games
  • Sep 17 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • Sep 18 Brooks Robinson Night in Baltimore
  • Sep 18 US Voyager I takes 1st space photograph of Earth & Moon together
  • Sep 18 2nd Toronto International Film Festival opens
  • Sep 20 Vietnam & Djibouti ask for membership in UN
  • Sep 20 Russell Means addresses the UNHCR in Geneva: criticizes the United States, describing Native Americans as "people who live in the belly of the monster"
  • Sep 21 US minister of Foreign affairs Cyrus Vance dismissed
  • Sep 22 Preston Jones' "Texas Trilogy" premieres in NYC

  • Sep 22 West German Red Army Faction terrorist kills policeman in Utrecht
  • Sep 23 3rd test of Space Shuttle Enterprise
  • Sep 26 Sir Freddie Laker begins cut-rate "Skytrain" service, London to NY
  • Sep 29 Soviet space station Salyut 6 launched into Earth orbit
  • Sep 30 Dutch Antillean government-Evertsz resigns
  • Sep 30 Ringo Starr releases "Ringo the 4th" album
  • Sep 30 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 30 Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
  • Sep 30 Philippine political prisoners, Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III successfully escaped from Fort Bonifacio Maximum Security Prison in the Philippines
  • Oct 1 US Department of Energy established
  • Oct 2 Pakistani general Zia ul-Haq bans all opposition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Indira Gandhi arrested

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • Oct 6 DL Coburns "Gin Game" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 6 In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
  • Oct 7 USSR adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • Oct 9 Soyuz 25 launched to Saluyt 6, but returned after failing to dock
  • Oct 11 Soyuz 25 returns to Earth

InventionHistoric Invention

Oct 11 American inventor Gordon Gould issued his first US patent for a optically pumped laser amplifier, 20 years after first claiming to have invented the laser

Physicist Gordon Gould
Physicist
Gordon Gould
  • Oct 12 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • Oct 12 Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
  • Oct 12 US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School
  • Oct 14 Princess Beatrice opens Amsterdam metro
  • Oct 15 Arkansas' Steve Little kicks a record tying 67 yard field goal
  • Oct 15 Don Ritchie runs world record 100 mile (11:30:51)
  • Oct 17 Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
  • Oct 17 West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers
  • Oct 18 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th
  • Oct 18 West German commandos liberate Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu
  • Oct 19 Corpse of kidnapped West German, H M Schleyer, found
  • Oct 19 Supersonic Concorde jet's 1st landing in NYC

  • Oct 20 David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 20 Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 US recalls William Bowdler, ambassador to South Africa
  • Oct 21 The European Patent Institute is founded.
  • Oct 22 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit
  • Oct 23 Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties
  • Oct 23 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, one of the earliest life forms on Earth
  • Oct 25 Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
  • Oct 26 5th & final test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • Oct 26 Dr Clifford R Wharton Jr named chancellor of State University of New York
  • Oct 26 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 26 Last natural case of smallpox discovered in Merca district, Somalia. Considered the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination
  • Oct 27 Amsterdam businessman M Caransa kidnapped
  • Oct 27 NASA launches space vehicle S-200
  • Oct 29 Texas' Russell Erideben kicks his 3rd 60 yard field goal of the season
  • Oct 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 30 Panama 747SP lands after polar flight around Earth in record 54:07
  • Nov 1 US President Jimmy Carter raises the minimum wage from $2.30 to $3.35 an hour, effective from 1st Jan 1981
  • Nov 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Nov 2 Microbiologist Carl R. Woese and scientists from the University of Illinois announce the identification of methanogens, a form of microbial life (Archaea) dating back some 3.5 billion years
  • Nov 4 UN Security council proclaims weapon embargo against South Africa
  • Nov 6 39 killed in an earthen dam burst at Toccoa Falls Bible College, Ga
  • Nov 8 Greek Archaeologist Manolis Andronikos discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina
  • Nov 8 Ed Koch is elected Mayor of New York City (his 1st term)
  • Nov 9 Reds' George Foster wins NL MVP
  • Nov 10 Amsterdam: Red Army Faction terrorists Gert Schneider and Christof Wackernagel arrested
  • Nov 12 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Nov 12 New Orleans elects 1st black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial
  • Nov 13 25th Islander shut-out Resch 6-0 Gilles scores on 5th penalty shot
  • Nov 13 Final Al Capp comic strip of "Li'l Abner" (1934-77)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat repeats willingness to visit Israel to Walter Cronkite

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
  • Nov 15 US President Jimmy Carter welcomes Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • Nov 16 Rod Carew wins AL MVP award
  • Nov 17 Bernard Pomerance's "Elephant Man" premieres in London
  • Nov 17 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat formally accepts invitation to visit Israel
  • Nov 19 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel
  • Nov 19 Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • Nov 20 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset
  • Nov 21 First flight of Concorde (London to New York)
  • Nov 22 Regular Concorde passenger service between NY and Europe begins
  • Nov 23 European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral
  • Nov 24 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Nov 24 Miami Bob Greise passes for 6 touchdowns vs St Louis (55-14)
  • Nov 25 David Steed balanced stationary on a bike for 9 hrs 15 mins
  • Nov 25 Thomas Hearns KOs Jerome Hill in 2 rounds in his 1st pro fight

KnighthoodDictator Bokassa I

Dec 4 Jean-Bédel Bokassa crowns himself Emperor of the Central African Empire in a lavish ceremony costing US$20 million - one third of the nation's budget

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Jean-Bédel Bokassa is crowned as 'Emperor of Central Africa' atop a golden throne in 1976
Jean-Bédel Bokassa is crowned as 'Emperor of Central Africa' atop a golden throne in 1976
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 Neil Simon's "Chapter Two" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • Dec 5 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • Dec 6 South Africa grants Bophuthatswana independence
  • Dec 7 Islander Billy Smith's 10th shut-out opponent-Black Hawks 4-0
  • Dec 10 Soyuz 26 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station
  • Dec 11 Mairead Corrigan and Betty Williams, leaders of the group 'Peace People' (an organisation dedicated to encouraging a peaceful resolution of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland) receive the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 14 Egyptian & Israeli representatives gather in Cairo for first formal peace conference
  • Dec 14 War criminal Pieter Menten sentenced in Amsterdam to 15 years
  • Dec 17 Bobby Simpson scores 176 Australia v India at the WACA, aged 41
  • Dec 17 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Dec 18 Dutch Antilles: premier Boy Rozendal points independence off
  • Dec 19 Dutch government of Van Agt/Wiegel forms
  • Dec 20 1st Space walk made by Soviet cosmonaut Georgy Grechko during Salyut 6 EO-1 mission
  • Dec 20 RAF -terrorist Knut Folkerts sentenced to 20 years
  • Dec 22 36 die as grain elevator at Continental Grain Company plant explodes
  • Dec 24 "Ghost to the Post", Raiders tight end Dave Casper ("The Ghost") catches a 42-yard reception to set up the Raiders' tying field goal near the end of regulation (Raiders win in OT)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Dec 25 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in Egypt

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • Dec 26 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Dec 29 Ronald Ribman's "Cold Storage" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 30 Carter holds 1st news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)
  • Dec 31 Amir Sheikh Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah becomes leader of Kuwait
  • Dec 31 Cambodia drops diplomatic relations with Vietnam
  • Dec 31 Donald Woods, a banned anti-Apartheid white editor flees South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 31 Ted Bundy escapes from jail in Colorado

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy
  • Dec 31 WFAT (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM
  • Dec 31 Kenyan writer Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o is imprisoned for co-writing a play critical of the Kenyan government