On This Day

Events in History in 2019 (Part 5)

Events 801 - 965 of 965

BattleBattle of Interest

Oct 13 Kurdish forces make a deal with Syrian army for them to patrol border areas in north east Syria to combat Turkish offensive after US President Donald Trump pulls out US forces

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • Oct 13 Ecuadorean President Lenín Moreno cancels his austerity plan, in deal with indigenous leaders, restoring fuel subsidies, ending weeks of violent protests
  • Oct 13 Tunisian presidential election won by academic Kais Saied defeating media mogul Nabil Karoui
  • Oct 14 British Duke and Duchess of Cambridge arrive in Pakistan to begin a 5-day royal tour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Booker Prize awarded jointly to Margaret Atwood for "The Testaments" and Bernardine Evaristo for "Girl, Woman, Other", Evaristo 1st black woman to win

Electoral defeatImportant Vote

Oct 14 Spain's Supreme Court jails nine Catalan separatist leaders for sedition for 2017 independence referendum, prompting violent clashes in Barcelona

President of Catalonia Carles Puigdemont
President of Catalonia
Carles Puigdemont
  • Oct 14 Nobel prize for Economics awarded to Esther Duflo, Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer for research on ways to fight poverty
  • Oct 14 Hundreds of forest fires break out in western Lebanon, killing three and prompting calls for international help
  • Oct 15 Record 12 Democratic presidential candidates participate in a live TV debate in Westerville, Ohio
  • Oct 15 Gunfight between Mexican security forces and armed civilians leaves 15 dead, in Guerrero state, a day after 13 police killed in a drug cartel ambush in Michoacán state
  • Oct 16 First plant-powered selfie taken by Pete the Fern as part of research into use of microbial fuel cells at London Zoo
  • Oct 16 Egyptian archaeologists announce discovery of more than 20 painted wooden coffins from Theban necropolis of Asasif

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson announces new Brexit deal with the EU, removes the Northern Ireland backstop clause

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson
British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Oct 17 Turkey agrees to a ceasefire in Northern Syria for 5 days to allow withdrawal of Kurdish troops, after talks between US VP Mike Pence and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan

48th Vice President of the United States Mike Pence
48th Vice President of the United States
Mike Pence
President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
  • Oct 17 The 'Blob', mysterious yellow slime organism (physarum polycephalum) with 720 sexes, moves and can solve problems to go on display at the Paris Zoological Park
  • Oct 17 US adults identifying as Christian falls 12% in a decade to 2/3 according to the Pew Research Center , born-again Protestants falls to 16%

  • Oct 17 Mick Mulvaney, President Trump's acting chief of staff says the White House withheld nearly $400 million in military aid from Ukraine to further Trump's own political interests
  • Oct 18 1st all-female spacewalk by NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir outside the International Space Station
  • Oct 19 UK parliament votes for the Letwin amendment in a special Saturday sitting, which forces Boris Johnson to ask the EU for an extension and delays vote on his Brexit deal
  • Oct 19 Chilean President Sebastián Piñera declares a 15 day state of emergency after widespread and violent protests over rise in public transport costs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 US Democratic representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez endorses Bernie Sanders for president

US Senator Bernie Sanders
US Senator
Bernie Sanders
US Congresswoman and Activist Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
US Congresswoman and Activist
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
  • Oct 20 1st test flight New York to Sydney by a commercial airline a Qantas Boeing 787 Dreamliner , takes 19 hours 42 minutes, landing in Sydney
  • Oct 21 Thailand's King Vajiralongkorn strips his royal consort Sineenat Wongvajirapakdi of her titles for "misbehaviour and disloyalty against the monarch" two months after she was appointed to them
  • Oct 21 World's oldest natural pearl, 8,000 years old, announced discovered during excavations at Marawah Island, near Abu Dhabi, UAE
  • Oct 21 Australia's biggest newspapers all blank out their front pages in protest against press restrictions
  • Oct 21 Lebanon government approves economic reforms after 5 days of protests, largest in a decade
  • Oct 21 Facebook says it has taken down four state-backed disinformation campaigns, three from Iran, one from Russia in addition to dozens earlier this year

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 21 Canadian Federal Election: Justin Trudeau's Liberal Party loses its majority but wins the most seats (157) to form a minority government

Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Justin Trudeau
  • Oct 22 UK parliament approves Brexit deal to leave the EU but rejects legislation to fast-track it to meet October 31 deadline

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Oct 22 Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan agree deal to jointly control former Kurdish territory in Northern Syria

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Japanese Emperor Naruhito alongside Empress Masako formally declares his ascension to the throne of the world's oldest monarchy

Emperor of Japan Naruhito
Emperor of Japan
Naruhito
  • Oct 22 US drug company Biogen claims to have created 1st drug to slow advance of Alzheimer's disease called aducanumab
  • Oct 22 Legislation for Northern Ireland legalizing same-sex marriage and abortion comes into effect
  • Oct 22 Chilean president Sebastián Piñera agrees to meet opposition leaders after 15 people killed in growing nationwide protests over living costs and inequality
  • Oct 22 Top US diplomat in Ukraine, Bill Taylor, testifies President Donald Trump tied aid to Ukraine to demands the country open an investigation into the Biden family
  • Oct 23 Google research lab claims it has achieved Quantum Supremacy, performing calculation in 3 mins that wold take a supercomputer 10,000 years

  • Oct 23 Hong Kong legislative scraps extradition bill that sparked months of unrest
  • Oct 23 Lorry containing 39 bodies of Vietnamese nationals found in Essex, England, man arrested for people smuggling and murder
  • Oct 24 Bangladesh sentences 16 men to death for the murder of Nusrat Jahan Rafi, who was set on fire after accusing a teacher of inappropriate behavior

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 24 Remains of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco removed from mausoleum in Valley of the Fallen and reburied in private family vault in Madrid

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Oct 25 Leicester City rout Southampton, 9-0 at St. Mary's to record biggest ever win by an away side in an English top-flight league match in the history of the Football League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Raid by US Special Forces kills ISIS founder Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in Syria

Leader of Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Leader of Islamic State
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
  • Oct 27 Argentine presidential election won by Alberto Fernandez, defeating sitting President Mauricio Macri
  • Oct 27 California Governor Gavin Newson declares state of emergency with multiple fires across the state, including Sonomoa County's Kincade Fire burning over 30,000 acres
  • Oct 28 EU agrees to another Brexit extension to January 31 2020
  • Oct 28 Landslide after heavy rains in Bafoussam, Cameroon, buries at least 42 people
  • Oct 29 Lebanon's Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigns after two weeks of nationwide protests and an economic crisis
  • Oct 29 Rising seas could endanger 150 million people worldwide, three times more than previously thought, according study by Climate Central published in "Nature Communications"
  • Oct 29 1.5 million people without power in California as utility company turns power off to try and avoid sparking more wildfires
  • Oct 30 Kashmir officially loses their autonomous status, their flag and their constitution, as India brings it under federal control
  • Oct 30 Twitter head Jack Dorsey announces it will no longer take political ads
  • Oct 31 Gas canister explodes on a train in Rahim Yar Khan, Pakaistan killing at least 70 and injuring 30
  • Oct 31 US House of Representatives votes to formalize impeachment proceedings against President Trump
  • Oct 31 Fire destroys most of historic Shuri Castle, once seat of the Ryukyu Kingdom, on island of Okinawa, Japan
  • Oct 31 Jihadist group Islamic State names Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurashi as its new leader after US special forces kill its former leader
  • Nov 1 Former Texan congressman Beto O'Rourke ends his presidential campaign
  • Nov 3 Delhi reaches worst pollution levels of the year, over 900 AQI, with authorities declaring public health emergency
  • Nov 3 Saudi Arabia's state-owned oil producer Saudi Aramco, the world's most profitable company, announces its plans to go public
  • Nov 4 Largest mass commutation in US history when 462 non-violent inmates freed from Oklahoma prisons as part of state prison reforms
  • Nov 4 Major investigation finds unsafe lead levels in 11 Canadian cities between 2014 and 2018 mostly due to antiquated pipes
  • Nov 4 Nine members of a US Mexican Mormon family, including six children, shot and killed in attack by criminal gang in Northern Mexico
  • Nov 5 Chinese government set new rules for gaming for young people to try to curb gaming addiction, including maximum 90 mins a day
  • Nov 6 17 people die in attack on a checkpoint by Islamic State militants on Tajikistan's border with Uzbekistan
  • Nov 7 Humans 1st walked upright 12 million years ago (not 6 million as previously thought), according to study a new species of ape found in Bavaria, Germany, published in "Nature"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Queen Elizabeth II confirms she is no longer buying clothes made with real fur

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Nov 7 Song lyrics have gotten sadder says researchers who studied 50 years of lyrics at University of Exeter, published in journal "Evolutionary Human Sciences"
  • Nov 9 Unprecedented 70 bush fires in New South Wales, Australia, destroys 100 homes killing three people with seven missing
  • Nov 9 India’s Supreme Court rules in favor of Hindus over Muslims in dispute over who has right to holy site in city of Ayodhya
  • Nov 9 Prominent Russian history professor Oleg Sokolov discovered with severed arms of his murder victim in his backpack when rescued from Moika River, St Petersburg
  • Nov 9 Kartarpur corridor opens allowing Sikh worshippers from India to access holy site of Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur in Pakistan without a visa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 10 Bolivian President Evo Morales resigns amid widespread protests after national election considered irregular and manipulated

1st Indigenous President of Bolivia Evo Morales
1st Indigenous President of Bolivia
Evo Morales

InventionScientific Discovery

Nov 10 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani announces the discovery of a new oil field with an estimated 53 million barrels of oil in Khuzestan province

President of Iran Hassan Rouhani
President of Iran
Hassan Rouhani
  • Nov 10 Death toll in demonstrations in Iraq reaches 319, with 15,000 injured since Oct 1 according to Iraqi human rights organization
  • Nov 11 Violent day in Hong Kong as protests continue with person set alight and another shot amid general strike
  • Nov 11 More than 120 bush fires in Australia cause the country to declare state of emergency in two states with a catastrophic threat issued for Sydney region
  • Nov 11 Transit of Mercury across the sun, closer than any other transit this century
  • Nov 11 Arctic blast brings record low temperatures for November to the US Midwest including Kansas, Wisconsin, Michigan and Illinois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 550th anniversary of the birth of Guru Nanak - the founder of Sikhism celebrated in India and Pakistan

Founder of Sikhism Guru Nanak
Founder of Sikhism
Guru Nanak
  • Nov 12 Former Bolivian President Evo Morales takes asylum in Mexico
  • Nov 12 Israeli forces kill senior commander of Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant group in the Gaza Strip with Palestinian militants setting off retaliatory rockets at Israel
  • Nov 13 Venice hit by worse floods for 50 years, due to a very high tide with waves in St Mark's square, killing one resident
  • Nov 13 First day of public testimony in Donald Trump's impeachment inquiry held in Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 13 Bolivian opposition senator Jeanine Áñez assumed interim presidency of Bolivia after Evo Morales resignation
  • Nov 13 Rediscovered painting "Lucretia" by female baroque artist Artemisia Gentileschi sells for $4.1 million at auction in Paris
  • Nov 15 Iran shuts down its internet for five days to suppress news of national protests against higher gas prices - beginning of the worst unrest for 40 years in the country
  • Nov 15 Pakistan becomes the 1st country to introduce a vaccine against typhoid, targeting 10 million children
  • Nov 16 Sri Lankan Presidential election, won by former defense secretary Gotabaya Rajapaksa
  • Nov 16 Samoa declares state of emergency over measles epidemic closing all schools after six deaths
  • Nov 16 500th anniversary of the founding of Havana, Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17 Iran's Ayatollah Ali Khamenei labels protesters "thugs" after unrest over higher gasoline prices brought Tehran to a standstill day before

2nd Supreme Leader of Iran Ali Hosseini Khamenei
2nd Supreme Leader of Iran
Ali Hosseini Khamenei
  • Nov 18 Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reverses US policy regarding Israeli West Bank settlements as illegal after 24 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Book written by Charlotte Bronte aged 14 for her toy soldiers bought by the Bronte Society for €600,000 at auction in Paris

  • Nov 18 Deforestation of Brazil's Amazon rainforest worst since 2008, has lost 9,762 sq km (3,769 sq miles) of vegetation in 12 months according to country's Space Agency
  • Nov 18 World wind speeds have risen, 3x faster since 2010 than previous decades of decline, according to Princeton study published in "Nature Climate Change"
  • Nov 19 More than 1,000 protesters detained by police after 3-day battle at Hong King Polytechnic University
  • Nov 19 As many as 106 have died over five days in protests across 21 Iranian cities according to Amnesty International, just 12 deaths reported by the government
  • Nov 20 Britain's Prince Andrew announces he is stepping back from public duties after outcry from disastrous interview on his friendship with Jeffry Epstein
  • Nov 20 US Ambassador Gordon Sondland testifies in impeachment inquiry that “We followed the president’s orders.” and that “everyone was in the loop” over Ukraine dealings
  • Nov 20 Oxford Dictionaries word of the year is "climate emergency"
  • Nov 20 Snakes lived with hind legs for 70 million years (Najash rionegrina), according to research from La Buitrera Palaeontological Area, Argentina, published in "Science Advances"
  • Nov 21 WHO says Measles has killed more than 5,000 people in Democratic Republic of Congo in 2019, in world's largest and fastest-moving epidemic
  • Nov 21 22 killed in displacement camp in attack by Syrian government in Idlib province, Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Elon Musk launches Tesla's electric Cybertruck with shatterproof windows that when demonstrated on stage shatter

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk
  • Nov 21 44% of Americans work in low-wage jobs with medium annual wage of just $18,000, with most aged 25 - 54 according to analysis by Brookings Institution's Metropolitan Policy Program
  • Nov 21 First of a series of national strikes in Colombia against the government of President Iván Duque and proposed cuts to pensions
  • Nov 23 Sumatran rhino officially declared extinct in Malaysia after last known specimen, 25-year-old Iman, dies of cancer in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo
  • Nov 24 Former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg announces a late-bid to be the US Democratic presidential candidate
  • Nov 24 Data leaked from Chinese high-security Muslim Uighur security camps, housing 1 million people, show systematic brainwashing in western Xinjiang region
  • Nov 24 Hong Kong pro-democracy candidates overwhelmingly win district council elections in strong rebuke to Hong Kong leaders
  • Nov 25 Priceless royal jewelry stolen from Dresden Green Vault, in Germany, from one of Europe's greatest treasure collections
  • Nov 25 Louis Vuitton (LVMH) buys jeweler Tiffany & Co. for over $16 billion
  • Nov 25 First defamation case in Australia by a sitting MP won by Sarah Hanson-Green over Liberal Democrat David Leyonhjelm, after he made sexist slurs against her
  • Nov 26 6.4 magnitude earthquake centered on Durres strikes Albania, with at least 51 killed and hundreds injured
  • Nov 27 Ghana celebrates the "year of return" marking 300 years since 1st African slave sold in America, by granting 125 people citizenship in special ceremony
  • Nov 27 US President Donald Trump signs two bills backing Hong Kong protesters, which check the territories autonomy and ban the sale of munitions to Hong Kong police, angering China
  • Nov 28 Zimbabwe on the brink of man-made starvation according to the UN
  • Nov 28 Iraqi security forces open fire on protesters killing at least 25 in Nasiriya a day after the Iranian embassy in Najais is burnt down
  • Nov 28 European parliament declares a climate emergency
  • Nov 29 Terrorist knife attack at Fishmongers Hall by London Bridge, kills two and injures three, attacker previously imprisoned for 2012 terror offence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 29 Wood fragment believed to be from Jesus' manger returned to Bethlehem after 1400 years by Pope Francis

  • Nov 30 Gun battle between suspected cartel and security forces at Villa Unión city hall, northern Mexico, kills 21

  • Dec 1 Iraqi parliament approves resignation of Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi after weeks of unrest and 400 deaths
  • Dec 1 A newly developed apple that can last a year - the Cosmic Crisp goes on sale in Washington State, US

Historic DiscoveryCOVID-19

Dec 1 Earliest traceable patient, a 55-year-old man, develops symptoms of a novel coronavirus (Covid-19) in Wuhan, China
Learn More >>

Burial of a coronavirus victim in Iran during the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic
Burial of a coronavirus victim in Iran during the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic
  • Dec 2 Steve Bullock and Joe Sestak drop out of the US Presidential race
  • Dec 2 Hawaiian Carissa Moore earns her 4th World Surf League Women’s Championship Tour title with a third placing at the season-ending Maui Pro event at Honolua Bay
  • Dec 3 Kamala Harris ends her US presidential campaign

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin announce they are stepping down from roles at parent company Alphabet, Sundar Pichai to become head of both

Computer Scientist and Co-founder of Google Larry Page
Computer Scientist and Co-founder of Google
Larry Page
Co-Founder of Google Sergey Brin
Co-Founder of Google
Sergey Brin
CEO of Alphabet and Google Sundar Pichai
CEO of Alphabet and Google
Sundar Pichai
  • Dec 3 70th anniversary of NATO marked by gathering in London of world leaders and reception by Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace
  • Dec 3 World leaders discussing US President Donald Trump in unflattering terms at NATO reception caught on camera and goes viral
  • Dec 4 58 migrants drown after a boat sinks off the coast of Mauritania, with 83 saved
  • Dec 4 North American migratory birds getting smaller, their wings wider due to climate change according to study by University of Michigan published in journal "Ecology Letters"
  • Dec 5 Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, announces articles of impeachment against US President Donald Trump will be drawn up for abuse of power
  • Dec 5 WHO says 142,000 people died of the measles around the world in 2018, nearly 20,000 more than in 2017
  • Dec 5 National strike in France; more than 800,000 people in 100 cities protest against proposed pension reform
  • Dec 6 Saudi state-owned oil company Saudi Aramco raises a record $25.6 billion in its first public share offering, makes it the world's most valuable company at $1.7 trillion
  • Dec 8 Fire in an illegal bag factory in Delhi, India, kills 43
  • Dec 8 Polar explorers Mike Horn and Børge Ousland complete 1,800 km (1,120 mile) journey on drifting ice in darkness in the Arctic
  • Dec 9 White Island / Whakaari volcano, a tourist attraction in New Zealand erupts killing 16
  • Dec 9 US officials "deliberately misled" the public on progress of the Afghanistan war, hid that it was a lost cause, according to The Washington Post analysis of the "Afghanistan Papers"
  • Dec 9 Chilean Air Force plane lost on flight to Antarctica with presumed loss of 38 lives
  • Dec 10 Sydney, Australia, blanketed in smoke from nearby bush fires pushing air quality to 11 times hazardous levels
  • Dec 10 1st fully electric commercial plane, a retro-fitted seaplane, completes test flight in Vancouver
  • Dec 10 Shooting at a New Jersey cemetery and a kosher supermarket leaves six dead, including the two shooters, in suspected anti-Semitic attack
  • Dec 10 Australian car maker Holden announces an end to Commodore production after 41 years
  • Dec 11 India passes controversial Citizenship Amendment Bill clearing way for citizenship for immigrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan but not if they are Muslim

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 11 Climate activist Greta Thunberg is named Time magazine's Person of the Year

Climate Activist Greta Thunberg
Climate Activist
Greta Thunberg
  • Dec 11 Bougainville votes to become independent of Papua New Guinea in a referendum
  • Dec 11 Discovery of the earliest figurative artwork in the world, (43,900 years old), figures part human part animal, from cave in Sulawesi, Indonesia, reported in journal "Nature"
  • Dec 11 Militants attack army base in Ates, Niger, killing at least 71. Islamic State claim responsibility.
  • Dec 12 British General Election won by Boris Johnson's Conservative Party in landslide win with 80 seat majority. Scottish National Party also wins 48 of 59 seats in Scotland.

  • Dec 12 Deepest point on land on earth identified under Denman Glacier, east Antarctica at 3.5km (11,500ft) below sea level
  • Dec 15 Longest ever UN climate talks end in Madrid with compromise deal on curbing carbon only, other targets deferred for a year
  • Dec 15 Protests against India's new citizenship bill that excludes Muslims, erupt across major cities, killing at least five
  • Dec 17 Former Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf sentenced to death in absentia for high treason
  • Dec 17 Young girl's 5,700 year old DNA extracted from birch tar used as chewing gum, from Lolland Island, southern Denmark
  • Dec 17 Australia has its hottest day ever with average temperature of 40.9 across the country
  • Dec 17 China's 1st domestically built aircraft carrier, the Shandong, enters naval service
  • Dec 18 US House of Representatives votes to impeach President Donald Trump for abuse of power (230-197) and obstruction of Congress (229-198)
  • Dec 19 Australian state of New South Wales announces 7-day state of emergency amid extreme heat and over 100 bushfires that have burnt for two months
  • Dec 19 Earliest fossilized trees, 386 million years old, found at a quarry in Cairo, New York, study published in "Current Biology"
  • Dec 20 United States Space Force founded, an armed forces branch dedicated to space warfare
  • Dec 26 Annular solar eclipse visible from South and South East Asia
  • Dec 28 Jihadist fundamentalist group al-Shabaab sets off a truck bomb in Mogadishu, Somalia, killing at least 84 people and wounding over 150
  • Dec 31 Iraqi militiamen and protesters breach the outer wall of the US embassy in Baghdad following US airstrikes against Kataib Hezbollah, an Iranian-backed Iraqi militia, on December 29