On This Day

Events in History in July 2020

  • Jul 1 Europe opens its borders to 15 safe countries after months of lockdown, excluding the US, Brazil and Russia
  • Jul 1 Word record drug haul of 14 tonnes of amphetamines seized by Italian police in Salerno worth $1.1 billion. Thought made in Syria by Islamic State.
  • Jul 1 Australian state of Melbourne re-imposes coronavirus lockdown on 36 Melbourne suburbs affecting 300,000 people
  • Jul 1 WHO says Middle East at "critical threshold" with coronavirus COVID-19 cases over 1 million, 80% of deaths in Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia

Electoral defeatImportant Vote

Jul 1 Russian President Vladimir Putin wins national referendum allowing longer presidential terms of office

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • Jul 1 America confirms more than 50,000 new coronavirus COVID-19 cases in one day for the 1st time
  • Jul 2 Texas Governor Greg Abbott makes wearing face masks mandatory as cases of coronavirus soar in the state
  • Jul 2 More than 160 people die after a landslide at a jade mine in northern Hpakant area of Myanmar
  • Jul 4 Record rain in over island of Kyushu in Japan causes flooding killing a least 37 people with evacuation of more than 200,00
  • Jul 5 Mexico's coronavirus death toll passes 30,000 as it becomes the world's 5th worst-affected country
  • Jul 5 Florida reports a record 11,458 daily coronavirus COVID-19 cases
  • Jul 6 Zoonotic diseases, which jump from animals to humans, are increasing due to unsustainable farming and climate change according to new report by the UN
  • Jul 6 America officially begins withdrawing from the World Health Organization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro announces he has tested positive for COVID-19

President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro
President of Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro
  • Jul 7 Texas records more than 10,000 daily cases of COVID-19 for the 1st time
  • Jul 7 India surpasses Russia to become the world's third-worst affected country, daily coronavirus cases exceeding 20,000 and total cases over 700,000

  • Jul 7 Violent protests in Belgrade, Serbia, at government announcement of weekend lockdown due to coronavirus surge
  • Jul 8 Australian city of Melbourne goes back into lockdown for six weeks after second outbreak of 700 active cases
  • Jul 8 Americans and Polynesians made contact around 1200 A.D. according to new genomic study in "Nature", people from eastern Polynesia had DNA from indigenous Colombia
  • Jul 8 US government issues directive that more than 1 million international students will be stripped of their visas if their courses entirely online

TurkeyHagia Sophia

Jul 10 Sixth century cathedral Hagia Sophia turned into a mosque by decree issued by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (converted to a mosque 1453-1934)

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Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey
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  • Jul 14 New study shows Andean condor, world's heaviest bird, can fly for 5 hours without flapping its wings (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
  • Jul 15 Heavy monsoon flooding in Indian north-eastern state of Assam affects more than 2 million people, kills more than 50
  • Jul 17 India becomes the third country to record 1 million cases of coronavirus COVID-1, 56% concentrated in Maharashtra, Delhi and Tamil Nadu
  • Jul 19 First Arab interplanetary mission, the Mars "Hope" orbiter launches on board Japanese H-2A rocket from Tanegashima Space Center

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani says 25 million Iranians already infected with COVID-19, 35 million at risk (official figure just 269,440)

President of Iran Hassan Rouhani
President of Iran
Hassan Rouhani
  • Jul 19 Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler criticizes federal policing of protesters in his city, calling it unconstitutional
  • Jul 20 Announcement that a COVID-19 vaccine developed by the University of Oxford (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) is able to trigger immune response and antibodies
  • Jul 20 United Kingdom suspends extradition treaty with Hong Kong in wake of new Chinese security laws for the territory
  • Jul 20 Scientists find evidence of volcanoes on Venus, showing the planet is not as dormant as previously thought (Nature Geoscience)
  • Jul 21 Former Sudanese leader Omar Hassan al-Bashir goes on trial in Khartoum for the 1989 coup that toppled the government
  • Jul 21 Russian interference in British politics is 'the new normal' according to report by British Intelligence and Security Committee
  • Jul 21 European Union agrees huge €750 billion ($859 billion) post-COVID-19 stimulus bill
  • Jul 21 Stage 1 of the controversial filling of Blue Nile River dam announced completed by Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed
  • Jul 22 California passes New York total for COVID-19 cases (415,763 vs 415,094), though NY death toll much higher
  • Jul 23 US confirmed cases of coronavirus pass 4 million with death toll over 143,000. Real number of cases likely up to 13x higher according to CDC.

  • Jul 23 China launches its first mission to Mars, Tianwen-1, a combined orbiter, lander and rover, from Wenchang Launch Site, Hainan Island
  • Jul 23 South Africa records more than 400,000 coronavirus cases amid surging infections and decides to shut schools for a month

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 23 US President Trump says he could send 75,000 federal agents to deal with violence in American cities like Portland, drawing backlash

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • Jul 25 North Korea reports first 'suspected' case of COVID-19 in city of Kaesong
  • Jul 25 Hurricane Hanna, 1st of the 2020 season, makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast as a category 1 storm
  • Jul 25 Cargo ship MV Wakashio runs aground off the coast of Mauritius and begins leaking oil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Body of civil rights activist John Lewis crosses the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma for the last time (beaten there 55 years ago) with a military honor guard as part of a remembrance ceremony

Civil Rights Leader and Congressman John Lewis
Civil Rights Leader and Congressman
John Lewis
  • Jul 27 US congressman John Lewis becomes the first black lawmaker to lie in state in the Rotunda in Washington D.C.
  • Jul 27 Google decides its employees can work from home until July 2021, the largest tech company to commit to working from home
  • Jul 27 WHO head Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesussays that COVID-19 is "easily the most severe" global health emergency it has faced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Former Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak found guilty of corruption, sentenced to 12 years and fined nearly $50 million

Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak
Prime Minister of Malaysia
Najib Razak
  • Jul 28 Iter, the world's largest nuclear fusion project, begins assembly in Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
  • Jul 29 Scaled back Hajj pilgrimage begins in Saudi Arabia with no foreigners
  • Jul 30 NASA launches to Mars its Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopter aboard a V 541 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida
  • Jul 30 Barack Obama gives the eulogy at the funeral of congressman John Lewis, with former presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta
  • Jul 30 US economy output posts the largest quarterly fall on record with GDP down 9.5% (3 months to June 30)
  • Jul 30 Federal law enforcement officers begin a phased withdrawal from Portland amid criticism of their actions to shut down Black Lives Matter protests
  • Jul 31 Eurozone economic activity falls 11.9% for April-June with Spain the worst at -18.5%, its deepest in modern times
  • Jul 31 Mexico overtakes the UK to have the world's third highest death toll from COVID-19 with 46,688 fatalities
  • Jul 31 Apple wildfire starts near Beaumont, California, forcing the evacuation of nearly 8,000 people over the next few days