Events in History on December 1

  • 772 Pope Adrian I [Hadrian I] elected

Historic Event

800 Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

  • 1167 Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League

Historic Event

1420 Henry V of England enters Paris

Appointment of Interest

1566 Spanish King Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva

  • 1626 Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh, tyrannical governor of Jerusalem, driven out
  • 1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule following a revolution by Portuguese nobility; the Portuguese Restoration War begins and lasts until 1668 with recognition by Spain of the country's independence
  • 1641 Massachusetts becomes the first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
  • 1656 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • 1742 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 1750 First school in America to offer manual training courses opens in Maryland
  • 1768 The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway (rediscovered 1974)
  • 1783 Jacques Charles and Nicolas Roberts make first untethered ascension with gas hydrogen balloon in Paris
  • 1821 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 1822 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil

Election of Interest

1824 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)

  • 1831 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
  • 1852 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 1864 Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, Tennessee to Saltville, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
  • 1884 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.

Historic Event

1884 Society of Independent Artists hold 1st exhibition in Polychrome Pavilion, Paris, includes Georges Seurat's "Bathers at Asnières"

Historic Event

1887 Sherlock Holmes first appears in print in "Study in Scarlet" by Arthur Conan Doyle

  • 1887 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
  • 1896 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

Historic Event

1900 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser

  • 1900 Portifiro Diaz is inaugurated for his 6th consecutive term as President of Mexico
  • 1906 German Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 years for forgery after posing as Prussian officer
  • 1909 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pennsylvania
  • 1909 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
  • 1913 1st drive-up gasoline station opens in Pittsburgh
  • 1913 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece

Model T

1913 Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

  • 1915 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington

Historic Event

1916 There is virtual civil war in Greece as royalists fight Eleftherios Venizelos' Liberal Party, the Allies ensure a Venizelist victory

  • 1917 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1918 Danish parliament passes an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • 1918 Yugoslavia declares independence with a monarchy proclaimed in Belgrade

Historic Event

1919 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament

  • 1921 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes its 1st flight
  • 1921 US Post Office establishes philatelic agency
  • 1922 1st skywriting over US - "Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF

Historic Event

1922 Polish state Chief Marshal Józef Piłsudski resigns

Historic Publication

1924 "La Révolution surréaliste" publishes its first issue in Paris, edited by André Breton

  • 1924 Plutarco Elías Calles becomes President of Mexico
  • 1925 Peace Treaty of Locarno signed between Germany, France, Belgium, Great Britain, and Italy
  • 1928 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1929 Game of Bingo invented by American toy salesman Edwin S. Lowe
  • 1931 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint

Historic Event

1933 Rudolf Hess & Ernest Rohm become ministers in Hitler's government


1934 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov is assassinated, Joseph Stalin uses it as an excuse to begin his Great Purge of 1934-38

  • 1935 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • 1936 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
  • 1936 Ernest Brundin & Frank Lyon obtain US patent for hydroponic (soil-less) culture of plants

Historic Event

1937 Japan recognizes Spain's Franco government

  • 1938 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah

Historic Event

1939 SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews

  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python

Declaration of War

1941 Japanese Emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war

  • 1941 US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
  • 1942 Gasoline rationed in US
  • 1942 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state
  • 1943 At the end of the Tehran Conference, the Big Three (Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt) agree that the invasion of Normandy should take place in May 1944
  • 1944 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • 1948 Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan as King of Palestine
  • 1948 Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player
  • 1951 Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
  • 1952 The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation
  • 1954 Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement

Historic Event

1955 Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

Historic Event

1956 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year

  • 1956 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta resigns
  • 1958 Central African Republic made autonomous member of the French Community (National Day)
  • 1958 Our Lady of Angels School fire kills 92 students & 3 nuns in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1959 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
  • 1959 The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space
  • 1961 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
  • 1963 Nagaland becomes a state of the Indian union

Historic Event

1964 Martin Luther King Jr. speaks to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign

  • 1965 Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US begins
  • 1965 South Africa's government says children of white fathers are white
  • 1966 Georg Kiesinger elected West German chancellor
  • 1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Maryland to Boulder, Colorado

Historic Event

1967 Queen Elizabeth II inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope

  • 1967 Seattle awarded one of the 2 AL expansion franchise teams
  • 1968 Gonzalo Barrios, Venezuelan presidential candidate
  • 1969 LAPD Police Chief Edward Davis announces warrants for the arrest of the Manson cult for murder
  • 1969 US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II
  • 1970 Independent People's Republic of South Yemen renames itself as People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
  • 1970 Luis Echeverria Alvarez sworn in as president of Mexico
  • 1971 Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
  • 1972 2 people killed and 127 injured when 2 car bombs explode in the centre of Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • 1973 Australia grants self-government to Papua New Guinea
  • 1974 Boeing 727 crashes in Upperville Virginia, 92 died
  • 1974 LA Skid Row slasher kills 1st of 8
  • 1975 "The Robert MacNeil Report", later "The MacNeil-Lehrer Report", currently known as "PBS NewsHour" program premieres nationally in US on PBS
  • 1975 Kuwait and Gulf and BP agree on terms of nationalization

Historic Event

1975 US President Gerald Ford visits People's Republic of China

  • 1976 Angola admitted to the UN
  • 1976 Bangladesh General Ziaur Rahman declares himself president
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1978 US President Jimmy Carter more than doubles national park system size

  • 1980 US Justice Department sues Yonkers siting racial discrimination
  • 1981 Yugoslavian charter flight crashes into Mont San-Pietro in Corsica, 180 killed
  • 1982 Dentist Barney B Clark gets 1st artificial heart
  • 1982 Miguel de la Madrid inaugurated as President of Mexico
  • 1983 Rita Lavelle, former head of EPA, convicted of perjury
  • 1984 France performs nuclear test
  • 1985 South Africa's Cosatu union centre forms
  • 1985 STS 61-C vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1986 Musée d'Orsay opens in Paris
  • 1987 Digging begins to link England & France under English Channel
  • 1988 596 dead after cyclone hits Bangladesh, half a million homeless

Historic Event

1988 Benazir Bhutto named Prime Minister of Pakistan, the 1st female leader of a Muslim country

  • 1988 Chinese minister of Foreign affairs Qian Qichen visits Moscow
  • 1988 First World AIDS day to raise awareness of the AIDS global epidemic
  • 1989 "Day Without Art" - Artists demonstrate against AIDS
  • 1989 East Germany drops communist monopoly from its constitution
  • 1989 Mark Langston signs record $3.2 million per year Cal Angels contract

Latest Wonder of the World

1990 British and French workers meet in the middle of the Channel Tunnel under the English Channel

Historic Event

1990 Dictator of Chad Hissène Habré flees to Cameroon

  • 1990 Iraq accepts Bush's offer for talks
  • 1990 Lithuania, Estonia & Latvia hold their 1st joint session
  • 1991 Colorado party wins Paraguay parliamentary election

Historic Event

1991 Nursultan Nazarbayev sworn in as president of Kazakhstan

  • 1991 Ukrainian people vote for independence
  • 1991 US 75th manned space mission "STS 44" Atlantis 10 lands
  • 1992 2 C-141B Starlifters collide in Montana & crash, 13 die

Historic Event

1992 Amy Fisher sentenced 5-15 yrs for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco

  • 1993 Northwest Airlink plane crashes in Minn, killing 18
  • 1994 Ernesto Zedillo innaugrated as president of Mexico

Historic Event

1994 Jim Bakker, American televangelist and convicted fraud is released from jail

  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Davenport IA on KORB 93.5 FM
  • 1998 Exxon announces a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, creating Exxon-Mobil, the world's largest company.
  • 2001 Captain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-83, into St. Louis International Airport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA's purchase by American Airlines.
  • 2008 The US economy has been in recession since December 2007, the National Bureau of Economic Research announces today
  • 2012 8 people are killed and 36 injured after a bus overturns in Bolivia

Historic Event

2012 Enrique Peña Nieto sworn in as President of Mexico

  • 2016 Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn is declared King of Thailand, succeeding his father King Bhumibol Adulyadej

Historic Event

2016 French President Francois Hollande announces he will not seek a 2nd term - 1st modern French leader not to do so

Election of Interest

2016 Gambia presidential election: dictator Yahya Jammeh is defeated by Adama Barrow after 22 years in power

  • 2016 UN admits its peacekeepers were responsible for the cholera epidemic in Haiti in 2010 that killed 30,000

Historic Event

2017 President Trump’s former national security adviser Michael Flynn pleads guilty to lying to the F.B.I.

  • 2018 Syrian shadow puppetry added to UN list of cultural activities in urgent need of saving
  • 2018 Violent demonstrations in Paris, France, by yellow-vest movement with 36,000 protesting nationwide
  • 2019 A newly developed apple that can last a year - the Cosmic Crisp goes on sale in Washington State, US


2019 Earliest traceable patient, a 55-year-old man, develops symptoms of a novel coronavirus (Covid-19) in Wuhan, China

  • 2019 Iraqi parliament approves resignation of Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi after weeks of unrest and 400 deaths
  • 2020 Chinese robotic spacecraft Chang’e-5 lands on the Moon as part of two-day mission to retrieve rock samples
  • 2020 Spotify's most streamed artist of 2020 was Bad Bunny, its most streamed song "Binding Lights" by The Weekend
  • 2021 Tel Aviv named the world's most expensive city for the first time ahead of Singapore and Paris, with Damascus the cheapest [1]
  • 2021 Turner Art Prize awarded to activist group Array Collective for installation including mock Irish pub - first Northern Irish artists to win [1]