On This Day

Events in History on December 14

  • 557 Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, is significantly damaged by a 6.4 magnitude earthquake
  • 644 Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam
  • 835 Chinese Emperor Wenzong conspires with chancellor Li Xun and general Zheng Zhu to kill all the eunuchs, but the plot is foiled. Also known as the Sweet Dew Incident
  • 867 Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 872 John VIII elected as Catholic Pope
  • 1124 Theobald Buccapecus elected Pope Coelestinus II (he refuses)
  • 1287 During St. Lucia's Flood in Northwest Netherlands the Zuiderzee seawall collapses with loss of over 50,000 lives. Fifth largest recorded flood in history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1542 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1575 Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland
  • 1582 Zealand, Brabant Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12/25
  • 1600 Olivier van Noort sinks Spanish galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
  • 1656 Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales
  • 1702 The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenge the death of their master
  • 1708 Prosper Jolyot's "Electre" premieres in Paris
  • 1751 The first military academy in the world, the Theresian Military Academy, is founded in Austria
  • 1774 First incident of American Revolution - 400 attack Fort William and Mary, New Hampshire

  • 1774 Portsmouth, New Hampshire militiamen successfully attack arsenal of Ft William & Mary
  • 1782 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by British
  • 1793 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Kentucky to Cincinnati
  • 1798 David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut & bolt machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 The French invasion of Russia, led by Napoleon, officially ends with the French having lost as many as 530,000 people

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • 1819 Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
  • 1836 The Toledo War unofficially ends
  • 1862 Battle of Kinston, fought in Lenoir County, North Carolina begins (Goldsboro Expedition), Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 War of the Triple Alliance: Paraguay invades the Brazilian province of Mato Grosso

Dictator of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
Dictator of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1889 American Academy of Political & Social Science organized in Philadelphia
  • 1896 The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1897 Emilio Aguinaldo signs the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, to end hostilities and dissolve his government, in exchange for amnesty and "$800,000 (Mexican)" as an indemnity

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1900 Birth of Quantum Physics: German Physicist Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law
  • 1900 France and Italy sign a secret agreement by which Italy recognizes France's right to exploit Morocco in return for France's conceding her the same right in Tripoli
  • 1903 Reg Foster completes 287 England v Australia on Test Cricket debut
  • 1903 The Wright brothers attempt to fly the Wright Flyer for the first time at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
  • 1907 The schooner Thomas W. Lawson runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Scilly Isles in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1911 Norwegian Roald Amundsen's expedition is the 1st to each the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1913 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • 1914 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • 1916 America's first board certified doctors are named by the American Board of Ophthalmology following an examination at the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1917 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany

  • 1918 David Loyd George's coalition Government wins a clear majority in the UK general election
  • 1918 Sinn Fein candidates win 73 of 105 Irish seats in UK general election, though all will refuse to take seats in Westminster, instead meeting at a Dail Eireann in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1926 Danish Madsen government forms
  • 1927 Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1929 Alexander Zaimis elected president of Greece
  • 1931 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
  • 1932 French government of Herriot falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam

Dancer, Singer, Spy and Civil Rights Activist Josephine Baker
Dancer, Singer, Spy and Civil Rights Activist
Josephine Baker
  • 1934 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany NY)
  • 1938 AL permits Cleveland & Philadelphia to play night games
  • 1939 Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Premier Winston Churchill travels to US on board HMS Duke of York

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
  • 1941 Japan and Thailand sign a treaty of alliance
  • 1944 Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • 1944 Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
  • 1944 German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
  • 1945 Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1946 Togo made a trusteeship territory of UN
  • 1946 UN General Assembly votes to establish UN HQs in New York City
  • 1950 UN Gen Assembly establishes High Comm for Refugees (Nobel 1954)
  • 1952 Uprising of captives in Pongam South Korea, 82 die
  • 1955 Dutch Reformed Church condemns woman/wife as vicar
  • 1955 Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • 1955 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain
  • 1956 Paul-Henri Spaak appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios proclaimed president of Cyprus
  • 1959 J B Jordan in F-104C sets world altitude record, 31,513m
  • 1960 Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) forms
  • 1961 Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John" is 1st country song to get a gold record
  • 1962 Mariner 2 makes 1st US fly-by of another planet (Venus)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Verne Gagne beats The Crusher in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1964 Michael Brown meets Renee Fladen, then writes "Walk Away Renee"
  • 1967 DNA created in a test tube

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Prime Minister of Canada, Lester B. Pearson announces that he is retiring from politics, succeeded by Pierre Trudeau

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1969 "La Strada" opens/closes at Lunt Fontanne NYC for 1 performance
  • 1969 Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) v Australia at Calcutta
  • 1971 Golden Gate Bridge lights out all night due to power failure
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 The Pakistan Army executes an estimated 1,111 of East Pakistan's intellectuals during the Bangladesh Liberation War
  • 1972 Eugene Cernan & Harrison Schmitt leave the Moon
  • 1974 Islander Glenn Resch's 1st shut-out opponent-Kings 3-0
  • 1975 6 So Moluccan terrorists surrender, holding 23 hostages for 12 days
  • 1975 WCPR (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM
  • 1976 Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Dutch Liberal/social dem abortion laws
  • 1977 Egyptian & Israeli representatives gather in Cairo for first formal peace conference
  • 1977 War criminal Pieter Menten sentenced in Amsterdam to 15 years
  • 1978 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 "Onward Victoria" opens and closes at Martin Beck NYC after 1 performance
  • 1980 Anders Kailur scores on 6th Islander penalty shot
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Massacre at Bob's Big Boy restaurant in Los Angeles with 3 people killed and 6 injured
  • 1981 Israel annexes Golan Heights (seized from Syria in war of 1967)
  • 1984 Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires from Monday Night Football
  • 1985 US Foreign Minister George P Shultz arrives in West Berlin
  • 1986 Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan & Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards AFB, California on 1st non-stop, non-refueled flight around world
  • 1987 Chrysler pleads no contest to selling driven vehicles as new
  • 1988 Spanish General strike to protest austerity measures
  • 1988 US agrees to talk to Palestine Liberation Org (1st time in 13 yrs)
  • 1990 Right to Die case permits Nancy Cruzan to have her feeding tube removed, she dies 12 days later
  • 1991 Ferry boat Salem Express sinks in Red Sea, 476 killed
  • 1992 52 people, including 25 children, are killed when a helicopter from Tkvarcheli is shot down during the War in Abkhazia
  • 1993 Muslim fundamentalists murder 12 Kroates/Bosnians in Algeria
  • 1994 Construction begins on the Three Gorges Dam, China
  • 1995 AIDS patient Jeff Getty receives baboon bone marrow transplant

Agreement of InterestDayton Agreement

1995 Yugoslav Wars: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by leaders of various governments ending the conflict in former Yugoslavia
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The full and official signing of the Dayton Agreement in Paris, France
The full and official signing of the Dayton Agreement in Paris, France
  • 1999 Flash floods in Venezuela after torrential rainfall results in the deaths of thousands of people and causes a total collapse in the state's infrastructure
  • 2003 President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2003 President George W. Bush announces the capture of Saddam Hussein.

Iraqi President and Dictator Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President and Dictator
Saddam Hussein
43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2004 The Millau viaduct, the highest bridge in the world, near Millau, France is officially opened

Conference meetingConference of Interest

2008 President George W. Bush make his fourth and final trip to Iraq as president and is almost struck by two shoes thrown at him by Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi during a farewell conference in Baghdad

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2012 28 people, including 20 children, are shot to death at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut
  • 2012 Australian Joel Parkinson wins the 2012 ASP World Tour
  • 2012 Gene Wolfe wins the Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master Award

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2014 Shinzō Abe and his ruling Liberal Democratic Party win re-election in Japan, retaining their two-thirds majority with coalition partner New Kōmeitō Party

Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
Shinzō Abe
  • 2015 Bus plunges off bridge into Balboa River near Argentina city of Rosario de la Frontera, killing 43 frontier police on board
  • 2016 University of Toronto scientists present findings of the world's oldest water - 2 billion years old from a mine in Canada
  • 2016 Amazon announces its 1st delivery by drone 2 km from their warehouse in the UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 The Vatican announces it has rediscovered the lost last paintings of Raphael in Vatican Museum, painted 1520

Painter and Architect Raphael
Painter and Architect
  • 2017 US media regulator the Federal Communications Commission votes to end net neutrality
  • 2017 Train ploughs into a school bus cutting it in half, killing 4 children and injuring 20 near Perpignan, France
  • 2017 Suicide bomber kills at least 18 police officers at a training centre parade in Mogadishu, Somalia, Islamic group al-Shabab claim responsibility
  • 2017 British surgeon Simon Bramhall admits to branding the liver of 2 patients with his initials
  • 2017 Australian government establishes a Royal Commission into Misconduct in the Banking, Superannuation and Financial Services Industry
  • 2018 Report by Reuters US pharmaceutical company Johnson & Johnson knew for decades their talc was contaminated with asbestos