Events in History on December 16

  • 755 An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion during Chinese Tang Dynasty
  • 882 Marinus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding John VIII
  • 1392 Nanboku-chō - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu

Royal Coronation

1431 King Henry VI of England crowned King of France (only English monarch to wear both crowns)

Historic Event

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama is 1st European to sail along Africa's East Coast, names it Natal

  • 1538 King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants
  • 1575 The 1575 Valdivia earthquake takes place.
  • 1577 Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory
  • 1598 Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - in the final battle of the war Korean navy decisively defeats the Japanese
  • 1617 Spanish viceroy Hernando Arias de Saavedra founds provinces Rio de la Plata (Argentina)/Guaira (Paraguay)

Historic Event

1620 Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are confronted by 30 Native Americans, which became known as the "First Encounter"

  • 1631 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts, burying many villages under lava flows and killing around 3,000 people

Appointment of Interest

1653 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

  • 1659 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • 1689 English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections
  • 1707 Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.
  • 1740 Prussian Libya falls to Silezie
  • 1761 Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).
  • 1773 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act

Historic Invention

1775 Englishman Richard Arkwright receives a patent for his carding machine for use in cotton mills

  • 1777 Virginia becomes 1st state to ratify Articles of Confederation (US 1st constitution)
  • 1811 Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage
  • 1817 Leaders of Molukkas uprising hanged in Ambon
  • 1824 Great North Holland Canal opens
  • 1826 Benjamin W. Edwards rides into Mexican controlled Nacogdoches, Texas and declares himself ruler of the Republic of Fredonia.
  • 1835 Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC
  • 1838 Battle of Blood River: Zulu impis defeated by Voortrekkers in South Africa (Great Trek)
  • 1850 Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
  • 1857 Earthquake in Naples, Italy
  • 1858 Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
  • 1862 Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution

Appointment of Interest

1863 Braxton Bragg is replaced by Joseph E. Johnston as commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee

  • 1864 Battle of Nashville ends after 4400 causalities
  • 1880 Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • 1880 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • 1883 Tonkin Campaign: The French capture the citadel in Hanoi
  • 1884 Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1886 Rift at Dutch Reformed Church over "Doleantie"
  • 1890 Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN
  • 1897 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
  • 1900 A National Civic Federation is formed in the US to arbitrate labor disputes
  • 1900 Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony
  • 1901 Boer General Kritzinger captured
  • 1903 Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers
  • 1903 The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel opens its doors to guests for the first time
  • 1905 "Variety" covering all phases of show business, 1st published

Great White Fleet

1907 As a gesture of the US's new presence as a world power, President Theodore Roosevelt sends the 'Great White Fleet' on a round-the-world cruise, visiting ports internationally

  • 1907 Eugenia Farrar is the 1st to sing over a wireless radio broadcast, at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, New York
  • 1908 1st credit union in US forms (Manchester NH)
  • 1909 A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office
  • 1912 1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
  • 1912 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
  • 1912 First Balkan War: The Ottoman Navy is defeated by the Royal Hellenic Navy at the Battle of Eli

Battle of Interest

1914 French offensive in Artois, Northern France led by Philippe Pétain

  • 1914 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • 1918 German troops evacuate Finland, give over Kiev in the Ukraine to revolutionary forces and pull back from Estonia as Bolshevik forces move in
  • 1920 8.5 earthquake rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000

Anglo-Irish Treaty

1921 The Anglo-Irish Treaty, agreed to by the British Parliament and Sinn Féin, is ratified

  • 1921 The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day

Election of Interest

1924 Hiram Bingham is elected as a Republican to serve in the US Senate forcing him to resign as Governor of Connecticut after serving only one day in office, the shortest term of any Connecticut Governor

  • 1925 Alpha Phi Omega national service fraternity is founded at Lafayette College.
  • 1926 WOW-AM in Omaha NE begins radio transmissions
  • 1931 German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism
  • 1933 Abe de Vries & Sipke Castelein win Elfstedentocht
  • 1937 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.

Historic Event

1938 Adolf Hitler institutes the state decoration and civil order of merit, Cross of Honour of the German Mother

  • 1938 State of California executes Ed Davis (38), leader of Folsom Prison escape attempt resulting in murder of warden and guard (San Quentin State Prison, Marin County)
  • 1940 British air raid on Mannheim
  • 1941 Sarawak occupied by Japanese forces
  • 1942 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
  • 1943 "Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200
  • 1944 German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
  • 1944 Nazi Germany launches a counteroffensive against the Allies in the Ardennes region of Belgium, beginning the 'Battle of the Bulge'
  • 1944 US 2nd Infantry division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid

Historic Event

1946 French fashion designer Christian Dior and his backer Marcel Boussac found fashion house Christian Dior

  • 1946 Thailand joins the United Nations
  • 1949 Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget, later knows as SAAB, is founded in Sweden.

Historic Event

1950 US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism"

Conference of Interest

1953 1st White House Press Conference (President Eisenhower & 161 reporters)

  • 1953 Charles E Yeager fly > 2,575 kph in Bell X-1A
  • 1957 Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1958 Bogota warehouse fire kills 82
  • 1959 Snow falling in Lowarai Pass West Pakistan kills 48
  • 1960 TWA 266 & United 826 collide over Staten Island, kills 134

Historic Event

1961 Martin Luther King Jr. joins over 500 jailed demonstrators who had been arrested in Albany, Georgia [1]

  • 1962 Nepal establishes its constitution and becomes a Constitutional Hindu Monarchy
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1965 Gemini 6 returns to Earth
  • 1965 Pioneer 6 launched into solar orbit
  • 1965 Taufa'ahau Tupou IV becomes King of Tonga
  • 1968 Official revocation of the Edict of Expulsion of Jews from Spain at Second Vatican Council
  • 1969 "War is Over! If You Want It, Happy Christmas from John & Yoko" posters begin appearing
  • 1969 British House of Commons votes 343-185 to abolish the death penalty
  • 1970 Polish Vice-Prime Minister Stanisław Kociołek, condemns labor protesters and calls for the workers to get back to work, in a televised speech
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 Don McLean's 8+ minute version of "American Pie" released
  • 1971 Vijay Diwas (Victory Day): East Pakistan's independence (as Bangladesh) from Pakistan is recognized internationally after India's army occupies Dacca, and 93,000 West Pakistani troops surrender
  • 1972 Bangladesh Constitution goes into effect
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Andrew Young named Ambassador & Chief US Delegate to UN
  • 1976 Government halts swine flu vaccination program following reports of paralysis
  • 1976 Liberian tanker stranded at Nantucket, 180,000 barrels oil in sea
  • 1978 Cleveland, Ohio becomes the first post-Depression era city to default on its loans, owing $14,000,000 to local banks.

Historic Event

1978 Ronald Reagan denounces President Jimmy Carter's recognition of People's Republic of China

  • 1979 4 British Army soldiers are killed by a PIRA landmine near Dungannon, County Tyrone. Another British Army soldier was killed by a PIRA landmine near Forkill, County Armagh
  • 1979 Libya raises crude oil prices, joining four other OPEC nations, which has a dramatic effect on the United States
  • 1980 President-elect Ronald Reagan announces Alexander Haig Jr. as 59th Secretary of State
  • 1981 Dutch Van Agt's 2nd government falls
  • 1982 The Federal Reserve announces that the operating capacity of factories has gone down to 67.8%.
  • 1983 Riverside, California; judge denies cerebral palsy victim Elizabeth Bouviato request to starve herself to death in a county hospital
  • 1985 Challenger moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51-L mission

Historic Event

1985 John Gotti assumes leadership of New York's Gambino crime family after ordering the executions of Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti

Historic Event

1986 Revolt in Kazakhstan against Communist party, known as Zheltoksan, which becomes the first sign of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure

  • 1987 Roh Tae Woo elected president of South Korea
  • 1988 Political cult leader Lyndon LaRouche convicted of tax, mail fraud
  • 1989 Geoff Marsh completes 355* for WA against South Australia
  • 1989 Protest breaks out in Timişoara in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor, László Tőkés.
  • 1990 KUSW, Salt Lake City Utah, final shortwave radio transmissions
  • 1990 Rev. Jean-Bertrand Aristide elected President of Haiti
  • 1991 Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
  • 1991 UN reverses ruling that Zionism is racism by 111-25 (13 abstain) vote
  • 1995 The official adoption of the name "Euro"

Historic Event

1997 US President Bill Clinton names his Labrador retriever "Buddy"

  • 1998 Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox - the United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq
  • 2004 NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft is the 1st to cross the termination shock, where solar and interstellar winds merge

Historic Event

2009 Ben Bernanke, Chair of the US Federal Reserve is named Time's Person of the Year for rescuing the global economy from the Great Recession

  • 2012 4 people are killed after Cyclone Evan strikes Fiji
  • 2012 A gang rape of a woman on a bus in India that resulted in her death leads to national and international outrage
  • 2013 21 people are killed and 20 are injured after a bus falls from an elevated highway in Manila, Philippines
  • 2014 An Army Public School in Pakistan is attacked by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan militants who kill 145 people
  • 2015 US Federal Reserve raises interest rates by 0.25% for the first time since 2006
  • 2016 5 day pollution red alert declared in Beijing and 21 other Chinese cities, classified by officials as a “meteorological disaster”

Historic Event

2016 US State Department increases reward for information on Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi to $25 million

  • 2018 Huge explosion and fire in a restaurant in Sapporo, Japan injures 42
  • 2018 Sri Lanka's Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe is sworn back into office two months after being removed by President Sirisena
  • 2020 14 people found guilty of 2015 terror attacks on Charlie Hebdo office and supermarket in Paris
  • 2020 China blocks imports of coal, from Australia, the world's second biggest market for the world's biggest coal exporter
  • 2020 Major winter storm hits US Northeast resulting in at least seven deaths and Binghamton, New York, receiving record 41 inches of snow
  • 2020 Nine-year-old girl who died of an asthma attack in 2013 becomes first person in the world to officially have air pollution listed as cause of death
  • 2021 Six children die in a bouncy castle accident at a school in Devonport, Tasmasia, Australia
  • 2021 Super Typhoon Rai strikes the Philippines' south-eastern islands with winds of 195km/h (120mph), killing at least 375
  • 2022 Japan announces its biggest military build-up since WWII, amid concerns over China and North Korea [1]
  • 2022 Landslide sweeps through a campsite in Batang Kali township, Selangor state, Malaysia, killing at least 21 people during the night [1]
  • 2022 Pokemon producers announce main man Ash Ketchum and his Pikachu will leave the anime series after 25 years [1]