Events in History on December 18

  • 218 BC Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal's Carthaginian army heavily defeat Roman forces on Italian soil
  • 1118 Alfonso van Aragon occupies Saragossa on Almoraviden

Historic Event

1271 Kublai Khan renames his empire "Yuan" (元 yuán), marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of China

  • 1352 Etienne Aubert elected as Pope Innocentius VI
  • 1385 Peace of Tournai (Dutch - Doornik) signed between the Burgundian Duke Philip II and the rebellious city of Ghent
  • 1406 Anton of Burgundy becomes Duke of Brabant
  • 1603 First fleet of the Dutch East India Company under Admiral Steven van der Haghen departs for the East-Indies
  • 1621 English parliament accept unanimously, Protestation

Historic Expedition

1642 Abel Tasman's expedition sails around Farewell Spit and into Golden Bay, first sighting local Māori in New Zealand

  • 1719 Thomas Fleet publishes "Mother Goose's Melodies For Children" in Boston, Massachusetts

Historic Expedition

1773 A skirmish at Grass Cove in Queen Charlotte Sound results in the deaths of two Māori and nine members of James Cook's expedition, New Zealand

  • 1774 Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia
  • 1777 1st US national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating British General Burgoyne's surrender

Historic Event

1783 British King George III dismisses Duke of Portland's government

  • 1793 Surrender of the frigate La Lutine by French royalists to Lord Hood; renamed HMS Lutine, she later becomes a famous treasure wreck
  • 1796 1st US newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)

Historic Event

1799 George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon

  • 1813 British take Fort Niagara in War of 1812

Historic Event

1832 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin aboard reaches Tierra del Fuego for the first time

  • 1839 John William Draper takes 1st portrait photograph of a female face made in US
  • 1849 William Bond obtains 1st photograph of Moon through a telescope

Election of Interest

1852 George Hamilton-Gordon (Peelite party) becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after the downfall of the Conservative government of Edward Smith-Stanley

  • 1862 Battle at Lexington, Tennessee (part of Forrest's Second Raid)
  • 1865 1st US cattle importation law passed
  • 1867 Around 49 victims of "Angola Horror" train wreck burn to death in Angola, New York
  • 1869 Canada's Hamilton Football Club plays its 1st game
  • 1878 French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
  • 1878 John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania
  • 1888 Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Anasazi ruins of Mesa Verde, Colorado
  • 1890 Frederick Lugard's British expedition to Meng and Kampala, Uganda
  • 1898 First automobile speed record set of 63 kph (39 mph) by French Count Gaston de Chasseloup-Laubat of Paris
  • 1899 Field Marshal Lord Roberts appointed British supreme commander in South Africa
  • 1900 The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.

Historic Event

1902 British parliament passes the Education Act, which will come to be regarded as the most important legislation of Arthur Balfour's government

  • 1905 H V Hordern takes 8-81 in 2nd innings of First Class debut (NSW v Qld)

Bare Bones of the Great Ape-Man Hoax

1912 Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson

  • 1913 The Indian Inquiry Commission, also known as the Solomon Commission, commences its sittings in Pretoria
  • 1916 Battle of Verdun, longest of World War I, officially ends in German defeat after nine months of fighting and almost 1 million total casualties

Prohibition is Ratified

1917 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing prohibition of alcohol, is approved by the US congress and sent to the states for ratification

Historic Event

1917 The Soviet government issues a decree recognizing Finland's newly-declared independence [N.S. December 31]

  • 1920 1st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
  • 1923 International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco

Historic Event

1935 Edvard Beneš becomes President of Czechoslovakia after Tomáš Masaryk retires

  • 1935 The Lanka Sama Samaja Party is founded in Ceylon
  • 1936 Su-Lin, 1st giant panda to come to US from China, arrives in San Francisco
  • 1939 Finnish army recaptures Agläjärvi (Karelia)
  • 1941 44 surviving crewmen of German U-434 surrender to the HMS Blankney after scuttling their wounded submarine. Two are lost.
  • 1941 Japanese troops land on Hong Kong
  • 1944 Nazi occupiers of Amsterdam destroy electricity plants
  • 1944 US Destroyers Hull, Spence & Monaghan sink in typhoon (Philippines)
  • 1945 Uruguay joins the United Nations
  • 1946 TV's 1st network dramatic serial "Faraway Hill" ends 2 month run in US

Catholic Encyclical

1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Optissima Pax

  • 1948 Indonesia begins its 2nd political election
  • 1956 Israeli flag hoisted on Mount Sinai
  • 1956 Japan admitted to UN
  • 1957 World's 1st full scale nuclear power plant, for peacetime use only, begins to generate electricity at the Shippingport Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania
  • 1958 Niger gains autonomy within French Community (National Day)
  • 1958 Project SCORE, world’s 1st communications satellite launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1960 General Meeting of UN condemns apartheid
  • 1961 India annexes Portuguese colonies of Goa, Damao & Diu
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Muskegon, Michigan gets 3' of snow
  • 1963 Ron Clarke runs world record 10k (28:15.6)
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1965 Frank Borman and Jim Lovell Splash down in Atlantic after two week Gemini VII mission

  • 1965 Kenneth LeBel jumps 17 barrels on ice skates
  • 1966 Saturn's moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker.
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 House of Lords votes to abolish the death penalty in England, Wales and Scotland (Northern Ireland 25 July 1973)
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Polish uprising fails
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 People United To Save Humanity (PUSH) formed by Jesse Jackson in Chicago
  • 1971 Three members of the Irish Republican Army die when the bomb they were transporting explodes prematurely in King Street, Magherafelt, County Derry.
  • 1971 US dollar devalued 7.9% in Holland ($1=Ÿ3,245)

America’s Agony Is Over: Vietnam War Ends

1972 US launches Operation Linebacker II, its heaviest bombing of North Vietnam, as negotiations to end the Vietnam War collapse

  • 1973 Soyuz 13 launched into Earth orbit for 8 days
  • 1974 San Francisco Visitors Center at City Hall opens
  • 1976 Soviet dissident Viktor Bukovskiexchanged for Chile CP-leader Corvalan
  • 1977 Dutch Antilles: premier Boy Rozendal points independence off
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1978 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1979 Stanley Barrett 1st to exceed land sonic speed (739.666 MPH)
  • 1980 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts minister Van Agts abortion laws
  • 1980 IRA's Sean McKenna becomes critically ill, ends hunger strike
  • 1980 Vietnam adopts constitution
  • 1982 Flight readiness firing of Challenger's main engines; 20 seconds
  • 1985 UN Security Council unanimously condemns "acts of hostage-taking"
  • 1987 Ivan F Boesky sentenced to 3 years for insider trading
  • 1989 "I Love Lucy" Christmas episode, shown for 1st time in over 30 years
  • 1989 Athol Fugard's "My Children, My Africa" premieres in NYC
  • 1990 Bush reiterates his "no concessions" stance against Iraq
  • 1990 NL announces Buffalo, Denver, Miami, Orlando, Tampa-St Petersburg, & Washington, D.C. as 6 finalist for 1993 expansion (Miami & Denver win)
  • 1991 General Motors announces closing of 21 plants
  • 1992 FCC vote 4-1 to allow Infinity to purchase Cook Inlet stations
  • 1993 Kevin Scott skates world record 1K (1:12.54)
  • 1993 The MGM Grand Las Vegas hotel and casino first opens as the largest hotel complex in the world (since surpassed)
  • 1994 Socialist Party (ex-communist) wins Bulgaria parliamentary election
  • 1996 During a press conference, Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Maleki states that Iran supports the free flow of oil through the Strait of Hormuz, but reserves the option of closing off the shipping route if it is threatened
  • 1996 The Oakland, California school board passes a resolution officially declaring "Ebonics" a language or dialect.
  • 1996 US TV industry execs agree to adopt a ratings system
  • 1997 HTML 4.0 is published by the World Wide Web Consortium
  • 1999 NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.

Historic Event

2002 Fashion designer Calvin Klein announces he is selling his company to shirt-maker Phillips-Van Heusen for $430 million

  • 2002 Governor of California Gray Davis announces the state faces a record budget deficit of $35 billion, roughly double the figure reported during his reelection campaign one month earlier
  • 2011 The last US troops withdraw from Iraq, formally ending the Iraq War
  • 2012 4 people are killed and 11 are injured after an apartment block collapses in Palermo, Italy
  • 2012 Canadian police begin arresting 17 people for 'the Great Maple Syrup Heist', for stealing 3,000 tonnes from a storage facility in Quebec
  • 2012 The Seleka rebel coalition kills 15 people during its capture of Bria, the Central African Republic
  • 2017 Austria swears in new coalition government with Sebastian Kurz aged 31 of the People's Party made Chancellor

Appointment of Interest

2017 South Africa's ANC selects Cyril Ramaphosa as leader, to succeed President Jacob Zuma

  • 2018 Fire destroys 600 stilt homes in Manaus, northwestern Brazil
  • 2018 Meteor explodes in huge fireball over the Bering Sea with 10 times the energy of Hiroshima atomic bomb, 2nd largest in last 30 yrs
  • 2018 Nevada becomes the first US state with a female-majority legislature with new appointments taking it to 51%

Historic Event

2019 US House of Representatives votes to impeach President Donald Trump for abuse of power (230-197) and obstruction of Congress (229-198)

  • 2020 International body Covax, established to distribute COVID-19 vaccines to low and middle income countries, announces deals with vaccine manufacturers and method for countries to share excess vaccines
  • 2020 Moderna COVID-19 vaccine granted emergency authorization by US Food and Drug Administration
  • 2020 South Africa announces detection of new variant of COVID-19, called 501.V2, which is driving a second wave of infections

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 US Vice President Mike Pence receives the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine live on TV

Historic Event

2022 Cinderella's glass slipper really a witty literary joke, by Charles Perrault, poking fun at French King Louis XIV's love of shoes and Versailles' Hall of Mirrors according to Scottish professor Genevieve Warwick [1]