Events in History on December 2

  • 1409 The University of Leipzig opens
  • 1620 English language newspaper "Namloos" begins publishing in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1682 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury flees to Amsterdam following the failure of his plots to prevent a Catholic succession should King Charles II die

Historic Event

1697 St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (previous building destroyed in the Great Fire of London)

  • 1755 The second Eddystone Lighthouse on Eddystone Rocks off English southern coast is destroyed by fire
  • 1763 Touro shul of Newport, Rhode Island dedicated (oldest existing US synagogue)
  • 1777 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • 1790 Austrian army occupies Brussels
  • 1802 Britain sells Suriname to the Netherlands

Coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte

1804 General Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned Emperor of the French at the Notre Dame de Paris in a ceremony officiated by Pope Pius VII

  • 1805 Napoleon defeats Russians & Austrians at Austerlitz

Election of Interest

1812 James Madison re-elected President of the US, Elbridge Gerry Vice-President

  • 1813 Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
  • 1816 First savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)
  • 1822 In San Salvador, a congress proposes incorporation into US

Historic Event

1823 US President James Monroe declares the "Monroe Doctrine" opposing European colonialism in the Americas, arguing any European political intervention in the New World would be a hostile act against the United States

Election of Interest

1840 William Henry Harrison elected the 9th President of the United States of America

Historic Event

1845 US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West, a widely held belief termed "manifest destiny" by newspaper editor John O'Sullivan

Historic Event

1848 Franz Joseph I becomes Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia

  • 1851 French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.

Murder of Interest

1859 Abolitionist John Brown hanged for murder, treason, and conspiring slaves to revolt at Charles Town, Virginia

  • 1864 Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia

Historic Event

1867 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States

Historic Event

1868 1st British government of Benjamin Disraeli resigns

  • 1882 Amsterdam Artis Zoo opens aquarium
  • 1887 Amsterdam's Oscar Carrés Circus Theater opens
  • 1887 French president Jules Grévy resigns
  • 1891 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • 1895 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes

Theater Premiere

1896 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin

  • 1899 Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
  • 1899 US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them

Historic Event

1900 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses to meet him

Historic Event

1901 King C. Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

  • 1908 Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
  • 1913 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • 1913 Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Managua created in Nicaragua

Historic Event

1913 Vladimir Mayakovsky's self titled tragedy "Vladimir Mayakovsky" premieres at Saint Petersburg's Luna Park theatre

  • 1914 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1917 Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
  • 1924 British-German trade agreement signed
  • 1927 1st Model A Ford sold, for $385

Historic Event

1927 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black announces to the Geological Society of China that the ancient human fossils from Zhoukoudian, China are a new species which he has named 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

  • 1929 First skull of Peking man found in the caves of Zhoukoudian, 50 km outside of Peking, China. Later dated roughly 750,000 years old. [1]
  • 1934 5.08-m (200") Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
  • 1938 The first 'Kindertransport' carrying Jewish refugee children from Nazi Germany arrives in Britain
  • 1939 British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC
  • 1939 NY's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight

Historic Event

1941 American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone

  • 1941 Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill, New York
  • 1941 US Naval Intelligence ceases bugging Japanese consul

Historic Event

1942 World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicago Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi

  • 1943 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
  • 1944 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • 1944 German troops seize dikles in Betuwse, Netherland
  • 1944 US 95th Infantry division occupies bridge at Saar, GErmany

Historic Publication

1950 "I Robot" collection of sci-fi short stories by Isaac Asimov published by Gnome Press in the US

  • 1954 Taiwan (ROC) & US sign the Mutual Defense Treaty, preventing Mainland China (PRC) from taking Taiwan between 1955-1979
  • 1954 US Senate censures Joeseph McCarthy (Sen-R-Wisc) for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor & disrepute"

Historic Event

1956 Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba

  • 1957 1st US large scale nuclear power plant for peacetime use opens, Shippingport, Pennsylvania
  • 1958 Benelux treaty signed by Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg
  • 1959 Malpasset dam collapses destroying French Riviera town of Frejus

Scientific Discovery

1960 Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey discovers 1.4 million year old Homo erectus (Olduvai Hominid 9) in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

  • 1961 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism
  • 1961 Wind Bell, journal of San Francisco Zen Center, begins publishing
  • 1963 First Dutch rocket launched, reaches height of 10 km
  • 1969 Boeing 747 jumbo jet 1st public preview (Seattle to NYC)
  • 1970 Environmental Protection Agency begins in the US under Director William Ruckelshaus
  • 1971 Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah & Umm ak Qiwain form United Arab Emirates
  • 1971 Soviet space probe Mars 3 is first to soft land on Mars
  • 1971 United Arab Emirates (Trucial States) declares independence from UK

Appointment of Interest

1971 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is appointed President of the United Arab Emirates

  • 1972 "December Giant" largest sinkhole in US collapses (Alabama)
  • 1972 USC tailback Anthony Davis becomes first to score 6 touchdowns against Notre Dame; in a 45-23 victory over the Fighting Irish Davis at the LA Coliseum he scores on runs of 1, 4, 5 & 8 yards and 2 kickoff returns
  • 1974 Giant Baba beats Jack Brisco in Kagoshimi, to become NWA champ
  • 1974 Soyuz 16 launched into Earth orbit for 6 days
  • 1975 7 South Moluccans hijack train at Wijster, Drente (NL), 3 killed
  • 1975 Laos king Sisavang Vatthana resigns, Lao People's Democratic Republic founded (National Day)
  • 1976 Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado
  • 1978 Protesters chant "Allah is great" at an Anti-Shah protest in Tehran, Iran
  • 1979 Crowds attack US embassy in Tripoli, Libya
  • 1979 Foots Walker becomes 1st Cleveland Cavalier to score a triple-double
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 4 American Maryknoll nuns killed by death squads in El Salvador
  • 1981 Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, opens at 11:30 AM
  • 1981 Spanish government requests membership of NATO
  • 1982 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (U of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with Jarvic-7 heart
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 Philipine Chief of Staff General Fabian speaks of Benigno Aquino's murder
  • 1986 Dow-Jones index hits record 1,955.57
  • 1987 Chicago City Council elects Eugene Sawyer acting mayor
  • 1987 Jennifer Steele, 17, of Colorado becomes Miss Teen of America [Approx]
  • 1987 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1988 5 gunmen who hijacked Soviet Aeroflot jet surrender in Israel
  • 1988 STS-27 Atlantis launched (Secret military mission)
  • 1988 UN votes 151-2 (Israel and US) to move PLO debate to Geneva, Great Britain abstains
  • 1989 KHJ-TV in Los Angeles CA changes call letters to KCAL-TV
  • 1989 V. P. Singh sworn in as the 8th Prime Minister of India
  • 1990 First parliamentary election in newly reunified Germany
  • 1990 First time 12 people in space at the same time
  • 1990 US 69th manned space mission STS 35 (Columbia 11) launches into orbit
  • 1991 Muslim Shi'ites release American hostage Joseph Cicippio held in Lebanon
  • 1992 WQEW-AM radio replaces WQXR on 1560 in NYC
  • 1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3702.11
  • 1993 Space shuttle STS-61 (Endeavour 5), launches
  • 1994 Cruise liner Achille Lauro (Willem Ruys) sinks off the coast of Somalia
  • 1994 Jury finds Heidi Fleiss guilty of running a call girl ring
  • 1995 17th ACE Cable Awards: TLC wins the Golden CableACE for "KnowTV: Changing What, Why and How You Watch"
  • 1997 For only the second time in English Football League history, 5 players are sent from the field; 4 Bristol Rovers players and 1 from Wigan are dismissed in the Division 2 match at JJB Stadium; four of the red cards come in 45th minute
  • 1999 The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive
  • 2001 Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the Southern District of New York

Historic Event

2001 Tony Fernandes' company Tune Air Sdn Bhd buys the heavily indebted AirAsia for 1 MYR (about USD 0.26 at the time)

  • 2002 New climate-controlled vault to conserve and display the Sarajevo Haggadah illuminated manuscript (c. 1350) dedicated in Sarajevo’s National Museum
  • 2005 Van Tuong Nguyen is executed in Singapore for drug trafficking.
  • 2008 Thai Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat resigns after the 2008 Thailand political crisis
  • 2012 9 people are killed after 30 cars are trapped in Sasago Tunnel, Japan
  • 2012 Borut Pahor is elected President of Slovenia
  • 2012 Pier Luigi Bersani is elected Italian Prime Minister
  • 2013 China launches its first moon rover mission

Historic Event

2014 Elizabeth Lauten, an aide to a Republican congressman resigns after her online criticism of President Barack Obama's teenage daughters

  • 2014 Hong Kong pro-democracy activists clash with police as they try to surround the government's headquarters in some of the worst violence since the protests began

Historic Event

2014 Stephen Hawking claims that Artificial Intelligence could be a "threat to mankind" and spell the end of the human race

  • 2014 The World Food Programme suspends critical food aid to more than 1.7 million Syrian refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt because of a lack of funds
  • 2014 Vanuatu police arrest at least 20 people over the deaths by hanging of two men accused of sorcery
  • 2015 Attack on a social services centre in San Bernardino, California kills 14 and wounds 17

Historic Event

2016 Donald Trump takes a call with Taiwanese leader Tsai Ing-wen, in a break from America's long standing "One China" policy

  • 2017 Egyptian lawyer Nabih al-Wahsh sentenced to 3 years in prison for saying women wearing ripped jeans should be raped

Historic Event

2018 Israeli police recommend Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his wife be charged with fraud and bribery

Historic Event

2018 Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari denies he has died and been replaced by a Sudanese impostor after ill health

Agreement of Interest

2018 Trade war truce agreed between US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping at G-20 meeting in Argentina

  • 2019 Hawaiian Carissa Moore earns her 4th World Surf League Women’s Championship Tour title with a third placing at the season-ending Maui Pro event at Honolua Bay
  • 2019 Steve Bullock and Joe Sestak drop out of the US Presidential race
  • 2020 The UK becomes the first western country to authorize a vaccine for COVID-19, the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine
  • 2020 US Attorney General William Barr says there is no evidence of widespread voter fraud in the 2020 presidential election, despite claims by President Donald Trump
  • 2020 US records its largest daily death toll for COVID-19 at 2,885 and for the first time patient numbers in hospital exceed 100,000