Events in History on December 25

  • 1 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

274 Roman Emperor Aurelian dedicates a temple to Sol Invictus on the supposed day of the winter solstice and day of rebirth of the Sun.

Roman Emperor Aurelian
Roman Emperor
  • 337 Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 352 1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
  • 390 Roman emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica
  • 496 King Clovis I is baptized a Roman Catholic in - first Germanic king to do so, according to Henry of Tours (year disputed)
  • 597 England adopts Julian calendar
  • 604 Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

800 Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 875 Charles the Bald crowned emperor of Rome
  • 967 John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate emperor
  • 969 Johannes I Tzimisces crowned emperor of Byzantium
  • 979 Rotardus appointed as bishop of the kingdom
  • 999 Heribertus becomes bishop of Cologne
  • 1000 Monarch Istvan crowned king of Hungary
  • 1046 Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor

  • 1048 Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin Count Bruno van Egisheim-Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX
  • 1066 Duke William of Normandy ('William the Conqueror) crowned King of England
  • 1100 Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned King of Jerusalem
  • 1101 Henry I of Limburg becomes Duke of Lower Lorraine
  • 1121 Norbertus van Xanten finds order of the Norbertijnen
  • 1130 Anti-pope Anacletus II crowns Roger II the Norman king of Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1223 St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)

Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1261 John IV Lascaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaeologus.

Historic DiscoverySanta María

1492 Christopher Columbus' flagship the Santa María runs aground and sinks on the north coast of Hispaniola. The crew are left to found a colony as Columbus returns to Spain
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  • 1522 Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
  • 1553 Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia.
  • 1582 Zealand and Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th
  • 1599 The city of Natal, Brazil, is founded.
  • 1613 Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 Governor William Bradford of Plymouth Colony (now in Massachusetts) forbids game playing on Christmas

First Governor of Plymouth Colony William Bradford
First Governor of Plymouth Colony
William Bradford
  • 1640 Pierre de Fermat writes to Marin Mersenne about Fermat's church thesis
  • 1641 Emperor Ferdinand III makes appointments with Sweden and France
  • 1643 Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.
  • 1651 Massachusetts General Court ordered a five shilling fine for "observing any such day as Christmas"
  • 1683 English Whig leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland
  • 1688 British King James II lands in Ambleteuse, France
  • 1688 Lord Delamere sides with King James II
  • 1717 Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces, thousands killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1741 Astronomer Anders Celsius introduces Centigrade temperature scale

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius
  • 1745 Prussia and Austria sign Treaty of Dresden giving much of Silesia to the Prussians

  • 1758 Return of Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch
  • 1760 Jupiter Hammon, an African American slave, composes poetry broadside "An Evening Thought" (1st poetry published by an African American 1761)
  • 1769 First Christian service in New Zealand; Mass is celebrated in Doubtless Bay by Father Paul-Antoine Léonard de Villefeix of the de Surville expedition
  • 1775 Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington crosses Delaware, surprises and defeats 1,400 Hessians

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1809 Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor
  • 1814 Reverend Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society holds the first Christian service in New Zealand on land, at Rangihoua
  • 1818 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night" - "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht) sung (Austria)
  • 1818 Handel's Messiah, premieres in the US in Boston
  • 1831 Louisiana & Arkansas are first states to observe Christmas as holiday
  • 1837 Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians
  • 1843 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC)
  • 1848 New Haven Railroad opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Despite bitter opposition, US President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1875 Lambs Club in New York forms
  • 1894 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football
  • 1899 Shelling on besieged Ladysmith during the Boer War includes one shell containing a plum pudding
  • 1900 Arthur Schnitzler's "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany
  • 1901 Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am
  • 1902 Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes" premieres in NYC
  • 1902 Pope Leo XIII, at his annual Christmas reception, endorses the Christian Democratic movement now emerging in Europe as an attempt to offer an alternative to more radical movements
  • 1911 Edward Knoblock's "Kismet" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football
  • 1917 "Why Marry" 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 -Dec 26] Lenin dictates his "Political testament"

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1923 Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Crown Prince Hirohito of Japan assumes the throne upon his father, Emperor Yoshihito's, death

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1928 NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps
  • 1929 Grimmett takes 6-146 for SA, Queensland all out 380 Crowd 5,390
  • 1930 Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,422
  • 1930 Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500
  • 1931 Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
  • 1931 Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria v Tas at Hobart
  • 1932 7.6 magnitude earthquake ravages Qansu, China, kills 275

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 During King George V's Christmas dinner speech his chair collapes

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1933 Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett
  • 1933 Belgian Working people's party accept Henry de Mans Plan of Labor
  • 1933 Stan Smith takes 8-33 for Victoria v Tasmania at Hobart
  • 1934 Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180
  • 1934 Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism
  • 1936 Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA v Queensland before 4,865
  • 1937 Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436
  • 1939 Grimmett & Ward rip through Qld except Bill Brown (156)
  • 1939 Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th red-nosed reindeer
  • 1940 Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Harts "Pal Joey" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong
  • 1941 Japanese aircraft carriers Akagi/Kagu back in Kure, Japan
  • 1942 Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
  • 1942 British Colonel S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
  • 1942 Soviet artillery and tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • 1946 Constitution accepted in Taiwan
  • 1947 Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law)
  • 1947 Constitution of the Republic of China comes into effect
  • 1950 Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey & smuggled back to Scotland
  • 1953 Avalanche of lava kills 150 from Ruapehu volcano in New Zealand
  • 1953 KNEV (95.5 The Vibe) radio broadcaster in Reno, Nevada begins broadcasting

MurderMurder of Interest

1957 Ed Gein found insane of murder

Murderer and Body Snatcher Ed Gein
Murderer and Body Snatcher
Ed Gein
  • 1959 A synagogue in Cologne Germany desecrated with swatstikas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Richard Starkey (later better known as Ringo Starr) receives his first drum set

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1959 Sony brings transistor TV 8-301 to the market
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1965 The Yemeni Nasserite Unionist People's Organisation is founded in Taiz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 US President Lyndon B. Johnson orders a halt to bombing operations in North Vietnam, hoping to spur peace talks

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Frank Borman's Christmas reading while orbiting the Moon

Astronaut Frank Borman
Frank Borman
  • 1968 42 Dalits are burned alive in Kilavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, India, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit labourers
  • 1969 5 Israeli gunboats escape from Cherbourg harbor
  • 1969 India all out for 163 at Madras v Aust, Ashley Mallett 5-91
  • 1971 Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) formed by Jesse Jackson
  • 1971 Worst hotel fire in history kills 163 at Taeyokale Hotel in Seoul

  • 1973 Tommy Chambers (Scotland) finishes 51 yr cycle tour (799,405 miles)
  • 1973 The ARPANET crashes when a programming bug causes all ARPANET traffic to be routed through the server at Harvard University, causing the server to freeze.
  • 1973 Arab oil ministers cancel January 5 percent production cut; Saudi Arabian oil minister promises 10 percent OPEC production rise
  • 1974 Cyclone Tracy virtually destroys Darwin, Australia
  • 1974 Marshall Fields drives a vehicle through the gates of the White House, resulting in a four-hour standoff.
  • 1976 Egyptian SS Patria sinks in Red Sea, about 100 killed
  • 1976 Takeo Fukuda becomes Japanese premier

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1977 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in Egypt

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1979 Soviet forces invade Afghanistan to prop up the Communist government, beginning a disastrous and failed ten-year war
  • 1982 Mudassar Nazar scores century, then Imran Khan rips through Indians
  • 1984 NBA's Bernard King scores 60 points
  • 1987 Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who escaped 2 days earlier, recaptured
  • 1989 Japanese scientist achieve -271.8°C, coldest temperature ever recorded


1989 Show trial of Romanian Commuinst dicator Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife Elena on charges of genocide and personal enrichment. The couple are found guilty and executed by firing squad the same day.

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1991 Last day of a washout Pakistan v Sri Lanka at Gujranwala

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Mikhail Gorbachev formally resigns as President of USSR in a televised speech

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1996 1,500 year anniversary of Catholicism in France commemorating the baptism of Clovis I in Rheims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 Opening of doors of St. John Lateran Pope John Paul II

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2003 The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe which was released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappears shortly before its scheduled landing.
  • 2004 Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005.
  • 2009 Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board Northwest Airlines Flight 253
  • 2009 Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo sentenced to 11 years in prison in Beijing, China for "inciting subversion of state power"
  • 2012 27 people are killed after an Antonov An-72 plane crashes near Shymkent, Kazakhstan
  • 2012 8 people are killed and thousands left homeless after two fires strike Manila, Philippines
  • 2016 Russian military defence plane crashes into the Black Sea after takeoff from Sochi airport, killing all 92 on board