Events in History on December 29


1170 English Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket assassinated before the high altar of Canterbury Cathedral by four knights

  • 1503 Battle of Garigliano: Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeats French forces in Italy, giving Spain control of the Kingdom of Naples
  • 1539 St Jacob's Church burns after being hit by lightning
  • 1541 Isabella of Poland and King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu

Historic Event

1558 Charles V, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, buried in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain

  • 1566 Danish student and future astronomer Tycho Brache loses part of his nose in a sword duel over who is the better mathematician (he wore a prosthetic nose the rest of his life)

Historic Event

1653 Dutch painter Jan Vermeer becomes a member of the Guild of Saint Luke for painters in Delft

  • 1705 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon's play "Idoménée" premieres in Paris
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Gent
  • 1778 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 1782 1st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston
  • 1786 French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked
  • 1812 The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle
  • 1813 British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812

Trail of Tears

1835 Treaty of New Echota is signed between the US government and representatives of a minority Cherokee political faction to cede all lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States

  • 1837 Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • 1837 Steam-powered threshing machine patented in Winthrop, Maine
  • 1841 King and Grand Duke Willem II installs Order of Eikenkroon
  • 1845 Texas admitted as 28th state of the Union
  • 1848 Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)
  • 1851 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1852 Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants
  • 1860 The first British seagoing iron-clad warship, HMS Warrior is launched

Victory in Battle

1862 Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat General William T. Sherman

  • 1862 Bowling ball invented
  • 1867 1st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Co, New York
  • 1876 11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula, Ohio, 92 die

Wounded Knee Massacre

1890 US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, South Dakota

  • 1891 Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)
  • 1895 Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg
  • 1899 British fleet seizes German Imperial Mail Steamer Bundesrath accused of carrying contraband
  • 1900 General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia
  • 1903 French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari
  • 1908 Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisconsin
  • 1911 Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty
  • 1911 Proclamation restores "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins

Election of Interest

1911 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of the Republic of China

  • 1920 The Netherlands and Venezuela recover diplomatic relations
  • 1920 Yugoslav government bans communist party

Election of Interest

1921 Mackenzie King is sworn in as the 10th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1922 Dutch Constitution proclaimed
  • 1922 Revised Netherlands Law proclaims suffrage
  • 1926 Vatican puts French fascist Charles Maurras' work on the index
  • 1926 Victoria (1107) beat NSW (221 & 230) by an innings 656 runs

Historic Event

1929 Dutch colonial authorities arrest Sukarno and other key PNI leaders in Java

  • 1930 Fred P. Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minnesota, to New Orleans
  • 1931 Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey
  • 1931 Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW
  • 1934 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • 1934 Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 and London Treaty of 1930
  • 1937 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire
  • 1937 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1938 Construction on Lake Washington Floating Bridge, Seattle, begins
  • 1939 First flight of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber prototype

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940 Worst German air raid on London as over 10,000 bombs including the 1st incendiary bombs are dropped on the city as part of the Blitz

  • 1944 Belgian Walloon Nazi collaborator Léon Degrelle sentenced to death

Historic Event

1944 General Eisenhower's train returns to Versailles

  • 1947 Ship carrying Jewish immigrants driven away from Palestine
  • 1948 Canada recognizes Israel
  • 1948 US State Department announces work on placing objects into Earth orbit
  • 1949 Hungary nationalized its industries
  • 1952 1st transistorized hearing aid offered for sale (Elmsford NY)
  • 1954 Kingdom of Netherlands, with Netherlands & Netherlands Antilles as autonomous parts, comes into being
  • 1958 TV soap "Young Dr Malone" debuts
  • 1959 Saul Levitt's "Andersonville Trial" premieres in NYC
  • 1966 Pirate Radio Phoenix, 1st transmission (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • 1967 Turkish-Cypriot government forms in Cyprus
  • 1968 Israeli commandos destroy 13 Lebanese airplanes
  • 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act (United States) signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon
  • 1972 Eastern Tristar Jumbo Jet crashes near Everglades killing 101
  • 1972 Life magazine ceases publication
  • 1972 President of Sinn Féin Ruairi O Bradaigh is arrested and held under new legislation in Republic of Ireland
  • 1974 Murray Schisgal's "All Over Town" premieres in NYC
  • 1975 11 killed, 75 hurt by terrorist bomb at LaGuardia Airport in NYC
  • 1977 Ronald Ribman's "Cold Storage" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1978 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi asks Shapour Bahktiar to form a civilian government

  • 1978 Spain constitution goes into effect
  • 1980 Shuttle STS-1 moves from Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) to Launch Complex 39A
  • 1983 US formally notifies UNESCO that it will withdraw from the organization on the Jan 1, 1985, in protest over perceived anti-Western bias, efforts to restrict press freedom and wasteful management methods
  • 1984 5th United Negro College Fund

Election of Interest

1984 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi claims victory in parliamentary elections

  • 1988 Victorian Post Office Museum in Australia closes
  • 1989 Riots break-out after Hong Kong decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees.

Historic Event

1989 Václav Havel is selected to be president of Czechoslovakia by the Federal Assembly shortly after the Velvet Revolution

Historic Event

1991 Boeing 747-200F freight plane of China Airlines crashes into mountain shortly after takeoff from Chiang Kai-shek International Airportat Taipei, Taiwan, killing 5-member crew

  • 1992 Governor Cuomo grants Jean Harris (Scarsdale Diet Dr killer) clemency
  • 1993 Todd Bridges arrested for transporting methamphetamine (speed)
  • 1994 B737-400 flies into a mountain at Edremit East Turkey, 54 killed
  • 1994 Bangladesh government of Zia resigns
  • 1994 Last Dutch electro-magnetic telephone exchange shuts down
  • 1997 Carquest Bowl 8: Georgia Tech beats West Virginia, 35-30
  • 1997 Hong Kong begins slaughtering all its chickens to prevent bird flu
  • 1997 Orville Lynn Majors, 36, arrested for many deaths under his care
  • 1997 Russia signs agreement to build a $3B nuclear power plant in China
  • 1998 Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over a million people
  • 2001 Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.
  • 2012 200 people are executed by the Syrian army in Homs
  • 2012 21 security personnel are killed by Pakistani Taliban near Peshawar
  • 2012 5 people are killed in a Tupolev Tu-204 plane crash in Moscow
  • 2013 16 people are killed and 40 are wounded by a suicide bomb attack at Volgograd-1 railway station, Russia
  • 2013 Chaparrastique volcano erupts in El Salvador
  • 2013 Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says barrel bombs on Aleppo have killed 517 people since 15th December
  • 2015 Ebola epidemic in Guinea declared over by WHO, 2,500 died over 2 years

Historic Event

2016 US President Barack Obama retaliates against Russia for hacking American computer systems and trying to influence the 2016 presidential election by ejecting 35 Russian spies and imposing sanctions

  • 2018 40 militants killed in Giza and El-Arish by Egyptian police after attack on a tourist bus the day before killed four
  • 2018 Record lowest temperature of -111C registered by American satellite Noaa-20 in the western Pacific at top of large storm [1]