Events in History on December 4

  • 1110 Syrian harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1154 Adrian IV elected Pope. The only Englishman to become pontiff, Nicholas Breakspear was a member of the family which until recent years brewed beer in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire.
  • 1197 Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah
  • 1259 Treaty of Paris: English King Henry III and French King Louis IX end 100 years of conflict between the Capetian and Plantagenet dynasties
  • 1489 Battle of Baza - Spanish army captures Baza from Moors

Historic Event

1534 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent occupies Baghdad

  • 1563 Council of Trent holds its last session, after 18 years. Last ecumenical council for more than 300 years.

The First Thanksgiving

1619 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish, England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God. Considered by many the first Thanksgiving in the Americas.

  • 1644 First European peace congress opens in Munster
  • 1655 Middelburg, Netherlands forbids building of synagogue

Historic Event

1665 Jean Racine's "Alexandre le Grand" premieres in Paris

  • 1674 Father Marquette builds first dwelling in what is now Chicago
  • 1676 Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt
  • 1680 Hen in Rome lays a uniquely patterned egg, later believed to have predicted the arrival of the Kirch/Newton "Great Comet of 1680"
  • 1682 First General Assembly in Pennsylvania (Chester)

Historic Event

1688 General John Churchill (later 1st Duke of Marlborough) changes allegiance from James II to William of Orange

  • 1691 Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • 1691 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II as Viceroy of Southern Netherlands
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby
  • 1783 General Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, NYC

First Issue of The Observer

1791 Britain's "The Observer" is first published, the oldest Sunday newspaper in the world

  • 1798 Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • 1812 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, patents a horse-drawn mower

Election of Interest

1816 James Monroe is elected to become the 5th President of the United States, defeating Rufus King of the Federalist Party

  • 1829 Britain outlaws "suttee" in India, a Hindu practice where a widow burns herself to death on her husband's funeral pyre
  • 1832 French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1833 American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia
  • 1836 Whig party holds its first national convention, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1843 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented in Massachusetts

Election of Interest

1844 James Knox Polk elected 11th US President

  • 1851 President Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • 1864 Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek), Georgia
  • 1864 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practise law
  • 1867 Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange)

Historic Event

1875 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed" (Tammany Hall, NYC) escapes from jail

  • 1881 The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published
  • 1889 Explorer Henery Morton Stanley's expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean
  • 1899 56th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • 1899 Webb Hayes, son of US President Rutherford Hayes, receives medal of honor

Historic Event

1905 British government of Arthur Balfour resigns

  • 1906 Alpha Phi Alpha, first Black Greek Letter Fraternity, forms
  • 1908 Haiti's president General Alexis Nord flees from military coup
  • 1908 The world's ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • 1915 Frank Friday Fletcher is first US admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor

Historic Event

1915 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oscar II, sails for Europe 'to get the boys out of the trenches by Christmas'

  • 1915 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County, Georgia
  • 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition closes in San Francisco

Conference of Interest

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France

  • 1920 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds, NYC
  • 1921 The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle ends in a hung jury
  • 1922 Lucille Atcherson, becomes first woman legation sect-US foreign service
  • 1923 WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
  • 1930 Vatican approves rhythm method for birth control

Historic Event

1932 Kurt von Schleicher succeeds Franz von Papen as Reich Chancellor of Germany

Historic Event

1933 FDR creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration

  • 1935 1,200 at St Joseph's College (Philadelphia) enroll in anticommunism class
  • 1941 Nazi ordinance places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts
  • 1942 FDR orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration
  • 1942 First US citizenship granted to an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey)
  • 1942 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization
  • 1942 US bombers strike Italian mainland for first time in WW II
  • 1943 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü
  • 1943 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar
  • 1944 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • 1945 Senate approves US participation in United Nations
  • 1947 USSR joins International Amateur Athletic Union
  • 1948 SS Kiangya hits mine in Whangpoo River, China, sinks killing 2,750
  • 1949 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak is fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by Malay student Rosli Dhoby with help from Morshidi Sidek with the goal of helping neighbouring Indonesia to take over British Sarawak
  • 1951 Mir Waiz Maulvi Muhammad Yusouf is appointed President of Azad Kashmir Government
  • 1951 Superheated gasses roll down Mount Catarman, Philippines, killing 500 people
  • 1952 Walter P. Reuther chosen chairman of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the US
  • 1954 The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida, USA
  • 1955 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1957 2 commuter trains collide in heavy fog killing 92 (St John's, England)
  • 1957 First edition of "Chase's Annual Events" published
  • 1958 American pilots Bob Timm and John Cook take off from Las Vegas, Nevada in "The Hacienda", their modified Cessna 172, in an attempt to break recently set airplane flight endurance record; effort succeeds almost 65 days later [1]
  • 1958 Dahomey (Benin), Ivory Coast become autonomous within French Community
  • 1958 Finnish government of Fagerholm resigns

Historic Event

1961 Museum of Modern Art hangs Matisse's Le Bateau upside down for 47 days

  • 1961 Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN

Historic Event

1961 The female contraceptive 'pill' becomes available on the National Health Service in Britain

  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

1963 Aldo Moro forms Italian government (1963-1968)

Historic Event

1963 Pope Paul VI closes 2nd session of 2nd Vatican Council

  • 1965 2 passenger planes collide above Danbury, Connecticut, 4 die

Historic Event

1965 Gemini 7 launched with Frank Borman and Jim Lovell

  • 1966 Military Working Dog "Nemo" saves the life of his handler Airman Robert A. Throneburg during the Vietnam War, surviving a gunshot wound to the nose
  • 1968 Following a civil rights march in Dungannon, Northern Ireland, there is a violent clash between Loyalists and those who are taking part in the march
  • 1970 Unemployment in US increases to 5.8%
  • 1971 McGurk's Bar bombing: the UVF explode a bomb at a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast, killing fifteen Catholic civilians and wounding seventeen others; this was the highest death toll from a single incident in Belfast during 'the Troubles'
  • 1971 The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi
  • 1971 The UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan
  • 1974 Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka killing 191 Muslim pilgrims
  • 1975 6 South Molukkans occupy Indonesian consulate in The Hague, 1 dead

Dictator Bokassa I

1977 Jean-Bédel Bokassa crowns himself Emperor of the Central African Empire in a lavish ceremony costing US$20 million - one third of the nation's budget

  • 1978 Dianne Feinstein is named as San Francisco's 1st female and Jewish mayor

Historic Event

1978 Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten freed

  • 1978 Pioneer Venus 1 goes into orbit around Venus
  • 1981 According to South Africa, Ciskei gains independence. Not recognized as an independent country outside South Africa.

Historic Event

1981 Reagan Executive Order on Intelligence (No 12333) that allows CIA to engage in domestic counter-intelligence

  • 1982 China adopts its constitution
  • 1982 Police and racist demonstrators clash in Antwerp
  • 1983 US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon
  • 1984 Hezbollah militants hijack a Kuwait Airlines plane, killing four passengers.

Historic Event

1985 French President François Mitterrand receives Polish leader Wojciech Jaruzelski

  • 1985 President Reagan appoints Vice Admiral John Poindexter as security adviser
  • 1986 US launches its Fleet Satellite Communications System (Fltsatcom-7)
  • 1987 Karlstad skates world record 10 km (13:48.51)
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1990 An Iraqi official reports that Iraq will withdraw if it can retain control of the Rumailah field and keep Bubiyan and Werbah islands; also says that demands that the Palestinian issue be treated separately would not be surmountable
  • 1990 Due to Persian Gulf crisis gas hits $1.60 per gallon price in NYC
  • 1990 Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages
  • 1991 Muslim Shi'ites release last US hostage Terry Anderson (held 6½ years)
  • 1991 Pan American World Airways ceased operations
  • 1991 Patricia Bowman testifies that William Kennedy Smith raped her

Historic Event

1992 US President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 US troops to war-torn Somalia

  • 1993 A truce is concluded between the government of Angola and UNITA rebels.
  • 1993 Johann Koss skates world record 5K (6:35.53)
  • 1995 Atherton (185*) bats for 643 minutes to save Johannesburg Test
  • 1996 NASA's 1st Mars rover launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1997 Nizar Hamdoon warns that Iraq will not allow oil to flow during a third six-month phase of the UN's oil-for-food sale until the UN approves an aid distribution plan
  • 1998 The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched

Murder of Interest

2001 Marike de Klerk, ex-wife of former President F.W. de Klerk is murdered at her home in Cape Town

  • 2005 Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage
  • 2006 An adult giant squid is caught on video by Kubodera near the Ogasawara Islands, 1,000 km (620 miles) south of Tokyo
  • 2012 29 people are killed by a mortar attack in Bteeha, Syria
  • 2012 Typhoon Bopha makes landfall in the Philippines, killing at least 81 people
  • 2013 Mosconi Cup nine-ball pool, Las Vegas, Nevada: 4 consecutive titles for Europe after an 11-2 thrashing of US; MVP: Niels Feijen (Netherlands)
  • 2013 Xavier Bettel becomes Luxenberg's first openly gay Prime Minister
  • 2014 Mosconi Cup nine-ball pool, Blackpool, England: Team Europe beats US, 11-5 for 5th straight title; MVP: Niels Feijen (Netherlands)
  • 2014 The United Nations warns that the world is on course for the warmest year since records began
  • 2014 Ukraine and Pro-Russian rebels agree to cease fire in the eastern war zone, beginning December 9
  • 2014 US authorities promise a "fair" investigation into the death of African American Eric Garner, after a white New York City police officer held him in a choke-hold faces no charges
  • 2015 Floods in Chennai and Tamil Nadu state, India start receding after a month of heavy rainfall, leaving more 260 dead and thousands stranded
  • 2016 Austria elects liberal independent Alexander Van der Bellen as President, after original vote in May annulled

Historic Event

2016 New Zealand Prime Minister John Key resigns after 8 years in office

  • 2016 Tens of thousands march throughout Brazil against a vote to undermine anti-corruption investigations
  • 2016 Venezuela issues new higher-value notes after currency falls 60% in 1 months against the US dollar
  • 2017 Thomas fire begins and spreads to city of Ventura, California

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump scales back Utah National Parks - Bears Ears National Monument (85%), Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (50%)

  • 2017 US Supreme Court allows President Trump's travel ban to come into effect for 6 mostly Muslim countries
  • 2018 Attempts to establish mob council in Sicily thwarted when 46 members of the mafia arrested including Settimio Mineo
  • 2018 First successful birth resulting from uterus transplant from a deceased donor in São Paulo, Brazil
  • 2018 French couture house Chanel ends its use of fur and exotic skins following bans by other companies

Historic Event

2018 French President Emmanuel Macron drops controversial rise in fuel tax after three weeks of mass protests

  • 2018 Native Americans had just one migration from Siberia to the New World, at most 23,000 years ago, in research published in "Nature" and "Science"

Historic Event

2018 Theresa May's UK government suffers three parliamentary defeats in one day, also found in contempt of parliament for failing to publish report in full on Brexit

  • 2019 58 migrants drown after a boat sinks off the coast of Mauritania, with 83 saved
  • 2019 North American migratory birds getting smaller, their wings wider due to climate change according to study by University of Michigan published in journal "Ecology Letters"
  • 2020 Mosconi Cup nine-ball pool, Coventry, England: Europe ends US 2-year run with emphatic 11-3 win; MVP: Jayson Shaw (Scotland)
  • 2021 Mt Semeru erupts on Java island, Indonesia, killing at least 14 and injuring 56
  • 2022 At least 27 people killed after a bus is buried in a landslide in Risaralda province, western Colombia [1]
  • 2022 Mt Semeru, Indonesia’s highest volcano, erupts releasing gas clouds and rivers of lava on the island of Java [1]