Events in History on December 5

Historic Event

63 BC Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations

  • 633 Visigothic King Sisenand convenes Fourth Council of Toledo at the church of Saint Leocadia in Toledo; all bishops of Hispania agree to establish seminaries in cathedral cities and implement educational standards

Historic Event

771 Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman

  • 1082 Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated
  • 1301 Pope Boniface VIII's decree Ausculta fili (only nominee)
  • 1360 The French Franc is created
  • 1408 Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow
  • 1448 Bishop Jona of Moscow chosen as metropolitan of Kiev/Intoxication
  • 1456 Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die

Historic Discovery

1492 Christopher Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)

  • 1496 Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I
  • 1590 Niccolo Sfondrati chosen as Pope Gregory XIV
  • 1602 Giulio Caccini's "Euridice" premieres in Florence

Historic Event

1623 First copies purchased of William Shakespeare's First Folio, collecting his plays posthumously into one volume, bought by Edward Dering

Pirate Attack

1717 English pirate Blackbeard ransacks the merchant sloop "Margaret" and keeps her captain, Henry Bostock prisoner for 8 hours before releasing him. Bostock later provides 1st record of Blackbeard's appearance, and the source for his name

  • 1741 -6] Russian princess Elisabeth Petrovna grabs powers
  • 1746 Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.
  • 1757 Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
  • 1766 World's largest auction house - Christie's hold their first sale in their permanent saleroom in Pall Mall, London

Historic Event

1775 At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.

  • 1776 First US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms

Election of Interest

1792 George Washington re-elected as US President

  • 1798 Dutch troops occupy Hasselt
  • 1813 Lübeck surrenders to allied armies
  • 1815 Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • 1831 Former US President John Q Adams takes his seat as a member of House of Representatives
  • 1835 - 10th: Assault on Mexican-held San Antonio by Texan rebels
  • 1837 Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
  • 1846 C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive

Appointment of Interest

1847 Jefferson Davis is appointed to fill vacant US Senate seat for Mississippi

Discovery of Gold in California

1848 US President James K. Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming a gold discovery in California

  • 1854 Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
  • 1862 Battle of Coffeeville, MS
  • 1865 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1872 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1876 Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
  • 1876 Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
  • 1879 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
  • 1881 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
  • 1887 Stanley's expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo
  • 1892 Anti-semite Hermann Ahlwardt elected to Germany's Reichstag

Historic Event

1892 John Thompson becomes the 4th Prime Minister of Canada.

  • 1893 Electric car built at the Dixon Carriage works in Toronto, could go 15 miles between charges
  • 1894 Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris

Theater Premiere

1896 Henrik Ibsen's play "Kejsor og Galileer" (Emperor and Galilean) premieres in Leipzig

  • 1905 Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM
  • 1908 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
  • 1912 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • 1914 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • 1917 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • 1918 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • 1920 Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
  • 1920 Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
  • 1925 Hans Luther forced to resign as Chancellor and head of the German Weimar government
  • 1928 England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
  • 1928 Wilhelm Miklas elected president of Austria
  • 1929 1st US nudist organization, the American League for Physical Culture in New York City

Historic Event

1932 German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

  • 1933 Prohibition ends in the US when 21st Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, 18th Amendment repealed (5:32 PM EST)
  • 1935 First commercial hydroponics operation established (Montebello, California)
  • 1935 National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (NYC)
  • 1936 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • 1941 Football Writers Association of America organized
  • 1941 Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Sister Elizabeth Kenny new treatment for infantile paralysis approved
  • 1941 Soviet anti-offensive in Moscow drives out Nazi army

Attack on Pearl Harbor

1941 US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor

  • 1942 Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
  • 1942 West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
  • 1944 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • 1945 Flight 19 the "Lost Squadron" of 5 torpedo bombers and 14 airmen is lost east of Florida in the supposed Bermuda Triangle
  • 1945 Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl

Historic Event

1946 US President Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808

  • 1950 Sikkim becomes a protectorate of India
  • 1952 Great Smog of London (England): Killer fog creeps in, as still winds and cold temperatures cause pollution fueled by coal smoke to stagnate; lasting 4 days, over 8,000 deaths attributed to conditions [1] [2]
  • 1955 American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) merge to form the AFL-CIO, with George Meany as President

Historic Event

1955 Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery, Alabama by Rosa Parks and other civil rights activists

Historic Event

1955 Montgomery Improvement Association formed by Ralph Abernathy, Martin Luther King Jr. and Edgar Nixon to support the Montgomery bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama

Historic Event

1956 Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker" premieres in NYC

  • 1957 NYC is first US city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in housing market (Fair Housing Practices Law)

Historic Event

1957 President Sukarno of Indonesia expels all Dutch people.

  • 1957 William Inge's "Dark at the Top of the Stairs" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1958 Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.

  • 1958 The Preston bypass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
  • 1960 Ghana drops diplomatic relations with Belgium
  • 1964 Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the Vietnam War for successfully repelling a large Viet Cong attack

Vietnam War

1967 Pediatrician Benjamin Spock and poet Allen Ginsberg arrested in New York while protesting against the Vietnam War

  • 1969 Four-node ARPANET network is established
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Premiere of Dario Fo's Morte accidentale di un anarchico
  • 1971 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession
  • 1972 Australia Labour party wins parliamentary election
  • 1972 Joseph A Walker's "River Niger" premieres in NYC
  • 1974 1st World Football League Bowl, Birmingham Americans beat Florida
  • 1974 Airport terminal roof in Tehran collapses killing 17
  • 1974 Oliver Tilden Triangle in the Bronx named
  • 1975 NASA launches space vehicle S-196, it failed
  • 1977 Egypt breaks off diplomatic relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & South Yemen
  • 1978 Pioneer Venus 1 begins orbiting Venus
  • 1978 Sam Shepard's "Buried Child" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1979 Ireland premier Jack Lynch resigns

  • 1980 Bank of Canada's Canadian Currency Museum opens
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1982 Seattle Univ Baptist Ch declares sanctuary for Cen Am refugees
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 12 killed by a car bomb shattering 9-story building in west Beirut
  • 1983 ICIMOD established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
  • 1984 French colonies killed 10 Kanaken in New Caledonia
  • 1985 Dow Jones Industrial Average rose above 1,500 level for 1st time
  • 1985 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • 1985 Sam Shepard's "Lie of the Mind" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 Schonbrunn skates world record 3 km ladies (4:16.76)

Historic Event

1988 Federal grand jury indicts The PTL Club founder and Christian evangelist Jim Bakker for fraud after he paid hush money to cover up an alleged rape

  • 1988 Shuttle Atlantis launches world's 1st nuclear-war-fighting satellite
  • 1989 France TGV train reaches world record speed of 482.4 kph

Historic Event

1990 British Indian novelist Salman Rushdie appears in public for 1st time in 2 years after Iran called for his assassination

  • 1990 Former Noriega aide Luis del Cid pleads guilty
  • 1990 Iraq announces willingness to speak with US about resolving the Persian Gulf crisis
  • 1991 Charles Keating Jr (Lincoln Savings & Loan fraud), found guilty
  • 1991 NY Daily News files for protection under chapter 11
  • 1993 Astronauts begin repair of Hubble telescope in space
  • 1993 Rafael Caldera elected President of Venezuela
  • 1993 The mayor of Wien (Vienna), Helmut Zilk, is wounded by a letter bomb.
  • 1995 The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.
  • 1996 Players union approves new collective bargaining agreement
  • 1997 STS 87 (Columbia 24) lands
  • 2000 "O Brother, Where Art Thou" soundtrack to the film of the same name released
  • 2005 The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there.
  • 2005 The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • 2006 Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji
  • 2007 Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska mall, killing eight people before taking his own life.

Historic Event

2008 Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II

  • 2012 8 people are killed and 12 injured by a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in South Korea
  • 2012 In his Autumn Statement, Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne cuts the UK growth forecast for 2013 to 1.2% from the 2% forecast in the budget
  • 2013 52 people are killed and 167 are injured in a militant attack on a defense ministry compound in Sana'a, Yemen
  • 2016 Malta becomes the 1st country in Europe to outlaw conversion therapy
  • 2017 Artist Lubaina Himid wins Britain's Turner Prize, oldest person at 63 and first nonwhite woman
  • 2017 Austrian courts rule in favour of same-sex marriage from 2019
  • 2017 Democratic representative John Conyers resigns from US Congress after allegations of sexual harassment
  • 2017 Online store Amazon begins operations in Australia
  • 2018 Arrest of Huawei Financial Officer Meng Wanzhou for possible violation of Iran sanctions in Canada
  • 2018 CO2 emissions reach all-time high (up 2.7%) driven by coal use in China and consumption of oil, in Global Carbon Project report
  • 2018 Letter by Albert Einstein from 1954 on concept of religion sells for $2.9 million at Christie's in New York

Historic Event

2018 National day of mourning for former US President George H. W. Bush as he lies in state at the Capitol Rotunda, Washington

  • 2018 US state funeral for former president George H. W. Bush, eulogy by George W. Bush, attended by President Donald Trump predecessors Barack Obama, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter
  • 2018 Wisconsin Republican senate passes bills restricting power of new Democratic governor Tony Evers
  • 2019 National strike in France; more than 800,000 people in 100 cities protest against proposed pension reform
  • 2019 Saudi state-owned oil company Saudi Aramco raises a record $25.6 billion in its first public share offering, makes it the world's most valuable company at $1.7 trillion

Historic Event

2019 Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, announces articles of impeachment against US President Donald Trump will be drawn up for abuse of power

  • 2019 WHO says 142,000 people died of the measles around the world in 2018, nearly 20,000 more than in 2017
  • 2020 Russia begins vaccinating people with its Sputnik V vaccine in Moscow, despite the vaccine not finishing clinical trials
  • 2021 First known Hippos tests positive for COVID-19 at Antwerp Zoo in Belgium, with staff putting Imani (14) and Hermien (41) into isolation [1]
  • 2022 Construction begins on world's biggest radio telescope - the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) in South Africa and Australia with collection area of nearly 500,000 square meters. Built to test Einstein's theories and search for extraterrestrial life [1]
  • 2022 Fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) opens in Montreal, Canada
  • 2022 Iranian senior official confirms the country's Morality Police has been shut down in a concession to three months of nationwide protests, though may take on a different form [1]