On This Day

Events in History on December 8

  • 1326 Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi
  • 1609 Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan opens its reading room, second public library in Europe
  • 1659 Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
  • 1710 Battle of Brihuega in the War of the Spanish Succession: British General James Stanhope captured by French & Spanish forces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1777 Captain James Cook leaves Society Islands

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1792 1st cremation in US: Henry Laurens
  • 1794 1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • 1846 Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust" premieres
  • 1852 Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau
  • 1854 Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin
  • 1857 1st production of Dion Boucicault's "Poor of New York"
  • 1863 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana, Santiago, Chile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1864 Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 The Clifton Suspension Bridge, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is finally opened in Bristol, England, 5 years after his death


Book releaseHistoric Publication

1864 James Clerk Maxwell's paper "A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field" is 1st read by the Royal Society in London (published by the Royal Society 1865)

  • 1869 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • 1869 Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1875 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1876 Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • 1880 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • 1881 Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1886 American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers

BattleBattle of Interest

1895 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on US Supreme Court

  • 1907 King Gustaf V of Sweden accedes to the Swedish throne.
  • 1909 Bird banding society found

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Wilhelm II of Germany calls 'War Council'

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1913 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco
  • 1914 Battle of the Falkland Island: British Royal Navy destroys a German battle squadron
  • 1914 Boers rebelling against the British in South Africa suffer several defeats, with one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidentally drowning

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Fields" appears anonymously in "Punch" magazine

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae

IrelandAnglo-Irish Treaty

1921 Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty

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Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
Signature page of the Anglo-Irish Treaty
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  • 1923 German-US friendship treaty signed

  • 1923 Labour/Liberals win British parliament
  • 1923 Salary & price freeze in Germany
  • 1930 Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway NYC
  • 1931 Coaxial cable patented
  • 1933 French nun Bernadette Soubirous, who saw the vision of the Virgin Mary at Lourdes, is canonized by the Catholic Church
  • 1934 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich
  • 1935 The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi.
  • 1936 Anastasio Somoza García elected President of Nicaragua
  • 1936 NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers
  • 1938 Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa Calif
  • 1941 Chełmno extermination camp opens, 50 kilometres from Łódź, Poland
  • 1941 London: Dutch government-in-exile declares war on Japan
  • 1941 Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo
  • 1941 San Francisco 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM
  • 1941 US and Britain declare war on Japan, US enters World War II

'Infamy' as Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor'Infamy' as Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor

1941 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers "Day of Infamy" speech to US Congress a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor

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The USS Shaw explodes after taking a direct hit at Pearl Harbor. © Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com
The USS Shaw explodes after taking a direct hit at Pearl Harbor. © Everett Historical/Shutterstock.com
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  • 1943 John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" premieres in NYC
  • 1946 US Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight
  • 1948 Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine
  • 1949 Chinese Nationalist government moves from Chinese mainland to Formosa
  • 1951 AL alters its restrictions on night games, adopting NL's suspended game rule & lifting its ban on lights for Sunday games
  • 1952 1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy)
  • 1952 French troops shoot on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die
  • 1952 Isaak Ben-Zwi elected president of Israel

United Nations <b>Speech</b>United Nations Speech

1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "Atoms for Peace" speech at the United Nations in New York

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Turkish government of Menderes forms
  • 1956 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0
  • 1959 Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta
  • 1961 Antwerp Belgium diocese forms
  • 1961 South Africa v NZ, Durban debuts for Eddie Barlow & Peter Pollock
  • 1962 114-day newspaper strike begins in NYC
  • 1962 Attempted coup in British-controlled Brunei
  • 1962 Funeral for Queen Wilhelmina of Holland (New Kerk, Delft)
  • 1963 Frank Sinatra Jr is kidnapped
  • 1963 Pan Am Flight 214 crashes outside Elkton, Maryland with 81 killed
  • 1965 Abe Burrows' "Cactus Flower" premieres in NYC
  • 1965 Nikolai Podgorny succeeds Mikojan as president of USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Pope Paul VI signs 2nd Vatican council

Pope Paul VI
Pope
Paul VI
  • 1966 US and USSR sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space
  • 1969 Greek DC-6B crashes in storm at Athens, 93 killed
  • 1969 Police surprise attack on Black-Panthers in LA
  • 1970 Head of the Catholic Church in Ireland Cardinal William Conway publishes a pamphlet on the topic of segregation in education in Northern Ireland
  • 1972 United Airlines crashes at Chicago's Midway Airport killing 45
  • 1974 Greek monarchy rejected by referendum
  • 1974 Irish Republican Socialist Party forms
  • 1974 Soyuz 16 returns to Earth
  • 1976 UN General Assembly re-elects Kurt Waldheim Secretary-General
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1982 Clark Gilles fails in 7th Islander penalty shot
  • 1982 Suriname army leader Bouterse murders 15 opponents
  • 1982 Norman Mayer holds Washington Monument hostage, demanding an end to nuclear weapons. Is killed by police after 10 hrs (he had no explosives)

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

1982 Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez receives the Nobel Prize for Literature

Colombian Writer Gabriel García Márquez
Colombian Writer
Gabriel García Márquez
  • 1983 9th Space Shuttle Mission, Columbia 6, lands at Edwards AFB

  • 1983 Richard Baker, Zen teacher, steps down from abbotship of San Francisco Zen Center
  • 1984 Europe & 64 developing countries sign Lome III treaty
  • 1985 Ken O'Brien's 96 yard TD pass (NY Jet record) to Wesley Walker
  • 1986 House Dems select majority leader Jim Wright as 48th speaker
  • 1987 Occupied Palestinians start "intefadeh" (uprising) against Israel

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1987 US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1987 Peruvian Navy Fokker F27-400M chartered by Alianza Lima FC crashes into Pacific Ocean 7 miles from Jorge Chávez International Airport near Callao; 43 killed, only pilot survives
  • 1989 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • 1990 Galileo Earth-1 Flyby
  • 1990 Indians agree to a lease new ballpark in Gateway (Jacobs Field)
  • 1991 Russia, Belorussia & Ukraine form Commonwealth of Ind States
  • 1991 The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.
  • 1992 Galileo's nearest approach to Jupiter (303 km)
  • 1993 30 killed at religious rebellion in Algeria
  • 1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3734.53
  • 1993 Storm hits western Europe, 11 killed in England
  • 1994 Fire in cinema in Karamay China, 310 killed
  • 1998 Tadjena massacre: 81 people are killed by armed groups in Algeria.
  • 2002 The Caribbean Community Heads of Government meet with the Government of Cuba and declare the date to be "CARICOM-Cuba Day" - To celebrate diplomatic ties between the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and Cuba.
  • 2004 Cuzco Declaration is signed in Cuzco, Peru, establishing the Union of South American Nations
  • 2005 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife by the Spanish police.
  • 2008 Kirsty Williams elected as Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats. The first female leader of a political party in Wales.
  • 2009 Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq kill 127 and injure 448.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2010 With the second launch of the SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX becomes the first privately held company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft.

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk
  • 2012 UN climate conference agrees to extend the Kyoto Protocol to 2020

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 US President Donald Trump announces John Kelly will be stepping down as White House Chief of Staff at the end of the year

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • 2019 Fire in an illegal bag factory in Delhi, India, kills 43
  • 2019 Polar explorers Mike Horn and Børge Ousland complete 1,800 km (1,120 mile) journey on drifting ice in darkness in the Arctic
  • 2019 Sanna Marin becomes Finland's youngest-ever Prime Minister at the age of 34