Events in History on February 1

  • 772 Adrian I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Royal Coronation

1327 Edward III is crowned King of England aged 14, though the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer

  • 1539 Emperor Karel & King Francois I sign anti-English treaty
  • 1662 Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders to Chinese pirates

Historic Event

1669 French King Louis XIV limits freedom of religion

Historic Event

1713 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results in Ottoman sultan Ahmed III ordering that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized

  • 1717 Henri d'Aguesseau's 1st appointment as chancellor of France
  • 1732 Parliament of Ratisborn accepts Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1742 Sardinia and Austria sign alliance

Historic Event

1783 William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex

  • 1788 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
  • 1789 Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • 1790 US Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (NYC)
  • 1793 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793 Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, NY, for oiled silk & linen
  • 1796 The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York
  • 1809 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 1810 1st insurance company managed by African Americans, The African Insurance Company opens in Philadelphia
  • 1810 Seville, Spain surrenders to the French without a fight
  • 1810 US Population: 7,239,881, African American population: 1,377,808 (19%)

Historic Publication

1814 Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication

  • 1814 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
  • 1840 Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1843 Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America - The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens
  • 1846 Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
  • 1856 Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
  • 1860 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of NYC
  • 1861 Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1861 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)
  • 1862 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Historic Event

1862 Ralph Waldo Emerson and Charles Sumner meet with President Abraham Lincoln at The White House, Washington

  • 1864 -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • 1864 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control

Historic Event

1865 General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins

  • 1865 JS Rock, 1st African American lawyer to practise in US Supreme Court, admitted to bar
  • 1865 US President Lincoln signs 13th Amendment of US Constitution, abolishing slavery in US; celebrated as National Freedom Day [1]
  • 1867 Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • 1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia is first African American to make an official speech in US House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 1880 The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
  • 1883 French Lt-Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • 1884 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • 1892 Mrs William Astor invites 400 guests to a grand ball at her mansion thus beginning use of "400" to describe socially elite
  • 1897 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Company
  • 1897 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • 1902 China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
  • 1902 Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben" premieres in Berlin
  • 1902 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • 1905 Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • 1906 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas

Historic Event

1906 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured

  • 1908 King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
  • 1909 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah, opens
  • 1909 US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • 1910 1st British labour exchange opens
  • 1910 Dragoumis government forms in Greece
  • 1914 Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
  • 1914 Tanganyika Railway opens
  • 1917 German Grand Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz announces unrestricted submarine warfare against allied shipping

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1918 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar (making the day February 14)

  • 1920 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • 1920 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • 1923 Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel

Historic Event

1923 Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini

  • 1924 Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens

Historic Event

1924 Ramsay MacDonald's incoming Labour government formally recognizes the Soviet Union

  • 1925 1st national conference of KPD's Rotfrontkämpferbund in Berlin
  • 1926 Kirghiz Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kirghiz ASSR
  • 1926 Land at Broadway & Wall Street sold at a record $7 per sq inch
  • 1929 1st clean & jerk of 400 lbs (182 kg), Charles Rigoulet, 402½ lbs
  • 1929 Pi Alphha Phi, the first Asian-American interest fraternity in the United States, is founded at UC Berkeley
  • 1933 Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
  • 1933 Dutch bishops forbid membership of non-catholic unions

Historic Event

1933 German Parliament is dissolved by President Paul von Hindenburg by the request of new chancellor Adolf Hitler

  • 1934 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
  • 1935 1st "March of Time" newsreel premieres at the Capitol
  • 1935 James T Farrell finishes his "Studs Lonigan" trilogy
  • 1937 Stapleton, Staten Island, becomes a customs-free port
  • 1940 Soviet Union begins new offensive against Finland

Historic Event

1942 Second Norwegian government of Vidkun Quisling forms

  • 1943 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
  • 1943 Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands
  • 1944 Supreme Soviet increases Soviet republics' autonomy
  • 1944 US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
  • 1945 US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie

Election of Interest

1946 Norwegian politician Trygve Lie elected the 1st Secretary General of the United Nations

  • 1946 Republic of Hungary proclaims Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • 1947 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists
  • 1947 NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established

Historic Publication

1948 Important South African anti-apartheid novel "Cry the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton is published in the US

Historic Event

1948 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

  • 1948 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • 1949 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]
  • 1950 Urko Kekkonen elected Prime Minister of Finland

Historic Event

1950 USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes

  • 1951 -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)
  • 1951 1st telecast of an atomic explosion
  • 1951 1st X-ray moving picture process demonstrated
  • 1951 Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed
  • 1951 UN condemns People's Republic of China as aggressor in Korea
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • 1952 SN Behrman's "Jane" premieres in NYC
  • 1953 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • 1953 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • 1954 Scapino Ballet Studio in Amsterdam destroyed by fire
  • 1955 HC Hansen appointed premier of Denmark
  • 1956 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking
  • 1957 1st black pilot (PH Young) on a US scheduled passenger airline
  • 1957 Felix Wankel's first working prototype DKM 54 of the rotary Wankel engine was running at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
  • 1957 Gijsbert of Hall appointed mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1957 MLB club owners accept new 5-year pension plan proposed by the players, but reject request to increase minimum salary from $6,000 to $7,500
  • 1958 "Volare" ("Nel blu dipinto di blu") single released by Domenico Modugno (Grammy Award Record of the Year, Song of the Year 1958)
  • 1958 1st US satellite (Explorer I) launched
  • 1958 Egypt & Syria announce plans to merge into United Arab Republic
  • 1959 Heiss sisters go 1-2 in US women's Figure Skating C'ships; defending champion Carol wins from Nancy; David Jenkins wins his third straight men's title
  • 1959 Swiss men vote against voting rights for women
  • 1959 Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)
  • 1960 4 students stage 1st civil rights sit-in, at Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 1960 Extreme right-wing rebels in Algiers surrender
  • 1961 1st full-scale test of US Minuteman ICBM is successful

Historic Event

1961 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive

  • 1963 Nyasaland (now Malawi) becomes self-governing under Hastings Banda
  • 1964 Afobaka Dam is completed on the Suriname River
  • 1964 Indiana Governor Mathew Walsh tries to ban "Louie Louie" for obscenity
  • 1965 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Brienenoord Bridge in Rotterdam

Historic Event

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. and 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma, Alabama

  • 1965 NL adopts emergency team replacement plan to restock any club struck by disaster
  • 1967 Severe bushfires in Tasmania destroy $11 million & take 60 lives

Historic Event

1968 Former US VP Richard Nixon announces candidacy for president

Execution of a Viet Cong Prisoner

1968 Saigon police chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executes Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém with a pistol shot to head. The execution is captured by photographer Eddie Adams and becomes an anti-war icon.

  • 1968 World trade conference Unctad 2 opens in New Delhi

Meeting of Interest

1970 Northern Ireland PM Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary James Callaghan to discuss the economy of Northern Ireland

  • 1970 Stalled commuter train rammed by express in Argentina, 139 die
  • 1970 West-Germany & USSR sign gas contract
  • 1972 1st scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) introduced ($395)

Appointment of Interest

1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath announces the appointment of Lord Chief Justice Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry into the 13 deaths on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972)

  • 1972 Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
  • 1972 The Ministry of Defence also issues a detailed account of the British Army's version of events during 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1974 Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory.
  • 1975 Otis Francis Tabler is 1st open homosexual to get security clearance to work for the Defense Department
  • 1977 Blizzard in upstate New York and Southern Ontario claims 23 lives

Historic Event

1978 Harriet Tubman is 1st African American woman to be honored on a US postage stamp

Historic Event

1979 Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile

Historic Event

1979 Patty Hearst is released from prison for bank robbery

  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Dutch Antilles census is 231,932
  • 1981 French government accord sends 60 Mirage fighter jets to Iraq
  • 1982 Senegal & Gambia form loose confederation (Senegambia)
  • 1983 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 China & Netherlands regain diplomatic relations
  • 1984 Indian diplomat Ravindra Mhatre kidnapped and murdered by Kashmiri terrorists in Birmingham, England
  • 1985 -61°F (-52°C), Maybell, Colorado (state record)
  • 1985 -69°F (-56°C), Peter's Sink, Utah (state record)
  • 1986 KHJ-AM in Los Angeles CA changes call letters to KRTH
  • 1987 163 day strike against Deere & Co ends, workers accept wage freeze

Historic Publication

1987 Danielle Steel’s romance novel “Fine Things” is published

  • 1989 Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 at perihelion
  • 1989 The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.
  • 1991 Afghanistan and Pakistan hit by earthquake, 1,200 die

Historic Publication

1991 American writer John Grisham publishes his second novel "The Firm" (bestselling novel of the year)

Historic Event

1991 South African President F. W. de Klerk says he will repeal all apartheid laws

  • 1991 US Air & Skywest Fairchild jet collide at LA Airport killing 32
  • 1993 NY Judge Sol Wachtler indicted for harassing Joy Silverman
  • 1993 Soyuz TM-16 lands
  • 1994 Large meteorite falls near Kusaie, Pacific Ocean
  • 1995 Amtrak NY-Tampa run ends
  • 1996 The Communications Decency Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1998 Lillian E. Fishburne became the first female African American to be promoted to rear admiral.
  • 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
  • 2004 251 people are trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
  • 2005 Canada introduces the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage.
  • 2005 Nepalese King Gyanendra exercises Coup d'état to capture the democracy becoming Chairman of the Councils of ministers.
  • 2009 Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is elected as the first female Prime Minister of Iceland, becoming the first openly gay Head of Government in the modern world.
  • 2012 At least 73 people are killed in the Egyptian football riots in Port Said
  • 2013 21 people are killed and 30 are wounded by a market suicide bombing in Hangu, Pakistan
  • 2013 26 people are killed after a fireworks truck explodes and causes a highway to collapse in Henan, China
  • 2013 The Nigerian Army bombs a Boko Haram camp, killing 18 people
  • 2013 Zenit-3SL, a Ukrainian-Russian carrier rocket, fails 40 seconds after liftoff and crashes into the Pacific Ocean
  • 2014 14 people are killed after Mount Sinabung erupts in Indonesia
  • 2014 Syrian civil war death toll reaches 130,000, while 4 million are displaced
  • 2016 Alphabet, Google's parent company surpasses Apple as the world's most valuable company ($568bn vs $535bn), after releasing income results
  • 2016 Myanmar's first freely elected parliament in 50 years has its opening session in Nay Pyi Taw
  • 2016 Poor weather conditions strand 100,000 Chinese New Year travelers at a railway station in Guangzhou, China
  • 2016 WHO declares a global public health emergency over the rapid spread of zika-linked conditions
  • 2017 British MPs vote in favour of the European Union Bill, allowing the government to begin Brexit

Appointment of Interest

2017 Rex Tillerson confirmed as 69th US Secretary of State

  • 2018 Archaeologists announce discovery of thousands of undetected structures in Mayan lowland civilisation, Guatemala, using Lidar, suggests population of 10 million
  • 2018 The Indian government announces plan to give 500 million people free healthcare
  • 2019 January 2019 was Australia's hottest month on record according to the Bureau of Meteorology

Treaty of Interest

2019 US President Donald Trump confirms US withdrawal from the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty because of Russia's violation of the treaty

  • 2020 Largest swarm of locusts across East Africa leads Somalia to declare national emergency
  • 2020 Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi, appointed the new Prime Minister of Iraq by President Barham Salih after 4 months of protests

Coup d'état

2021 Military stage a coup in Myanmar, detaining civilian leaders including Aung San Suu Kyi and declare a one-year state of emergency