Events in History on February 11

  • 660 BC Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu

Roman Empire

55 Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.

  • 385 Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope
  • 824 St Paschal I ends his reign as Pope
  • 1543 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian and Portuguese troops beat Muslim army

Historic Event

1543 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and English King Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant

  • 1659 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses
  • 1720 Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • 1766 Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia

Historic Event

1768 Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes

  • 1790 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • 1793 Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • 1794 1st session of US Senate open to the public

Election of Interest

1806 William Grenville becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the death of William Pitt the Younger

  • 1808 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • 1811 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • 1812 Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - first "gerrymander"
  • 1814 Norway's independence proclaimed
  • 1826 University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
  • 1837 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • 1852 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1854 For the 1st time coal gas is used to light major streets in San Francisco
  • 1855 Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam
  • 1858 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France
  • 1861 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state

Historic Event

1861 US President-elect Abraham Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington, D.C.

  • 1873 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • 1878 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • 1889 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • 1895 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • 1895 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.

Historic Event

1896 Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

  • 1897 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
  • 1898 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • 1899 -15°F (-26°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • 1902 Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels

Historic Event

1903 US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign

  • 1905 James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
  • 1905 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
  • 1907 De Master's Dutch government resigns
  • 1907 Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, off Rhode Island, 322 die
  • 1908 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • 1916 Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
  • 1916 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March

Historic Event

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points

  • 1919 Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • 1921 Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
  • 1922 Influential arts festival Semana de Arte Moderna (Modern Art Week) opens in São Paulo - the beginning of Modernism in Brazil
  • 1922 US intervention army leaves Honduras
  • 1926 Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
  • 1927 US Female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran

Historic Event

1929 Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo" premieres in NYC

  • 1929 Vatican City, the world's smallest country, is made an enclave of Rome
  • 1932 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
  • 1932 Johan Grøttumsbraaten leads a Norwegian medal sweep of the Nordic combined event at the Lake Placid Games; retains combined title after also winning in St. Moritz
  • 1935 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
  • 1935 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY
  • 1936 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • 1937 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends

Historic Event

1941 Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli

  • 1941 Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
  • 1942 "Archie" comic book debuts
  • 1943 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany

Historic Event

1943 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased

  • 1944 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • 1944 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA

Yalta Conference

1945 Declaration of Liberated Europe signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin after the Yalta Conference

  • 1946 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • 1948 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • 1950 4th British Empire Games close in Auckland, New Zealand

Election of Interest

1951 Kwame Nkrumah and his Convention People's Party wins 1st legislative general election in the Gold Coast (Ghana) in a landslide

  • 1953 J Styne and Bob Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
  • 1953 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • 1953 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1956 British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean deny working as spies for Soviet Russia after reappearing in the Soviet Union after going missing 5 years earlier
  • 1958 Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1958 Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African-American woman hired as flight attendant, Ithaca NY
  • 1961 Robert Weaver sworn in as Administrator of the Housing and Home Finance Agency, the 1st African American to be appointed to a US cabinet-level position
  • 1963 American chef Julia Child's show "The French Chef" premieres on WGBH in Boston - one of the first cooking shows in the US
  • 1963 CIA Domestic Operations Division created
  • 1964 Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
  • 1964 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
  • 1968 Israeli-Jordan border fight
  • 1968 Jeffrey Kramer survives 76-m jump, Washington Bridge, Hudson River New York
  • 1968 Madison Square Garden III closes Madison Square Garden IV opens (NYC)
  • 1969 Dorey Funk Jr beats Gene Kiniski in Tampa, to become NWA champ
  • 1970 26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mt Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec)
  • 1970 Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit
  • 1971 US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons
  • 1973 1st one-day international for Pakistan & NZ

Historic Event

1974 Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent

  • 1974 Libya nationalizes three US oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September
  • 1974 Titan-Centaur rocket test launch fails

Leadership Contest

1975 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party

  • 1976 Clifford Alexander Jr confirmed as 1st African American US Secretary of Army
  • 1977 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean)
  • 1978 16 Unification church couples wed in NYC
  • 1978 EOKA disbands in Cyprus

Historic Event

1979 Iran's premier Bakhtiar resigns, Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power

  • 1981 Australia all out 83 v India at MCG chasing 143 to win
  • 1981 Polish premier Jozef Pinkowski replaced by Wojciech Jaruzelski
  • 1983 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18"(46 cm))
  • 1984 10th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (41B): Challenger 4 returns to Earth
  • 1985 King Hussein of Jordan & PLO leader Arafat sign accord
  • 1986 Activist Anatoly Scharansky released by USSR, leaves country
  • 1986 Iran begins Fajr-8 offensive against Iraq
  • 1987 British Airways begins trading stocks
  • 1987 Philippines constitution goes into effect
  • 1987 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Appointment of Interest

1988 Anthony Kennedy appointed to US Supreme Court

  • 1989 Barbara Clementine Harris consecrated 1st female bishop (Episcopalian)
  • 1989 US Episcopal Church Diocese of Massachusetts installs Barbara Harris (59) as 1st female bishop of a US Episcopal church
  • 1989 US female Figure Skating championship won by Jill Trenary

Historic Event

1990 Nelson Mandela released after 27 years imprisonment in South Africa

  • 1991 Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) forms in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1992 F-16 jet crashes at residential district of Hengelo, Netherlands (No deaths)
  • 1992 Michael Johnson runs indoor world record 400m (44.97 sec)
  • 1993 Irina Privalova runs world record 60m indoor (6.92 secs)

Appointment of Interest

1993 President Clinton selects Janet Reno to be first female US Attorney General

  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-60 (Discovery 18), lands
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-63 (Discovery 19), lands
  • 1995 West Indies score 5-660 against NZ
  • 1997 STS 82 (Discovery 22) launches

Historic Event

1998 KVBC-FM (Las Vegas) offers Monica Lewinsky $5M for interview

  • 1998 Lyrics to "Candle in the Wind 1997" auctioned for $442,500
  • 1999 Pluto moves further away from the sun than Neptune regaining its status as solar system's outermost planet, a title it will retain for 228 years
  • 2007 A national referendum in Portugal legalises non-therapeutic abortion when requested by the woman during the first 10 weeks of pregnancy.
  • 2008 In East Timor, assassination attempts were made on Xanana Gusmao and Jose Ramos-Horta. Both failed.

Historic Event

2011 Egyptian Revolution culminates in the resignation of Hosni Mubarak and the transfer of power to the Supreme Military Council after 18 days of protests (Arab Spring)

  • 2012 Israeli Air Force conducts four air strikes in Gaza Strip
  • 2013 18 coal miners are killed in an explosion in the Komi region, Russia

Historic Event

2013 Pope Benedict XVI announces his resignation from February 28, the first pope to resign since 1415

  • 2014 77 people are killed after a military transport plane crashes in Algeria
  • 2014 Peace talks resume in Geneva as leaders attempt to bring an end to the civil war in Syria
  • 2015 Francesco Schettino, Captain of the Costa Concordia that ran aground 2012, is convicted of manslaughter in Grosseto and sentenced to 16 years in jail
  • 2016 Discover of gravitational waves (through collision of two black holes) announced by physicists from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (Ligo)
  • 2016 Last of Oregon militia occupying Malheur wildlife refuge surrenders to authorities after 41 days
  • 2016 Riot between rival drug cartels at a prison in Monterrey, Mexico, leaves 52 dead

Historic Event

2018 MOMA opens a major solo exhibition for Brazilian artist Tarsila do Amaral in New York

  • 2018 Russian airliner crashes south-east of Moscow, killing all 71 on board
  • 2019 Artificial Intelligence system meant to assist diagnosis in the future, pitted against physicians in test to diagnose 600,000 patients in results published in "Nature Medicine", A.I. won, just

Historic Event

2020 Bernie Sanders wins the New Hampshire Democratic primary

  • 2020 Largest wave ever surfed by a woman by Brazilian Maya Gabeira riding a 73.5ft (22.4m) wave at Nazaré, Portugal
  • 2020 Snow falls in Baghdad, Iraq, for only the second time in a century
  • 2020 US Attorney General, William Barr recommends cutting suggested sentence of Roger Stone, prompting prosecutors to resign
  • 2021 California's COVID-19 death toll overtakes New York's, reaching 45,496 amid first sign of falling infection numbers (Johns Hopkins)
  • 2021 UK Kent COVID-19 strain set "to sweep the world" and become the dominant strain globally according to UK scientist Sharon Peacock after strain detected in over 50 countries (later named Alpha)

Historic Event

2021 US President Joe Biden rescinds the national emergency order used by Donald Trump to fund the border wall with Mexico

  • 2021 World's second oldest person French nun Sister André' celebrates her 117th birthday after surviving COVID-19 in Toulon
  • 2022 Australia lists the koala as endangered for the first time in Queensland, New South Wales and ACT after a steep decline in numbers [1]