Events in History on February 13

  • 1130 Gregorio de' Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II

Abbasid-Era Baghdad

1258 Baghdad, then a city of 1 million, falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed, tens of thousands slaughtered, ending the Islamic Golden Age

  • 1349 Jews are expelled from Burgdorf, Switzerland
  • 1502 Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres, new Governor of the Indies sets sail for the Indies with fleet of 30 ships, largest-ever fleet to the New World
  • 1503 Disfida di Barletta - Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta, Southern Italy
  • 1510 Charles of Gelre conquers Oldenzaal
  • 1545 Willem of Nassau becomes Prince of Orange
  • 1575 Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims

Historic Event

1578 Tycho Brahe first sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system

  • 1601 1st British East India Company voyage departs from London, lead by John Lancaster

Historic Event

1633 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

  • 1651 Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
  • 1668 Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1689 Parliament of England adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown
  • 1692 Glencoe Massacre: about 38 MacDonalds killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange
  • 1693 College of William & Mary opens in Williamsburg, Virginia
  • 1706 Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia and Saxon forces, one of Swedish's Greatest victories in the Great Northern War
  • 1741 Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)
  • 1755 Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java

Historic Event

1777 Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

  • 1782 French fleet occupies St Christopher
  • 1786 Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia
  • 1795 1st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina
  • 1799 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
  • 1809 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 1815 The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
  • 1816 -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire
  • 1826 American Temperance Society forms in Boston
  • 1832 First appearance of cholera in London
  • 1837 Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

Historic Event

1858 Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa

  • 1860 King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes

Election of Interest

1861 Abraham Lincoln declared US President in Washington, D.C.

  • 1861 Colonel Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
  • 1861 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona
  • 1862 -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • 1864 Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi

Historic Event

1866 Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri

  • 1867 Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards
  • 1881 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by activist Hubertine Auclert

Historic Event

1886 Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class

  • 1895 Moving picture projector patented
  • 1899 -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
  • 1899 -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La
  • 1899 -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
  • 1905 -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1905 -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
  • 1905 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • 1907 English suffragettes storm British Parliament & 60 women are arrested
  • 1915 The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region

Historic Event

1916 Albert Einstein presents Karl Schwarzschild’'s solution to his equations for a (then theoretical) black hole to the Prussian Academy of Sciences

  • 1920 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland, allowing Switzerland to rejoin the League
  • 1925 US Congress makes Supreme Court appeals more difficult
  • 1927 Uprising against Portuguese regime of Gen Carmona defeated
  • 1929 Cruiser Act, USA, approves the construction of 19 new cruisers & an aircraft carrier
  • 1929 Vladimir Mayakofsky's "Klop" premieres in Moscow
  • 1932 "Free Eats" introduces George "Spanky" McFarland to "Our Gang"
  • 1934 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • 1935 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
  • 1935 Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh infant. He proclaimed his innocence to the end.
  • 1937 "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
  • 1937 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1941 Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council

Historic Event

1942 Hitler's Operation Sealion, the invasion of England, is cancelled

Historic Event

1943 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower visits front

  • 1943 Women's US Marine Corps created

Bombing of Dresden

1945 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die

  • 1945 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • 1945 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Nazi Germany in which 159,000 die
  • 1948 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
  • 1948 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
  • 1948 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England
  • 1953 A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
  • 1954 Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95
  • 1955 Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls
  • 1956 KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland

Conference of Interest

1957 Southern Christian Leadership Conference organizes in New Orleans with Martin Luther King Jr. as President

  • 1959 Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
  • 1960 France becomes the 4th nuclear nation by exploding the 70 kilo-ton "Gerboise Bleue" atomic bomb in the French Algerian Sahara desert [1]
  • 1960 France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • 1961 Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
  • 1965 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 US sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam
  • 1969 Mary Hopkin's Postcard album on Apple is released
  • 1969 Suriname government of Pengel resigns
  • 1970 Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
  • 1970 NL offices begins move from Cincinnati to San Francisco (completed Feb 23)
  • 1971 12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos
  • 1973 US dollar devalues 10%

Historic Event

1974 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

  • 1975 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash proclaims Turkish-Cypriot Federation
  • 1976 Major-General Olusegun Obasanjo becomes military ruler of Nigeria
  • 1976 Peter Casserly of NZ hand-sheers record 353 lambs in 9 hours
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Formation of Guardian Angels crime fighters in New York City
  • 1979 Washington State's Hood Canal Bridge breaks up in windstorm
  • 1980 Apollo Computer Inc incorporated
  • 1981 A series of sewer explosions destroys more than two miles of streets in Louisville, Kentucky.
  • 1981 Longest sentence published by "The New York Times" - 1286 words
  • 1984 6 year old Texan Stormie Jones gets 1st heart & liver transplant
  • 1985 Dow Jones closes at 1297.92 (record high) after topping 1300 earlier
  • 1985 Polish police arrests 7 Solidarity leaders
  • 1988 Christine Wachtel runs world record 800m indoor (1:56:40)
  • 1988 European Community plans removal of internal boundaries on Jan 1, 1992
  • 1988 Ronald Weigel runs unofficial world record speed walking (18:11.41)
  • 1989 Kidnapped Belgian Premier Vanden Boeynants freed
  • 1989 Salvadoran army attacks Encuentros hospital, rapes, kills patients
  • 1990 50 killed at Inkatha-UDF battle in Natal, South Africa
  • 1990 US, Britain & France give Germany OK to reunify
  • 1991 Syria tells Germany they are ready to recognize Israel
  • 1991 US air raid on the Amiriyah shelter in Baghdad kills more than 408 civilians
  • 1991 US bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334
  • 1993 Ljubow Kremljowa runs world record 1000m indoor (2:34:84)
  • 1993 Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (21.87 sec)
  • 1994 Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.9m
  • 1994 Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200
  • 1995 Howard Stern radio show premieres in San Diego CA on XTRA-FM
  • 1996 Howard Stern announces he will be making the film "Private Parts"
  • 1997 Discovery captures Hubble Space Telescope

Historic Event

1997 Joseph Stiglitz becomes Chief Economist of the World Bank

Historic Event

2000 The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies

  • 2001 An earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter Scale hits El Salvador, killing at least 400.
  • 2004 The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe's largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093.
  • 2007 Taiwan opposition leader Ma Ying-jeou resigns as chairman of the Kuomintang party after being indicted by Taiwan High Prosecutors Office on charges of embezzlement when mayor of Taipei; Ma also announces his candidacy for 2008 presidential election.
  • 2008 Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd makes an historic apology to Indigenous Australians, especially to the Stolen Generations who suffered forced child removal and assimilation [1]
  • 2008 The LZR Racer Suit is unveiled in NYC; line of competition swimsuits made by Speedo using high-tech fabric of woven elastane-nylon & polyurethane; times went down dramatically; rules changed 2010
  • 2009 The Dutch Statistics agency confirms the Netherlands are in recession
  • 2009 Unix time passed 1,234,567,890 seconds February 13, 2009 at exactly 23:31:30 (UTC).
  • 2010 A bombing at the German Bakery in Pune, India, kills 10 and injures 60 more.
  • 2013 10 civilians, including 3 children, are killed by a NATO airstrike in the Kunar Province, Afghanistan
  • 2013 16 Muslim insurgents are killed in an attack on a Narathiwat military base, Thailand
  • 2013 Sir Mervyn King, Governor of the Bank of England, says he believes "a recovery is in sight" after fears raised about a triple dip recession
  • 2016 Ninth Republican presidential candidates debate held in Greenville, South Carolina

Historic Event

2017 US President Donald Trump accepts the resignation of national security adviser Michael Flynn over his dealings with Russia

Historic Event

2018 Israeli Police report recommends Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu be prosecuted on bribery, fraud and breach-of-trust charges

  • 2018 South Africa declares a three-year drought a National Disaster, though pushes Cap Town's "Day Zero" to June 4

Historic Event

2018 South African President Jacob Zuma is ordered to step down by the A.N.C.

  • 2019 Flinders River swells to 37 miles wide (60km) creating its own weather system after intense flooding in Queensland, Australia
  • 2019 Iran marks 40th anniversary of the Islamic revolution with huge street marches and protests against the US

Spirit Rover Begins Mars Mission

2019 NASA confirms Mars Opportunity rover's mission has ended after 15 years due to a sandstorm damaging its communications

  • 2019 Suicide attack on bus carrying Iranian military's Revolutionary Guard kills 23 in Sistan-Baluchestan province, separatist group Jaish al-Adl claim responsibility
  • 2020 Fire in US-run orphanage kills 15 children near Port-au-Prince, Haiti
  • 2020 January 2020 was the hottest January in recorded history according to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • 2020 Scientists overturn current thought about how planets form - not by violent collision but gentle clumping, through study of Arrokoth in Kepler belt, published in "Science"
  • 2021 Archaeologists announce discovery of oldest known beer factory in Abydos, Egypt, from early Dynastic period 3150 B.C.- 2613 B.C

Historic Event

2021 Former US President Donald Trump acquitted in second Senate impeachment trial on charge of incitement of insurrection after senators vote 57 to 43 in favor of conviction, less than the two thirds majority required for impeachment

Historic Event

2021 Mario Draghi, former head of the European Central Bank, is sworn in as Italian Prime Minister ahead of a new coalition government

  • 2022 Canadian police arrest truckers who have protested a vaccine mandate for blocking Ambassador's Bridge, between Detroit and Windsor, for a week at the busiest land border crossing in North America [1]