Events in History on February 15

Historic Event

399 BC Philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth of the city and for impiety

  • 438 The Theodosian Code of Roman laws proclaimed in the Eastern Empire (first law reforms since 295)
  • 590 Khosrau II, the last great Sasanian king is crowned King of Persia
  • 732 Zen teacher Ho-tse Shen-hui disputes founder of Northern Ch'an line
  • 1145 Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III

Historic Siege

1220 Khwarezmian city of Bukhara taken by Genghis Khan's Mongol army after a 12-day siege, with the death of about 30,000 of its citizens

  • 1313 Peace of Angleur, Liège signed
  • 1386 Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
  • 1539 Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
  • 1552 Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
  • 1563 Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
  • 1637 Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor

Historic Event

1676 Isaac Newton writes to Robert Hooke “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants” (O.S. 5 Feb)

Historic Event

1677 King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands

  • 1714 Parliament of Paris accepts Pope Clemens XI's "Unigenitus" decree
  • 1745 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
  • 1763 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign the Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years' War
  • 1764 St. Louis, Missouri founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclède
  • 1768 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia

Historic Event

1775 Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI

  • 1798 Louis Alexandre Berthier proclaim a Roman Republic after conquering Rome
  • 1799 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • 1804 New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • 1805 Harmony Society is officially formed.

Historic Event

1830 Beginning of the famous debate between French naturalists Georges Cuvier and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire on animal structure

  • 1842 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
  • 1845 William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector
  • 1848 Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • 1851 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • 1852 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1861 Fort Point, in San Francisco, California, completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
  • 1862 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • 1864 Fire in Rotterdam damages Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
  • 1867 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna

Historic Event

1869 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

  • 1870 Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minnesota
  • 1876 Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • 1879 US Congress authorizes women lawyers to practise before Supreme Court
  • 1882 SS Dunedin leaves New Zealand for Britain with the first cargo of frozen meat.
  • 1891 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • 1895 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • 1898 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die

Historic Siege

1900 Boer War: Siege of Kimberley broken by British troops under Lieutenant-General John French after a 124 day siege. Kimberley defense led by Cecil Rhodes.

  • 1902 Berlin U-Bahn (Underground railway) opened
  • 1903 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
  • 1906 British Labour Party founded
  • 1912 Schooner 'Fram' reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
  • 1913 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC
  • 1917 San Francisco Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
  • 1918 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • 1919 American Legion organizes in Paris

Historic Event

1922 Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex

  • 1924 A deputation for the South African Indian Congress (SAIC) meets with the Minister of the Interior, Sir Patrick Duncan, and presents him with a memorandum setting out their objections concerning the Class Areas Bill
  • 1926 Brooks Atkinson Theatre opens at 256 W 47th St NYC
  • 1926 Contract air mail service begins in US

Historic Event

1932 John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet" premieres in NYC

  • 1933 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party

Assassination Attempt

1933 President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt survives assassination attempt but Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak is mortally wounded, he would die on March 29

  • 1933 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
  • 1936 -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

Volkswagen Beetle

1936 Adolf Hitler announces construction of the Volkswagen Beetle (the People's Car, aka the Käfer/Beetle)

  • 1939 German battleship Bismarck was launched
  • 1942 German U-boat shells Antillian oil refinery
  • 1942 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
  • 1942 World War II: British ruled Singapore surrenders to the Japanese

We Can Do It!

1943 Wartime propaganda poster "We Can Do It!" produced by J. Howard Miller and posted on the walls of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company's plants in the Midwest

  • 1943 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
  • 1944 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • 1944 Allies begin attack on Axis held Monte Cassino monastery, Italy
  • 1950 WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

1952 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

  • 1954 1st Bevatron particle accelerator in operation at Berkeley, California
  • 1955 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
  • 1956 Pirates & KC As cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
  • 1956 Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
  • 1957 Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister
  • 1958 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN
  • 1958 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA
  • 1958 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA
  • 1958 Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra

Historic Event

1959 Antonio Segni forms Italian government

  • 1961 Plane crash kills entire US figure skating team outside Brussels airport in Belgium enroute to World Championships in Prague from NYC; 73 crew and passengers (including 34 American skaters, coaches, officials, and other team members), and a farmer on the ground are lost
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
  • 1965 Red Maple Leaf Flag becomes the official flag of Canada
  • 1967 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted
  • 1967 D66 (D'66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber
  • 1967 Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)
  • 1968 Anaheim's Les Salvage scores 10, 3-pt baskets in ABA game vs Denver
  • 1970 Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102
  • 1970 Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo
  • 1971 A British soldier dies 7 days after being mortally wounded in an Irish Republican Army attack in North Ireland
  • 1971 After 1,200 years Great Britain abandons pence & shilling system for decimal currency
  • 1972 Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos
  • 1972 President Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time
  • 1972 Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
  • 1973 USSR launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km)
  • 1977 Social-democrats win Danish parliamentary election

Historic Event

1978 Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Florida

  • 1978 Zaire revises its constitution
  • 1979 Paul Shirley (21) of Australia, sucked a lifesaver for 4 hrs 40 mins
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Rocket-powered ice sled attains 399 kph, Lake George, New York
  • 1982 Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland, 84 die
  • 1984 500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq
  • 1985 STS 51-E vehicle moves to launch pad

Election of Interest

1986 Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged presidential election in the Philippines

  • 1986 Philippines National Assembly authorizes 6 more years for Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1987 Karlstad skates world record 10km (14:03,92)
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1989 Israel attacks border strip Taba near Egypt
  • 1991 Daily market volatility as Hussein mentions withdrawal, but Bush calls his offer a "cruel hoax"
  • 1991 Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die
  • 1992 100th episode of "Cops" airs on Fox

Historic Event

1992 Jeffrey Dahmer found sane and guilty of killing 15 boys

  • 1993 Bombings by mafia drug lords kill 14 in Bogota, Colombia
  • 1993 Howard Stern Radio Show begins transmitting to Rochester, New York on WRQI 95.1 FM
  • 1994 US asks Aristide to adopt a peace plan from Haiti
  • 1995 Burundi premier Anatole Kanyenkiko resigns
  • 1995 Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17
  • 1995 Population of People's Republic of China hits 1.2 billion
  • 1996 Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece
  • 1997 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tara Lipinski
  • 1997 US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldridge

Angel of the North

1998 The Angel of the North, a large-scale steel sculpture 20 m (66 ft) tall by Antony Gormley is installed at Gateshead, northern England

  • 1999 Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party, widely recognized as terrorist organization), was arrested in Kenya.
  • 2000 Indian Point II nuclear power plant in New York State vents a small amount of radioactive steam when a steam generator fails
  • 2001 First draft of the complete human genome is published in the journal "Nature"
  • 2002 At the Tri-State Crematory in La Fayette, Georgia, investigators find uncremated bodies disposed of in the woods and buildings on crematorium's property. One of the worst incidents of abuse in the funeral service industry.
  • 2003 An estimated 6-11 million people around the world take to the streets to protest against war with Iraq

Historic Event

2011 Libyan protests begin opposing Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi's rule

Historic Event

2011 US President Barack Obama awards writer and activist Maya Angelou the Presidential Medal of Freedom

  • 2012 Fire at Comayagua prison, Honduras, kills 358
  • 2012 United Kingdom unemployment rate reaches 17 year high of 8.4%
  • 2013 2012 DA14, an asteroid with a 50m diameter, comes within 27,700km of Earth the same day as the Chelyabinsk meteor hits Siberia
  • 2013 Chelyabinsk meteor breaks up over Chelyabinsk, Russia, injuring over 1,200 people, with 26 to 33 times energy of Hiroshima bomb
  • 2014 Tammam Salam is elected Prime Minister of Lebanon after a 10 month gridlock
  • 2017 The Indian space rocket PSLV-C37 successfully launches 104 satellites in a single flight
  • 2018 Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn resigns in a surprise move
  • 2018 First known case of transgender woman breastfeeding reported in "Transgender Health Journal" in US
  • 2019 A fired employee opens fire at Henry Pratt Company in Aurora, Illinois, killing five and injuring six

Agreement of Interest

2019 US President Donald Trump declares a national emergency to divert funds to build a border wall, after signing bipartisan spending agreement to avoid another government shutdown

  • 2020 Beijing orders people returning to the city after Lunar New Year holiday to self-quarantine for 14 days to prevent spread of Covid-19
  • 2021 Major winter storm in the US stretches from Texas to Maine, over 3 million without power in Texas, goes on to kill 210 people
  • 2021 Nigerian Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala becomes the first woman and first African to lead the World Trade Organization
  • 2021 UK is the first European country to require travellers from COVID 'hotspots' to isolate in quarantine hotels, following other countries such as Australia, NZ and Singapore
  • 2022 Floods and landslides after the heaviest rain in a century in Petrópolis, Brazil, leaves 146 people dead with 191 missing [1]