Events in History on February 17

  • 1370 Battle at Rudau: Germany beats Lithuania

Victory in Battle

1461 Wars of the Roses: Second Battle of St Albans - Lancastrian army defeats Yorkists and recaptures King Henry VI

  • 1500 Battle of Hemmingstedt - German peasant army repels ducal army of Schleswig and Holstein

Victory in Battle

1510 Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque first conquers the city of Goa, entering it with little conflict

Agreement of Interest

1568 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace

  • 1598 Boris Godunov chosen as Tsar of Russia
  • 1600 Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged with heresy by the Roman Inquisition

Election of Interest

1621 Myles Standish is elected as the first commander of the Plymouth Colony

  • 1634 Puritan author William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti", criticising the theatre
  • 1670 France and Bavaria sign military assistance treaty
  • 1691 Thomas Neale granted English patent for American postal service
  • 1772 1st Partition of Poland signed in Vienna by Austria, Prussia and Russia

Historic Publication

1776 1st volume of Edward Gibbon's seminal work "The Decline and Fall of Roman Empire" published

Historic Event

1791 Charles Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)

  • 1795 Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden in Chester, England
  • 1814 Battle of Mormant: French Imperial army defeat Russian Austrian forces (War of the Sixth Coalition)

Treaty of Ghent

1815 Treaty of Ghent ratified by the US Senate and signed by President James Madison ending War of 1812, over a month after it was signed in Europe

Historic Communication

1837 Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality

The General, The Schoolgirl, And The Famous One-Word Despatch

1843 Battle of Miani: Bombay Army of the East India Company led by Charles Napier defeats a Baluch army of Talpur Emirs of Sindh led by Mir Nasir Khan Talpur. Leading to the capture of parts of Sindh, the company's first possession in modern-day Pakistan.

  • 1848 Tuscany gets liberal Constitution
  • 1854 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 1864 Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic - world' first successful submarine attack
  • 1865 -18] Battle of Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1865 Columbia in South Carolina burns down during the American Civil War
  • 1867 Gyula Andressy becomes premier of Hungary
  • 1876 Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine
  • 1878 1st telephone exchange in San Francisco opens with 18 phones

Assassination Attempt

1880 Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt

  • 1883 A Ashwell patents vacant/engaged toilet lock in London

Historic Event

1885 Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa

  • 1896 Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced

Victory in Battle

1897 Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite

  • 1897 National Organization of Mothers formed in American by Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst (Parent Teacher Association)
  • 1902 A general strike in Barcelona and nearby towns leads to government-troop reprisals that leave 40 dead
  • 1905 Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • 1911 1st hydroplane flight to & from a ship (Glenn Curtiss, San Diego)
  • 1913 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Historic Event

1913 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

  • 1915 Edward Stone, 1st US combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
  • 1917 In Australia, Nationalist Party takes over a coalition government
  • 1926 Avalanche buries 75 in Sap Gulch, Bingham, Utah; 40 die
  • 1930 French government of André Tardieu falls for the first time
  • 1931 Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
  • 1933 First issue of American news magazine "Newsweek" is published
  • 1933 US Senate accepts Blaine Act: ending prohibition
  • 1934 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
  • 1936 -58°F (-50°C), McIntosh, South Dakota (state record)
  • 1936 S. N. Behrman's play "End of Summer" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Altmark Incident: Crew of the British destroyer "Cossack" board German "Altmark" in Jøssingfjord, Norway, releasing 299 British prisoners after hand-to-hand fighting with bayonets and the last recorded Royal Naval action with cutlass

Historic Event

1943 Adolf Hitler visits field marshal Erich von Manstein's headquarters in Zaporozje, Ukraine and stays until the 19th

Historic Event

1943 Dow Chemical and Corning Glass Works form a joint venture to explore and produce silicon materials, based off of the work of James Franklin Hyde

  • 1943 Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews

Historic Event

1943 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Washington, D.C.

Battle of Eniwetok

1944 Battle of Eniwetok begins with US forces landing on Canna and Camelia islets in the Pacific

  • 1944 Operation Hailstone: US begins night bombing of Truk island in the Pacific
  • 1946 Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
  • 1947 Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
  • 1947 Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
  • 1949 Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
  • 1949 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy and Ede Kiraly of Hungary
  • 1949 Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
  • 1949 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button of the USA
  • 1950 Two Long Island Rail Road trains collide head-on, killing 32 near Rockville Centre, Long Island, New York
  • 1955 Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Frances Dafoe and Norris Bowden of Canada
  • 1956 Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz & Oppelt of AUT
  • 1956 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
  • 1956 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
  • 1957 A fire at a home for the elderly in Warrenton, Missouri kills 72 people.
  • 1958 Comic strip "BC" 1st appears
  • 1959 1st weather satellite launched, Vanguard 2, 9.8 kg
  • 1962 Storm in Hamburg kills 265
  • 1964 US House of Representatives accept Law on the civil rights
  • 1964 US Supreme Court rules - 1 man 1 vote (Westberry v Sanders)
  • 1965 US Ranger 8 launched, will transmit 7,137 lunar pictures
  • 1966 French satellite Diapason D-1A launch into Earth orbit
  • 1967 Kosmos 140 (Soyuz Test) launches into Earth orbit
  • 1970 Robert Marasco's "Child's Play" premieres in NYC
  • 1970 US army officer Jeffrey MacDonald murders his pregnant wife and two small daughters

Volkswagen Beetle

1972 Sales of the Volkswagen Beetle model exceed those of Ford Model T

Historic Event

1972 US President Richard Nixon leaves Washington, D.C. for a groundbreaking trip to China

Meeting of Interest

1973 US National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger meets Chinese leader Mao Zedong, where the latter jokingly offers to send 10 million Chinese women to the United States

  • 1974 Robert K. Preston, a disgruntled U.S. Army private, buzzes the White House with a stolen helicopter.
  • 1976 Macau adopts constitution (Organic Law of Macau)
  • 1978 11 civilians and 1 RUC officer are killed and 30 wounded by a Provisional Irish Republican Army incendiary bomb at the La Mon Restaurant near Belfast
  • 1979 China invades Vietnam, marking the start of the Sino-Vietnamese War
  • 1980 Derrynaflan Hoard of five priceless 8th/9th century liturgical vessels discovered with metal detectors on Derrynaflan Island, County Tipperary - one of Ireland's most exciting archaeological finds [1]
  • 1981 Chrysler Corporation reports largest corporate losses in US history
  • 1983 Bob Bourne fails on 8th Islander penalty shot
  • 1983 Netherlands adopts constitution
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1985 1st class postage rises from 20 cents to 22 cents
  • 1985 1st day/night game at the MCG, Australia v England
  • 1985 3rd person to receive an artificial heart (Murray Haydon)
  • 1986 1st Francophone Summit convenes at Versailles
  • 1986 Howard Stern radio show returns to NYC morning radio (WXRK 92.3 FM)
  • 1986 Johnson & Johnson announces it will no longer sell capsule drugs
  • 1986 Libyan bombers attack N'djamena Airport in Chad

Historic Event

1987 Don Mattingly wins highest salary arbitration ($1,975,000 per year)

  • 1988 US Lt Col William Higgins kidnapped in south Lebanon by Lebanese terrorists & later killed
  • 1989 6-week study of Arctic atmosphere shows no ozone "hole"
  • 1989 Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
  • 1989 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1993 Haitian ferry boat capsize in storm, 800-2,000 die
  • 1995 Colin Fergusson found guilty of killing 6 people on the Long Island Rail Road in NY
  • 1995 Federal judge allows lawsuit claiming US tobacco makers knew nicotine was addictive & manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked
  • 1997 Weekly Standard shows evidence Larry Flint sexually abused his daughter
  • 1998 Larry Wayne Harris & Bill Levitt arrested for possession of anthrax
  • 1998 NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft overtakes Pioneer 10 to become the farthest object from earth in space
  • 1998 US Naval Academy cadet Diane Zamora, 20, convicted of capital murder
  • 2003 The London Congestion Charge scheme begins in London, England
  • 2006 A massive mudslide occurs in Southern Leyte, Philippines; the official death toll is set at 1,126.
  • 2008 Kosovo declares independence from Serbia
  • 2012 The President of Germany, Christian Wulff, resigns over a corruption scandal
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 130 are injured in a series of Baghdad car bombings
  • 2013 5 people are killed and 11 are injured after a gas explosion destroyed an apartment complex in Frenštát pod Radhoštěm, Czech Republic
  • 2013 President Rafael Correa wins the Ecuadorian general election in a landslide victory

Historic Event

2014 US Secretary of State John Kerry claims climate change requires urgent action and that only a small "window of time" remained open

  • 2016 Car bomb attack on military convoy in Ankara, Turkey, by Kurdish militant eaves 28 dead
  • 2016 Channing Dungey announced new President of ABC Entertainment Group, first African-American to lead a major US broadcast network

Historic Event

2016 Chief executive Tim Cook confirms Apple will contest an FBI order to unlock the phone of San Bernardino gunman Syed Rizwan Farook

  • 2016 Oldest known case of human-Neanderthal sex (100,000 yrs ago) revealed by Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig), 50,000 yr old Neanderthal woman's remains from Altai mountains show traces of Homo Sapiens DNA
  • 2017 Discovery of a new mostly underwater continent Zealandia in the South Pacific announced in research journal "GSA Today"
  • 2018 3 suicide bombers kill 18 in Konduga, north-east Nigeria
  • 2019 Protests continue by thousands in streets of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, against government corruption and inflation

Historic Event

2020 Amazon boss Jeff Bezos pledges $10 billion to help fight climate change

  • 2020 General Motors announces it is retiring the Holden brand in Australasia
  • 2020 India's Supreme Court grants equal rights to women in the armed forces
  • 2021 South Africa, Africa's worst-affected country begins COVID-19 vaccinations with the one-shot Johnson & Johnson vaccine in Cape Town
  • 2021 Texan senator Ted Cruz flies to Cancun, Mexico with his family amid a winter disaster in his state, igniting widespread condemnation
  • 2022 28,000 women apply for 30 jobs driving trains after they are advertised for women in Saudi Arabia for the first time [1]