Events in History on February 18

  • 3102 BC Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga
  • 1219 Jerusalem re-taken by the Christian Crusader kingdom in a peace treaty between Holy Roman Emperor Frederik II and Egyptian ruler Al-Kamil
  • 1268 The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakovor.
  • 1332 Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.

Execution

1478 George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London (allegedly by being drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine).

Historic Event

1503 Henry Tudor (later Henry VIII) created Prince of Wales

Historic Event

1519 Hernán Cortés leaves Cuba for the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico with 11 ships and 500 men

  • 1536 France & Turkey sign military/trade agreement against King Karel
  • 1563 Huguenot Jean Poltrot de Mere shoots gen Francois De Guise
  • 1574 Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels

Historic Publication

1678 John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" is published in Holborn, London, by Nathaniel Ponder

  • 1685 Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.
  • 1688 Quakers consider drafting formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1713 French invade under Jacques Cassard on Curacao

Historic Event

1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Inverness, Scotland

  • 1787 Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II bans children under 8 from labor
  • 1797 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby
  • 1804 1st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered

Victory in Battle

1814 The Battle of Montereau; victory of French under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians and Württembergers under the King of Württemberg.

  • 1828 More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
  • 1834 1st US labor newspaper, "The Man", published, NYC
  • 1839 Detroit Boat Club forms (& still exists)
  • 1849 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
  • 1850 California Legislature creates nine Bay Area counties

Historic Event

1856 The American Party (Know-Nothings) convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate its first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.

Historic Event

1857 Chinese residents in the fledging state of Sarawak rebel against the "White Rajah" James Brooke

Historic Event

1861 Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)

Historic Event

1861 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy

  • 1865 Battle of Fort Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
  • 1865 Evacuation of Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1865 Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
  • 1876 Direct telegraph link established between Britain and New Zealand
  • 1878 John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
  • 1879 Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha

Statue of Liberty

1879 Sculptor Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi is awarded a patent for his design for the Statue of Liberty

  • 1884 General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum

Historic Event

1884 Russian police seize all copies of Leo Tolstoy's book "What I Believe In"

Historic Publication

1885 Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" in the US

  • 1891 Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
  • 1896 Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for first time in 50 yrs
  • 1899 80°F recorded in San Francisco, California
  • 1899 San Francisco named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
  • 1900 Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
  • 1900 British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
  • 1901 H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner

Historic Event

1901 Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.

Historic Event

1903 Dutch government of Abraham Kuyper launches anti-strike laws

  • 1908 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
  • 1908 The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this becomes known as the 'Gentlemen's Agreement'
  • 1911 The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.

Historic Event

1913 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

  • 1913 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • 1915 Germany begins a blockade of Britain
  • 1916 The last German garrison in the German colony of Cameroons surrenders
  • 1917 1st major strike of the Russian "February Revolution" starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd [NS=Mar 3]
  • 1918 Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
  • 1921 British troops occupy Dublin
  • 1922 The Capper-Volstead Act allows farmers to buy and sell cooperatively without the risk of prosecution under antitrust laws
  • 1922 WOC-AM in Davenport IA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages

Historic Event

1924 US Secretary of the Navy Edwin Denby resigns due to Teapot Dome scandal

  • 1927 US & Canada open diplomatic relations
  • 1930 Cow flown & milked, milk sealed in paper containers & parachuted
  • 1930 Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi" premieres in Milan
  • 1930 US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
  • 1932 Japan declares Manchuria independent
  • 1932 Japan proclaims and names Manchukuo state in north east China
  • 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition opens on Treasure Island
  • 1942 Japanese troop land on Bali
  • 1943 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
  • 1943 German Propaganda Minister Josef Goebbells demands "total war" from German citizens in speech at Berlin Sportpalast
  • 1943 Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
  • 1944 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • 1947 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 Nepal becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • 1951 Netherlands Radio School forms
  • 1953 "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1954 The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California
  • 1955 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1957 Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan freedom fighter is executed by the British colonial government.
  • 1962 France & Algerian Muslims negotiate truce to end 7 year war
  • 1964 Muriel Resnik's "Any Wednesday" premieres in NYC
  • 1964 Papandreou government takes power in Greece
  • 1965 27 copper miners die in avalanche, Granduc Mountain, British Columbia

Historic Event

1965 Church deacon Jimmie Lee Jackson is beaten and shot during a peaceful march in Marion, Alabama. His death 8 days later inspires the Selma to Montgomery marches.

  • 1965 Frank Gifford announces his retirement from football for broadcasting
  • 1965 The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • 1968 Britain commences a trial of year-round daylight saving time (BST - British Standard Time, one hour ahead of GMT)
  • 1968 Thousands of people in West Berlin demonstrate against US involvement in the Vietnam War
  • 1969 PLO-attack El-Al plane in Zurich Switzerland
  • 1970 Chicago 7 defendants found innocent of inciting to riot

Historic Event

1970 US President Richard Nixon launches the "Nixon doctrine"

  • 1972 California Supreme Court abolishes death penalty
  • 1972 Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy for the 1st time
  • 1973 54-kg octopus measuring 7m across captured in Hood Canal, Washington
  • 1973 Belgian Emiel Puttemans runs 3,000m indoor record 7:39.2
  • 1974 NASA launches Italian satellite San Marcos C-2 (235/843 km)
  • 1974 US ambassador to India Daniel Moynihan present $2,046,700,000 check
  • 1975 Italy broadens abortion law
  • 1977 Space Shuttle Enterprise takes its maiden flight affixed atop a Boeing 747 Shuttle Aircraft Carrier
  • 1979 -52°F (-47°C), Old Forge, New York (state record)
  • 1979 NASA launches space vehicle S-202
  • 1979 President Zia ur-Rahman's National Party wins elections in Bangladesh
  • 1979 Snow falls in Sahara Desert
  • 1980 Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canadian elections
  • 1984 Revised concordat between Italy & Vatican signed

Historic Event

1988 Anthony Kennedy, sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice

  • 1988 Federal Road Safety Corps is established in Nigeria
  • 1992 American amateur astronomer Peter Collins discovers Nova Cygni 1992, observed from Boulder, Colorado
  • 1998 Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.
  • 2000 Stjepan Mesić becomes the second President of Croatia

Historic Event

2001 FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He is ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison

  • 2003 Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) makes perihelion, seen by SOHO.
  • 2003 Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea
  • 2004 Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertiliser catches fire and explodes.

Knighthood

2009 English fantasy author Terry Pratchett receives a knighthood from Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace

  • 2009 The Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics announced that the Taiwanese economy has contracted an unprecedented 8.36% in the fourth quarter of 2008; thus placing the country in a technical recession

Historic Event

2010 Bibliothèque nationale de France purchases the memoirs of Giacomo Casanova a for €7 million

  • 2013 $50 million worth of diamonds is stolen in an armed robbery at Brussels Airport, Belgium
  • 2013 15 people are killed by flooding and landslides in Indonesia
  • 2014 Police clash with protesters in Bangkok, Thailand

Revolution in Ukraine

2014 Ukrainian Revolution of 2014 begins as protesters, riot police and unknown shooters take part in violent events in the capital, Kiev, culminating after five days in the ouster of President Viktor Yanukovych

Historic Event

2016 Pope Francis questions US Presidential hopeful Donald Trump's Christianity over his call to build a wall on the Mexican border

  • 2018 Aseman Airlines flight crashes in the Zagros mountains, Iran, killing all 66 on board
  • 2018 Syrian government forces begin a new offensive on Eastern Ghouta in Syria's civil war

Historic Event

2019 16 US states, including California and New York, band together to sue President Donald Trump over his use of emergency powers to build a border wall.

  • 2019 25-year old murder of a woman solved when police in Minnesota run DNA though a genealogy site and find suspect
  • 2019 British parliamentary committee issues scathing report on Facebook, accusing company of breaking privacy laws, calling for new regulations
  • 2019 Gun battle in Pulwama, Indian-controlled Kashmir, kills nine with Pakistan-based group Jaish-e-Mohammad held responsible

Election of Interest

2020 Ashraf Ghani declared the winner of Afghanistan's presidential elections five months after the vote, fraud allegations meant recounting

  • 2020 Boy Scouts of America files for bankruptcy amid hundreds of sexual abuse lawsuits, suspending those claims
  • 2020 President Donald Trump commutes the 14-year sentence of former Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich's corruption conviction
  • 2020 Swarms of desert locusts affecting east Africa reach South Sudan, threatening a food crisis
  • 2021 Facebook blocks users in Australia from accessing news sites in response to proposed new laws for tech companies to pay to show news content
  • 2021 NASA's Perseverance rover successfully lands at Jezero Crater, Mars, on mission to find microfossils [1]
  • 2021 Nearly seven million people required to boil their water in Texas as unusually harsh winter storm in the state continues
  • 2022 Scientific study says the sudden drop in emissions due to COVID-19 shutdowns caused the record rainfall in eastern China in 2020 that killed hundreds [1]
  • 2022 Storm Eunice [Zeynep/Nora] moves across Europe and the UK with gusts of 120mph, killing at least 17, cutting off power to millions [1]